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21 Q. Did not the Jews love them the better on this Account?

A. No, by no Means; but they hated them grievously: The Enmity which began from the Opposition which the Samaritans made to the Jews in their rebuilding Jerusalem and the Temple, was so exceedingly increased by their sheltering all the rebellious Jews, that the Jews at Jerusalem published the bitterest Curse against them that ever was denounced against any People.

22 Q. What Miseries were contained in this Curse?

A. The Jews forbid all Communication with the Samariians; declared all the Fruits of their Land, and their Catile unclean ; excluded them from being ever received as Profelytes ; and barred them, as far as possible, from having any Portion in the Resurrection of the Dead to eternal Life.

23 Q. What Appearance of this great Enmity do we find in the New Testament?

A. This seems to be confirmed by the Words of Scripture, Yohn iv. 9. The Jews have no Dealings with the Samaritans? And the Woman of Sa. maria asked our Saviour, How is it that thou, being a few, askeft Drink of me, who am a Woman of Samaria ? And when the Jews would give the worst Name they could to our Saviour, they said, Thou art a Samaritan, and has a Devil, Joha viii. 48.

Sect. II. Of the Fewish Affairs under the Persian

and Grecian Monarchies.

IQ: HOW were the Jews governed after the

Death of Nehemiah ?
A. We find not any more particular Governors

of Judea, made by the Kings or Emperors of Per-
fia; but Judea seems to be made subject to
those whom the Persian Kings made Governors of
Syria; and chat, under them, the Regulation of
Affairs was committed to the High Priest ; so that
he had all the Sacred Authority, and the Civil
Powers also, in a good Measure, under the Syrian
Governor,
· 2 Q. Did the High Priests continue their regu. -
Jar Succeffions, as to the eldeit of Aaron's Family?

. A. This Succeffion was-sometimes interrupted by the Emperors of the World, or their deputed Governors of the Provinces; appointing another Person to take that Office.

3Q. What is the first remarkable Instance of that Kind ? .. A. When Johanan, or Jonathan, the Son of Jojada, Neh. xii. 11. had possessed the Royal Puerto hood feveral Years, Bagores, the Governor of Syria, appointed his younger Brother, Jeshua, to depole him, and take the Priesthood; upon which there was a Tumult in the inner Court of the Temple, and Johanan slew Jeshua there.

4 Q. How did Bágoses, the Governor, resent this?

A. He entered into the inner Court of the Temple, though the Jews forbid him, as being unclean; but he told them he was purer than the dead Care : case of him whom they had llain there; and im- posed on the Priests a Fine of about thirty-one Shillings for every Lamb that was offered throughout the Year?

5Q. What was the next more famous Difficulty and Deliverance which the Jews met with?

A. They were most remarkably saved from the Oppression and Resentment of Alexander the Great, who was King of Macedonia in Greece, when they 14

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he marched into Egypt, which speedily submitted to him: There he built the Ciry Alexandria, and peopled it with several Nations, among whom were many Jews, to whom he gave the fame Privileges as to his own Macedonians. The next Spring he hastened to find out Darius Codomannus, King of Persia, whom he had routed once before, and he now vanquished him in a final decisive Bacile near Arbela, and became Master of the Perfian Empire.

10 Q. How long did he reign after this Battle?

A. He went on and conquered India ; but in five Years Time he fell into such Riot and Drunkenness, that put an End to his Life; though others fay he was poisoned.

11 Q. What became of the Jews after Alexander's Death?

A. A little after the Death of Alexander, four of his Generals divided his Empire, who.were the four Horns of the He-Goat, mentioned by the Prophet Daniel, which grew up, after breaking the first Horn, Dan. viii.22. andch. xi. 4. and the Jews feil under the Dominion of Ptolemy, afterward fürnamed Soter, who had Egypt, Arabia, Colo-Syria, and Palestine, or the Land of Israel, for his Share. Here it may be observed, that as Ptolemy had Egyp",

Palestine, &c. for his Share, lo Cassander had Ma. cedonia and Greece ; Lysimachus had Thrace and Bithynia, and some other. Provinces thereabout; Seleucus had Syria, and the Northern and East. ern Provinces in Alia.-Thủs was the Empire of Alexander the Great divided among his Generals.

Sect

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