« السابقةمتابعة »
A. With great Courage, one after another, in a long Succession, they bore the various Tortures i that were ipflicted on them, and declared they were ready to suffer rather than transgress the Laws of Their Fathers.
10 Q. What Tortures were those which the King executed upon them?
# A great Variety of exquisite and bloody Cruelties : Their Limbs were cut off, their Tongues were cut out, they were fried in Frying-pans, the Skin of the Head was torn off with the Hair, and they died under the Anguish and Violence of these Torments; while their Mother at the fame Time Tooked on, and encouraged them all to suffer boldly in Opposition to the Intreaties, Threatnings, and Commands of the King.
in l. In what Manner did the encourage her Sons in their Sufferings?
A. By the tenderest Speeches of an affectionate Mother to her Sons, the beseeched them to fear God, and not Mân; and to endure, in hope of a happy Resurrection, when she should receive them all again in Mercy.
j2 Q Did she herself also suffer the Torment?
A. When she had seen all her Sons die like Mar. tyrs befcre her, the finished that' rad. Spectacle, and died also for her Religion, 2 Macc. vii.
13 Q. What did Mattathias do all this while in the Mountains ?
A. He still encouraged the Jews to join with him, and among others, there were many of the Affideans, who were zealous for the Law, resorted to him ,
14 Q. Who were these Afideans, or Chafideans, as it ought to be written ? A. A Sect among the Jews, who were called
Chafidim, or the Pinus; who were not only zea"lous of the Law, but of many other Conftitutions and Traditions, and Forms of Mortification, beyond what the Law required; whereas those who contented themselves with what was.written in the Law, were called Zadikim, or the Righteous.
15 Q: What Exploits did Mattathias and his Friends perform?
A. They went round about the Towns and Villages, pulled down the Heathen Altars, and circumcised the Children ; they new and put to Hight many of their Enemies, and recovered several Copies of the Jewish Law.
16 Q. When Mariachias died, who succeeded him?
A. Just before his Death he made a noble Speech to his five Sons, to encourage them in the Defence of their Religion and their Country: he recommended his Son Simon, as a Man of Counsel, but he made his Son Judas, surnamed Maccabeus, their Captain.
17 Q. How came he to be called Maccabeus
Å. The Motto of his Standard was the first Let. ters of that Hebrew Sentence, Exod. xv. 11. Mi CAMOKA, BAELIM JEHOVAH; that is, who is like to thee, among the Gods, O Lord? Which Letters were formed into the artificial Word Maccabi, and all that fought under bis Standard were called Maccabees.' Note, This has been a common, Practice among the
Jews, to frame Words in this Manner. So Rabbi Mofes Ben Maimon, that is, the Son of Maimon, is called Rambam ,Rabbi Solomon Jarchi, is called Rafi. Nor is the Use of the first Letters of Words for - such kind of Purposes unknown among Heathens or Christians. The Letters S.P.Q.R. were written on the Roman Standard, for: Senatus Populus Que