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son, pleaded their Cause before Pompey, the General of the Romans, who was now at Damascus: While, at the same Time, the People declared against both; for they pretended tkey were not to be governed by Kings, but by the Priests of God. · 42 Q. How was the Controversy decided ?

A. Pompey not giving a speedy Determination, and Aristobulus suspecting the Event, he retired and prepared for War: Whereupon Pompey seized Ariftobulus in one of his Castles, and confined him in Prison, and laid Siege to Jerusalem ; and being received into the City by Hyrcanus's Party, besieged also the Temple and the Castle Baris, and took it in three Months Time. .

43 Q: How came the Romans to take fo ftrong a Place fo foon? .

A. Though the Jews had learnt from the Beginning of the Maccabean Wars, to defend themfelves when attacked on the Sabbath ; yet being not actually assaulted, they permitted the Romans to build up their Works and Engines on the Sabbath, without disturbing them; whereby the Tower or Caftle, and with it the Temple, were taken. * 44 Q. On what Day was the Temple raken?

A. On the very Day which she Jews kept as a solemn Fast, for the iaking of Jerusalem and the Temple by Nebuchadnezzar: And it is remarkable, that the Priests who were at the Altar contin nued their Devotions, and their Rires of Worship, till they perill.ed by the Hands of the Enemy.

45 Q. What Blood and Plunder ensued in the Temple ?,

A. Twelve thousand Jew's were Nain on this Occafion, partly by Pompey's Army, and partly by their own Brethren, of the Party of Hyrcanus. But when Pompey entered the Sanctuary, he forbore

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84 Q. What Changes did Jerusalem pass under through these Times ?

A.Gabinius, a RomanGeneral, marchingthrough Judea, in a little Time made a great Change in the Government, leffened the Power of Hyrcanus yet further, altered the Constitution of the Sanhedrim, or Jewilh Senate ; but all was restored again shortly after by Julius Cæsar: For, as Hyrcanus's Requeft, he gave him Leave to rebuild the Walls of Jerusalem, and by a Decree from the Senate of Rome, the ancient Friendship with the Jews was renewed.

49 Q. Where was Antipater all this while, who had excited Hyrcanus to recover the Government of Judea ?

A. He did many Services for Cæsar in his Wars in the neighbouring Countries; whereupon he was made his Lieutenant in Judea, under Hyrcanus, who was confirmed by Cæsar in the Government and High Priesthood. And, at the same Time, Antipater procured Phalael, his eldest Son, to be made Governor of the City of Jerusalem ; and Herod, his second Son, Governor of Judea. Note, This Herod grew up to high Power afterward; he was called Herod the Great, and was King of Judea, when our Saviour was born. 50 Q What became of Antipater at last ?

A. He was poisoned by one Malichus, a Rival, who envied his Greatness and Power in Judea : But his Death was revenged by his Son Herod, who was permitted by the Roman General to procure Malichus to be murdered.

51 Q. What further Troubles did the Jews meet with about this Time?

A. Some Part or other of their Nation were continually subject to Plunderers, sometimes from the

Roman Generals, for not paying the Tribute demanded, or on some other Pretences ; sometimes by the Parthians, who affifted Antigonus, Son of the late King Ariftobulus, to recover Jerufalem and Judea, in Opposition to the united Forces of Phafael, and Herod, and Hyrcanus.

52 Q. Did Antigonus ever recover this Government?

A. The Parthian General, Pacorus, who was. at War with the Romans, did by meer Treachery get into his Custody both Hyrcanus and Phafati, seized Jerusalem, and rifled it, made Antigonus Governor of Judea, and delivered up Hyrcanus and Phasael to him in Chains ; but Herod made his Escape.

53 Q. What became of Phalael and Hyrcanus?

Å Phalael beat out his own Brains in Prifon; Hyrcanus's Ears were cut off, ibat being maimed, he might be no longer High Priest, Lev. xxi. 17. and he was sent far off among the Parthians, that he might raise no Disturbances against Antigonus. 54 Q. Whither did Herod take his Flight ? :

. After a little Time he went to Rome, to represent all these Transactions, and he made his Complaints with great and unexpected Success; for Julius Cæsar being slain in the Roman Senate, Mark Anthony and Octavius (who was afterwards Augustus Cæfar) governed all Things there, and they agreed to make Herod King of Judea, with the Consent of the Senate, hoping it would be for their Interest in the Parthian War.

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SECT. VIII. Of the Government of Herod the

Great, and his Posterity, over the Jews. i QW HAT did Herod do on his receiving

W this new Dignity! A. He returning to Judea, first relieved his Mother, who was put in Prison by Antigonus; he made himself Master of Galilee; he destroyed some Jarge Bands of Robbers which infested the Coun

try thereabout, sheltering themselves in Mountains, -- and the Caves of fteep and craggy Rocks.

2 Q. What Artifice did he use in order to attack them? A. By reason of their dwelling in such hollow Caves in Precipices, there was no scaling them from below; and therefore to ferret them out of their Dens, he made large open Chests, and filled them with Soldiers, which he let down into the Entrance of those Caves by Chains from Engines which he had fixed above, and thus he destroyed great Numbers of them, Note, This Country was often annoyed with the Remains of these Plunderers in the Reign of Herod; but he treated them without Mercy, and all the Country that sheltered them with great Rigour, till he restored Peace to Galilee.'' 3 Q. Where was his next March?

A. Into Judea against Antigonus ; and after se. veral Batiles, with various Success on both sides, at lalt, by the Afilance of the Roman Legions, he beficged Antigonus in Jerusalem. '4Q. Did not Herod himself attend this Siege?

A. Yes, but while the Preparations were mak: ing for it he went to Samaria, and there he married Mariamne; a Lady of the Family of the Macca

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