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DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

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Prosecutions. The department is seldom required to resort to prosecutions to enforce orders for safeguarding. Most of the prosecutions are in connection with child and women workers. It has never been the policy of the department to rush to the courts. On the contrary, every persuasive method is exhausted before prosecution is resorted to. Some people are called on seven or eight times before a warrant is asked for. This takes both time and money but we have always felt that it was better to prove the justice and reasonableness of the law's requirements than to secure compliance for fear of the law. The number prosecuted and the nature of the complaint is shown in the following summary: Children employed without certificate.. Children employed excessive hours. Children employed under 14 years of age Children employed at night work. Failure to guard machinery. Failure to guard elevator. Failure to clean toilet. Keeping doors of factory locked during working hours Employing women excessive hours. Failure to post schedule of hours. Failure to send children to school.

12 Operating employment agency without a license. Children under 10 years of age selling on streets. Permitting minors to frequent bowling alley. Incompetency of child. Dependent and neglected children (in juvenile court) Delinquent minors Total

75 In the child labor cases 7 were fined, in 7 cases sentence was suspended and 2 dismissed. For violating factory laws, 3 were fined and 4 given suspended sentences. For working women excessive hours and not posting schedules, 11 were fined, 6 received suspended sentences, and 3 were dismissed for lack of evidence. One restaurant owner was proscuted a second time in a year and fined $50 for the second offense. In the truancy cases 6 were fined and 6 received suspended sentences. Of the two men who operated employment agencies without a license, one was fined $100 and the other $2. In the welfare cases two owners of a bowling alley were fined $25 each, one girl was committed to the training school for girls at Sauk Center, two children were sent to the state school at Owatonna, guardians were appointed for seven children and six children were placed on probation. The total fines and costs collected amounted to $585.61. Fifty-four of the prosecutions were instigated by the Bureau of Women and Children, and they also gave assistance in gathering evidence and testifying for police women and probation officers.

Complaints Referred to Other Departments. In pursuing their work throughout the state the inspectors frequently find conditions existing for which the factory laws offer no adequate remedy, but which can be reached by laws under the jurisdiction of some other state or a city department. They are reported to those departments and assistance rendered them in correcting abuses. In this manner, in addition to the matters referred to the railroad and warehouse commission, mentioned in the report on railroad inspections, a number of matters were referred to the state fire marshal, the state hotel inspector, the state board of health, the local health and building departments and to the local fire marshals.

It is with pleasure that we report that in all cases the departments responded with prompt action and have in turn referred like communications to us.

Orders Issued. A perusal of the orders issued by the factory inspection department and the Bureau of Women and Children will give a clearer idea of the large amount and the great good of the work done by the department generally than can be explained in a summary of the inspections made. Many other suggestions are made orally and carried out, some required by the laws and others which are not, but which experience has proven to add greatly to the safety and comfort of the employes and consequently to their efficiency. We present herewith a summary of the written orders issued during the two years by both bureaus.

ORDERS ISSUED BY THE BUREAU OF FACTORY INSPECTION AND THE

BUREAU OF WOMEN AND CHILDREN.

TO SAFEGUARD MACHINERY. To guard belts, shafting, pulleys and cables.

3,531 To guard protruding set screws, keys and bolts.

2,293 To guard gears, sprockets and chains,.

1,877 To guard couplings and clutches.

583 To place guards around engines and flywheels

314 To guard emery wheels

605 To reduce speed of emery wheels.

30 To guard circular saws

169 To guard band saws

118 To guard extractors

70 To guard motors, dynamos and electrical apparatus.

178 To guard jointers

62 To guard machines (miscellaneous)

224 To repair tools

225 To provide signalling or disconnecting devices.

31 To repair, replace or extend guards..

66 To provide rubber matting, gloves and protectors.

35 To repair machines

24 To post danger warning notices.

8 Unclassified

130

Total

10,573

593

PLATFORMS, STAIRS AND PASSAGEWAYS.
To provide hand rails on stairs.
To provide guard rails around platforms, balconies, open

pits, bins and scaffolds.
To provide substantial platforms, ladders and scaffolds.
To repair stairs, ladders, platforms and passageways.
To provide additional stairs.
To screen sides and bottom of stairs.
To remove obstructions from aisles and passageways.
To repair floors and walls of buildings.
To provide better light in aisles, passageways and buildings
To provide toe-boards on overhead platforms.
To remove protruding nails from boards.
To provide temporary flooring on steel construction.

346 79 73 11 13 27 107 28 33 16 2

Total

1,328

ELEVATORS AND HOISTWAYS.
To provide new hoisting, counterweight or operating cables
To provide guards around elevator shaft.
To repair and adjust safety devices.
To provide and repair signalling devices.
To repair elevator machinery and car.
To repair doors, gates and locks.
To guard elevator machinery
To guard sides and top of car.
To provide beveled approach at ceilings.
To guard counterweights
To provide safety devices
To provide new boom on derrick.

73 112

52 120 45 70

6 21 17

8 24 1

549

Total

FOR FIRE PROTECTION.
To provide new and additional fire escapes.
To designate fire escape exits.
To provide fire extinguishers, etc
To recharge fire extinguishers
To remove obstructions from fire escape exits.
To repair and extend fire escapes and exits.
To provide additional means of egress.
To provide receptacles for waste and remove fire hazards.

239 106 115 70 25 17 23 21

To provide wire glass in windows and doors leading onto or

under fire escapes and balconies... To provide "Save All” automatic fire escape or knotted rope*

31 182

829

Total
*Issued in grain elevator where workmen are seldom in cupola.

CORN SHREDDERS AND CORN HUSKERS.
To place guard on rolls.

7 To guard chains, gears and pulleys.

19 To extend shut-off lever and foot-board to safe distance.

3

Total

29

SANITATION AND HYGIENE.
To provide new or additional toilets.
To clean and repair toilets..
To improve sanitary condition of workroom.
To whitewash and clean bakeries and kitchens.
To provide better ventilation in workrooms..
To provide hoods, blowers and dust collectors.
To provide dressing rooms.
To designate toilets for sexes.
To provide seats for women employes.
To remove toilets from bakeries and kitchens.
To provide first aid supplies.
To provide cuspidors
To enclose toilets
To clean basement

156
207
44
94
38
31
14
10
15
11
53
10
19
7

Total

709

477 310

MISCELLANEOUS ORDERS.
To comply with child labor laws..
To comply with laws regulating hours of labor for women...
To replace bad and missing blocks in switches, frogs and

guard rails on railroads...
To remove dangerous obstructions in railroad yards.
To comply with barbers' license law.
To discontinue letting minors play pool and billiards.

462

14 176 15

Total

1,454

ORDERS ISSUED ON RECOMMENDATION OF CREAMERY INSPECTORS. To guard belts, pulleys and shafting.

161 To guard engines, pumps and flywheels.

117 To guard churns, separators and vats.

92 To guard protruding set screws, keys and bolts.

28 To guard exposed gears and chains...

20 To guard motors and electrical apparatus...

2 To guard ice machine

2 To provide hand rails on stairs and platforms.

21 To provide guard around elevator shaft.

1 To provide toilet facilities for employes.

15

Total

459

6

ORDERS ISSUED IN MANUAL TRAINING DEPARTMENTS OF SCHOOLS. To guard belts, pulleys, shafting and cables.

40 To guard engines and fly wheels.

7
To guard circular saws
To guard band saws
To guard emery wheels
To guard machines (miscellaneous)

10 To guard motors, dynamos, etc..

8 To guard exposed gears

20
To guard protruding set screws .
To repair tools
To provide rubber matting around electrical apparatus
To provide better light around machine.
To post danger warning sign..

1
To provide hand rails on stairs and platforms
To provide stairs and platforms.
To provide exhaust system for dust creating machinery

3 To provide better ventilation in shop.

1 Total

190

OSNOVNO

Grand total

16,120 *Sleep in office subject to call at any time during 14 hours.

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WAGES OF LABOR GAS PLANTS. One of the municipalities of Minnesota requested this department to make a study of the wages and hours of labor in the gas industry of Minnesota' for the guidance of the managers of such plants. In compliance with the request this department secured reports from 16 public plants and 16 private plants and herewith publish the data found in these reports.

Table I is a summary of the wages paid in each of the groups of plants and in the entire 32 plants. It shows that the wages in the public plants are higher than in the private plants. There are larger percentages of the private employers in the lower paid groups than of the public employes. The private plants have a larger number of employes in the $2 to $2.49 a day group than in any other, but the municipal plants have their largest number in the $2.50 to $2.99 group. Eighty-eight per cent of the private employes, but only 80.6 per cent of the public, earn less than $3.33 a day; while 6.10 per cent of the public but only 1.55 per cent of the private men earn over $4.50 per day.

The hours of labor are likewise shorter, on the average, in the municipal than in the private plants. Table 2 shows that a little over 72 per cent of the public and 65 per cent of the private workmen have an eighthour day; while 18 per cent of the public and 16 per cent of the private have a nine-hour day. The weekly hours (Table 3) show practically the same differences between the two groups as the daily hours (Table 2).

TABLE 1. WAGES IN PUBLIC AND PRIVATE GAS PLANTS

(Males and Females)

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*Sleep in office subject to call at any time during 14 hours.

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