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PREFACE TO THE SECOND VOLUME

The first volume of this work covered more than seven centuries of literary history; the second barely covers seventy years. The first was occupied to a considerable degree with the records of important literary movements enlisting numerous and nameless participators -such as the religious drama and ballad poetry-rather than with the individual authorship which almost engrosses the second. The first dealt with a time when British literature neither extended, nor was fitted to extend, beyond the British borders ; the second treats of a period when, though still confined within insular limits, it possessed the power and awaited the opportunity of exerting a deep influence on the world.

The historical treatment of epochs so contrasted cannot be exactly the same. The chief divergence will be found in the slighter notice accorded to inferior writers who would have been welcome, if they had come sooner, and the ample space devoted to those who have made the British literature of the age European, especially its two pre-eminent representatives, Bacon and Shakespeare.

This volume, to the end of the chapters on Shakespeare, is written by the author of vol. i., and thence to the conclusion by the author of vols. iii. and iv. The writers desire to record their obligations for literary assistance to Mr. A. W. Pollard and Mr. A. H. Bullen, and for aid in the department of illustration to Mrs. Christie-Miller, of Britwell Park; to Mrs. Sydney Pawling ; to R. R. Holmes, Esq., King's Librarian, Windsor Castle ; and to S. Arthur Strong, Esq., Librarian to the Duke of Devonshire.

R. G.
E. G.

November 1903.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

The Development of Elizabethan Drama-The Moralities--Everyman-Hickescorner-Skelton

-Lindsay—The Early Plays-Udall— Ralph Roister Doister--Gammer Gurton's Needle-
Gorboduc—The first regular English TragedyRichard Edwards—Early Theatres and
Representatives—Actors-Alleyn—Tarleton-Marlowe- The Regenerator of the Drama
– What we know of his LifeTamburlaine-FaustusThe few of Malta-Hero and

The immeasurable Difference between Shakespeare and the other Dramatists-Difficulty
TABLE OF CONTENTS

of treating them fairly-Ben Jonson-Every Man in His Humour— Volpone--Genius and
Character of Jonson-Beaumont and FletcherThe Maid's TragedyThe Faithful

ix

The Historians-Sir John Hayward—Sir Henry Spelman, Richard Knolles—Theology-

Lancelot Andrewes—Thomas Morton—George Hakewill—Donne-Joseph Hall-Sir
Thomas Overbury-Pamphleteers-Dekker-Sir Henry Wotton-John Hales-Criticism
- Crudities of Thomas Coryat-Gervase Markham-John Selden

Pp. 363-389

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