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15 These things speak, buke with all authority. thee.

and exhort, and reLet no man despise


1 Titus is yet further directed by Paul, both concerning the things he should teach, and not teach: 10 he is willed also to reject obstinate hereticks: 12 which done, he appointeth him both time and place, wherein he should come unto him, and so concludeth.

PUT them in mind to be a subject to principalities and powers, to obey magistrates, to be ready to every good work,

2 To speak evil of no man, to be no brawlers, but gentle, showing all 'meekness unto all men.

9 teach. Ham.

relsome. We. Pu.

Admonish them. Rh. 2 not litigious. Rh. not quar

should show forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light.

b See on ЕPH. ii. 10.

See on TIT. i. 13.

d See on 1 COR. xvi. 11.

See on Roм. xiii. 1.


COL. i. 10: That ye might walk worthy of the Lord unto all pleasing, being fruitful in every good work, and increasing in the knowledge of God. HEB. xiii. 21: Make you perfect in every good work to do his will, working in you that which is wellpleasing in his sight, through Jesus Christ; to whom be glory for ever and ever. Amen. See on EPH. ii. 10.

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e Ps. lxiv. 3: Who [the wicked] whet their tongue like a sword, and bend their bows to shoot their arrows, even bitter words. EPH. iv. 31: Let all bitterness, and wrath, and anger, and clamour, and evil speaking, be put away from you. i. 10: There are many unruly and vain talkers. JAMES, iv. 1: Speak not evil one of another. 1 PET. ii. 1: Wherefore laying aside all malice-and envies, and all evil speakings. do. iii. 9: Not rendering evil for evil, or railing for railing: but contrariwise blessing.

* See on 2 TIM. ii. 24, 25.

PHI. iv. 5: Let your moderation be known unto all men. The Lord is at hand.

EPH. iv. 2: With all lowliness and meekness, with longsuffering, forbearing one another in love. COL. iii. 12: Put on therefore, as the elect of God, holy and beloved, bowels of

3 For we ourselves also were sometimes 3 foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving divers lusts and pleasures, living in malice and envy, hateful, and hating one another.

4 But after that h the kindness 5 and love of i God our Saviour toward man appeared,


5 Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost;


6 m Which he shed' on us abundantly through Jesus Christ our Saviour;

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mercies, kindness, humbleness of mind, meekness, longsuffering. See on 2 TIM. ii. 24, 25.


8 See on 1 COR, vi. 11.

h TIT. ii. 11.

1 TIM. ii. 3; For this is good and acceptable in the sight of God our Saviour.

* GAL. ii. 16: Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law for by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified. See on EPH.

ii. 4, 8, 9.

1 PET. iii. 21: The like figure whereunto even baptism doth also now save us (not the putting away of the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience toward God,) by the resurrection of Jesus Christ. See on JOHN, iii. 3, 5.

m EZEK. xxxvi. 25: Then will I sprinkle clean water upon you, and ye shall be clean: from all your filthiness-will I cleanse you. JOEL, ii. 28: And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out my spirit upon all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions. JOHN, i. 16: And of his fulness have all we received, and grace for grace. ACTS, ii. 33: Having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Ghost, he hath shed forth this, which ye now see and hear. do. x. 45: And they of the circumcision which be lieved were astonished, as many as came with Peter, because that on the Gentiles also was poured out the gift of the Holy Ghost. Rom. v. 5: Hope maketh not ashamed; because the


by his grace,


7 That being justified by his should be made heirs Paccording to the hope of eternal life.9

8 This is a faithful saying, and these things I will that thou affirm constantly, 10 that they which have believed in God might be careful to * maintain 11 good works. These things are good and profitable unto men.


9 But avoid 12 foolish questions, and genealogies, and contentions, and strivings about the for they are unprofitable and vain.


10 A man that is an heretick "after the first and second admonition ˇreject ;

9 heirs of eternal life, according to hope. Co.

10 avouch earnestly. to excel in. Co. Br. Rh. We. Pu. to go forward in. Ma. Cr. to show forth. Gen. 12 forbid, or suppress. Br.


love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghost which is given unto us.

" See on Roм. iii. 24; and on Acтs, xiii. 39.

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ROM. viii. 23, 24: Even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for the adoption, to wit, the redemption of our body. For we are saved by hope: but hope that is seen is not hope for what a man seeth, why doth he yet hope for? HEB. i. 14: Sent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation.

P TIT. i. 2: In hope of eternal life, which God, that cannot lie, promised before the world began.

9 TIT. i. 9 Holding fast the faithful word as he hath been taught, that he may be able by sound doctrine both to exhort and to convince the gainsayers. See on 1 TIM. i. 15.

r Ver. 1, 14. See on EPH. ii. 10.

See on 1 TIM. i. 4.

2 TIM. ii. 14: Charging them before the Lord that they strive not about words to no profit, but to the subverting of the hearers.

u2 COR. xiii. 1, 2: This is the third time I am coming to you. In the mouth of two or three witnesses shall every word be established. I told you before, and foretell you, as if I were present, the second time; and being absent now I write to them which heretofore have sinned, and to all other, that, if I come again, I will not spare.


2 TIM. iii. 5: Having a form of godliness, but denying the power thereof: from such turn away. See on MAT. xviii. 17.

11 Knowing that he that is such is subverted, and sinneth, being condemned of himself.13

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12 When I shall send Artemas unto thee, or Tychicus, be diligent to come unto me to Nicopolis: for I have determined there to winter.

13 Bring Zenas the lawyer and Apollos on their journey diligently,14 that nothing be wanting unto them.

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14 And let our's also learn to maintain good works 15 for necessary uses, that they be a not unfruitful.

15 All that are with me salute thee. Greet them that love us in the faith. Grace be with you all. all. Amen.

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It was written to Titus, ordained the first
Bishop of the church of the Cretians, from
Nicopolis of Macedonia.


carefully. Ham.


13 his own judgment. Co. 5 to excel in good works. Co. Ma. Cr. Rh. We. to profess honest trades. EгH. iv. 28. A. V.

" ACTs, xiii. 46: It was necessary that the word of God should first have been spoken to you: but seeing ye put it from you, and judge yourselves unworthy of everlasting life, lo, we turn to the Gentiles. 1 JOHN, iii. 20: If our heart condemn us, God is greater than our heart, and knoweth all things. * See on ACTS, xx. 4.

y See on ACTs, xviii. 24.

2 Ver. 8. See on 2 THES. iii. 11.

COL. i. 10: That ye might walk worthy of the Lord unto all pleasing, being fruitful in every good work, and increasing in the knowledge of God. See on Roм. xv. 28.



PHILEMON was a rich citizen of Colosse, in Phrygia. He was converted to the Christian faith, with Apphia, his wife. Perhaps we should have known nothing of Philemon, had it not been on account of his slave Onesimus, who had robbed him, and run away from him to Rome; where he was made a convert to the Christian faith by St. Paul, who was then a prisoner there. St. Paul seems to have kept him for some considerable time under his eye, that he might be satisfied of the reality of the change; and, when he had made a sufficient trial of him, and found that his behaviour was entirely agreeable to his profession, he would not detain him any longer for his own private convenience, though in a situation that rendered such an assistant peculiarly desirable (compare ver. 13, 14), but sent him back to his master; and, as a mark of his esteem, intrusted him, together with Tychicus, with the charge of delivering his Epistle to the Church at Colosse, and giving them a particular account of the state of things at Rome, recommending him to them, at the same time, as a faithful and beloved brother (COL. iv. 9); and, as Philemon might well be supposed to be strongly prejudiced against one who had left his service in so infamous a manner, he sends him this letter, in which he employs all his influence to remove his suspicions, and reconcile him to the thought of taking Onesimus into his family again.

This letter of Paul to Philemon is highly interesting, and expresses, or implies, many doctrines and precepts of the first importance to Christians in all ages of the world. For instance, (1.) in the religious view, or upon a spiritual account, all Christians are upon a level. Onesimus, the slave, upon becoming a Christian, is the apostle's dear son, and Philemon's brother. (2.) Christianity makes no alteration in men's civil affairs. By becoming a Christian, a slave did not become a freedman. His temporal estate or condition was still the same; and, though Onesimus was the apostle's son and Philemon's brother upon a religious account, yet he was obliged to be Philemon's slave for ever, unless his father voluntarily gave him his freedom. (3.) Servants should not be taken, or detained, from their own masters, without their masters' consent. See ver. 13, 14. (4.) We should love, and do good unto, all men. We should not contemn persons of low estate, nor disdain to help the lowest slave, when it is in our power. The

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