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She turns away, her hands she clasps

And wildly cries oh! Fame, Now, in this wretched hour, I feel

That thou art but a name!


Though when I strike my spirit's chords

The lofty streams which flow, Thence in free burning numbers make

A thousand bosoms glow.
Fame, does thy diamond chalice hold

Or Lethe's stream, a part ?
Can thy proud coronal bind up

A lonely, broken heart?


Oh Hope! thou false delusive shade,

E'en from this very hour
I'll throw thy lustrous fetters by

No more to own their power;
But as she spoke a vision rose

Before her wond'ring sight;
A female form with golden hair,

And eyes of cloudless light.

Like Hope she seemed, but oh! more fair

Was her seraphic brow,
While on her snowy pinions lay

A pure celestial glow,
And prostrate at her radiant side

A shrouded form is seen ;
In trembling awe the lady asks

What can this vision mean?

Mortal! the precious spell of hope,

Oh! do not cast from thee,
But let the sorrows of thy soul

Before my presence flee,
I am the Hope of Heaven, but bend

Beneath my gentle sway,
And from the care worn paths of earth

Thy soul l'll lead away.

In loitering through a gallery, where on either side we see the prim portraits of our grandmothers, or where the canvas introduces to our acquaintance queer old gentlemen in powdered wigs and small-clothes, we seem to be transported back, as it were, to the “litile day" in which they lived and to quite forget the scenes of the busy world around

Right pleasant is it at such a time, to muss on the faded splendors of the past, to recall the memories of happy hours, “ departed, never to return." With us, the same feeling is produced in turning over the pages of an old magazine. We love lo open the volume as a time-worn portal, that discloses to our view apartments long shut out from human observation. We love to linger among the records that are enshrined-we may rather say ensepulchred-therein, and bringing them forward once again to the light, to read over the story they contain. And in this dreamy, unprofitable sort of studious relaxation, we pass at least half of the reading hours of our existence.

There is before us at this moment a goodly rolume of magazine literature, not remarkable, it is true, for exceeding age,-although it goes back three and sixty years into the dim regions of the past,—but still enbodying so much curious information and presenting so accurate a reflection of the “ form and pressure" of the time, that we propose to discourse a little on it, “by way of remembrance."

It is entitled “The European Magazine, and Lose don Review; containing the Literature, History, Politics, Arts, Manners and Amusements of the Age. Simul et jucunda et idonea dicere vitae. By the Philological Society of London. Vol. VII. for 1785. London. Printed for Scatcherd & Whitaker. Ave-Maria Lane and I. Sewell in Corohill.” 1785! But two generations of mea have passed away since that period and yet what events have transpired on the earth in the interval! It may be regarded, perhaps, as the dawn of a ner era in human affairs, as the connecting link between the present and the olden time. The American, who looks back to it, will feel a pardonable pride in the patriotic associations with which it is connected, he will think first of the position of his

country, just then acknowledged as independent by the powers of Europe, and if he be " of imaginalion all compact,” he will indulge in an ornitholog. ical rapture over the American eagle, newly fledg. ed, that was just then mounting to the face of the

1785! Through what a long vista do we see its characters and its incidents! What simple, old-fashioned people they were, who moved about in the twilight of the eighteenth century! Who then had heard the melodies of Bellini, or seen the light of science and olefiant gas shed upon the darkness of Piccadilly, or rumbled at the rate of

My shadow, earthly Hope, now bent

In silence at my side, The wreaths which she did give to thee

Were swept by sorrow's tide. But the fair garlands in my hand

'Twine flowers that ne'er will fade, They'll bloom amid the icy air

By death's dread shadow made.

This wreath will make earth's hopes seem dim,

'Twill check sad mern'ry's sigh When o'er the hours of vanished joys

She casts a learsul eye,
"Twill take from sorrow's piercing dart

Its most envenomed sting,
And round the darkened bed of pain

A beauteous halo fing.


The lady paused, but Faith drew nigh,

The precious wreath she placed, Upon the downcast brow where care

His own dark name had traced. Then joy amid the dewy flowers

His home of beauty made, And peace in tranquil loveliness

Slept 'neath their balmy shade.

Independence, Mo., May 3, 1848.

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forty miles an hour over a vast continent, or talked present! There was Windham, who has been by lightning with a friend in a distant empire ? well described as “the finest gentleman of the London was indeed at that time a huge metropolis, age—his form developed by every manly exeras it has since been described,

cise—his face beaming with intelligence and spir

it.” There might be seen a very young man of re"A mighty mass of brick and smoke and shipping, markable stateliness of person and quiet dignity of Ding and dusky, but as wide as eye

deportment, who had not yet heard his own voice Could reach, with here and there a sail just skipping

in the hall, but who was destined to wield the scepla sight, then lost amidst the forestry Of masts; a wilderness of steeples peeping

ter of resistless eloquence,-Charles Grey. On On uptoe through the sea.coal canopy,"

the benches of the opposition, the leader of his bat where among those masts could be seen the party, was the burly form of Fox, known out of

doors by his slouched white hat and his unfashionsmoke-stack of a steamer, where then was the phi- ionable coat,-Fox, whose countenance always fosopher Punch, who now edities weekly the Uni- thoughtful, even amid the symposia of the clubs, ted Kingdom, and where could be found that won

was strikingly so in the fervor of discussion. Promdrous salon of fashion,

inent among the greatest was one, who, although it

has been said of him that
"Which opens to the thousand happy few
An earthly paradise of Or Molu”?

“too deep for his hearers he went on refining,

And thought of convincing while they thought of dining," These things were not. Oh unlucky race,-bis terque unfortunati,—to have lived before Napoleon was yet the most splendid orator of modern times, bad reformed the tactics of the continent, or Brum- the renowned Edmund Burke. There, too, was mell the neckcloths of Grosvenor Square,-to have Pitt, in the twenty-seventh year of his age, Prepassed away from the scene of action in ignorance mier of the Realm, combatting against majorities of railroads and without an acquaintance with the with his impassioned declamation and ready for any Waverley Novels!

emergency in which he might be placed. But perLet us look a little more closely, however, at haps the most singular genius of all, who sat on 1785, through the medium of the European Mag- that foor, was poor Sheridan, an antithesis in himazine. We manage things much better than did self, full of wine and wit, firing epigrams into the the good people of that day, and yet we shall find ministry and lashing their measures with his merEngland then a wonderful nation, making large ciless ridicule; who, with all his frivolilies and ex. improvements in the arts, great in council and in travagance, had such kindly affections and such action, and with “ manners and amusements” so generous traits of character, that we can never congenial to our tastes, that we could wish to have find it in our heart to condemn him. participated in their enjoyment.

All, who are familiar with the political history Perhaps we might search in vain through all his- of that day, will recollect the excitement growing tory for a period so remarkable for great men, as out of the Westminster Election. It occurred just that of which 1785 is a part. A glance at our own after the dissolution of Parliament by Mr. Pitt in anals will convince us of this. Washington, 1784, and resulted after a violent struggle of fortyFranklin, Henry, Adams, Hancock and Jefferson seven days in the return of Mr. Fox. Upon this are numes belonging to that period and names which election all the resources of the Whig Party had the world “will not willingly let die.” A glance been brought to bear. But perhaps no wing of at the annals of England will confirm us in the that party was so effective as that lovely coterie of opinion. She had not, indeed, any man, whose female politicians, in the uniform of the buff and character would stand in comparison with Wash- blue, who carried on the war with the light artilleington. The only man in English history who fur- ry of smiles and bon-mots from behind the tapesdishes any parallel to Washington had fallen on the tries of Carlton House. This splendid mansion field of Chalgrove one hundred and forty-two years was the theater of their triumphs. There they before

. But there were, in 1785, prominent in her discussed affairs of State and won over inexpericabinet and distinguished in her parliamentary de- enced young men to the liberal side. There they bales

, men who gave direction and impulse to the ate good suppers and arranged political imbroglios. whole course of human affairs and whose speeches In the bustle of the Westminster election, it is represent the best models of English composition. corded that these fair politicians, descending from Sir Walter Scott and Sir James Mackintosh were their gilded eminence, took up the cause of Mr. boys at their books in Edinburgh, Mr. Canning Fox among the people and sometimes even bartered was making Latin hexameters at Eton and Burns kisses for votes. However this may be, Mr. Fox was at the plow, but characters who figured more triumphed. We recur to this election, because we largely than even they, were then in the vigor of are reminded of it by the Parliamentary Report of manhood and in the plenitude of their fame. What the European Magazine. The return having beer a spectacle did the House of Commons at that time contested by Lord Hood and Sir Cecil Wray, Mr


Fox was not allowed to take his seat for West-Inal, regretting the very meager nature of the reminster, but entered Parliament as a member for a port and italicising a passage. Scotch borough. In the meantime, a scrutiny of the polls was demanded by the unsuccessful candi- Ellis moved, • That Thomas Corbett, Esq. High

“ After a very long argumentative speech, Mr. date and the High Bailiff refused to make a re: Bailiff of the city of Westminster, be ordered to turn. Upon this proceedings were had from time make an immediate return of the persons legally to time in the House of Commons ; portions of chosen to represent that city in Parliament.' which we quote.

“ Mr. Pelbam seconded the motion, and follow

ed Mr. Ellis in many of his arguments, which he “Feb. 4.

thought were such as ought to induce the House to “ Mr. Welbore Ellis moved, that the order of

order the High Bailiff to make an immediate rethe day for the attendance of the High Bailiff and his counsel be read; which being done, lie said his noble Lord attacked Mr. Fox with remarkable se

• Lord Mulgrave followed Mr. Pelham. The reason for making such motion was, that having verity." learned that a Right Hon. Gentleman, who was very materially interested in this business, and without whose presence it would, in his opinion, be un- disclaimed also any idea of delay, or artificial pro

“Mr. Sheridan, in a speech replete with wit, generous to proceed, had met with a disagreeable longation of the scrutiny on the part of his friend

: accident (straining the tendon Achilles) which pre- and in a vein of irony animadverted on the speech vented his attendance that day, he trusted, there of the noble Lord (Mulgrave), who, he said

, bad fore, to the candour and generosity of the House in laid down many positions that were unfounded not objecting to the motion he intended to make, He concluded with some sarcastic observations on which was, that the order just read be postponed the Minister and his measures." to Tuesday next. The surgeon who attended Mr. Fox advised him not to stir abroad for three or four days at least, otherwise the consequences might be much in favor of Mr. Fox, and reprobated the sera

“Mr. Wyndham delivered his maiden speech very disagreeable.

" Mr. Pitt said, he was much concerned for the tiny in strong manly terms. indisposition of the Right Hon. Gentleman, who

" Mr. Fox began a speech of two hours, hy conwas materially interested in the business of the plimenting the House on the acquisition of sach a day. He could not, however, see any reason why speaker as Mr. Wyndham promised to make. Het the absence of the Right Hon. Gentleman should was then very severe on Lord Mulgrave, and its be deemed sufficient grounds for postponing it, said that the Westminster scrutiny was not comel

sisted that no man but his Lordship would have when the absence of those who were equally concerned with him must be dispensed with. He nected with a Parliamentary reform. should not, however, have any objection to the He concluded with assuring the Minister that the * Hon. Gentleman's motion, if he thought the busi- business would not end on that night, for he should ness would be brought forward on Tuesday with renew it in the Westminster petition ; and it wonla ont further delay. It was as much the wish of the not be given up while a shilling remained, (he did other gentlemen concerned to bring it to a conclu

not mean of his own, for God knew his last might sion, as it was of Mr. Fox or his friends.

soon be gone) but while his party had power "Mr. Pelham thought it a question of so much support it. He was then extremely severe oa Ms. importance, that it concerned not only the citizens Pitt, whom he said he never expected to see the of Westminster, but also the constituents of every

champion for destroying the liberties of his cocarepresentative in the kingdom. It involved in it a try; great variety of constitutional questions. Gentle

" At six o'clock in the morning the House divi men boasted much of a parliamentary reform, but ded, when there appeared, he was fearful their professions were not sincere ; For continuing the scruting this, however, a short time would discover.

Against it Mr. Pitt admitted the imporiance of the questjon ; but with regard to the hypothetical questions

Majority put to him, respecting his declaration of a parlia

“ The High Bailiff was then called in, and mentary reform, he could only say, that whatever Speaker read the order of the House for his pro opinion gentlemen might entertain of the sincerity ceeding with all possible dispatch in the serutins. of his wishes for such a measure, he certainly hoped that those who are doubtful of it, and at the same After occupying much of the time of the House time pretending to be supporters of a reform, may on several subsequent occasions, we find it at lax not be less sincere. *** Mr. Burke lamented the absence of his Right Mr. Fox on the 4th of March.“ The return mace

disposed of, by the admission of Lord Hood and Hon. friend, who, he said, was so severely hurt, that it was by his surgeon pronounced unsafe for by the High Bailiff was in favor of Lord Head him to stir abroad for some days ; he had seen him and Mr. Fox, as follows : the night before, when he was so very ill as not to be able to walk without the support of some other

For Lord Hood,

6588 person. The question, as moved by Mr. Welbore Ellis, was then put and carried."

Hon. C. J. Fox, 6126

" Sir Cecil Wray, 5895 Again on the 9th Feb. the subject was taken up. The Reporter adds in a Note—“ Thus at an es We clip the following proceedings from the Jour: pence of above 20,0001. after a scrutiny of eigan

174 135


No. on the



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months, Sir Cecil Wray appears to have gained the same wit that dazzles us in the dialogues of FIVE votes on Mr. Fox's number !-And thus dis-Acres and David. gracefully ended the Westminster scrutiny !" But it is time that we should leave the lofty

About the same time, we have a statement of regions of Parliament, and turn to other departMr. Barke's famous speech on the liquidation of ments of the European Magazine. We shall the Nabob of Arcot's debts.

find, in our discursive and desultory ramble through “ Mr. Burke was up near two hours ; he as usual field of politics. We must present, however, be

its pages, walks more inviting than the arid entered very fully into the crimes, &c. of the Company's servants in India ; and insisted that the whole fore quitting State affairs, a very extraordinary of the learned Gentleman's defence was nothing performance in verse, which belongs rather to Mimore than the varnish of deception ; that the new nerva than the Muses, and may properly come under Board had begun their measures in imbecility and the political head. The reader will observe that Would end them in ruin. He read a variety of ex. it establishes the fact that poets are not always tracts from different India papers, and from a late pamphlet, published by Debrett; he also read a vales, or prophets. It is entitled an letter from the Nabob of Arcot to the Court of Di.

ODE for the NEW-YEAR, rectors; wherein he stated that their Servants in 1. India, without large salaries, and carrying on no As performed before their MAJESTIES.

trade, in a few years enriched themselves contrary 2 to the interest of the Company, and at its expence,

Written by William WHITEHEAD, Esq. Poet-Laureat. by fraud, plunder, and rapine, and then retired to

And set to Music by Mr. STANLEY. * England with their wages of iniquity."


ELUSIVE is the Poet's dream, A few days afterwards, on the consideration of Or does prophetic truth inspire some bill with reference to the Sub-Commission

The zeal which prompts the glowing theme,

And animates th' according lyre ! ers of Accounts, we are informed that " Mr. Sheridan made his promised objections to

Trust the Muse, her eye commands the bill. He entered into a most ingenious argu

Distant times and distant lands ; I ment, to prove that the clauses were most loosely

Through bursting clouds, in op'ning skies, peoned in respect to law; and that they were un

Sees from discord union rise ; necessary, absurd, and dangerous. They were un

And friendship binds unwilling foes becessary, because the Board of Treasury in par

In firmer ties than duty knows. liealar was armed with full and sufficient powers to correct all abuses in its own departments, if the

Torn rudely from its parent tree, members of that board attended properly to their

Yon Scion rising in the West duty. He desired, he said, that only THREE words

Will soon its genuine glory see, of the minutes might be read, at the time when the

And court again the fost'ring breast, Duke of Portland was in office. The clerk read,

Whose nurture gave its powers to spread, bis Grace the Duke of Portland, Lord John Cav.

And feel their force, and lift an alien head; endish, and Frederic Montague present, and the be read the minutes. This, Mr. Sheridan said,

The parent tree when storms impend, was to shew that an intention existed at that time

Shall own affection's warmth again, to make such enquiries into the subordinate offices

Again its fost'ring aid shall lend, as would effectually tend to every purpose which

Nor hear the suppliant plead in vain ; the right honourable Gentleman could fairly mean

Shall stretch protecting branches round, by the present bill. In respect to the powers with Extend the shelter, and forget the wound. wbieb the new Sub-Commissioners are armed, there was something, as he already said, truly ri

That a poet-laureate in 1785, two years after dieulous and very alarming. They were made Cornwallis gave up his sword to the American both Judge and Jury; they were authorised to en- commander al Yorktown, should predict that the force the attendance of men, women, and children people of this country would ever return to a state of all ages, and of all descriptions, from east to of colonial subjection to England, is one of those west, and from north to south, of Britain ; either to enquire whether the Clerk of the Treasury, or

"flattering unctions" to majesty that only " poetsa pedlar in Cornwall, had done wrong by exacting laureate” can apply. shilling as an improper fee in the one place, or We cannot recur to the dramatic criticisms of by chealing government in a licence in the other. that day without a regret for the degenerate charNay, they were empowered to call upon the high- acter of our own stage: the more, perhaps, beest men in office. They could enforce a member (the power was so unlimited) to leave the House cause we are inclined to favor theatrical exhibito give evidence wherever they sat ; or if in sum- tions as affording a rational source of amusement. mer they chose to go and examine a hawker, near Charles Lamb, in one of his inimitable Essays, has the sea shore, they might insist upon the Speaker's recorded his impressions of his " first play," and attending them at Brighthelmstone, or at any other we confess with Elia to a prejudice, " e'en from our tratering-place wherever convenience or pleasure boyish days," in favor of the footlights and the ormight lead these mighty men.”

ange peel and that mysterious curtain which shuts In this most unsatisfactory sketch, we recognize 'out from our view the shock of armies and the

Voi.. XIV-.47

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