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TObserve. In order to make the quotations from my great pilot in the Sea of Prophecy, Gibbon, answer to every edition of the inestimable Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, I have given him out by chapter and note, while I have retained, at the same time, the number of the volumes of the twelve volume edition; n. n. therefore, will signify near the note to which those letters are affixed, the middle numerals will signify the chapter, and the others the volume.]
ABADDON.—The Devil, the murderer from the beginning, put for Muhammed, and the Khalifs his successors, the Commanders of the faithful. Rev. ix. II. They had a king over them, which is the angel of the bottomless pit, whose name in the Hebreu tongue is Abaddon, but in the Greek tongue hath his name Apollyon (Destroyer). An angel means, in general, a succession of angels, i.e. ministers or priests, as a king means a succession of kings. See King. So also Abaddon signifies a succession of Abaddons, i.e. Generals or Commanders. Muhammed and his successors the Khalifs were Kings, Priests, or Angels, and Commanders or Abaddons, at the same time. “ The sword,” says Muhammed, is the key of heaven and of hell: a drop of blood shed in the cause of God, a night spent in arms, is of more avail than two months of fasting or prayer : whosoever falls in battle, his sins are forgiven : at the day of judgment his wounds shall be resplendent as vermilion, and odoriferous as musk; and the loss of his limbs shall be supplied by the wings of angels and of cherubim." Gib. ix. L. n. n. 126.
ABOMINATIONS.-1. Rev. xvii. 4, 5. And the woman was arrayed in purple and scarlet colour, and decked with gold and precious stones and pearls, having a golden cup in her hand full of abominations and filthinesso f her fornication; and upon her forehead was a name written, MYSTERY BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS AND ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH. The woman was carried by the ten horned beast, i, e. was supported by it; and the ten horned beast is the regal decemvirate, of which the Latino or Franco-Greek Cæsar is the head. We may easily, therefore, perceive that she is the Church in the Cæsariate or Roman Empire, supported by the ten states or allied with them ; or rather, according to the more forcible language of prophecy, the harlot of them, with whom the kings of the earth have committed fornication. And what has more of the nature of an abomination than the prostitution of the Church of Christ to state purposes, the election of its heads according to their state principles, the acquisition of the highly responsible office of the cure of souls by dint of money, interest, courting of the great, and all sorts of obsequiousness? Or what more abominable than the support of it by the sword; and the maintenance of it by contributions extorted from those whom she has pronounced to be excommunicate ?