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the works of him that sent me, wbile it is day; the night cometh, wben no man can work.” But this is speaking merely in the language of the Old Testament writers.
“VII. Of CORRUPTION and DESTRUCTION,"i.e. before Christ's coming
“ Job, iv. 18, 19, 20. He put no trust in his servants,-bow much less in them that dwell in houses of clay; whose foundation is in the dust ; wbich are crushed before the motb? They are destroyed from morning to evening ; they are perished for ever. xxvi, 6. Hell is naked before him, and destruction bath no covering, xxviii. 22. Destruction and death say, we have heard the fame thereof. Ps. xvi. 10.-thou—wilt not suffer thine Holy One to see corruption. xlix. 9. That he should still live for ever, and not see corruption,–12:—inan being in honour abideth not.- 14 like sheep they are laid in the grave, death sball feed on them,—their beauty shall consume in the grave from their dwelling ;-19, He (Heh. His soul) sball go to the generation of his fathers ; they shall never see see light.—20, Man that is in honour and understandeth not, is like the beasts that perish. lxxxviii. 11. Shall thy loving kinduess be declared in the grave ? or thy faithfulness in destruction, (vid, Clericum, qui recte deducit Rephaim, Mortuos, a rapha deficit, desiit.) Add Prov. xv. 1; xxvii. 20; Acts, xiji. 36, David was laid unto his fathers, and saw corruption. 1 Cor. xv. 18. Then they also that are fallen asleep in Christ, are perished. Vid. Hullet Dis. vol. 1. p, 313, &c. Comp, 2 Pet. ii, 1,”
So far the bishop, I will not answer for the relativeness of all the passages to the subject, His first section of them wbich represents death as a sleep, and his third, which represents it as a REST, I have left out, as what is predicated of death in those respects by the Old Testament writers is also predicated of it by those of the New Testament. With regard to death’s being a sleep however, the New Testament writers it may be supposed, fell into the language of the Old Testament writers from mere habit, without ever designing to fall into their sense, as other passages shew, particularly 1 Thes, v. 9, 10, below. And it is to this retaining of old phrases when they have lost their original import, it is, that we do not see the original torce of them. By this the proof which might be derived from the Old Testament writers representing death as a state of suspended consciousness, a SLEEP, is materially weakened, if not entirely destroyed, with some persons.
I shall now give the passages that represent immortal life as a new gift to the souls of the good, and as brought about by and after Christ's coming, through his infusing into them his life-preserving Holy Spirit.
John, v. 24. He that heareth my word and believeth on him that sent me, hath everlasting life.—is passed from death unto life.-vi. 40, Every one which seeth the Son, and believeth on him, may have everlasting life, and I will raise him up at the last day. vi. 27, Labour not for the meat which perisheth, but for that rneat which endureth unto everlasting life, wbich the Son of man shall give unto you. vi. 54, Whoso eateth my flesh, and drinketh my, blood, hath eternal life; and I will raise bim up at the last day., 57, 58, As the living Father hath sent me, and I live by the Father ; so he that eateth me,
even be shall live by me, — not as your fathers did eat inanna, and are dead: he that eateth of this bread shall live for ever. 63, It is the Spirit that quickeneth : the flesh profiteth nothing : the words that I speak unto you they are spirit and they are life; [i. e. they regard spirit or mind, and life or soul,' and not flesh or body.] viii. 51, 52, If a man keep my saying, be sball never see death. Then said the Jews unto him, Now we know that thou bast a devil. Abrabam is dead, and the propbets, and thou sayest it a man keep my saying he shall never taste of death. [The Jews mistook him, he alluded to life and mind, in which he had before said the fathers were dead, vi. 58, above.) xi. 26, Whosoever liveth and believeth in me, shall never die. xii. 25, He that loveth his life (soul) shall lose it; and he that hateth his life (soul) in this world, shall keep it unto life eternal. xvii. 2, Thou hast given him power over all desh, that he should give eternal life to as many as thou hast given him. Matth. xvi. 25, 27, 28, Whosoever will save his life shali lose it : and whosoever will lose his life for my sake shall find it. The Son of man shall come in the glory of bis Father, with bis angels, and then he shall reward every man according to his works. There be some standing here which shall not taste of death till they see the Son of man coming in his kingdom. John, iv. 14, Whosoever drinketh of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst; but the water that I shall give him shall be in bim a well of water springing up into everlasting life. vii. 38, 39, He that believeth on me out of his belly shall flow rivers ot living water. But this spoke be of the Spirit, which they that believe on him should receive : for the Holy Spirit was not yet. Gal. vi, 8, He that soweth to his flesh, shall of the flesh reap corruption ; but he that soweth to the Spirit, shall of the Spirit reap life everlasting. 1 Pet, i. 22, 23, Seeing ye have puritied your souls-through the Spirit—being born again not of corruptible seed but of incor. ruptible, by the word of God, which liveth and abideth for ever. 2 Cor. i. 22, Who bath sealed us, and given the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts. Eph. i, 13, 14, In whom (Christ) also, after that ye believed ye were sealed with the Holy Spirit of promise, wbich is the earnest of our inheritance, until the redemption of the purchased possession. iv. 30, Grieve not the Holy Spirit, whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption. Rom. viii, 10, 11, If Christ be in you the body is dead, because of sin ; but the Spirit is life, because of righteousness, But if the Spirit of him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwell in you, he that raised up Cbrist from the dead shall also quicken your mortal bodies by his Spirit that dwelleth in you, (rather, by his Spirit's dwelling in you, viz. hy which your souls are to be preserved till the day of the redemption ot the body.] Rom, i, 21, That as sin bath reigned unto death, even so might grace reign, through righteousness, unto eternal life, by Jesus Christ our Lord. Tim, i. 10, 12, Wbo hath abolished death and brought life and immortality to light through the gospel-for I know wbom I have believed, and am persuaded that he is able to keep that which I have committed unto him against that day. Rom. vi. 22, 23, Being marle free from sin-ye have your fruit unto holiness, and the end everlasting life. For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life, through Jesus Christ our Lord. John, iii, 15. Whosoever hateth bis brother is a murderer ; and ye know that no murderer bath eternal life abiding in him, 2 Pet. ii, 12, These, as natural brute beasts, made to be taken and destroyed—shall utterly perish in their own corruption. 1 John, v. 11, 12, God hath given us eternal life, and this life is in his Son. He that hath the Son hath life; and he that hath not the Son of God, hath not life, ii, 25, This is the promise that he hath promised us, even eternal life. Heb, xi, 13, These all died in faith (the fathers) not having received the promises, but having seen them afar off, (see John, vi, 57, 58; viii, 31, 52, above.] 39, 40, These all having obtained a good report through faith, received not the promise : God having provided some better thing for us, that they, without us, should not be made perfect, [receive the accomplishment,] Heb viii, 19, The law made nothing perfect, but the bringing in of a better hope did, viii. 6, A better covenant, which was established on better promises, 1 Pet. i, 5, 9, 10, 12, [We] are kept by the power of God through faith unto salvation, ready to be revealed in the last time—the salvation of our souls. Of whicha salvation the prophets bave inquired-to whom it was revealed, that not uuto themselves, but unto us they did minister the things which are now reported unto you, i Thess, v. 9,10, God hath not appointed us to wrath, but to obtain salvation by our Lord Jesus Christ, who died for us ; that whether we wake or sleep, we should live together with him, 2 Cor, v. 6, 8, 9, Therefore we are always confident, knowing that whilst we are at home in the body, we are absent from the Lord, and willing rather to be absent from the body, and to be present with the Lord. Wherefore we labour, that, whether present or absent, we may be accepted of bim, Rom, xiv, 7, 8, 9, For none of us liveth to bimself, and no man dieth to himself. For whether we live, we live unto the Lord ; and whether we die, we die unto the Lord : whether we live therefore, or die, we are the Lord's. For to this end Christ both died and rose, and revived, that he might be Lord both of the dead and living: Phil, i. 21—24, For to me to live is Christ; and to die is gain. Yet what I shall choose I wot not. For I am in a straight betwixt two, having a desire to depart, and to be with Christ; which is far better ; nevertheless, to abide in the flesh is inore needful for you. See also St, John, Vid, 11. Dig: i, Sect. 11, which upon second consideration according to p. xi, I would rather refer to the intermediate state of the departed good, and to their millennial and post-millennial state. Also Vis, 111, Pt, II, Sect, I. Also Vis, iv. Pt. 1, Sect, ii, Also Vis. II. Pt, 11, Sect. I. v. 8, 9, 10, Where the dead do praise the Lord contrary to their silent state before the first advent of Christ.
I now give the passages which relate to the really “strange notion,” that when Christ came, he brought extinct souls into existence again, that they might live in a separate state till the resurrection. These are very few, because they have very
little to do with us in our present state, but sufficient to establish “ the theory of prophecy and of religion as counected with prophecy,”
1 Pet. iii, 18, 19,-By the Spirit he (Christ) went and preached unto the spirits in prison sextinct]; which sometime (once] were disobedient, when once the long-suffering of God waited in the days of Noah. iv, 5, 6,--the Gentiles-shall give
account to him that is ready to judge quick and dead. For, for this cause was the gospel preached also to them that are dead, [i.e, not dead in trespasses and sins; for the gospel was always preached to them, but dead naturally.] that they might be judged according to men, in the flesh, [in flesh, i. e. in body like men, at the day of judgment and resurrection,] but live, according to God, in the spirit [in spirit, i. e, in a separate state as God does, till the resurrection.] John, v. 25, Verily, verily, I say unto you, the hour is coming and now is wben the dead shall hear the voice of the Son of God; and they that hear shall live, For as the Father hath life in bimself, so baih be given the Son to have life in himself, xi, 25, 26, I am the resurrection and the life: he that believeth in me tbough be were [be] dead, yet shall he live: and whosoever liveth and believeth in me shall never die, Believest thou this? Heb, xi, 39, 40, (The fathers] received not the promise-ihat they without us should not be made perfect, John, vi, 58, 63, Not as your fathers did eat manna, and are dead : he that eateth of this bread sball live for ever—the words that I speak unto you they are spirit, [they regard the mind) and they are life, [they regard the soul, “the flesh" or body, profitech nothing.") viii, 51, 52, If a man keep my saying, he shall never see death, Then said the Jews unto him, Now we know that thou hast a devil. Abraham is dead and the prophets; and thou sayest if a man keep my saying, he shall never taste of death. 2 Tim. i. 10, 12, Our Saviour Jesus Christ who bath abolished death, and brought life and immortality to light through the gospel-is able to keep that which I have committed unto him against that day. Jobn, ii. 25, This is the promise that he hath promised us, even eternal life.
From a comparison of the above passages, the conclusion is unavoidable. The fathers “received not the promise of eternal life, but they were dead" before Christ's time, because they only whó "kept his saying,” should “never see death,” should live for ever," i, e, as our Lord bimself explains it, with regard to mind and soul only, at first. The gospel, therefore, was preached to the “dead, that they might live, as God does,” in separate
spirit;" which they had not before done, “that they without us (Christians) should not be made perfect
“ For (in the same manner) as the Father liath life in himself.” by existing in spirit or an incorporeul state, “80 (in that manner) hath he given to the Son to have lite in himself,” by imparting that incorporeal life to bis followers, “ the last Adam" being made a quickening spirit,” (1 Cor. xv. 45,) by wbich he went to preach to spirits imprisoned, " to bring them that sit in darkness (extinguished) out of the prison-bouse (to life again),”. Is. xlii. 7 : so that they who saw the promises afar oft, but received them not, though they were dead yet should they live,” at Christ's call, just in the same manner as, we may presume, those believers who were already alive should never die, viz, in spirit at first,
The Hulsean has elsewhere exposed bis ignorance, where he says, “We have been the more anxious to distinguish between what is implied as truth, and what is acknowledged to be fiction, because it has been lately asserted that nothing but the scope can prove any thing, for the rest may be fiction" — an unfair treatment which this parable (meaning that of the rich man in