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dled with a watch in his life. That there were men skilled in the art, whose business it was to attend to those matters; but for his part he should only mar the workmanship, and put the whole in confusion_“Why, harkee, master of mine," cried Peter, turning suddenly upon him, with a countenance that almost petrified the patcher of shoes into a perfect lapstone—“dost Thou pretend to meddle with the movements of government-to regulate and correct, and patch, and cobble a complicated machine, the principles of which are above thy comprehension, and its simplest operations too subtle for thy understanding when thou canst not correct a trilling error in a common piece of mechanism, the whole mystery of which is open to thy inspection ?-Hence with thee to the leather and stone, which are emblems of thy head; cobble thy shoes, and confine thyself to the vocation for which heaven has fitted thee.” But, elevating his voice until it made the welkin ring, “ if ever I catch thee, or any of thy tribe, meddling again with the affairs of government-by. St. Nicholas, but I'll have every mother's bastard of ye flayed alive, and your hides stretched for drum-heads, that ye may thenceforth make a noise to some purpose!”

This threat, and the tremendous voice in which it was uttered, caused the whole multitude to quake with fear. The hair of the orator rose on his head like his own swine's bristles, and not a knight of the thimble present but his heart died within him, and he felt as though he could have verily escaped through the eye of a needle.

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But thengt i pasure produced the desired efizet a racing the community to order, yet it andel =ze the popularity of the great Peter

ung tibe Sghtened raigar. Many accused in entertaining highly aristocratic sentiments sai of lening too much in favour of the atas Indeed there appeared to be some

unts for soch an accusation, as he always carried himself with a rery lofty soldier-like port,

i vis somewhat particular in his dress; dressing himsed when not in uniform, in simple but rich agpuri; and is especially noted for having his son leg which is a very comely one) always

niya na nd stocking and high-heeled shoe. Though a mn of great simplicity of manners, yet there is a thing about him that repelled rude familiarity, while is encouraged frank and even secta intercourse.

He bikewise observed some appearance of court Ceremony and etiquette. He received the commoa chies of visitors on the stoop, * before his doct, according to the custom of our Dutch ancestors But when risitors were formally, receirad in his parlou, it was expected they would appear in clean linen; by no means to be barefooted, and shears to take their hats off. On pable occasions he appeared with great pomp of equipage for, in truth, his station required a little show and dignity), and always rode to church in a yellow waggon with flaming red wheels.

These symptoms of state and ceremony occa• Properly spelled stoed; the porch commonly built in front of Dutch houses, with benches on each side.

sioned considerable discontent among the vulgar. They had been accustomed to find easy access to their former governors, and in particular had lived on terms of extreme familiarity with William the Testy. They therefore were very impatient of these dignified precautions, which discouraged intrusion. But Peter Stuyvesant had his own way of thinking in these matters, and was a staunch upholder of the dignity of office.

He always maintained that government to be the least popular, which is most open to popular access and control; and that the very brawlers against court ceremony, and the reserve of men in power, would soon despise rulers among whom they found even themselves to be of consequence. Such, at least, had been the case with the administration of William the Testy; who, bent on making himself popular, had listened to every man's advice, suffered every person to have ad. mittance to his person at all hours; and, in a word, treated every one as his thorough equal. By this means every scrub politician and public busybody was enabled to measure wits with him, and to find out the true dimensions, not only of his person, but his mind.—And what great man can stand such scrutiny?

It is the mystery that envelopes great men, that gives them half their greatness. We are always inclined to think highly of those who hold themselves aloof from our examinations ;

there is likewise a kind of superstitious reverence • for office, which leads us to exaggerate the merits mi sites of men o porez, and to suppose that mas de

o t ed different from other me 4.02 iad furth is as necessary in poliS s

. It certainly is of the first imN e , akit a COVERY should be governed by

e men: te shen it is almost equally imPut that the people should believe them to be

xe: ir s bebe sine can produce willing


T: been on therefore, this desirable confidence i man the people should be allowed to see as

s teem as possible. He who gains access hommets soon fods out by what foolishness the weit is governed He discovers that there is a quakeys legis state, as well as in everything eke; hasi may & maasare, which is supposed by the 32 to be the result of great wisdom and dep d erste is the effect of mere chance, or z bir-brained experiment. That rulers hate their tims and errons as well as other men, mi sta s are not so wonderfully superior to their fellow-creatures as he at first imagined, since we tods that even his own opinions have

some wendet with them. Thus awe subsides it quofdare confidence inspires familiarity, sni faszalarity produces contempt. Peter StuyTesamt, on the contrary, by conducting himself with ägnity and loftiness, was looked up to with great Terence As he never gave his reasons for anything he did, the public always gave him credit for rery profound ones. Every movement, however intrinsically unimportant, was a matter of speculation; and his very red stocking excited

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