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the Herculean strength of the champions of the gospel of equal rights for all men. The Dred Scott decision and the battle of Bull Run could not and did not change wrong to right.

The anti-saloon forces have had their Bull Run and their Dred Scott decision, but they have not changed falsehood into truth nor wrong into right.

We have passed the Gettysburg, of the conflict, and the open defenders of the saloon are becoming as scarce as the open defenders of slavery.

The brewers, the distillers and the saloon keepers are all apologizing; they are confessing that conditions are deplorable; they are promising to reform; but they never thought to repent until the rising tide of an indignant public sentiment has ominously threatened the annihilation of the whole business. Even, under such conditions, their greed obscures their vision, and each seeks to shift the blame to the other.

An Indianapolis brewer recently attempted to plead guilty for the distiller. He said that "beer is really a temperance drink. It is cooling, and is beneficial as a food. It is whisky that makes the drunkards and the wrecks; that creates the disease known as appetite; that fires the passions, frenzies the brain and causes the nameless crimes and wrongs that are charged, without a just discernment, against the traffic as a whole, when they should be charged to the whisky saloon alone."

In reply to this, and, in defense of his branch of the trade, a Louisville distiller entered the following plea of guilty for the brewer: “Every one bears testimony that no man can drink beer safely; that it is an injury to anyone who uses it in any quantity, and that its effect on the general health is far worse than that of whisky, clogging his liver, rotting his kidneys, decaying his heart and arteries, stupefying and starving his brain, choking his lungs and bronchia, loading his body with dropsied fluids and unwholesome fat, fastening upon him rheumatism, erysipelas, and all manner of painful and disgusting diseases, and finally dragging him to his grave when other men are in their prime of mental and bodily vigor.”

While the traffic, as a whole, concedes that it is indefensible, and each branch of it seeks to shift the responsibility to the other, the saloon has one steadfast, conspicuous, but not consistent, defender, the Indiana Supreme Court.

In 1855, the court said that it knew, as a matter of general knowledge, and was capable of judicially asserting the fact, that the use of beer and other intoxicating liquors, as a beverage, is not necessarily hurtful, any more than the use of lemonade or icecream; that such intoxicating beverages were created by the Almighty to promote the social hilarity and enjoyment of men.

At that time, in the exercise of its general knowledge and judicial capability, the court declared that God was the original first brewer and distiller, and that he created the business to promote the social hilarity and enjoyment of the human race; that the inalienable rights of liberty and the pursuit of happiness, secured by the constitution, include the right to use intoxicating liquor as much as they include the right to wear clothes, to select the articles of ordinary food or to determine their hours of sleeping and waking; that, if the government can prohibit the use of intoxicating beverages, it can also prohibit the drinking of cold water. If any one is the least skeptical as to the court having said these things, he is referred to the 6th Indiana report, pages

519 and 520 and the 8th Indiana report, pages 558 and 564.

In the exercise of its general knowledge and judicial capability, in 1893, the court declared that the saloon is dangerous to public and private morals and dangerous to the public peace and good order of society, but yet, with Damonic faithfulness, it declared that, in spite of these dangers, the saloon has the same legal basis as the drygoods store, the hardware store and the grocery store.

In 1907, the same court, still possessing its general knowledge and judicial capability, declared that evil and danger to the peace and good order of society attend and inhere in the saloon, and that it everywhere tends to pernicious and evil results, but yet, notwithstanding all this, it is still right and legitimate.

In fifty-two years, the temperance army has gained one battle in the Supreme Court of Indiana, the court has changed its estimate of the saloon. If another battle were won, and the court would apply to the saloon, as it now estimates it, the logical legal principle, the conquest would be completely won. To win this battle, there must be a conquest of public sentiment. In this conquest the most helpful ally is an honest faithful public press, and the most deadly enemy is a corrupt, purchasable press.

There has been no more certain progress upon any phase of the saloon problem than in the improved tone of the press. Recently practically all of the Indiana newspapers received from the Anheuser-Busch brewery of St. Louis, a proposition to run a thousand-inch advertisement of Budweiser beer and a defense of the saloon. To the credit of the press of the state, the proposition was almost universally declined. It was published in full by the two leading Indianapolis papers, and this pretty accuratey discloses the state of this battle for the elevation of public sentiment. The country press, as

a rule, is on the side of the home as against the saloon, but, with few exceptions, the metropolitan press is as subject to purchase, as the opinion of a medical expert. But, the battle for the application to the saloon, of the principle of law, merited by pursuits of its character, will be won just as certainly as was the engagement that changed it from the cold water catalog to the catalog of contagious perils.

If there were a proposition to foist upon any community a new pursuit, of which it could be clearly demonstrated that it would naturally inflict a tithe of as much misery, anguish, pauperism, moral degredation and crime, upon society, as does the saloon, there is not a respectable court in the land that would not enjoin its establishment on the ground that it is within itself a nuisance. The fact that the saloon is hoary with age, is Sampsonian in political power and has the support of centuries of blind judicial precedents will not forever secure to it judicial protection. An anaesthetized public conscience is fast wakening from its unnatural slumbers. The time is rapidly approaching, when, in the face of an aroused public sentiment, no court can be found that will have the brazen hardihood to hold that a pursuit, which, like the wolf, crouches by the cradle, waiting for an opportunity to attack the purity of babyhood; a pursuit that necessitates a police force in any community, where it exists, to maintain order; a pursuit that robs homes of their rightful tranquility and makes heart rending partings; a pursuit that is the prolific mother of disease, of gambling dens and of the social evil; a pursuit that makes little, innocent children hungry, cold and sad; a pursuit that seduces the innocence of youth and despoils the purity of woman, that causes murder and all the nameless crimes of depravity, that fills poorhouses, orphanages, insane asylums, jails and penitentiaries, that has caused so much misery, woe and anguish among the people that the heavens are almost draped in mourning, is right and legitimate.

And, then the courts that have placed the institution upon the same legal footing with the coldwater fountain, the lemonade stand, the ice-cream parlor, the drygoods store and the bakery, will be remembered with the same derision as are the courts that have regarded slavery, dueling, gambling and prostitution as right and legitimate.

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