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leisure, they all play together at bowls. opulence as to vie with princes, and enHe adds, that it is not necessary to de- able him to build several rich monasteries; scribe them all, because it is not the but his great pomp and immense wealth custom of this highly indispensable fra- having drawn upon him the jealousy of ternity to do kindness, and they are the king and the arehbishop of Canteralways indignant at strong reproaches. bury, he was exiled. After an absence

Finally, he says, “I pray God to turn of ten years he was allowed to return to them from their wickedness.” He subjoins his see, and died in the monastery of a song which he declares if you read and Oundle in 711, aged seventy-six, and was sing, will show he has told the truth, and interred there. In 940, his remains were that you will be delighted with it. removed to Canterbury, by Odo, archHe alleges, that he drew it up to make you bishop of that see.

Amongst all the better acquainted with the scene repre- miracles recorded of Wilfrid by the author sented in the wood-cut, in order that you of his life,* one, if true, was very extramight be amused and laugh. Whether ordinary, and would go far to convert the it had that tendency cannot be deter- most obdurate pagan. It is said, that at mined, for unluckily the song, which no this time, God so blessed the holy man's doubt was the best part, has perished endeavours towards the propagation of from the copy of the singular paper now the faith, that, on a solemn day for bap, described.

tizing some thousands of the people of

Sussex, the ceremony was no sooner

ended but the heavens distilled such

plentiful showers of rain, that the country Exeter Lammas Fair.

was relieved by it from the most prodi-
The charter for this fair is perpetuated gious famine ever heard of. So great was
by a glove of immense size, stuffed and the drought, and provision so scarce, that,
carried through the city on a very long in the extremity of hunger, fifty at a time
pole, decorated with ribbons, flowers, &c. joined hand in hand and fung themselves
and attended with music, parish beadles, into the sea, in order to avoid the death
and the mobility. It is afterwards placed of famine by land. But by Wilfrid's
on the top of the Guildhall, and then the means their bodies and souls were
fair commences; on the taking down of preserved.
the glove, the fair terminates.

The town of Rippon continues to this
P. day to honour the memory of its bene-

factor by an annual feast.

Saturday following Lammas-day, the effigy

of St. Wilfrid is brought into the town To the Editor of the Every-Day Book.

with great ceremony, preceded by music,

when the people go out to meet it in Sir, If 'the following sketch of St. commemoration of the return of their Wilfrid's life, as connected with his feast favourite saint and patron from exile. at Rippon, be thought sufficiently interest. The following day called St. Wilfrid's ing for insertion, you will oblige an old Sunday is dedicated to him. contributor.

Monday and Tuesday there are horseThe town of Rippon owes its rise to the races for small sums only; though forpiety of early times, for we find that merly there were plates of twenty, thirty, Eata, abbot of Melross and Lindisfarne, forty, and fifty pounds.t in the year 661 founded a monastery The following is a literal copy of part there, for which purpose he had lands of an advertisement from the “ Newcastle given him by Alchfrid, at that time king Courant” August 28, 1725. of Deira, and afterwards of the Northumbrians; but before the building was TO BE RUN FOR. The usual four miles' completed, the Scottish monks retired from the monastery, and St. Wilfrid was county of York, according to articles. On appointed abbot in 663, and soon after- Monday the thirteenth of September a purse wards raised to the see of York. This

of twenty guineas by any horse, mare, of prelate was then in high favour with Oswy the last grass, to be certified by the breeder ;

gelding that was no more than five and Egfrid, kings of Northumberland, and the principal nobility, by whose

• V. Wilfridi inter xx Scriptures. liberality hie rose to such a degree of + Gentleman's Magazine,

On the

On the

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each horse to pay two guineas entrance, that whereon the “schism bill” was to run three heats, the usual four miles' course have taken place if the death of the queen for a heat, and carry nine stone, besides had not prevented it. If this bill had saddle and bridle. On Tuesday the fourteenth, passed into a law, dissenters would have THE LADY'S Plate

of fifteen pounds' value by been debarred the liberty of educating any horse, &c. Women to be the riders: their own children.* each to pay one guinea entrance, three heats, and twice about the common for a heat."

Dogget's COAT AND Badge. During the feast of St. Wilfrid, which continues nearly all the week, the inha

Also in honour of this day there is a bitants of Rippon enjoy the privilege of rowing match on the river Thames, inrambling through the delightful grounds of stituted by Thomas Dogget an old actor of “Studley Royal,” the seat of Mrs. Lau- celebrity, who was so attached to theBrunsrence, a lady remarkable for her amiable him “a whig up to the head and ears.”,

wick family, that'sir Richard Steele called character and bounty to the neighbouring poor. On St. Wilfrid's day the gates of

In the year after George I. came to the this fairy region are thrown open, and throne, Dogget gave a waterman's coat all persons are allowed to wander where and silver badge to be rowed for by six they please.

watermen on the first day of August, No description can do justice to the being the anniversary of that king's acexuberant distribution of nature and art cession to the throne. This he continued which surrounds one on every side on

till his death, when it was found that he entering these beautiful and enchanting

had bequeathed a certain sum of money, grounds; the mind can never cease to the interest of which was to be approwonder, nor the eye tire in beholding priated annually, for ever, to the purchase them.

of a like coat and badge, to be rowed for The grounds consist of about three in honour of the day by six young waterhundred acres, and are laid out with a men whose apprenticeships had expired taste unexcelled in this country. There the year before. This ceremony is every is every variety of hill and dale, and a year performed on the first of August, the judicious introduction of ornamental claimants setting out, at a signal given, at buildings with a number of fine statues ;

that time of the tide when the current is among them are Hercules and Antæus, strongest against them, and rowing from

Roman wrestlers, and a remarkably fine the Old Swan, near London-bridge, to the . dying gladiator. The beauties of this White Swan at Chelsea.t terrestrial paradise would fill a volume, before he was a prize-fighter, won the

Broughton, who was a waterman, but the chief attraction is the grand monastic ruin of Fountain's abbey. This first coat and badge. magnificent remain of olden time is preserved with the utmost care by the express This annual rowing-match is the subject command of its owner, and is certainly of a ballad-opera, by Charles Dibdin, first the most perfect in the kingdom. It is performed at the Haymarket, in 1774, seated in a romantic dale surrounded by called " The Waterman, or the First of majestic oaks and firs. The great civility August.” In this piece Tom Tugg, a of the persons appointed to show the candidate for Dogget's coat and badge, place, is not the least agreeable feeling on sings the following, which was long a à visit to Studley Royal.

I am, &c.

J. J. A. F.

And did you not hear of a jolly young water

man, DissenTERS' Festival.

Who at Blackfriars-bridge used for to ply;

And he feather'd his oars with such skill and The first of August, as the anniversary

dexterity, of the death of queen Anne, and the ac

Winning each heart and delighting each cession of George I., seems to have been He looked so neat, and rowed so steadily,

eye: kept with rejoicing by the dissenters. In the The maidens all flocked in his boat so readily, year 1733, they held a great meeting in London, and several other parts of the

Gentleman's Magazine. kingdoin fo celebrate the day, it being † Jones's Biographia Dramaticæ.

And he eyed the young rogues with so charm valued him highly, resorted to the ing an air,

authority of the lord chamberlain. “AcThat this waterman ne'er was in want of a cordingly upon his complaint, a messenfare.

ger was immediately despatched to NorWhat sights of fine folks he oft row'd in his wich, where Dogget then was, to bring wherry!


up in custody. But doughty Dog'Twas clean'd out so nice, and so painted get, who had money in his pocket, and withal ;

the cause of liberty at his heart, was not He was always first oars when the fine city in the least intimidated by this formidable

ladies, In a party to Ranelagh went, or Vauxhall : with a particular cheerfulness, entertain.

summons. He was observed to obey it And oftentimes would they be giggling and

ing his fellow-traveller, the messenger, all leering, But 'twas all one to Tom, their gibing and the way in the coach (for he had protested jeering,

against riding) with as much humour as For loving, or liking, he little did care, a man of his business might be capable of For this waterman ne'er was in want of a tasting. And, as he found his charges fare.

were to be defrayed, he, at every inn, And yet, but to see how strangely things hap- could afford, or a pretended weak appe

called for the best dainties the country pen, As he row'd along, thinking of nothing at

tite could digest. At this rate they jollily all,

rolled on, more with the air of a jaunt He was plied by a damsel so lovely and than a journey, or a party of pleasure charming,

than of a poor devil in durance. Upon That she smiled, and so straightway in love his arrival in town, he immediately he did fall;

applied to the lord chief justice Holt for And, would this young damsel but banish his his habeas corpus. As his case was somesorrow,

thing particular, that eminent and learned He'd wed her to night before to-morrow : And how should this waterman ever know notice of it: for Dogget was not only

minister of the law took. a particular care, When he's married and never in want of a

discharged, but the process of his confinefare?

ment (according to common fame) had a

censure passed upon it in court.” Tom Tug wins Dogget's coat and “We see,” says Cibber, “ bow natubadge under the eyes of his mistress, who rally power, only founded on custom, is sits with her friends to see the rowing- apt, where the law is silent, to run into match from an inn window overlooking excesses; and while it laudably pretends the river; and, with the prize, he wins to govern others, how hard it is to govern her heart.


DOGGET. Colley Cibber calls Dogget“ a prudent, celebrated performer, but through Cibber,

Scarcely any thing is known of this honest man,” and relates anecdotes highly with whom he was a joint patentee in to our founder's honour. One of them is

Drury-lane theatre. They sometimes very characteristic of Dogget's good sense

warmly differed, but Cibber respected his and firmness.

The lord chamberlain was accustomed integrity and admired his talents. The to exercise great power over actors. In logy," are exceedingly amusing, and the

accounts of Dogget in “ Cibber's Apoking William's reign he issued an order book is now easily accessible, for it forms that no actor of either company should the first volume of “ Autobiography, a presume to go from one to the other without a discharge, and the lord cham- collection of the most instructive and berlain's permission; and messengers themselves;”—a work printed in an ele:

amusing lives written by the parties actually took performers who disobeyed the edict into custody. Dogget was under gant form, and published at a reasonable articles to play at Drury-lane, but con

price, and so arranged that every life may ceiving himself treated unfairly, quitted

be purchased separately.

Cibber says of Dogget, “ He was a the stage, would act no more, and pre- golden actor. He was the most an origiferred to forego his demands rather than nal, and the strictest observer of nature, hazard the tediousness and danger of the law to recover them. The manager, who

* Autobiography, 1826, 18mo. vol. i. p. 202.

of all his contemporaries. He borrowed ally to raise the price to a 1001. He from none of them; his manner was his settled in Pall-mall in 1774, with fame own; he was a pattern to others, whose and fortune. great merit was, that they had sometimes Gainsborough, while at Bath, was chotolerably imitated him. In dressing a sen a member of the Royal Academy on character to the greatest exactness he was its institution, but neglected its meetings. remarkably skilful; the least article of Sir Joshua Reynolds says, “ whether he whatever habit he wore, seemed in some most excelled in portraits, landscapes, or degree to speak and mark the different fancy pictures, it is most difficult to dehumour he presented; a necessary care termine.” His aërial perspective is unin a comedian, in which many have been commonly light and beautiful. He detoo remiss or ignorant. He could be ex- rived his grace and elegance from nature, tremely ridiculous without stepping into rather than manners; and hence his paintthe least impropriety to make him so. ings are inimitably true and bewitching. His greatest success was in characters of Devoted to his art, he regretted leaving lower life, which he improved from the it; just before his death, he said, " he delight he took in his observations of that saw his deficiences, and had endeavoured kind in the real world. In songs and to remedy them in his last works.” particular dances, too, of humour, he had No object was too mean for Gainsbono competitor. Congreve was a great rough's pencil ; his habit of closely admirer of him, and found his account in observing things in their several particuthe characters he expressly wrote for him. Jars, enabled him to perceive their rela. In those of Fondlewife, in his Old Bat- tions to each other, and combine them. chelor,' and Ben, in Love for Love,' By painting at night, he acquired new no author and actor could be more obliged perceptions: he had eyes and saw, and he to their mutual masterly performances.” secured every advantage he discovered. · Dogget realized a fortune, retired from He etched three plates; one for “ Kirby's the stage, and died, endeared to watermen Perspective;" another an oak tree with and whigs, at Eltham, in Kent, on the gypsies; and the third, a man ploughing twenty-second of September, 1721. on a rising ground, which he spoiled in

biting in:” the print is rare. NATURALISTS' CALENDAR,

In portraits he strove for natural chaMean Temperature ... 64.77.

racter, and when this was attained, seldom proceeded farther. He could have

imparted intelligence to the features of August 2

the dullest, but he disdained to elerate

what nature had forbidden to rise; CHRONOLOGY.

hence, if he painted a butcher in his SunThomas Gainsborough, eminent as a day-coat, he made him, as he looked, a painter, and for love of his art, died on the respectable yeoman; but his likenesses second of August, 1788. His last words were chiefly of persons of the first quality, were, “ We are all going to heaven, and and he maintained their dignity. His Vandyke is of the party.” He was buried, portraits are seldom highly finished, and by his own desire, near his friend Kirby, are not sufficiently estimated, for the very the author of the Treatise on “Perspec- reason whereon his reputation for natural tive," in the grave-yard of Kew chapel. scenery is deservedly high. Sir Joshua

Gainsborough was born at Sudbury, in gave Gainsborough one hundred guineas Suffolk, in 1727, where his father was a for a picture of a girl and pigs, though clothier, and nature the boy's teacher. its artist only required sixty:* He passed his mornings in the woods Gainsborough had what the world calls alone; and in solitary rambles sketched eccentricities. They resulted rather from old trees, brooks, a shepherd and his his indulgence in study, than contempt flock, cattle, or whatever his fancy seized for the usages of society. It was well

After painting several landscapes, for Gainsborough that he could disregard he arrived in London and received in the courtesies of life without disturbance structions from Gravelot and Hayman: to his happiness, from those with whom he lived in Hatton-Garden, married a lady manners are morals. with 2001. a year, went to „Bath, and painted portraits for five guineas, till the demand for his talent enabled him gradu



A series of “Studies of Figures” from mense collections. He was reduced to Gainsborough's “Sketch Books,” are cxe- poverty by the revolution. The French cuted in lithography, in exact imitation invited him to join it as a member; he of his original drawings by Mr. Richard answered, “ he had no shoes.” This proLane. Until this publication, these draw. cured him a small pension, whereon he ings were unknown. Mr. Lane's work subsisted till his death is to Gainsborough, what the prints in Mr. Otley's “ Italian School of Design," are to Raphael and Michael Angelo.

So early as thirteen years of age, AdanEach print is so perfect a fac-simile, that son began to write notes on the natural it would be mistaken for the original histories of Aristotle and Pliny; but soon drawing, if we were not told otherwise. quitted books to study nature. He made This is the way to preserve the reputation a collection of thirty-three thousand exist of artists. Their sketches are often bet- ences, which he arranged in a series of ter than their paintings: the elabo his own. This was the assiduous labour ration of a thought tends to evaporate of eight years. Five years spent at Senegal, its spirit.

gave him the opportunity of augmenting

his catalogue. He extended his researches NATURALISTS' CALENDAR,

to subjects of commercial utility, explored Mean Temperature

the most fertile and best situated districts ...64.95.

of the country, formed a map of it, followed the course of the Niger, and

brought home with him an immense colAugust 3.

lection of observations, philosophical, po

litical, moral, and economical, with an CHRONOLOGY.

addition to his catalogue of about thirty Michael Adanson, an eminent natura. thousand hitherto unknown species, which, list of Scottish extraction, born in April, with his former list, and subsequent addi1727, at Aix, in Provence, died at Paris tions brought the whole number to more on the third of August, 1806. Needham, than nineiy thousand.

his examinations, presented Adanson, then a child, with a microscope, and the use of the instrument gave the The arrangement of Adanson's “ Faboy a bias to the science which he dis- milles des Plantes,” is founded upon the tinguished as a philosopher. His parents principle, “ that if there is in nature a destined him for the church, and obtained system which we can detect, it can only a prebend's stall for him, but he abandon- be founded on the totality of the relations ed his seat, made a voyage to Senegal in of characters, derived from all the parts 1757, and published the result of his la- and qualities of plants.” His labours are bours in a natural bistory of that country. too manifold to be specified, but their magThis obtained him the honour of corres- nitude may be conceived from his having ponding member in the Academy of Sci. laid before the academy, in 1773, the plan ences. In 1763, his “Famille des Plantes” of his “Universal Natural Encyclopædia,” appeared; it was followed by a design of consisting of one hundred and twenty an immense general work, which failed manuscript volumes, illustrated by sefrom Louis XV., withholding his patro- venty-five thousand figures, in folio. In nage. He formed the project of a settle- 1776, he published in the “Supplement of ment on the African coast for raising the first Encyclopædia,” by Diderot and colonial produce without negro slavery, D'Alembert, the articles relative to natu, which the French East India company ral history and the philosophy of the refused to encourage : he refused to sciences, comprised under the letters A. communicate his plan to the English, who, B. C. In 1779, he journied over the after they had become martyrs of Senegal, highest mountains in Europe, whence he applied for it to Adanson, through lord brought more than twenty thousand speNorth. He declined invitations from the cimens of different minerals, and charts courts of Spain and Russia, and managed of more than twelve hundred leagues of as well as he could with pensions derived country. He was the possessor of the from his office of royal censor, his place most copious cabinet in the world. in the academy, and other sources inadequate to the expense of forming his im

• Gensral Biography, vol. i. 17.

at one

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