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great celebrity by giving various imita- the inhabitants shouting “Purton for tions of birds, &c., which he would very ever! huzza ! my boys, huzza !” and readily do after collecting a sufficient sum waving boughs over their triumphant

to clear his pipe," as he used to say. candidates. After the chairing they adHe then began with the nightingale, journ to the village public-house, and which he imitated very successfully, then spend the remainder of the evening as followed the blackbird - linnet-gold. before. finch-robin-geese and ducks on a rainy The third day is likewise a day of morning--turkies, &c. &c. Then, per- bustle and confusion.

All repair to a haps, after collecting some more money small common, called the cricket ground, “ to clear his pipe,” he would imitate a and a grand match takes place between jackass, or a cow. His excellent imitation the Purton club and the Stretton club; of the crow of a cock strongly affected there are about twenty candidates of a the risible muscles of his auditors. side. The vanquished parties pay a shil.

The amusements last till near midnight, ling each to defray the expense of a cold when the rustics, being exhilarated with collation, which is previously provided in the effects of good strong Wiltshire ale, a pleasant little copse adjoining the generally part after a few glorious battles. cricket-ground, and the remainder of the

The next day several champions enter day is spent convivially. the field to contest the right to several I remember hearing the landlord of the prizes, which are laid out in the following public-house at Purton, (which is situated order:

on one side of the green,) observe to a 1st. A new smock.

villager, that during the three days' merri2nd. A new hat with a blue cockade. ment he had sold six thousand gallons of

3rd. An inferior hat with a white strong beer and ale; the man of course cockade.

doubted him, and afterwards very sarcas4th. A still inferior hat without a tically remarked to me, “ It's just as asy, cockade.

measter, for he to zay zix thousand galA stage is erected on the green, and at ions as dree thousand !"

Does not this, five o'clock the sport commences; and a good Mr. Editor, show a little genuine very celebrated personage, whom they call Purton wit? their umpshire, (umpire,) stands high I have now, my dear sir, finished, and above the rest to award the prizes. The have endeavoured to describe three pleacandidates are generally selected from the sant days spent in an innocent and happy best players at singlestick, and on this manner; and if I have succeeded in occasion they use their utmost skill and affording you any service, or your readers ingenuity, and are highly applauded by the any an,usement, I am amply rewarded. surrounding spectators. I must not for- Allow me to add I feel such an affection get to remark that on this grand, and for old Purton, that should I at any time to them, interesting day, the inhabit- in my life visit Wiltshire, I would travel ants of Purton do not combat against twenty miles out of my road to ramble each other. No-believe me, sir, they are once more in the haunts of my boyhood. better acquainted with the laws of chiv. Believe me, my dear Sir, alry. Purton produces four candidates,

Yoars very sincerely, and a small village adjoining, called August, 18, 1826.

C. T. Stretton, sends forth four more. These candidates are representatives of the vil- P.S. Since writing the above I have lages to which they respectively belong, received a letter from a very particular and they who lose have io pay all the ex- friend who went to Purton school five penses of the day; but it is to the credit of years, to whom I applied for a few extra the sons of Purton I record, that for seven particulars respecting the fair, &c., and successive years their

candidates have been he thus writes, “ Dear C. You seem to returned the victors. The contest generally think that with the name I still retain all lasts two hours, and, after that, the cere- the characteristics and predilections of a mony of chairing the representatives takes hodge ; and therefore you seek to me for place, which is thus performed :-Four information respecting the backswordchairs made with the boughs of trees are playing, fair, &c. Know that as to the in waiting, and the conquerors are placed first, it is (and has been for the last two therein and carried through the village years) entirely done away with, as the with every possible demonstration of joy, principal • farmers? in the place done

like it, and so don't suffer it. As to the long as they keep up their fairs, the other fair, where lads and lasses meet in their loss will not be so much felt. C. T. best gowns, and ribands, and clean smocks, you must know, most assuredly,

August 30, 1826. more of it than I do, as I seldom troubled I forgot to mention in my particulars of about it. You must bear in mind that Purton-fair, that Old Corey, and the other this fair is exactly the same as that held celebrated worthies, only come to the Sepin the month of May, but as no notice tember fair, as the May fair is disregarded has been taken of it by Mr. Hone in by them, it being a fair principally for the either of his volumes, I suppose it very sale of cattle, &c. and the September fair little matters whether your description is is entirely devoted to pleasure. Perhaps of the fair held in May or September.” you can introduce this small piece of

I have to lament, my dear sir, the disa intelligence, together with the following continuance of the ancient custom of doggrel song written for the occasion. backswording at Purton village; but so

C.T.

TO THE WORTHY AND RESPECTABLE INHABITANTS OF PURTON,

This song is most respectfully inscribed,
By their ever true and devoted humble servant,

CHARLES TOMLINSON.
SONG.

PURTON FAIR.

Come, neighbours, listen, I'll sing you a song,
Which, I assure you, will not keep you long;
I'll sing a good song about old Purton fair,
For that is the place, lads, to drive away care.

The damsels all meet full of mirth and of glee,
And they are as happy as happy can be;
Such worth, and such beauty, fairs seldom display,
And sorrow is banished on this happy day.

There's the brave lads of Purton at backsword so clever,
Who were ne'er known to finch, but victorious ever;
The poor boys of Stretton are basted away,
For Purton's fam'd youths ever carry the day.

'Tis “ Old Corey Dyne," who wisely declares,
Stretton's lads must be beaten at all Purton's fairs;
They can't match our courage, then, huzza! my boys,
To still conquering Purton let's kick up a noise.

oid Corey's” the merriest blade in the fair,
What he tells us is true, so, prithee, don't stare ;
“ Remember poor Corey, come, pray have a throw,
'Tis but once a year, as you very well know.”

But-here ends my song, so let's haste to the green,
'Tis as pretty a spot as ever was seen;
And if you are sad or surrounded with care,
Haste quickly! haste quickly! to Old Purron FAIR.

NATURALISTS' CALENDAR.
Mean Temperature ...61.07.

I learn to climb, to walk and run,
September 4.

I make defence, and dangers shun;
HOW TO KEEP APPLES.

Now quick, now slow, now poised on high,

I stand in air and vault the sky; Gather them dry, and put them with The sailor's skill, the soldier's part, clean straw, or clean chaff, into casks; I compass by Gymnastic art. cover them up close, and put them into a cool dry cellar. Fruit will keep perfectly Should be secured to gather wealth;

All life's concerns require that health good a twelvemonth in this manner. That limb and muscle, nerve and vein, How to mark your fruit.

Should vigorous force and motion gain :

Seek the Gymnasium, -ry the plan, Let the cultivator of choice fruit cut in And be the strong and graceful man. paper the initial letters of his name, or any other mark he likes; and just before The Olympic games, of Grecian birth, his peaches, nectarines, &c. begin to be Gave many a youth'athletic worth ; coloured, stick such letters or mark with Hence Romans shone;-hence Britons fought, gum-water on that side of the fruit which The Picts and Vandals influence caught; is next the sun. That part of the rind And prove what deeds Gymnastics do.

The lance, the spear, and arrow flew,
which is under the paper will remain
green, in the exact form of the ma and With ease the horseman learns to ride
and so the fruit be known wheresoever And keep his hobby in his pride ;
found, for the mark cannot be obliterated. Bloodless the feats are here pursued,

And vanquished contests are renewed.
NATURALISTS' CALENDAR.

Hey for Gymnastics —'tis the rage

Both with the simple and the sage. Mean Temperature. . . 59 · 92.

Clias, and Voelker as the chief,

Each makes his charge and gives relief;
September®5.

Each points his pupils to the goal,

And, more than Parry, gains the pole :
OLD BARTHOLOMEW.

Up and be trim !-the sport is fine, This day has been so marked in our Fling down the gauntlet, -mount the line. almanacs since the new style.

Caleidoscopes were once the taste,
The Season.

Velocipedes were rode for haste,

Those fed the eye with pleasing views, We may expect very pleasant weather These ran the streets and tithed their dues ; during this month. For whether the sum

Thrown to the shade like fashions past, mer has been cold, warm, or showery, Gymnastics reign, for they are last. September, in all latitudes lying between Nature with art is like a tower, 45 and 55 degrees north, produces, on an Strong in defence in every hour; average, the finest and pleasantest weather Nature with art can nearly climb of the year: as we get farther south the The Alp and Appenine of time; pleasantest temperature is found in Octo- Make life more lasting, life more bold, ber; more northward than 55 degrees By true Gymnastic skill controlled. the chills of autumn are already arrived,

J. R. PRIOR. and we must look for temperature to

Sept. 1826. August.*

NATURALISTS' CALENDAR.

Mean Temperature ...60.35.
The GYMNASIUM.
For the Every-Day Book.

September 6.
Hæc opera atque hæ sunt generosi Principis artes.

CHRONOLOGY. Let cricket, tennis, fives, and ball,

On the 6th of September, 1734, died in The active to amusement call;

France, the Sieur Michael Tourant, aged Let sportsmen through the fields at morn

Juy. Sat. 8. L. 224.

ninety-eight, of whom it is said he never Discharge the gun and sound the horn,

eat salt, and had none of the infirmities of Gymnastic sport shall fill my hours,

old age.* Renew my strength and tone my powers.

• Perennial Calendar.

• Gentleman's Magazine.

A TOTAL ECLIPSE IN CALIGRAPHY. Isaiah. Chap. xxiv.-Two lines of To the Editor of the Every-Day Book. verse 20, the bible having seventy-nine

Sir,-As a subscriber to your highly lines in a column :entertaining work, I take the liberty of “and the transgression thereof shall be heavy, sending you the following:

upon it, and it shall fall, and not rise again." In the first volume of the Every-Day

Ezekiel, Chap. XXX.- -Two lines of Book, page 1086, I found an account of verse 12, the bible having sixty-three some small writing, executed by Peter lines in a column :Bales, which Mr. D'Israeli presumed to

and I will make the Land waste, and all that have been the whole bible written so small,

is therein, by the hand of strangers." that it might be put in an English walnut no bigger than a hen's egg. “ The nut

One line of Mr. Parker's writing being holdeth the book; there are as many leaves part of the seventh collect after Trinity:in this little book as in the great bible, “good things; graft in our hearts the love of thy and as much written in one of the little name, increase in us true religion, now" leaves, as a great leaf of the bible.”—There Another line being part of the ninth is likewise an account in the same pages and tenth commandments : of the “Iliad” having been written so “ false witness against thy neighbour. 10.sinall that it might be put in a nut-shell; Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house." which is nothing near so much as the above.

Mr. Parker very obligingly submits I have lately seen written within the his writing to the inspection of the curious, compass of a new penny piece, with the and would execute one similar for a pronaked eye, and with a common clarified

per reward. If this account sbould be pen, the lord's prayer, the creed, the ten thought worthy of a place in your “Everycommandments, the sixth, seventh, eighth, Day Book," I shall feel much obliged by ninth, tenth, eleventh, twelfth, thirteenth, its insertion, and will endeavour to send and fourteenth collects after Trinity, the you something amusing respecting the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, &c., the customs, pastimes, and amusements of this name of the writer, place of abode, nearest

part of Derbyshire. market town, county, day of the month

I am, Sir, and date of the year, all in words at length, Your well-wisher and with the whole of the capital letters

And obedient servant, and stops belonging thereto, the com

John Francis BROWNE. mandments being all numbered. It was Lings, near Chesterfield, written by, and is in the possession of,

August, 30, 1826.
Mr. John Parker of Wingerworth, near
Chesterfield, Derbyshire: the writing bears

NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. date September 10, 1823.

This piece Mean Temperature ...59.17. of writing, I find, upon calculation, to be considerably smaller than either of the be

September 7. fore-mentioned pieces. My calculation is as follows:

ENU'RCHUS. A moderate sized egg will hold a book For this saint, in the church of England one inch and three quarters by one inch calendar, see vol. i. col. 1253. and three-eighths. Bibles have from about sixty to eighty lines in a column; I have

CHRONOLOGY. not seen more. In this ingenious display On the 7th of September, 1772, a most of fine penmanship, there are eighty lines astonishing rain fell at Inverary, in Scotin one inch, and two half-eighths of land, by which the rivers rose to such a an inch, which in one inch and three heighth, as to carry every thing along with quarters, (the length of the bible,) is one the current that stood in the way. Even hundred and six lines, which would con- trees that had braved the floods for more tain one-third more matter than the bibles than one hundred years, were torn up by with eighty lines in a column; and one

the roots and carried down the stream. line of this writing, one inch and Numbers of bridges were swept away, two-half eighths of an inch in length, and the military roads rendered impassa(which is the sixteenth of an inch less in ble. All the duke of Argyle's cascades, bread than the small bible,) is equal to bridges, and bulwarks, were destroyed at two lines from one column of the great his fine palace, in that neighbourhood.* bible-for example.

• Annual Register.

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MR.John Sykes, bookseller, Johnson's- it is not fitting as regards this work, that head, Newcastle, in the “ Local Records, Brown should die for ever, and therefore, or Historical Register of Remarkable from a gentleman who knew him, the Events," which, in 1824, he compiled into reader will please to accept the following a very interesting octavo volume, inserts

MEMOIR OF JAMES Brown. the death, with some account of the “ life, character, and behaviour," of the self- For the Every-Day Book. celebrated poet-laureate of Durham, whose This curious personage was well known portrait adorns this page He has not for a long series of years to the inhabbeen registered here under the day of his itants of Northumberland and Durham, decease according to Mr. Syke's obit, but and we believe few men have figured on

Vol. II.-91

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