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not a peculiar of either Farringdons, noring refreshment! He looks like a whole him of Cripplegate, or St. Giles in the parish, full, important — but untaxed. Fields, or of any ward or precinct within The children of charity gaze at him with the bills : not this or that “good man"- a modest smile. The straggling boys but the universal parish beadle. “How look on him with confidence. They do Christmas and consolatory he looks ! how not pocket their marbles. They do not redolent of good cheer is he! He is a fly from their familiar gutter. This is a cornucopia--an abundance. What pud- red-letter day; and the cane is reserved ding sleeves !—what a collar, red, and tor to-morrow. Like a beef steak, is his ! He is a walk- For the pleasant verbal descrip

VOL. II.-57


tion we are indebted to an agreeable on the oath of the notorious Johnson, and writer in the “ London Magazine ;"* his fined ten shillings each.” Next to the corporal lineaments “ borrowed” barber's is “the Star eating-house," with (with permission) from a new caricature, “Ladies School" on the first-floor case if it may be given so low a name, wherein ment, and “Mangleing took in." At the this figure stands out, the very gem and angle of the peuthouse roofs of these jewel, in a grouping of characters of all dwellings“ an angel's head in stone with sorts and denominations assembled with pigeon's wings” deceives a hungry cat “ infinite fancy” and “fun," to illustrate into an attempt to commit an assault the designer's views of the age. It is upon it from the attic window. Opposite a graphic satire of character rather than the cook's door an able-bodied waggoner, caricatura; mostly of class-characters, with a pennon from his whip, inscribed not persons ; wherein the ridicule bears “ Knowledge is Power," obscures part of heavily, but is broad and comprehensive another whereon all that remains is enough to shift from one neighbour to “NICK'S INSTITUTION.” A "steeled but. another.

cher,” his left hand resting at ease within his apron, cleaver hung, and carelessly

capped, with a countenance indicating no The print, wherein our beadle is fore- other spirit than that of the still, and no most, though not first, is one of the plea- disposition to study deeper than the botsantest “drolls" of the century, and seems

tom of a porter pot, carries the flag of the to hit at all that is. In this whimsical “London University:" a well-fed urchin, representation, a painted show-board, his son, hangs by his father's sleeve, and at the window of a miserable garret, de- drags along a wheeled toy, a lamb-emclates it to be “ The Office of the Peru. blem of many a future“ lamb his riot vian Mining Company.” On the case- dooms to bleed." A knowing little Jew, ment of the first floor, in the same here- boy, with the flag of the Converted ditament of poverty, is a bill of “ Eligant Jews,” relieves the standard-bearer of the rooms to let." Wigs in the shop-win- “School for Adults” from the weight of dow illustrate the punning announcement his pocket handkerchief, and his banner above it—"Nature improved by Rickets,” hides the letter “d” on another borne by which is the name of the proprietor, a a person of uneven temper in canonicals, capital barber, who stands at the door, and hence for “The Church in danger," and points to a ragged inscription de- we read “ The Church in anger.” Člose pending from the parti-coloured pole of at the heels of the latter is an object alhis art, from whence we learn that “No- most as miserable, as the exceedingly mibody is to be s( )aved during di( )ine serable figure in the frontispiece to the service, by command of the magistracy." “ Miseries of Human Life." This rearHe enforces attention to this fact on an

ward supporter of the church in danunshaved itinerant, with “Subscription for ger," alias in “anger," is a poor, underputting down Bartlemy fair" placarded on Sized, famine-worn, badged charity boy, his back. This fellow has a pole in his with a hat abundantly too large for its right hand for “The preservation of public hydrocephalic contents, and a coat to his morals," and a puppet of punch lolling heels, and in another person's shoes, a from his left coat pocket. An apple-stall world too wide for his own feet—he carries is taken care of by a fat body with a a crooked little wand with “No Poscreaming child, whose goods appear to pery" on it; this standard is so low, that be coveted by two little beings untutored it would be lost if the standard-bearer in the management of the eye. We

were not away from the procession. A gather from the “ New Times," on the passionate person in a barrister's wis, 'ground, that the fruit woman is Sarah with a shillelagh; displays “ Catholic Crumpage, and that she and Rickets, the Claims." Opposite to a church partly former for selling fruit, and the latter for built, is a figure clearly, designating shaving on the Sunday, were convicted

a distinguished preacher of the established church of Scotland in London, planting

the tallest standard in the scene upright * For December, 1822.

on the ground, from whence is unfurled + The Progress of Cant; designed and etched by one of the authors of “Odes and Addresses to

“ No Theatre”--the flag-bearer of “ The Great People;”

and published by T. Maclean, Caledonian Chapel," stands behind, in the Haymarket, L. Relfe, Cornhill, and Dickenson, act of tossing up a halfpenny with the New Bond-street.

standard bearer of “ No more State Lot- the difference by the powerful use of his teries." A black mask bears the “ Liberty pole; the affray being complacently of the Press.” A well-fed man with viewed by a half-shod, and half-kilted bands beneath his chin, rears a high pole, maintainer of “Scotch Charity.” A inscribed “ No fat Livings,” and “The demure looking girl is charged with cause of Greece" follows. A jovial un- “Newgatory Instruction.” At her elbow, dertaker in his best grave-clothes, raises a a female of the order of disorder, so mute's staff, and “ No Life in London :” depicted that Hogarth might claim her for this character looks as if he would bury his own, upholds “Fry for ever," and is his wife comfortably in a country church- in high converse with a sable friend who yard, get into the return-hearse with his keeps“ Freedom for the Blacks.” Hopecompanions, and crack nuts and drink less idiocy, crawling on its knees by the wine all the way to town. A little per- aid of crutches, presents the “March of sonage, booted and buttoned up, carries a Mind.” An excellent slippered fruiterer staff in his pocket, surmounted by a crown, with a tray of apples and pears, beguiles and a switch to his chin, the tip whereof the eyes of a young Gobbleton, who disalone is visible, his entire face and head plays “ Missionary penny subscriptions,” being wholly concealed by the hat;" this and is suffering his hand to abstract is “ The great Unknown"-he has close wherewithal for the satisfaction of his behind him “Gall and Spurs-him.” “ No longings. Here too are ludicrous repreTreadmill” is exhibited by a merry rogue, sentations of the supporters of “Whitehalf disarmed, with a wooden leg. At a field and Wesley,” “Reform," &c. and a public house, “ The Angel and Funch Jewish dealer in old clothes, covered in duBowl,—T. Moore,” the United Sons of plicate, with the pawnbroker's sign upside Harmony” hold wassail; their flag is hung down, finds wind for "The Equitable Loan." at one of the windows, from whence many A wall round Seneca-house is “contrived a panes are absent, and themselves are double debt to pay"-proffering seemfighting at the door, and heartily cheered ing security to the "sightless eyeballs” of by the standard bearer of “ No Pugilism." over-fond and over-fearful parents, and Á ferocious looking fellow, riding on a being of real use to the artist for the exblind horse, elevates “ Martin for Ever,” pression of ideas, which the crowding of and makes cruel cuts with his whip on the his scene does not leave room to picture. back of a youth who is trying to get up This wall is duly chalked and covered by behind him with the banner of “ No bills in antithesis. A line of the chalkings, climbing Boys.” We are now at a corner by an elision easily supplied, reads, “Ask messuage, denominated “ Prospect House for War.” One of the best exhibitions in the Establishment for Young Ladies, by the print is a youth of the "Tract Society," with Misses Grace and Prudence Gregory." à pamphlet entitled “Eternity,” so rolled The corner opposite is “ Seneca House as to look like a pistol, which he tenders to a Academy for Young Gentlemen, by Dr. besotted brute wearing candidates' favours Alex. Sanderson.” Prospect House has in his hat, and a scroll “Purity of Elecan “ Assurance policy, and from one tion.” The villainous countenance of the of its windows one of the young ladies" intoxicated wretch is admirable-a cudgel drops a work by “ H. More”-in eager under his arm, his tattered condition, and regard of one of the “young gentlemen” of a purse hanging from his pocket

, tell that Seneca-house, who addresses her from his he has been in fight, and received the room, with a reward of merit round his wages of his warfare; in the last stage of neck. This Romeoing is rendered more drunkenness he drops upon a post inscribscenical by a tree, whereon hangs a lost ed “under Government." Among books kite, papered with a “ Prospectus” of strewed on the ground are “Fletcher's ApSeneca-house, from whence it appears peal,” “Family Shakspeare," “ Hohenthat pupils bringing a “ knife and fork," lohe,” &c.; at the top is a large volume and paying "Twenty Guineas per ann.," lettered “ Kant,” which, in such a situaare entitled to “ Universal Erudition,” tion, Mr. Wirgman, and other disciples and the utmost attention to their" Morals of the German philosopher, will only quaiand Principles." Near this place, the rel or smile at, in common with all who representative of “ United Schools” fells conceive their opinions or intentions misto the earth the flag-bearer of “ Peace to represented. In truth it is only because the World;" while the able supporter of the print is already well known among “ Irish Conciliation," endeavours to settle the few lynx-eyed observers of manners that this notice is drawn up. Its satire,

If that the thunder chaunce to rore however well directed in many ways,


and stormie tempest shake,

A woonder is it for to see too sweeping to be just every way, and

the wretches howe they quake, is in several instances wholly undeserved.

Howe that no fayth at all they have, The designer gives evidence however of

nor trust in any thing, great capability, and shouid he execute

The clarke doth all the belles forthwith another it will inevitably be better than

at once in steeple ring : this, which is, after all, an extraordi

With wondrous sound and deeper farre, rary production. In witness whereof,

than he was woont before, and therefrom, is extracted and prefixed Till the loftie heavens darke, the “ Beadle" hereinbefore mentioned.

the thunder bray no more. For in these christned belles they thinke,

doth lie such powre and might NATURALISTS' CALENDAR.

As able is the tempest great, Mean Temperature ... 36. 37.

and storme to vanquish quight. I saw myself at Numburg once,

a towne in Toring coast,

A bell that with this title bolde
January 29.

hirself did prowdly boast :

By name I Mary called am, 1826. Sexagesima Sunday.

with sound I put to flight

The thunder crackes, and hurtfull stormes, Accession of George IV.

and every wicked spright.

Such things when as these belles can do, 1820. King George III. died. A con

no wonder certainlie temporary kalendarian, in recording this It is, if that the papistes to memorable fact, observes, that “the slow

their tolling always flie, and solemn sound of St. Paul's bell an- When haile, or any raging storine, nounced the event a short time after, and

or tempest comes in sight, was heard w a great distance around the Or thunder boltes, or lightning fierce, country.” He adds, that he was remind

that every place doth smight. ed, by this “ mournful proclamation of

Naogeorgus. departed royalty," of the following lines in Heywood's “ Rape of Lucrece," We find from Brand, that “ an old written to go to a funeral peal from eight bell at Canterbury required twenty-four hells :

men, and another thirty-two men, ad so

nandum. The noblest peal of ten bells, Come list and hark, the bell doth toll

without exception, in England, whether For some but now departing soul, Whom even now those ominous fowle,

tone or tune be considered, is said to be

in St. Margaret's church, Leicester. The bat, the nightjar, or screech owl, Lament; hark? I hear the wilde wolfe When a full peal was rung, the ringers howle

were said “pulsare classicum.'” In this black pight that seems to scowle,

Bells were a great object of supersti. All these my black book shall enscrole. tion among our ancestors. Each of them For hark! still still the bell doth toll was represented to have its peculiar name For some but now departing soul.

and virtues, and many are said to have

retained great affection for the churches This opportunity the same agreeable to which they belonged, and where they writer improves to discourse on, thus : were consecrated. When a bell was re

moved from its original and favourite siBells.

tuation, it was sometimes supposed to The passing bell owes its origin to an take a nightly trip to its old place of reidea of sanctity attached to bells by the sidence, unless exercised in the evening, early Catholics, who believed that the and secured with a chain or rope. Mr. sound of these holy instruments of per- Warner, in his “Hampshire, cussion actually drove the devil away rates the virtues of a bell, by translating from the soul of the departing Christian. two lines from the “ Helpe to Discourse." Bells were moreover regarded formerly as dispelling storms, and appeasing the ima- Men's deaths I tell by doleful knell. gined wrath of heaven, as the following Lightning and thunder I break asunder. liens from Barnaby Googe will show:- On sabbath all to church I call.


The sleepy head I raise from bed.

priests themselves used to toll the bell, The winds so fierce I doe disperse. especially in cathedrals and great Men's cruel rage I do asswage.

churches, and these were distinguished by

The There is an old Wiltshire legend of the appellation of campanarii. a tenor bell having been conjured into Roman Catholics christen their bells, and the river; with lines by the ringer, who godfathers assist at the solemnity; thus lost it through his pertinacious garrulity, consecrating them to religious use. Acand which say:

cording to Helgaudus, bells had certain

names given them like men; and IngulIn spite of all the devils in hell Here comes our old Bell.*

phus says, “ he ordered two great clocks (bells) to be made, which were called

Bartholomeus and Bettelinus, and two Baron Holberg says he was in a com

lesser, Pega and Bega.” The time is pany of men of letters, where several con- perhaps uncertain when the hours first jectures were offered concerning the origin began to be distinguished by the striking of the word campana ; a klocke, (i. e. bell) of a bell

. In the empire this custom is in the northern tongues. On his return

said to have been introduced by a priest home, he consulted several writers. Some, of Ripen, named Elias, who lived in the he says, think the word klocke to be of twelfth century; and this the Chronicon the northern etymology; these words, Ut Anonymi Ripense says of him, hic dies et cloca habeatur in ecclesia, occurring in the horas campanarum pulsationé distinxit. most ancient histories of the north. It ap, from their original design to other solem

The use of them soon became extended pears from hence, that in the infancy of Christianity, the word cloca was used in nities, and especially burials : which inthe north instead of campana. Certain

cessant tolling has long been complained french writers derive the word cloca from of as a public nuisance, and to this the cloche, and this again from clocher, i. e.

french poet alludes :to limp; for, say they, as a person who Pour honorer les morts, ils font mourir les limps, falls from one side to the other, so

vivaas. do klocks (bells) when rung. Some have Besides the common way of tolling recourse to the latin word clangor, others bells, there is also ringing, which is a kind recur to the greek kanew, I call; some of chimes used on various occasions in even deduce it from the word cochlea, a token of joy. This ringing prevails in no snail, from the resemblance of its shell to country so much as in England, where it a bell. As to the latin word campana, it is a kind of diversion, and, for a piece of was first used in Italy, at Nola in Cam- money, any one may have a peal. On pania; and it appears that the greater this account it is, that England is called bells only were called campana, and the the ringing island. Chimes are somelesser nola. The invention of them is thing very different, and much more mugenerally attributed to bishop Paulinus; sical; there is not a town in all the Netherbut this certainly must be understood lands without them, being an invention of only of the religious use of them; it being that country. The chimes at Copenhagen, plain, from Roman writers, that they had

are one of the finest sets in all' Europe; the like machines called tintinnabula.

but the inhabitants, from a pertinacious The use of bells continued long un- fondness for old things, or the badness of known in the east, the people being called their ear, do not like them so well as the to public worship by strokes of wooden old ones, which were destroyed by a conhammers; and to this day the Turks pro- flagration. claim the beginning of their service, by vociferations from the steeple. Anciently

The Rev. W. L. Bowles has an effusion

agreeably illustrative of feelings on hear• Dr. Forster's Perennial Calendar, ing the bells ring.

Written at Ostend, July 22, 1787.
How sweet the tuneful bells responsive peal!

As when at opening morn, the fragrant breeze

Breathes on the trembling sense of wan disease,
So piercing to my heart their force 1 feel!

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