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issued from the court of King's-bench. It Monmouth-street for oratory in the sale seems that the above plaintiff was con of his goods : at the same time, he was victed in three penalties of five hundred sincere in his friendships, despised downpounds each, for insuring lottery tickets; right knavery, and had a regard to repubut previous to the trial's coming on, for tation. His eldest son, Thomas, was bred some indulgence, he had, by himself or to his father's business. One Creed, a agents, consented not to bring any writ salesman in Rosemary-lane, used to send of error, and an order of nisi prius was him with a cart loaded with goods round drawn up, and served upon bis attorney; the country; and Creed dying, Thomas nowithstanding which, three writs of error decamped with the produce of one were sued out. The court of King's- journey, about 2001. For this, and for bench being then moved, made an order similar acts of knavery in his brother that the executions should be levied ac- Charles, he left them only a shilling each, cording to the original rule of court: the and bequeathed the rest of his property to sheriff made the levy, and the money his daughter. Thomas died young. being paid and impounded in his hands, Charles, the hero of our history, when the above action was brought to get the about six years of age, was sent to school, same returned. The novelty of the action where he acquired the rudiments of the caused much laughter among the counsel, French language, and was so neglected in and, after a few minutes' hearing, his lord- his own, that he was complete in neither. ship ordered the plaintiff to be nonsuited.* At about twelve years' old he was taken
home to assist his father, where he soon LOTTERY Wood Cuts.
gave proofs of address similar to the fol
lowing. It is to be remarked, that at this period A sailor who had staggered to Monengravings on their printed addresses mouth-street to buy some clothes, was. do not seem to have been resorted to caught by Charles at the corner, and inby the lottery-schemers as they have been troduced by him into a room, where, in a since, for the purpose of stimulating at- summer's noon, it was hardly possible to tention to their plans. No subject of the distinguish blue from black, or green from kind therefore can be given, to illustrate blue. The honest tar was shown a coat their proceedings at the time now under and waistcoat, the real value of which review; but on arriving, as we shall pre was about two guineas, Though they sently, at days nearer our own, they crowd were considerably too little, Charles upon us, and several will be given in the squeezed him up, and persuaded him they next sheet as specimens of their ingenuity fitted exactly. The price being demanded, and taste.
Charles declared upon his honour the
lowest farthing he could take was five CHARLES PRICE, alias Patcu, &c.
guineas. The sailor put his hand in his This man was a lottery-office keeper. stepped down to his father's journeyman,
pocket, and laid down the money. Charles His notoriety and his fate render him one of under pretence of getting something tu the most remarkable characters of the age put the clothes in, and told him the wherein he lived; it is therefore pro- customer he met with, and that he might posed to give a brief outline of his life.
as well have had six guineas as five. “Do His father, Charles Price, was by trade a tailor.” He came from South you," said he, follow me up stairs, in, Wales, about the year 1702, and worked quire what I have done, pretend to be at several places in London, till in 1710 guineas, give me two or three kicks or
very angry, swear they cost you six he got into Monmouth-street, as journey. Cuffs, and I dare swear we shall get more man to a salesman there. By strict application he was, in a few years, enabled money out of him, and then, as my father
is not at home, you shall go halves in all to set up as a master, and kept a saleshop
The the corner of Earl-street and West-street; scheme was readily acquiesced in by the
we get above the five guineas." Seven Dials. Some time previous to this he had married a woman who bore a very the journeyman followed, inquiry, blame,
journeyman, Charles slipped up stairs ; good character. He was very clever
and sham, blows ensued; the journeyman in his business, but illiterate; yet declared the clothes cost him six guineas exceedingly artful, and the flower of
out of his pocket, and was going to beat • Univenal Magazine.
Charles again, when the sailor cried,
« Avast, master, don't beat the boy, if he up in a distillery, defrauded the revenue, has made a mistake in a guinea, why here was sent to the King's-bench, released by it is;" and laying it down, departed well an insolvent act, again turned brewer, pleased with his bargain, and that he had and defrauded a gentleman out of 60001. saved the lad a drubbing by the insigni- through one of his disguises. He then ficant trifle of an additional guinea. became a lottery-office keeper and stockCharles gave his father two guineas, the broker, gambled in the alley, was ruined, journeyman half a one, and kept three again set up lottery-office keeper, courted guineas and a half to himself.
a Mrs. Pounteney, and ran away with her The father soon experienced the effects niece, who was the daughter of justice of his son's knavery, and put him ap- Wood, in the Borough. He practised prentice to a hatter and hosier in St. innumerable frauds, became an adept in James's-street, with a considerable pre. swindling, and had the effrontery to avow inium, hoping that his conduct would be his depredations, and laugh at those he quite different from what it had been at injured. home; but his master had almost as much Price was intimate with a Mr. R-9, reason to complain of him as his father. a grocer retired from business, with whom Among his other frauds was the follow. he had for a long time passed as a stocking: he robbed his father of an elegant broker. Price, who then lived at Kni suit of clothes, in which he dressed him- bridge, frequently used to request the faself and went to his master, of whom he vour of Mr. R. to take a bank-note or two purchased about ten pounds' worth of silk into the city, and get them changed into stockings, leaving his address, Benjamin small ones. In this he had a lwo-fold plot. Bolingbroke, esq., Hanover-square, and He informed his friend that he was inti. ordering them to be sent in an hour's mately acquainted with a very old gentletime, when he would pay the person who man, exceedingly rich, who had been an brought them. Incredible as it may ap- eminent broker in the alley, but had long pear, his master did not know him; to retired; that his monies in the funds were complete the cheat, he came back in half immense ; that the only relation he had in an hour, in his usual dress, and was ore the world was one sister, to whom he dered to take the goods home, which he intended to bequeath the best part of his actually pretended to do, and thus robbed property; and that his sister was near his master. Having been detected in his fifty years of age, had never been marvillanies, he ran away; and his father, in ried, and determined never to marry; and detestation of his principles, disinherited that it was impossible the old gentleman him, soon afterwards died, and was could live long, as he was very old, very buried at Lambeth. It may be re. infirm, and almost incapable of going out marked, that he was the first corpse car of doors. This old gentleman, Price said, ried over Westminster-bridge, which was had often asked him to become his execuon the first day it was free for car- tor; and besought him to recommend riages, when multitudes flocked to see the another person, in whose fidelity, characopening of the new structure.
ter, and integrity, he could repose an Before his father's death, Charles entire confidence, and that he would make Price became a gentleman's servant, and it well worth their while, if they would in that capacity lived some years, till he undertake so friendly and solemn an got into the service of sir Francis Blake office." Now," said Price to Mr. R. Delaval, went with him the tour of Eu- “ here is an opportunity for us to make a rope, returned to England, and through considerable sum in a short time, and, in sir Francis, who was the companion of all probability, a very capital fortune in a the celebrated Samuel Foote, became few years; for the sister being determined comedian. He acted a principal part in not to marry, and having no relations in the scheme by which sir Francis obtained the world, there is no doubt but she will his lady, with a very large fortune. She leave us the whole of the estate ; and, went to consult a conjuror, and Foote after his decease, she will become totally performed the character to the satisfaction dependent upon us.--I shall see the old of his friend. Price afterwards contrived gentleman, Mr. Bond, to-day, and if you to conjure Foote out of 5001. in a sham will join in the trust, the will shall be im. scheme in a brewery, wherein that gentle- mediately made." man and Price were concerned. Price To this proposal Mr. R. consented. In was made a bankrupt, and afterwards set the evening Price returned to Knights
bridge. He told Mr. R. that he had R. that his dear friend desired to meet
and away they drove to Leather-lane. proved him to have an eye directed to the When they came there, they were in- cabals of the court, and an understanding formed by the lady, that her brother was capable of developing its intrigues. just gone out in a coach, on an airing, to Price's character about the Change in Highgate. In short, Price carried on the London was well-known—he was a keen, scheme completely for several days, during intriguing speculator, well versed in the which time Mr. R. had twice or thrice mystery of the bulls and bears : his head seen the old gentleman. The will was enabled him to make the most accurate made, and, on the strength of the joint calculations, but his heart would not perexecutorship and expectancy, Mr. R. was mit him to enjoy the fruit of even his swindled out of very near a thousand honest labours; for he never would come pounds in cash, and bonds to the amount ply with the demands of a fortunate cusof two hundred pounds.
tomer, unless terrified into it, and to terAnother anecdote, though it does not rify him required no small portion of isexhibit him in his Proteus-like character, genuity and resolution. His dishonesty exemplifies his cunning and selfishness. was the spring of all his misfortunes; it He had formed a connection with Mr. made him shift from place to place to W-, a brewer, a man of character. avoid the abuse of the vulgar, and the Price, who was then in the brewery, pro- clamorous calls of the few fortunate adposed a project, which was assented to, venturers in the lottery. His last office for purchasing hops to the amount of two was the corner of king-street, Corentthousand pounds, and he actually went garden, from whence he was driven, by a into the country, contracted for hops to run of ill-luck, into a private decampthat amount with hop-growers in Kent, ment, and then applied to Mr. W. for the two From that period, Price lived in obscuthousand pounds, alledging that there rity. Though a perfect sycophant abroad, would be a sudden rise of hops, and they at home he was an absolute tyrant; bor could not be delivered too soon; and that could a prudent, virtuous woman, esMr. W. should have his share of the pro- dowed with every qualification to render fit. From some undisclosed motive, Mr. the marriage state happy, soften his brutal W. refused to advance the money. An disposition, when the ample fortune be unexpected rise, however, did soon after obtained with her had been squandered. take place, Price went into Kent to de- Having a family of eight children to supmand delivery, the growers were shy in port, he turned his thoughts to fatal dedelivering, especially as they found they vices, and commenced to forge on the had made a bad bargain, and he gained bank of England. His first attack on the two hundred pounds for releasing them. bank was about the year 1780, when obe
Price was servile to extreme meanness, of his notes had been taken there, so coruwhere his servility could be recompensed plete in the engraving, the signature, the by a shilling. He was master of consum- water-marks, and all its parts, that it mate effrontery, when principle called passed through' various hands unsusupon him for that shilling, if it was un- pected, and was not discovered till it supported by law. He never paid but came to a certain department, through with an eye to further plunder; and then which no forgery whatever can pass un'he abounded in that species of Aattery dis. discovered. The appearance of this note tinguished under the word palaver. He occasioned a considerable alarm among possessed an extensive knowledge of men the directors; and forgery upon forgery and manners, and to superficial observers flowed in, about the lottery and Christmas appeared a very sensible person. He times, without the least probability of disknew something of most of the living lan- covering the first negociators. Various guages ;, had travelled all over France consultations were held, innumerable and Holland, and been at most of the plans were laid for detection, and they German courts. He was at Copenhagen were traced in every quarter to have prerduring the crisis in the fate of the unhap- ceeded from one man, always disguised, by Matilda queen of Denmark, sister to "and always inaccessible. George III.; and he wrote a pamphlet Had Price permitted a partner in his in her behalf, tending to prove that the proceedings—had he employed an engratrue motive for the degrading attack on verhad he procured paper io be made for her character, was to effect a revolution in him, with water-marks upon it, he must favour of the queen dowager's son. It soon have been discovered-but he
“ was himself alone." He engraved his at the toes, and little narrow old-fashioned own plates, made his own paper with the silver buckles, black stocking breeches, walks water-marks, and, as much as possible, he wiih a short crutch stick with an ivory head, was his own negociator. He thereby stoops, or affects to stoop very much, and confined a secret to himself, which he walks slow as if infirm; he has lately 'bited deemed not safe in the breast of another; the town, and been frequently set down in or
many hackney-coaches in different parts of even Mrs. Price had not the least knowledge or suspicion of his proceedings, it is supposed he lodges.
near Portland-place, in which neighbourhood Having practised engraving till he had
He is connected with a woman who answers made himself sufficient master of it, he the following description :- She is rather tall, then made his own ink to prove his own and genteel, thin face and person, about thirty works. He next purchased implements, years of age, light hair, rather a yellow cast and manufactured the water-mark, and on her face, and pitted with the small pox, a began to counterfeit hand-writings.' Pridown-cast jook, speaks very slow, sometimes vate attempts to discover him proved. wears a coloured linen jacket and petticoat, thoroughly abortive, and the bank came
and sometimes white one, a small black to the resolution of describing the offender bonnet, and a black cloak, and assumes the by the following public advertisement,
character of a lady's maid. which was continued in all the news
N. B. It is said, that about fifteen months
since he lodged at Mrs. Parker's, No. 40, in papers for a considerable time to no pur- Great Titeh field-street, (who is since dead, at pose. It is a very curious document, from which time he went by the name of Wigmore. the minuteness with which his disguise is particularized.
This advertisement drove Price to ex
tremities :-it forced him to refrain from Public-office, Bow-street, Dec. 5, 1780.
the circulation of his forgeries, and for A FORGERY.
some months put a total stop to them.
It was posted on the walls, and printed Whereas a person, answering the following description, stands charged with forging to house throughout the whole of the
as hand-bills, and delivered from house two notes, purporting to be bank-notes, one for forty pounds and the other for twenty reside; at the very house which he daily
quarter where he was most suspected to pounds, whoever will apprehend him, or give such immediate notice at this office as may be resorted to, and where all his implements the means of apprehending him, shall receive were fixed; in the neighbourhood of Maone hundred pounds' reward on his commit- rybone, Portland-place, Oxford-street, and ment.
Tottenham-court-road. One of them was Or, if any person concerned in the above thrown down an area to the only person forgery, (except the person here-under de in whom he placed any confidence, a scribed,) will surrender and discover his or female whom the reader will be better her accomplices, he or she will be admitted acquainted with. By these means Price an evidence for the crown, and, on conviction
was informed of his immediate danger, of any one offender therein, receive two bun- and took his measures accordingly: Eagerdred pounds' reward. And if any engraver, paper-maker, mould
ness to secure banished the foresight and maker or printer, can give information of the caution which are necessary in the purengraving any plate, making any mould or
suit of artful villany.
The aniinal paper, or printing any note resembling bank- whose sagacity is a proverb, can never be notes, shall receive two hundred pounds' re.
secured in haste; he must be entrapped ward, on conviction of any of the offenders by superior patience and caution. in the above forgery.
Though Price had no partner in any He appears about fifty years of age, about branch of the forgery of a bank-note, yet five feet six iuches high, stout made, very he had a confidante in his wife's aunt, by sallow complexion, dark eyes and eye-brows, the mother's side, whom he had known speaks in general very deliberately, with a previous to his marriage. Her name was foreign accent; has worn a black patch over his left eye, tied with a string round his head, he was daily with her. He divided his
Pounteney ; and, unknown to Mrs. Price, sometimes wears a white wig, his hat flapped dinner-times equally between the two, before, and nearly so at the sides, a brown camblet great coat, buttons of the same, with and Mrs. Price had for ten years' past, a large cape, which he always wears so as to through the impositions of her husband, cover the lower part of his face ; appears to considered her aunt either as dead, or have very thick legs, which hang over his residing abroad. His wife had too little shoes, as if swelled, his shoes are very broad art, or understanding in the ways of