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writings Mr. Nichols's professional la web. Had I not accounted for this pabours and varied erudition had acquainted tural circumstance, I should certainly him with.

have considered it as a phenomenon worthy of anxiety.

123. “ The Spectre.” A young lady NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. Mean Temperature ... 40 • 82.

in Bedfordshire, on coming of age, was promised by her father a present of any

thing she chose to accept at his hand. November 19.

She said, A skeleton! Her choice was CHRONOLOGY.

gratified—a skeleton was sent for from

London, and placed in a case in a room On this day in 1703 died, in the Bas- accessible to 'her. The room has ever t:lle at Paris, an unknown prisoner, cele- since gone by the name of the “ Stranbrated throughout Europe under the ger's Room." “ Have you seen? or will appellation of the Man with the Iron you see, the stranger ?” is the question Mask; he had been confined, for state put to all visitors. The daughter of reasons, from the year 1661. There have Herodias seems to have scarcely exceeded been various disquisitions and controver- the eccentric taste of this young lady. sies respecting his identity, but a recent

136. “ St. Agnes' Eve.” After fasting work seems to have rendered it probable, the whole of the day, upon going to bed that he was an Italian diplomatist who

an egg must be filled with salt, and eaten, counteracted certain projects of Louis which occasions a great thirst. The vesXIV., and was therefore condemned, by sel the female dreams of drinking from, acthat monarch's despotism, to perpetual cording to situation and circumstances, imprisonment, in an iron mask, for the denotes who will be her husband. concealment of his features.

This charm for the ague, on “ St. Agnes'

Eve,” is customary to be said up the PLEASANT ILLUSTRATIONS-AND

chimney, by the eldest female in the


« Tremble and go! A correspondent is pleased to communicate a series of reminiscences occasioned

First day shiver and burn :

Tremble and quake! by accounts in the first volume. They

Second day shiver and learn : form two interesting articles, viz.

Tremble and die !

Third day nevet return."
On Vol. I. of the Every-Day Book.

179. “ Bears" are seen on the Stock Pages attend on books as well as lords." Exchange in human shape, natural ones

are kept by friseurs to supply grease for Sir, It is obvious, that he who reads the hair. The Black Bear in Piccadilly, the Every-Day Book will think of things Taylor's Bear in Whitechapel, the White connected with the contents stated, and Bear, and the Bear and Ragged Staff, as wish to append them as memoranda, for

a punster would say, are bear-able enough; the perusal of those interested in the re- but, I reprehend the “ Dancing Bears suscitations of old customs and matters being led through the streets to perform of fact. With this impression, I have antics for money. Two have appeared collected my stray knowledge, and con- this month. Each with two monkeys, a densed it in the following compass. The camel, dromedary, and organ. Travellers pages quoted, refer to the first volume. have told of their sagacity; we believe

them: but, that bears are made to stand 122. “ Powerful Optical Illusion.” Ap- upon hot iron, and undergo the severest proaching a lamp in the high road near discipline before they are fit for public town, an object crossed my path; it ap- exhibition, is a truth which harrows the peared like a large crab, and, as I drew feeling, and makes me wish the dancing nearer, ran up the side of a house in the bears unmuzzled, and let loose upon those t.oad-way with great velocity. When I who have the guidance of their education. haiched the lamp, to my satisfaction, I The ursa major of the literary hemisphere, satierd this appearance to have been Dr. Johnson, might have been a match favou, by a full-sized spider, which had for them. end "ihe light, and made upwards to its 207. “ St. Blase." He seems to have

J. R. P.

Ex. g.



I am, Sir,

neglected the protecting the “Wool- bun in flavour, claims preeminence in all combers.” Since the introduction of ma- the cities in England. chinery, by Arkwright and others, very 423. “ Lifting" is a custom practised little cloth' is manufactured by hand. The with hurdles among shepherds, in the woolcomber's greasy and oily wooden South Downs, at their marriages. The horse, the hobby of his livelihood, with bride and bridegroom are carried round a the long teeth and pair of cards, are rarely flock of sheep; a fleece is put for their seat,

When scribblers, carders, billies, and may-horns, made of the rind of the and spinning jennies, came into use, the sycamore tree, are played by boys and wheel no longer turned at the cottage girls. There is another sort of “ lifting," door, but a revolution among the working however ; I have seen a tale-bearer in the classes gave occasion for soldiers to pro- village tossed in a blanket by the maids, tect the mills-time, however, has ended as it is represented in “ Don Giovanni in this strife with wool, and begun another London," a scene in the King's Bench. with cotton, 246. “ Pancake Day.” It is a sine

Your's sincerely, qua non at “ Tedbury Mop," before a maid

JEHOIADA. servant is wholly qualified for the farmer's kitchen, that she make apple fritters, and

MEMORANDA II. toss them without soot, or spoiling the On Vol. I. of the Every-Day Book. batter.

348. “ Sadler's Wells.” It closed this Franklin says, 'farthings will amount to season (1826) with a real benefit for Mrs. pounds: Fitzwilliam, October 2d. The new fea- So memorandums saved, will books produce. ture has been the horse-racing, in the open

J. R. P. air, represented as at Newmarket. Boards

Videlicit. were erected on every side, to conceal the 507. “ The Martın." It is considered race from the public in general, and en a presage of good, for this bird to build sure novelty to the play-going folks in its nest in the corner of the bedroomparticular. To give publicity to this amuse- window; and particularly so, should the ment, the high-mettled racers, with riders, first inhabitants return in the season. I flags and bugles, in proper costume, pa- know it to be true, that a pair of martins raded the environs daily, and distributed built their nest in the curtains of a bed bills descriptive of cups, plate, bets, and belonging to Mrs. Overton, of Loverrall, other taking articles of jockeyship, which Yorkshire. The nest was suffered to took place at evening. The thing did remain unmolested, and access given to it not take so much money as wished.

from the air. Six successive seasons the 361. “ St. Patrick's Day” being my old birds revisited their chosen spot, natal day, though not of Erin's clime, Í brought forth their young, and enjoyed never fail dedicating a large plum pudding their peace, till the death of their most to his saintship; round my table the "olive kind benefactress; when a distribution of branches” spread, and I make this record the furniture taking place, it dislodged to encourage all persons to do the same, the tenants of the wing, which to each of in remembrance of their parent's solici- them was not all Mihi Beati Martinitude, and the prospective harmony of the “My eye, Betty Martin.” young

570. “Milkmaids' garland." After I 403. “Good Friday.” The bun so had sailed up the river Wye, and arrived fashionable, called the Sally Lunn, origi. at Chepstow-castle, my attention was nated with a young woman of that name

arrested by one of the prettiest procesin Bath, about thirty years ago. She first sions I remember to have enjoyed. It cried them, in a basket with a white cloth consisted of milkmaids dancing and seover it, morning, and evening. Dalmer, renading round an old man, whose few a respectable baker and musician, noticed gray hairs were crowned by a wreath of her, bought her business, and made a song, wild flowers; he held a blossomy hawthorn and set it to music in behalf of “ Sally in his right hand, and bore a staff, with Lunn.” This composition became the cowslips and bluebells, in his left. A street favourite, barrows were made to cow's horn hung across his shoulders. distribute the nice cakes, Dalmer profited which he blew on arriving at a hoy." thereby, and retired; and, to this day, the The youths and lasses were more Sully Lunn cake, not unlike the hotcross thirty in number. Their arms, and."



and necks, were surrounded by clusters of before their stomachs. Their simple at-
lilies of the vaiiey, and wild roses. Then titude, together with their sunny cast, and
came an apple-cheeked dame with a low- artless glance, render them objects of
crowned, broad-brim hat; she wore spec- pity; but the pence fall not so plentily
tacles, mittens were drawn up to her to them as to the real John Bull, straight-
elbows, her waist trim, a woollen apron forward songs of the young wearers tha
bound it, her petticoat short, blue worsted go about with the model of a loom in
stockings, a high-heeled pair of shoes work, fixed to the top of a rod five feet
with silver buckles, and a broad tongue high.
reposing on each instep. In one hand 839. “ French pulpit.” The pulpit at
she held a brass kettle, newly scoured, it Union Chapel, Islington, is made of
was full of cream; in the other, a basket beautiful grained “ Honduras mahogany;"
of wood strawberries. To whoever came and that of St. Pancras, New-road, of the
up to her with a saucer or basin, she farfamed “ Fairlop oak.”-Wesley and
gave a portion of her cream and fruit, Whitefield were contented to emerge in
with the trimmest curtsey I ever saw made their first career from the hogsheads of a
by a dainty milkwoman betwixt earth and grocer in Moorfields.
sky. She was “ Aunt Nelly," and her 858. “Copenhagen-house." This year,
“Bough Bearer," called “Uncle Ambrose,” the Spanish and Italian refugees have
was known for singing a song, “ 'Twas on resorted to this house in great numbers,
one moonshiny night," which his de- and playeď many famous matches at bal.
fective pronunciation lisped “meaun Nothing can be more retired than the
sheeiney." Ambrose strummed an in- garden formed into bowers for visiters
strument in his turn, partly harp, and if the building mania should not recover,
partly hirdy-girdy. Six goats, harnessed age will give the young plantations beauty,
in flowers, carried utensils in milking pleasure, and effect. Two new roads are
and butter making; and the farmer of the made near Copenhagen-house; the one,
party rode on a bull, also tastily dressed leading from Kentish-town to Holloway,
with the produce of the fields and hedges. the other, from the latter to Pentonville.
A cheese and hatchet sus- At "the Belvidere" racket is much played,
pended behind him, and he looked proudly and archery practised at “White Cog-
as he guided the docile animal to the duit-house. It is gratifying that the
public-house, into which the milkmaids labours of the Every-Day Book are not
and their sweethearts went, quickened in in vain—the “ Conduit" spoken of in
their motions by the cat-gut, which made vol. ii. col. 1203 has undergone repair; it
stirring sounds up stairs. The flowery is hoped, it will be enclosed by the prs-
fag was thrust upwardly into the street, prietors as one of the new relics of venera-
facing the iron bridge; and, getting again ble antiquity.
into the fisherman's boat, I sailed and 1435. “ Beadles." The beadle of
loitered down the banks of the river, Camberwell is a lineal descendant of
charmed with what I had seen, felt, and Earl Withrington, of the same name so
understood. Of the milkmaids, Miss celebrated in the battle of Chery Chase.
Thomas of Landcote was the darkest, the

neatest, and the tallest-she stood only
five feet, ten inches high.

NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. 692. “ Kiss in the ring." The kissing

Mean Temperature ... 40 • 25.
crust is that part of the loaf which is
slightly burnt, and parted from the next
loaf: hungry children who go home from November 20.
the baker's, know best what it is, by the

Edmund. King and Martyr.
sly bits they filch from that par: denomi-
nated the "kissing crust.'
807. “ Buy a Broom !" Since Bishop


harmonised this popular cry, the Flemish On the 20th of November, 1746, fiftycompa. girls cryBuy a brush !" but a greater one barbers were convicted before the

novelty has arisen in some of them sing- commissioners of excise, and fined in the

glees, quartets, and quintets in the penalty of twenty pounds each, for har. e, straddling is. The tune is unconcordant, slow, ing in their custody hair-powder not made had his wicked grave; these warblers walk in a line ty, and therefort ihe centre, with their hands crossed

• See vol. I. col. !498, ir of him of the ha “ time hath writte. .” It is not so certar.

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of starch, contrary to act of parliament; London ;* here were the quarters of M. and, on the 27th of the same month, forty- Crassus, the quæstor; here was Cominus ; nine other barbers were convicted of the there the Gaulish princes, &c. &c. It is like offence, and fined in the same but justice to Dr. Stukely's memory to penalty.*

mention, that this account of Cæsar's

camp was not printed in his life-time. ROMAN STATIONS AT PANCRAS AND

As he withheld it from the public, it is

probable he was convinced that his imaPENTONVILLE.

gination had carried him too far, on this To the Editor of the Every-Day Book. subject. Dr. S. remarks, that the vallum

Sir,—The following observations have thrown up in the civil war was in the been the result of a visit to the site of fields next the duke of Bedford's : he adds, the undoubted Roman camp at Penton- that it was levelled after the Restoration, ville, and the conjectural remains at St. and that scarcely a trace of it was (when Pancras. Respecting the former, I have he wrote) visible, notwithstanding Cæsar's been able to ascertain, that in the course camp remained in so perfect a state after of the year 1825 a labourer, who was

an interval of 1800 years. Mr. Lysons occupied in digging in the prætorium,

does not suppose, that the entrenchment turned up à considerable quantity of at the Brill was thrown up by the Lonarrow heads; and shortly afterwards, an

doners in 1642, since the name denotes other labourer, digging a few yards to the something more ancient;t but it certainly south of the same spot, for materials to appears, by the diurnals published at the mend a road, uncovered a pavement of time, that, entrenchments and rampar s red tiles, about sixteen feet square, each

were thrown up in the fields near P.; tile being about an inch and a half 'thick, cras-church, during the civil war and about six inches square; they were

thinks it not improbable, that the goal mostly figured, and some had “ strange

areas, above-mentioned, near th civile, charactèrs upon them:" unfortunately, the

were the sites of the vicarage discoverer had neither taste nor curiosity,

house, which are mentione i and they were consigned to the bottom of the parish of Pancr.us of a deep road.f Respecting the

“ Brill” This is certainly the most promedie i un(at Pancras) I have examined the ground, clusion, and far si iron th wild and find that S. G. (p. 1347,) is incorrect chimeras of the lea ut, lor. in stating the prætorium was perfect, half

I will concl. this site'st, and, I am of it having been converted 'into bricks aware, imperf.ci VIE! of the various some months ago; and the brickmakers opinions, fri and in part, by observing, inform me, that nothing was found, not that I read in mers-town and its even a tile or brass coin. I will extract à neighbo hoce dut a considerable period;

I little ‘respecting this camp from a work

caretully airtipri every excavation made of some authority, viz. The Environs of for sewers could sons for houses, chapels, London,

paling but i cover heard of any discoveries Mr. Lysons, in that work, treats the id having been made. The place lies too of a camp having been made near low to save even been frequented by the spot as quite conjectural,I and

os, more especially when the viothat Dr. Stukely's imagination in '

of the river of Wells is considered, pursuit of a favourite hypothesis, w

inh must have descended from the hills sometimes enable him to see more

os a torrent, and have flooded the whole other antiquaries ; leaving the langu

tie prighbourhood of Somers-town,

Latti-brie, &c. of conjecture, the Dr. points out the dis

I a position of the troops, and the tation of

am, Sir, yours, &c. each general's tent, with as much con

-4, 1.32

T. A fidence as if he had himself been in the cainp. Here was Cæsar% prætorium;

Linus, that the prætorium of here was stationed Mand Abrace, king of the Ru

'd be placed in a swampy,

n advantageons position

on the i.'yo 10, D. ich St. Pancras-churchy * Gentleman's Magazine.

stands, is deur pince; another circum + On visiting this camp, searched for the “ Old

stance is against the doctor's hypothesis, that 11 Well in the Fosse;" judge ky surprise, when I found was a Roman can,', a running strcain thro

f wood sunk in the fosse
ne of bricklayers, &c. # Dr. Stukely rrives ir

ry Hill;
!his is a specimen of artist
: Alias-coinages cfnheir own fancy.

# View of Londo pol, 111, p.

low siti

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in etyn 1 H.

NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. Bride's church by Dr. Brady, which he Mean Temperature 41. 12. published under the title of “ Church

Music Vindicated." The last account

discovered by Mr. Nichols, of any enterNovember 21.

tainment to her memory at Stationers'. ÆROSTATION.

hall, is in Mr. Hughes's ode in 1703.

The festivity appears to have been also Messieurs Montgolfier, two brothers, celebrated at Oxford, and to have been paper-makers at Annonay in the depart. continued there longer. There are two odes ment of Ardeche, in 1782 discovered

to St. Cecilia; one, in 1707, composed by the use of rarefied air in floating balloons; Mr. Purcell, the other, in 1708, by Di. and on the 21st of November, 1783, Blow, “ both performed at St. Mary-ball

, the marquis d’Arlandes and M. Pilatre in Oxon, by Mr. Saunders and Mr. Court

, Rosier made the first unconfined aerial assisted by the best voices and bands." voyage in a machine called a “ Montgol- Mr. Addison's ode was performed there fier," in honour of the inventors, to in 1699; and he has “a song," without distinguish it from balloons made with date, on the same occasion." inflammable air.*


Mean Temperature 40 • 27. To the Editor of the Every-Day Book. 7

The “ Cecilian Society," established in

1785 by a few individuals, has continued, November 22.

to the present day, to meet once a week

for rehearsal, and once a fortnight for the Cecilia.t

public performance of vocal and instruTowards the latter end of the seven- mental music, chiefly sacred, by Handel; teenth century, an entertainment was in- occasionally relieved by popular modera stituted, on the 22d of November, in composition. commemoration of her, by many of the

This society has been the school of first rank in the kingdom ; which was con- eminent composers and performers: such tinued annually for a considerable time as Barthelomon, Everett, Purkis, Bander, A splendid entertainment was provided Busby, Griffin, Russel, Miss Bolton, at Stationers-hall, which was constantly Jacobs, Miss Gray, and many others; preceded by a performance of vocal and among whom are the brothers, the Mr. instrumental music, by the most capital Nightingales, so highly esteemed in the performers. This feast is represented by musical world for their professional talent, Mr. Motteux, in 1691, as “one of the gen

and irreproachable demeanour. teelest in the world ; there are no formal The venerable president, Mr. Z. Vioities nor gatherings like as at others, and cent, one of the old school of harmonists, the appearance there is splendid." The and a man of letters. His heart and soal words, which were always an encomium are identified in Handel's oratorios, and on their patroness, were set by Purcell, his judgment continues unimpaired. A Blow, and others of the greatest emi. Mr. Edwards is another instance of attachnence; and it became the fashion for ment to the society, he having been a writers of all ranks to celebrate saint member upwards of twenty years. The Cecilia. Besides the odes to her by Dry- great “unity” that has prevailed, and still den, and Pope, Addison, and Yalden, em- previls, in this society, is an example ployed their talents on this subject.

We worthy of a niche in the Every-Day Book have also odes to saint Cecilia by Shad- Their P.zsent performances are held at the FR well, D'Urfey, and some still more indif

“ Albion Hall,” Muorfields, and well atleeu ferent

poets. It appears by Mr. Motteux, tended by the issue of "' tickets." In

that there were in 1691 “ admirable con honour of thday, a grand miscellaneous compa.

certs in Charles-street and York-build- concert is annully performed; many cele ings."

brated professiv als attend, and the lorers after sui On the anniversary of St. Cecilia, in of harmony never fail of having a high re, straddling 697, a was preached at St. treat. had his wickeca

* Butler's Chronological Exercises. ety, and therefort, | See vol. i.col. 1496.

Nicolo's a, ur of him of the he

Coll, of Poems. “ time hath writte. :.' It is not so certa..

y he

ry," ana


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