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of the church. A few years ago it had

been suffered to fall into decay; but in For the Every Day Book.

the year 1824 it was renewed by the preOn Christmas-day, the following custom sent vicar. This church formerly behas been observed at Hornchurch, in longed to the convent on Mount St. Essex, from time immemorial. The lessee Bernard in Savoy; and it has been sugof the tithes, which belong to New Col. gested, that the ox's head, with the horns, lege, Oxford, supplies à boar's head 'may perhaps be the arms or crest of the dressed, and garnished with bay-leaves, convent, and that the custom, as well as &c. In the afternoon, it is carried in the name of the place, originated from procession into the Mill Field, adjoining that circumstance. I shall be happy to ihe church-yard, where it is wrestled for; be informed whether this suggestion be and it is afterwards feasted upon, at one

founded on matter of fact; and if not, to of the public-houses, by the rustic con- what other cause the custom can be asqueror and his friends, with all the merri- signed. ment peculiar to the season. And here

IONOTUS. it may be observed, that there is another custom, at this place, of having a model Of the ancient doings of Christmas, of an ox's head, with horns, affixed on there is a bountiful imagining, by a mothe top of the eastern end of the chancel dern writer, in the subjoined verses :

The great King Arthur made a sumptuous feast,

And held his Royal Christmas at Carlisle,
And thither came the vassals, most and least,

From every corner of this British Isle ;
And all were entertained, both man and beast,

According to their rank, in proper style ;
The steeds were fed and littered in the stable
The ladies and the knights sat down to table.
The bill of fare (as you may well suppose)

Was suited to those plentiful old times,
Before our modern luxuries arose,

With truffles and ragouts, and various crimes;
And therefore, from the original in prose

I shall arrange the catalogue in rhymes :
They served up salmon, venison, and wild boars
By hundreds, and by dozens, and by scores.
Hogsheads of honey, kilderkins of mustard,

Muttons, and fatted beeves, and bacon swine ;
Herons and bitterns, peacocks, swan, and bustard,

Teal, mallard, pigeons, widgeons, and in fide
Plum-puddings, pancakes, apple-pies, and custard

And therewithal they drank good Gascon wine,
With mead, and ale, and cider of our own;
For porter, punch, and negus, were not known.

sorts of people there were seen together,
All sorts of characters, all sorts of dresses ;
The fool with fox's tail and peacock's feather,

Pilgrims, and penitents, and grave burgesses;
The country people with their coats of leather,

Vintners and victuallers with cans and messes;
Grooms, archers, varlets, falconers, and yeomen,
Damsels and waiting-maids, and waiting-women. WHISTLECRAFT.

SUBTERRANEAN CHRISTMAS BELLS. hundred years ago, which swallowed up

a whole village, together with the church. To the Editor of the Every-Day Book.

Formerly, it was a custom for people. Dear Sir,-Near Raleigh, in Notting- to assemble in this valley, on Christmashamshire, there is a valley, said to have day morning, to listen to the ringing o been caused by an earthquake several the bells of the church beneath them!

This it was positively asserted might be wrongs he had privately done his emheard by putting the ear to the ground, ployer. Mộ. Ross says, “ Though I never and harkening attentively. Even now, it knew his name, or saw him to my knowis usual on Christmas morning for old ledge, I had for nine or ten years, at my men and women to tell their children and benefit, a note sealed up with ten guincas, young friends to go to the valley, stoop and these words~" A tribute of gratitude down, and hear the bells ring merrily. from one who was highly obliged, and I am, &c. C. T. saved from ruin, by witnessing Mr. Ross's

performance of George Barnwell.CHRISTMAS AT CHRIST'S HOSPITAL. In an Essay on Christ's Hospital, annals as the year wherein Mr. Garrick

This year, 1742, celebrated in dramatic “Let me have leave to remember," says first appeared on the stage, the theatrical Mr. Lamb, “the festivities at Christmas, when the richest of us would club our nights ; Garrick played 159 nights; and,

season at Goodman's-fields was '169 stock to have a gaudy day, sitting round it is remarkable that the theatre was open the fire, replenished to the height with logs; and the pennyless, and he that “ Fop's Fortune," and Garrick performed

on Christmas-day. The play was the could contribute nothing, partook in all

Clodio. the mirth, and in some of the substantialities of the feasting; the carol sung by

NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. night at that time of the year, which,

Mean Temperature

38 · 40. when a young boy, I have so often laid awake from seven (the hour of going to bed) till ten, when it was sung by the

December 27. older boys and monitors, and have listened

St. John. to it in their rude chanting, till I have been transported to the fields of Bethlehem,

For wine manchets on this festival to and the song which was sung at that sea

preserve the eaters from poison annually, son by the Angels' voices to the shep- see vol. i. 1647. herds."


To the Editor of the Every-Day Book. Mean Temperature. ...37 · 57.

January 12, 1825.

Sir,-- In your account of the ceremoReceinber 26.

nies now practised in Devon at Christmas,

regarding the apple-trees, * you are wrong Sr. STEPHEN,

in calling it a “ciayen cup,” it should be For some remarkable observances on

a clome or clomen cup: thus all earthenthis festival, see vol. i. 1643.

ware shops and china shops are called by the middling class and peasantry clome

or clomen shops, and the same in markets GEORGE BARNWELL.

where earthenware is displayed in Devon, The representation of this tragedy was are called clome-standings. I feel asomitted in the Christmas holidays of sured you will place this note to the right 1819, at both the Theatres, for the first account, a desire that so useful and intime.

teresting a work should be as perfect as

possible. When Mr. Ross performed the charac- up more in Devon, even now, than in any

Perhaps the spirit of Christmas is kept ter of George Barnwell, in 1752, the son

other part of England. of an eminent merchant was so struck

I a with certain resemblances to his own pe

AN EXONIAN, rilous situation, (arising from the arts of a real Millwood,) that his agitation brought on a dangerous illness, in the course of

NATURALISTS CALENDAR. which he confessed his error, was for Mean Temperature ... 36 • 75. given by his father, and was furnished with the means of repairing the pecuniary

am, &c.

* See sol. i. 41

show was entirely of the male kind, and December 28.

in every respect calculated to afford plea

sure and instruction to the naturalist, INNOCENTS.

being replete with variety, form, colour, How children were annually whipped and as much beauty as could be found in on this festival, and of its reputed luck that part of the animal creation; so much as a day, see vol. i. 1648.

so, that in turning from the scene with reluctance, you might exclaim, “ Accuse

not nature, she hath done her part; man, NATURALISTS' CALENDAR.

do thou but thine,Morland, Potter, Mean Temperature ....36. 10.

Cooper, and Bewick,* might all have found variety for the exercise of their several powers; and, indeed, the latter has

given portraits of many of the specimens December 29.

there exhibited, in his “ History of Quad« CHRISTMAS GAMBOLS."

rupeds.” The October show was of the

female kind, and inferior to the former. A play, with this title, appears to have At this meeting, two additional prizes once existed in MS. It is noticed in an were given; one to the grower of the early quarto auction catalogue, printed finest crop of turnips, which was decided before 1700, though unfortunately with- by taking so many rows of a given numout a title, penes me ; the catalogue con- ber of yards in length, and weighing tains a rich sprinkling of English poetry, them; the other was the sum of ten and this play, with others, occurs in Lot pounds, to the person who could prove 40, amid a rare, though not very copious that he had reared the largest family withcollection of old plays and miscellaneous out assistance from the parish. The pritracts.

vilege of contest was confined to hinds J. H. B. (husbandmen.)

The fair is principally for the sale of NATURALISTS' CALENDAR.

cattle, and the show is not greater than Mean Temperature....38.35.

that of Smithfield on market-day, excepting pigs, which here and at Stainshaw

(Stagshaw) bank fairs supply the principal Becember 30.

stock to the Cumberland and Westmore

land pig feeders. In the morning a proThe following communication, though cession moves from the principal alehouse relating to an earlier period of the year, for the purpose of riding the fair, as they is now inserted, in order to include it, as call it, headed by the two Northumberits subject requires, in the present work. land pipers, called the duke of Northum

berland's pipers, in a light blue dress, a AVINGHAM FAIR AND SPORTS,

large cloak of the same colour with white To the Editor of the Every-Day Book.

cape, a silver half-moon on one arm as a

cognizance, and white band and binding Sir, — As I have frequently derived to the hat. Each is mounted on a rosimuch pleasure from the amusing descrip- nante, borrowed, without consent, by the tions of local customs in your Every Day busy hostler from some whiskey smuggler Book; I take the liberty of forwarding or cadger, reconciled to the liberty by

some reminiscences of customs which long custom. Those who have noticed het to existed when I first drew halfpence from the miller and his horse in Stothard's

my breeches pockets, and which still re- picture of the “ Pilgrimage to Cantermain in the north of England; I allude bury," may form a tolerable notion of the to a fair held at Avingham, a small hamlet manner in which this “ Jemmy Allen" situated on the banks of the Tyne, about and son are mounted; the accompanying twelve miles west of Newcastle.

sketch, from recollection, may more conAviogham fair is on the 26th of April veniently illustrate my description : and 26th of October. Formerly, an agricultural society awarded prizes to the successful candidates for the breed of • The small cottage wherein Bewick was born,

stands at a short distance from this village (Aving. horses, cows, sheep, &c. The April cattle

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“Riding the Fair"-at Abingham.

And what have those troopers to do here to-day?

The duke of Northumberland's pipers are they. The pipers, followed by the duke's by many a “gaberlunzie,” with different agent, bailiff, constable, and a numerous kinds of amusement for children, such as body of farmers, principally the duke's the “E and O, black-cock and grey;" tenantry, proceed first through the fair, and, above all, for the amusement of the where the proclamation is read, that the pig drivers and “gadsmen," Punch and fair shall last nine days, &c. ;* and then, Toby, (so called by them,) and a number the duke being lord of the manor, they of those gentlemen who vomit fire, as if walk the boundary of all that is or has they had swallowed the wicks of all the been common or waste land. That task candles they had snuffed for Richardson. completed, they return to the alehouse Many of those worthies I recollect having with the pipers playing before them, attended ever since I was able to see where they partake freely of store of above the level of their stalls. Al my punch at the duke's expense. The far- last visit, I was inuch amused with one mers are so proud of being able to ex- who seemed to have been just arrived press their atiachment to his grace“ in from the sister kingdom; he was surpublic,as they term it, that they mount rounded by ploughboys and their doxeys, their sons on cuddies, (asses,) rather than their cheeks as red as their topknots. He they should not join the procession, to had a large pan suspended from his neck, drink with them the health o' his grace, and, as the girls observed, a " skimmerand lang may he leeve ta pratect and ing" white apron and bib, and he belstudy the interests o' his tanentry:" Then lowed as loud as he could, “ Hearse a' yer there's “ Here's te ye Tam, thank's te ye rale dandy candy, made ap wa' sugar an Joke," and so they separate for the fair, brandy, an tha rale hoile a mint; it's cood there to “ ettle how mickle per heed they far young ar hold, cough or cold, a shortcon git for their nowte an swine.” ness a' breath, ar a pain at tha stamach; Avingham fair, like others, is attended it's cood far hany camplaint whatsamever;

A, fate ! an yil try it :-noo leddies, his ye • It never continues longer than one day try it, au yer sure ta buy it." And sure

enough this was the case, for whatever demands to speak to him. On his ad. might be its qualities, it pleased the “ led- vancing, “ his worship" begins thus," A dies," who purchased in such abundance, yes ! twa times a yes! an' three times a that they besmeared their faces so as to yes ! If ony man, or, ony man's man, destroy that rosy red, love's proper hue, lairds, loons, lubburdoons, dogs, skelpers, which dwells upon the cheeks of our gabbrigate swingers, shall commit a parnorthern rustic beauties.

liament as a twarliament, we, in the I must not forget to mention that the township o' Avingham, shall hea his legs, October fair is more numerously attended an heed, tied ta tha cagwheel, till he say by those who go for pleasure. Unlike the yence, twice, thrice, prosper the fair o' southern holyday folks, they prefer autumn Avingham, an' gwonny Jokesane's day.” for this reason, that “ hearst" is just en- This harangue, however ridiculous, is 'alded, and they have then most money, ways followed with cheering, in which which, with the leddies," is generally ex- their good-tempered pastor freely joins, pended in dress suitable to this and similar with his hat above his head, and stepping occasions. After baking a sufficient number forward, shakes “his worship" by the of barley bannocks for the following day, hand, giving him a cordial welcome, and the milk set up, they throw off their trusting he will not leave the manse till he “ linsey-woolsey petticoats,” and “hale takes a “ drap a yel, a' his ain brewin.” made bed-goons" for a gown, a good spe- This is of course acceded to. The ale cimen of their taste, in the two warmest being handed round in plenty, and being colours, a red flower or stripe upon a found to be good, “an' what is na guid yellow ground, and as much of a third that the minister hes," they engage themcolour round the waste, as would make selves for some time, “wbile news much them vie with Iris. In this butterfly state older than their ale goes round.” The they hasten to the scene of mirth, and musicians meanwhile play such airs as most of them dance till they have reason “ The Reel Rawe,” “ The Bonny Bit,” to suppose it is time to “ gang hame, an “ Laddie Wylam away,” &c. The dance git a' ready be crowdie time.” The style goes round,“ the young contending as of dancing is the same as in Scotland, the old survey,” until silence is called, country dances, reels, jigs, and hornpipes; when “his worship" gives as a toast, the last mentioned is much admired. 'Nó “ Health, wealth, milk, and meal, the merry-making is allowed to pass over de'al tak ye a' thot disent wish him (the without some rural “ admirable Crichton” minister) weal—hip! hip! huzza!". Raishaving shown his agility in this step. ing “his worship’ shoulder height again, The hornpipe is introduced between each they proceed round the village, repeating country dance, while “Love blinks, wit their gambols in front of ve ry respectsleeps, an' social mirth forgets their's care able house where they meet with a similar upon the earth.” · The following day is reception. called by the inhabitants "gwonny Jokes After this, foot-racing commences, for ane's" day; why so is not known; all hats, handkerchiefs, and (as Mathews calls they know is, that it is and has been so them) she-shirts. The several races run and called since the recollection of the oldest prizes distributed, they return to the last alive; and that is sufficient to induce them and gayest of their mirthful scenes, not to continue a custom, which is peculiar to without bestowing some little pains in seit, as follows. When a sufficient number lecting colours calculated to give the have assembled, they elect what they are finishing touches to the picture, pleased to call a mayor, who they mount

“Wi' merry sangs, an' friendly cracks, upon a platform, which is borne along by

I wat they did na weary; four men, headed by the musician that

An' unco tales, an' funny jokes, attended the preceding evening, and fol Their sports were cheap an' cheary. lowed by a number of bailiffs with white

wans,” and all the men, wives, maids, and white-headed urchins in the village.

Syne, wi' a social glass of strunt,

They parted aff careerin, Thus, all in arms, they proceed first to

Fu' blythe that night.' the minister's house, and strike up a dance in front. His worship, “ the may

So ends the fair of Avingham and its or," as a privileged person, sometimes sports, which was to me," in my youthevinces a little impatience, and if the ful days, a source of great amusement; minister has not made his appearance, but whether it is in comparing the pre

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