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him such instructions as the case seemed had never been exhibited in that place, to require. Mr. Cross, accompanied by nor, probably, in any other in this counone of Mr. Brookes's pupils, hastened try. The elephant was dead. homeward. They were met near the me- To describe the proceedings of Exete nagerie by Mr. Tyler, who entreated Mr. Change, from the time of Mr. Cross's Cross to run to Somerset-house and ob- leaving it, it is necessary to recur to the tain military assistance from that place, period of Mr. Herring's appearance thifor that they had been compelled to use ther, on his return from Mr. Stevens's, in the rifles in their own defence, and had Holborn, with the three rifles, and one of pat a number of shot in him without Mr. Stevens's assistants. He found that being able to get him down. _Mr. the violence of the elephant had increased Brookes's pupil accompanied Mr. Tyler, every minute from the period of his deto assist him, if possible, while Mr. Cross parture with Mr. Cross, and that at great rapidly proceeded to Somerset-house, personal hazard Mr. Tyler, with Cartmell where he found a sentry on duty, who and Newsam, and the other keepers, had did not dare to quit his post, and referred prevented him from breaking down the him to the guard - room, where there front of the den. were only two other privates and a cor- The keepers faced him with long pikes poral, who, at first, declared his utter in- or spears, to deter him as m as possiability to lend him either men or arms; ble from efforts to liberate himself from but on the earnest entreaties of Mr. Cross the confinement, which at ordinary pefor aid, and his repeated representations, riods he had submitted to without rethat he would be responsible in purse and straint. When he lounged furiously at person, and compensate any conse- the bars, they assailed him with great quences that could be incurred by a di- bravery, and their threats and menaces reliction from the formalities of military prevented the frequency of his attacks. In duty on so pressing an occasion, the this state of affairs Mr. Herring concurred corporal relented, and, with one of the with Mr. Tyler, that to wait longer for privates, hastened to the menagerie. Mr. Cross would endanger the existence

Mr. Cross now met Herring, of the of every person present; and having compublic office, Bow-street, to whom he municated the fact to Mrs. Cross, who communicated the situation of affairs at had the highest regard for the animal - Exeter Change, and requested his assist- from his ordinary docility, she was conance in obtaining arms. Herring sug- vinced, by their representations, that his gested an application to Bow-street for death must be accomplished immediately, that purpose. It appears that from acci- and therefore assented to it. dent they were not procurable there, and For the information of persons not acdeeming it possible that they might be quainted with the menagerie, it is necesgot at sir W. Congreve's office, Mr. sary to state that it occupies the entire Cross ran thither, where he was also dis- range of the floor above Exeter Change, appointed. Mr. Brooks, glassman of the the lower part of which edifice withinside Strand, informed Mr. Cross there were is occupied by shops belonging to Mr. small arms in the neighbourhood of So Clarke. This part of the building, on merset-house ; these, on returning to that the business of the day being concluded, place, were discovered to be old howite is closed every night by the strong folding zers, and, therefore, useless. From thence gates at each end, which, when open, he went on board the police-ship stationed allow a free passage to the public through on the Thames, near Waterloo-bridge, the Change. It will be perceived, thereexpecting to find swivels, and was again fore, that the flooring above is Mr. Cross's disappointed ; being informed, however, menagerie, or, at least, that very importthat swivels were fired during civic pro- ant part of it which is allotted to his cessions from Hawes's soap manufactory, matchless collection of quadrupeds. A large on the Surrey side of the river, near arrangement of other animals is in other Blackfriars-bridge, he rowed over and apartments, on a higher story. Nero, not obtained a swivel, with a few balls, and the Wombwell's Nero, which was baited by head of a poker, and the

assistance of one that showman at Warwick, but a lion not of Mr. Hawes's men. The use for either, only in every respect finer than his namehowever, ceased to exist; for they arrived sake, and, in short, the noblest of his at the menagerie within a few minutes noble species in England, occupies a den after the conclusion of such a scene as in the menagerie over the western door of

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the Change. Other lions and animals about the distance of twelve feet in the are properly secured in their places of front. Mr. Herring requested Cartmell exhibition, on each side of the room, to call in his usual tone to the elephant and the east end is wholly occupied by when he exhibited him to visiters, oå the den of the elephant; its floor being which occasions the animal was accussupported by a foundation of brick and tomed to face his friends with the hope of timber more than adequate to the amazing receiving something from their hands. weight of the animal. The requisite Cartmell's cry of “Chunee! Chunee!Chustrength and construction of this flooring neelah!” in his exhibiting tone, produced necessarily raise it nearly two feet from somewhat favourable posture for the flooring of the other part of the men- his enemies, and he instantly received two agerie, which, though amazingly stable, bullets aimed from the rifles towards the and capable of bearing any other beast heart; they entered immediately behind in perfect safety, would have immediately the shoulder blade, at the distance of given way beneath the tread of the ele- about three inches from each other. The phant; and had he forced his den hé moment the balls had perforated his body must have fallen through.

he made a fierce and heavy rush at the As soon, therefore, as his sudden death front, which further weakened the gates, was resolved on, Mr. Tyler went down to shivered the side bar next to the dislodged Mr. Clarke, and acquainting him with the story-post, and drove it out into the medanger arising out of the immediate ne nagerie. The fury of the animal's ascessity, suggested the instant removal sault was terrific, the crash of the timbers, of every person from the Change below, the hallooing of the keepers in their reand the closing of the Change gates. Mr. treat, the calls for “rifles! rifles !” and Clarke, and all belonging to his establish- the confusion and noise incident to the ment, saw the propriety of their speedy scene, tendered it indescribably terrific. departure, and in a few minutes the gates The assailants rallied in a few seconds, were barred and locked. By the adop- and came pointing their spears with tion of these precautions, if the elephant threats. Mr. Tyler having banded two had broken down the foor 'no lives other rifles, they were discharged as before; would have been lost, although my va- and, as before, produced a similar desluable property would have been destroy- perate lounge from the enraged beast at ed; and, in the event contemplated, the the front of his den. Had it been effectanimal himself would have been confined ive, and he had descended on the floor, within the basement. Still, however, a his weight must have inevitably carried slight exertion of his enormous strength it, together with himself, his assailants, could have forced the gates. If he had and the greater part of the lions, and other made his entry into the Strand, it is im- animals, into the Change below, and by possible to conjecture the mischief that possibility have buried the entire menamight have ensued in that crowded gerie in ruins. « Rifles! rifles!” were thoroughfare, from his infuriated passion. again called for, and from this awful cri

On Mr. Tyler's return up stairs from sis it was only in the power of Mr. Tyler Mr. Clarke, it was evident from the ele- and some persons outside, to load quick phant's extreme rage, that not a moment enough for the discharge of one rifle at was to be lost. Three rifles therefore a time. The maddened animal turned were immediately loaded, and Mr. Her- 'round in his den incessantly, apparently ring, accompanied by Mr. Stevens's assists with the design of keeping his head from ant entered the menagerie, each with a the riflemen, who after the first two disrifle, and took their stations for the pur- charges could only obtain single shots at pose of firing. Mr. Tyler pointed out to him. The shutter inside of a small grated the keepers the window places, and such window, which stood in a projection into recesses as they might fly to if the ele- the den, at one of the back corners, was phant broke through, and enjoining each now unshipped, and from this position Mr. man to select a particular spot as his own Herring fired several shots through the exclusive retreat, concluded by showing grating. The elephant thus attacked in the danger of any two of them running to the rear as well as the front, flew round the same place for shelter. The keepers the den with the speed of a race-horse, with their pikes, placed themselves in the uttering frightful yells and screams, and rear of Mr. Herring and his assistant,who stopping at intervals to bound from the stood immediately opposite the den, at back against the front. The force of these rashes shook the entire building, and ex- deavoured to conceal his head by keeping cited the most terrifying expectation that his rear to the front; and lest he should he would bring down the entire mass of either make a successful effort at the gate, wood and iron-work, and project himself or,on receiving his death-wound, fall backamong his assailants.

wards against it, which would inevitably After the discharge of about thirty have carried the whole away, the keepers balls, he stooped and sunk deliberately on availed themselves of the juncture to rahis haunches. Mr. Herring, conceiving that pidly lash the gates of his den with a a shot had struck him in a vital part, cried chain and ropes so securely, that he could out — “He's down, boys! he's down !" not force them without bringing down the and so he was, but it was only for a mo- entire front. ment: he leapt up with renewed vigour, Mr. Herring now directed his rifle and at least eighty balls were successively constantly to the ear : one of these balls discharged at him from different positions took so much effect, that the elephant before he fell a second time. Previous to suddenly rushed round from the blow, that fall, Mr. Joshua Brookes had ar- and made his last furious effort at the rived with his son, and suggested to Mr. gates. Mr. Tyler describes this rush as Herring to aim especially at the ear, at the most awful of the whole. If the gates the eye, and at the gullet.

had not been firmly lashed, the animal The two soldiers despatched from must have come through; for, by this Somerset-house by Mr. Cross came in last effort, he again dislodged them, a short time before Mr. Brookes, and dis- and they were kept upright by the charged about three or four rounds of chain and ropes alone. Mr. Herring from ball cartridge, which was all the amuni. this time chiefly directed his fire at tion they had. It is a remarkable in the gullet; at last he fell, but with so stance of the animal's subjection to his much deliberation, and in a position so keeper, that though in this deranged natural to his usual habits, that he seemed state, he sometimes recognised Cartmell's to have lain down to rest himself. Mr. usual cry of “ Chunee ! Chunee ! Chunee- Herring continued to fire at him, and lah !” by sounds with which he was accus- spears were ran into his sides, but he retomed to answer the call, and that more mained unmoved, nor did he stir from the than once,when Cartmell called out “Bite first moment of his fall. Four or five Chunee! bite !" which was his ordinary discharges from a rifle into his ear pro, command to the elephant to kneel, he duced no effect : it was evident that he actually knelt, and in that position re- was without sense, and that he had dropceived the balls in the parts particularly ped dead, into the posture wherein he aldesired to be aimed at. Cartmell, there ways lay when alive. fore, kept himself as much as possible out The fact that such an animal, of such of view as one of the assailants, in order prodigious size and strength, was destroythat his voice might retain its wonted ed in such a place, without an accident, ascendency. He and Newsam, and their from the commencement to the close of comrades took every opportunity of the assault is a subject of real astonishment. thrusting at him. Cartmell,

ed with a The situation of Mr. Cross's menagerie, sword at the end of a pole, which he af- after the removal of the elephant, was terwards affixed to a rifle, pierced him equally and almost as agreeably surprisseveral times.

ing. A partial dissection took place on On the elephant's second fall he lay the Sunday, and in the course of the same with his face towards the back of the den, day the body of the animal, with the and with one of his feet thrust out be- skeleton, hide, and every particle of the tween the bars, so that the toes touched remains, were removed. A stranger enthe menagerie floor. At this time he had tering the place on Tuesday, ignorant of from a hundred and ten to a hundred and the recent event, could not have suspecttwenty balls in him; as he lay in a ed such an occurrence. The menagerie posture, Cartmell thrust the sword into was destitute of offensive smell, and, in his body to the hilt. The sanguinary con- every respect, preserved its usual appearAict had now lasted nearly an hour; yet, ance of order and cleanliness. Thus with astonishing alacrity, he again rose, much is testified by the editor of the without evincing any sign that he had Every-Day Book from personal observasustained vital injury, though it was ap- tion; and, if he were not too unwell to parent he was much exhausted. Ile en- <write more, he would add some interesting

particulars respecting “ Chuneelah," tectural draftsman, for that purpose. It which are necessarily deferred till the is minutely correci in form and propornext sheet.

tion, and shows the bar which the ele

phant broke and displaced in his last A representation of the outside front lounge. Though of solid oak, six inches of the den seeming essential to the right square, it broke beneath his rush like a understanding of the narrative, an en- slight stick. graving of it is added from a drawing This engraving will be particularly made by Mr. John Cleg hor 1, the archi- referred to hereafter.


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The Den of the Elephant at Ereter Change. The posture of the animal as he lay Voyage to the East Indies, Shaw's Zoology, dead, is shown by the engraving at the Goldsmith's Animated Nature, the Gentle head of this article.

man's Magazine, and other works and col. Several interesting anecdotes concerning lections, some of which are named in the elephants are extracted and subjoined from extracts themselves. the Philosophical Transactions, Grose's

27 mous

In the “ London Magazine,” for 1761, sumed it to have been forced by manual there is an imperfect description of a strength, through that part of the skull large elephant, which is there called a contiguous to the tusk; and that pursuing “monstrous creature,” presented by the the natural course of the cavity, it pointed court of Persia to the king of Naples at downwards towards the apex of the tusk. that period. There is a detailed account Other substances foreign to the natural of the animal by M. Nollet, in the “ Phi- growth of the tusks of elephants, are frelosophical Transactions” of the French quently found within them. Royal Academy. The “ London" editor was so struck by this elephant's enormous It is not until after the discharge of a consumption of food, that he observes, hundred or perhaps double the number of “ as the keeping of an elephant is so ex• rifles, that the elephant is slain in India, pensive, we may conclude that no old when he is chased by persons inured to or full-grown one will ever be brought the danger, and determined on his dehere for a show." It is true that Mr. struction. It will not excite astonishCross's elephant, on his arrival in this ment, therefore, that Mr. Cross's noble country, was neither old nor full-grown; animal should have retained life under but his exhibition falsifies the English the firing of one hundred and fifty-two editor's presumption, that the great outlay shots. There is an account of a splendid for such an animal's keep would be an hunting party of a late Nawab Asuf-udeffectual bar to such enterprise as we Dowlah, who, with an immense retinue, have seen manifested by Mr. Cross, took the field for the purpose of destroy.whose elephant was in size, and other ing every animal they met with. On a respects, greatly superior to the “enor- large plain overgrown with grass they

elephant of his majesty of the discovered a wild elephant. The Nawab Two Sicilies.

immediately formed a semicircle, with

four hundred tame elephants, who were Bosinian observes, that the bullets to directed to advance and surround him. be made use of in hunting and killing the When the semicircle of elephants got elephants, must be of iron, lead being too within three hundred yards of the wild soft in its texture to do any execution. one, he looked amazed, but not frightened. He

says, “ elephants are very difficult to Two large and fierce elephants were orbe killed, unless the ball happens to light dered to advance against him, but they betwixt the eyes and the ears; to which were repulsed by a dreadful shock, and end the bullet ought to be iron also. drove by the Nawab, who, as the wild Their skin is as good proof against the one passed, ordered some of the strongest common musket lead balls, as a wall ; female elephants to go alongside and and if they hit the mentioned place be- endeavour to entangle him with nooses come entirely flat.” Afterwards he says, and running knots; the attempt, how“Those who pretended thoroughly to ever, was vain, as he snapped every rope, understand the elephant-shooting, told us, and none of the tame elephants could that we ought to have shot iron bullets, stop his progress. The Nawab, perceiv. since those of lead are flatted, either by ing it impossible to catch him, ordered their bones, or the toughness of their skın.” his death, and immediately a volley of

above a hundred shots were fired. Many About the year 1767, a cutler at Shef- of the balls hit him, but he seemed unfield in Yorkshire, in sawing an elephant's concerned, and moved on towards the tooth into proper laminæ or scantlings mountains. An incessant fire was kept up of ivory, met with a resistance which for nearly half an hour; the Nawab and he had great difficulty to

most of his omras, or lords, used rifles, After he had got through the ob- which carried two or three ounce balls; struction, it proved to be an iron bullet, but they made very little impression, and lodged in the very body of the tooth, with- scarcely penetrated beyond the skin. Our out any visible mark externally of the author, who was mounted on a female place where it entered.

elephant, went up repeatedly within ten

yards of the wild one, and fired his rifle In 1801, Mr. Charles Combe described at his head; the blood gushed out, but to the RoyalSociety, an elephant's tusk with the skull was invulnerable. Some of the the iron head of a spear thoroughly im- Kandahar horse then galloped up and bedded in it. From its position, he pre- wounded the beast in several places. At


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