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went in person to the shore, and after ex- conveyed from the Hague to the Museum pressing passion and rage at their dis- of Natural History, in Paris, where a obedience, ordered one of them to be cut spacious stable had been constructed for asunder in the presence of the rest; on them. This was divided into two partiwhich they all peaceably embarked, and tions, which communicated to each other were more than ordinary tractable during by means of a trap-door. Both of the the wbole voyage.

divisions were surrounded with strong

wooden paling. The morning after their White elephants are reverenced arrival they were brought into this habithroughout the east, and the Chinese tation : the inale elephant was introduced pay them a certain kind of worship. The first. With an air of suspicion he exBurmese monarch is called the “ king of amined the place, tried each of the beams the white elephants,” and is regarded un- by shaking it with his trunk to see if it der that title with more than the ordinary the large screws which held them on the

was fast. He endeavoured to turn round veneration which oriental despotism exacts from its abject dependants.

outside, but this he found impracticable. When he came to the trap-door between

the two partitions, he discovered that it The little island of Elephanta, oppo- was secured only by a perpendicular iron site to the fort of Bombay, deriv its bolt, which he lifted up, pushed open the name from a sculptured figure in stone, door, and went into the other partition, of the natural colour, and ordinary size, where he ate his breakfast. of the animal. It is elevated on a plat

It was with great difficulty that these form of stone of the same colour, and on animals had been separated in order to the back of this granite elephant was a be conveyed singly to Paris, and having smaller one, apparently of the same

now not seen each other for several stone, which had been broken off. There months, the joy they expressed at meetis no history, nor any well grounded tra, ing again is not to be described. They dition, relative to this statue. The island immediately ran to each other, uttered a itself is distinguished for extraordinary cry of joy that shook the whole building, antiquities, particularly a magnificent and blew the air out of their trunks with temple hewn out of the solid rock, adorn- such violence, that it seemed like the ed by the arts of sculpture and painting blast of a smith's bellows. The pleasure with statues and pictures, probably of which the female experienced seemed to more remote age than the earliest efforts be the most lively; she expressed it by of Greek or Roman genius. Many of

moving her ears with astonishing rapidity, these venerable representations suffered and tenderly twining her trunk round the irreparable injury, and vast numbers body of the male. She laid it particularly were wholly destroyed, by the barbarian to his ear, where she held it for a conravages of the Portuguese, who formerly siderable time motionless, and after havobtained possession of the place, and ing folded it again round his whole body, dragged field-pieces to the demolition of she applied it to her own mouth. The these the most curious, and, possibly, the male in like manner folded his trunk most ancient monuments of oriental round the body of the female; and the grandeur. Queen Catharine of Portugal, pleasure which he felt at their meeting who held the island in dower, was so

seemed to be of a more sentimental cast, sensible of the importance of this spot, for he expressed it by shedding an abunthat she imagined it impossible that any dance of tears. Afterwards they had traveller on that side of India would constantly one stable in common, and the return without exploring the wonders of mutual attachment between them excited the “Cave of Elephanta.” The island the admiration of every beholder. is destitute of all other interest.

That elephants are susceptible of the The following example shows that elemost tender attachment to each other, is phants are capable also of forming atevinced by the following occurrence, tachments to animals of a different spewhich is recorded in a French journal :

cies. Two very young elephants, a male and a An elephant which the Turkish empefemale, were brought from the island of ror sent as a present to the king of Naples, Ceylon to Holland. They had been in the year 1740, displayed a particular separated from each other in order to be attachment towards a ram, that was con: fined, together with some other animals, they speedily retreated out of the reach of in his stable. He even permitted him tó danger, and the whole wall fell to the butt at him with his horns, as these ani- ground. mals are wont to do. But if the ram abused the liberty he gave him, the only punishment he inflicted upon him for it Bosmann relates, that in December, was, that he took him up with his trunk, 1700, an elephant came at six o'clock in and threw him upon a dung-heap, though the morning towards Fort Mina, on the if any of the other animals attempted to Gold Coast, and took his road along the take 'liberties with him, he dashed them river at the foot of Mount St. Jago. Some with such violence against the wall, that of the negroes ran unarmed about him, he killed them on the spot.

which he permitted without appearing to

be in the least degree suspicious of them. An elephant, rendered furious by the But a Dutch officer shot at him, and wounds - he had received in an engage did not alter his course, but pricking his

wounded him over his eye. The animal ment at Hambour, rushed into the plain uttering the most hideous cries. A sol. ears, proceeded to the Dutch garden, dier, whose comrades made him sensible where he saw the director-general and of his danger by calling to him, was

other officers belonging to the fort, sitting, unable on account of his wounds, to re

under the shade of some palm-trees. He treat with sufficient expedition out of the had torn down about a dozen of these way of the enraged animal. But the trees with the greatest facility, when elephant, when he came to him, seemed upwards of an hundred bullets were disto be apprehensive lest he should trample charged at him. He bled over his whole him with his feet, raised him with his body, but still kept his legs, and did not trunk, and having laid him gently on one

halt in the least. "A negro now, to plague side, continued his progress.

the elephant, pulled him by the tail, at

which the animal, being provoked, seized At Mahie, on the coast of Malabar, him with his trunk, threw him to the the owner of an elephant lent him out ground, and thrust his tusks twice through for hire. His occupation consisted in bis body. As soon as the negro was drawing timber for building out of a killed, he turned from him, and suffered river, which he performed very dexter- the other negroes to take away his body ously with his trunk, under the guid- unmolested. He now remained upwards ance of a boy. He then piled the beams of an hour longer in the garden, and upon each other with such regularity, seemed to have directed his attention to that no human being could have done it the Dutchmen who were sitting at a disbetter.

tance of fifteen or sixteen paces from him.

As these had expended their ammuniElephants do not merely obey the tion, and feared that the elephant might commands of thei: keeper while he is attack them, they made their retreat. In present, but they perform also in his the mean time the elephant was come to absence the most singular operations another gate, and although the gardenwhen they have previously been made wall consisted of a double row of stones, acquainted with the nature of them. I he easily threw it down, and went out by once saw, says M. d'Obsonville, two the breach. He then walked slowly to a elephants employed in demolishing a rivulet, and washed off the blood with wall, in obedience to the orders pre- which he was covered : after that he reviously received from their cornacks, turned to the palm-trees, and broke some who had encouraged them to undertake boards that were placed there for the purthe task by a promise of fruit and pose of building a vessel. The Dutchbrandy. They united their powers, men had in the mean time procured a placed their trunks together, which were fresh supply of powder and ball, and their defended by a covering of leather, and repeated shots at length put the elephant pushed with thein against the strongest out of condition to make further resistance. part of the wall; repeated their efforts, They then with great difficulty cut off carefully watching at the same time the his trunk, upon which the elephant, who effect of the equilibrium, which they till then had not uttered a sound, set up followed till the whole was sufficiently a hideous roar, threw himself down under loose, when they exerted their whole a tree, and expired. strength in one more push, after which

Further particulars concerning Elephants generally.

The elephant is not an enemy to any man beings, himself a poet, from his own other animal It is said that the mouse copy of the book wherein the hand of a is the only quadruped that is an enemy to friend, the greatest living poet, and perhim, and that this little quadruped holds haps the greatest mind of our country, him in perpetual fear. He sleeps with hath penned, that “Donne's rhythm was the end of his proboscis so close to the as inexplicable to the many as blank earth, that nothing but the air he breathes verse, spite of his rhymes.-Not one in a can get between; for the mouse is affirm- thousand of his readers have any notion ed to enter its orifice, when he finds it how his lines are to be read. To read possible, and, making his way to the ele- Dryden, Pope, &c. you need only count phant's vital parts in search of food or syllables; but to read Donne you must shelter, by that means destroys the mighty measure time, and discorer the time of tenement wherein his own littleness is each word by the sense and passion." ensconced.

Having presumed on the wonted indulgThe great dean of St. Paul's, if he may ence of friendship, by this transcription be so called without disparagement to from the manuscript notes of a borrowed Colet, has two noble stanzas on this sub- volume, for counsel and caution in the ject on “The Progress of the Soul." present reader's behalf, the verses are subThey were read to the editor of the Every- mitted to his regard. Day Book, by one of the kindest of hu

Natures great master-piece, an Elephant,
The onely harmelesse great thing; the giant
Of beasts; who thought none had, to make him wise,
But to be just, and thankful, loth toffend
(Yet nature hath given him no knees to bend)
Himself he up-props, on himself relies,
And foe to none; suspects no enemies,
Still sleeping stood ; vext not his fantasie
Black dreams, like an unbent bow carelesly

His sinewy Proboscis did remisly lie.

In which as in a gallery this mouse
Walk'd and survey'd the rooms of this vast house,
And to the brain, the soul's bed chamber, went,
And gnaw'd the life cords there; Like a whole town
Clean undermin'd the slain beast tumbled down;
With him the murth'rer dies, whom envy sent
To kill, not scape; for onely he that meant
To die, did ever kill a man of better roome;
And thus he made his foe, his prey and tombe :
Who cares not to turò back, may any whither come.


The “elepliant,” according to Randle that “they (the elephant) are a great and Holme, is regarded, in heraldry, as "the vast creature,” he says, that " an eleemblem of vigilance, nec jacet in somno ; phant's head erased gules," on a shield but, like a faithful watchman, sleeps in a argent, is borne, by the name of Brodsentinel's posture; it denoteth strength, ric.” In explanation of this bearing, ingenuity, and ambition of people's praise; Holme's knowledge seems to have been it signifieth also meekness and devotion.” more correct in heraldry than in natural He mentions an elephant argent on a history, for he declares that “this should shield gules, that “this coat is born by be termed a she-elephant, or the head of the name of Elphinston.” Describing a female elephant; by reason his tusks'or

Vol. II.-64,

teeth stand upwards, and the male stands scriptions under a “demy talbot, his feet downwards ; but this,” says our lament- converted, turned, or metamorphosed ing herald, “ is a thing in heraldry not into elephants' snowts, with two towers observed." He positively affirms, that “it de lis issuant, you shall have demy men, were sufficient distinction for a coat of women, lions, and other creatures born arms between families” (!) as much a dis- with several sorts of things in the places tinction “as the bearing of a ram and a of hands and feet.” We will not, howewe, or a lion with red claws, and an- ever, travel on his “elephants' spouts in other with yellow; and much more (dis- coat armour," beyond a field or, with tinctive) than ermyne and ermynites, “the proboscide of an elephant, erected, (they) being both one, save (that) the last flexed and recurved gules, issuing out of hath one hair of red on each side of every a pierced place; towards the basis thereone of the poulderings : a thing little re- of, a rose-sprig vertant et revertant, about garded, makes a great alteration in arms." the trunk to the middle thereof proper." His discrepant distinctions between the According to Holme, this elegant bearmale and female are exceedingly amus- ing may be claimed by any reader who ing, and he is quite as diverting with their has the happiness to bear "the name of trunks. He figures their “snowts inwards, Van Snotfough.” Concerning, however, or snowts respected,” which, he says, is “snowts bowed, and imbowed, erected "a term used when things (either quick and couped,” Holme guardedly adds or dead) are, as it were, regarding or that “these things, though I from my looking one at another." Then he gives author, and from their similitude to an a bearing “Argent out of a coronet or ; elephant's trunk, 'have all along termed two proboscides (or trunks) of two ele- them so, yet, in my judgment they would phants reflected endorsed, gules, each pass better for horns, and I take them to adorned with three trefoils, vert. This” be absolute horns.” Thus, "at one fell says Holme, “is a very great bearing swoop,” when destitute readers may be amongst the Dutch, as their books of he- large with speculation raised by our friend rauldry inform me; for there is scores of Holme, he disturbs their fond regards, those families, bear the elephant's trunk and they who contemplate glorious thus : some adorned with roses, leaves," atchievements” with the “proboscides pendants, crosses, or with other varieties of elephants," must either content themof things, each set at a certain distance selves with “absolute horns," or gaze on from the trunk by a footstalk. Now,” empty fields.he goes on to say, with a hand most carefully pointing to the important fact,

In several parts of India, elephants are thus_“Now, in the blazon of such coates, you must first observe the reflec- office of an executioner.

employed to perform upon criminals the

With their tion of the proboscides, whether the trunks they break the limbs of the culsnowts stand respected, or endorsed; and prit, trample him to death, or impale him then to tell the exact number of things, upon their tusks, according as they are each one is endorsed withall: for in some, ordered by their master. they will have one thing apeece, others

This use of elephants in the east, and 2, 3, 4, 5, &c. Some, again, will have their sagacity, is alluded to by one of our (with the sides, and others without the

poets : sides, adorning,) such and such things set Borri records their strength of parts, in the concave or hole of the snowt." He

Extent of thought, and skill in arts; refers to precedents for these essential How they perform the law's decrees, particulars, and in a page, wherein he And save the state the hangman's fees : assigns i the left arm of a devil, or fiend And how by travel understand with a devil-like foot,for “the coat of The language of another land. Spittachar," he gives to “the name of Let those who question this report, Oberstagh,” on a field argent,“ the pro

To Pliny's ancient page resort; boscide of an elephant erected and

How learn'd was that sagacious breed, couped, bowed or imbowed, or ; maned,

Who now, like them, the Greek can read. or haired, to the middle, azure ; and col

Gey. lared at the bottom with an hawk's bill fixed thereunto, gules ; out of the snowte,

The author of “The Chase" elegantly a Dutch fane pendant sable.So like- describes one of the devices by which the wise by taking, for your guide, his de- elephant is caught in his own domains :

On distant Ethiopia's sunburnt coasts,
The black inhabitants a pitfall frame,
With slender poles the wide capacious mouth,
And hurdles slight, they close ; o'er these is spread
A floor of verdant turf, with all its flowers
Smiling delusive, and from strictest search
Concealing the deep grave that yawns below.
Then boughs of trees they cut, with tempting fruit
Of various kinds surcharg'd, the downy peach,
The clustering vine, and of bright golden rind
The fragrant orange. Soon as evening grey
Advances slow, besprinkling all around
With kind refreshing dews the thirsty globe,
The stately elephant from the close shade
With step majestic strides, eager to taste
The cooler breeze, that from the sea-beat shore
Delightful breathes, or in the limpid stream
To lave his panting sides; joyous he scents
The rich repast, unweeting of the death
That lurks within. And soon he sporting breaks
The brittle boughs, and greedily devours
The fruit delicious. Ah! too dearly bought;
The price is life. For now the treacherous turf
Trembling gives way; and the unwieldy beast
Self sinking, drops into the dark profound.
So when dilated vapours, struggling, heave
Th' incumbent earth; if chance the cavern'd ground
Shrinking subside, and the thin surface yield,
Down sinks at once the ponderous dome, ingulph'd
With all its towers.


According to Bayle, the Romans called Some parts of the elephant's skin, which elephants Boves Lucas, because, as it is are not callous, are seized upon by flies, reported, they saw them for the first time and they torture the animal exceedingly. in Lucania, during a great battle with His .tail is too short to reach any porPyrrhus. The issue of the conflict was tion of his body, and his trunk alone is extremely doubtful, for the ground on insufficient to defend him from myriads both sides was lost and won seven times; of his petty enemies. In his native forests but, at last, the Epirotes got the victory he snaps branches from the trees, and by means of their elephants, whose smell with his trunk brushes off his tormentors, frighted the Roman horses. In a subse- and fans the air to prevent their settling qnent engagement they were fatal to op him. In a confined state, he converts Pyrrhus; they threw his troops into dis- a truss of hay into a wisp for the same order, and the Romans were victorious. purpose; and he often gathers up the dust

with his trunk and covers the sensible

places. Elephantiasis is a disease in man, deriving its name from the elephant, who is also afflicted with a similar disorder. It is It is related by M. Navarette, that at also called the Arabian leprosy. Medical Macassar, an elephant driver had a cocoa treatises describe its appearances, mode nut given him, which, out of wantonness, of cure in the human being. As few he struck twice against his elephant's readers possess elephants, it will not be forehead to break, and that, the day fol. necessary to say more of it, than that it is lowing, the animal saw some cocoa nuts cutaneous; and that to prevent it in the exposed in the street for sale, one of which elephant, the Indians apply oil to the he took up with his trunk, and beat it animal's skin, which, to preserve its plian- about the driver's head, till the man was cy, they frequently bathe with the unc- completely dead.

“ This comes," says tuous fluid.

our author, “of jesting with elephants,".

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