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A sentinel at the Menagerie in Paris, All Naples, says Sonnini, in one of his used often to desire the visitors not to notes to Buffon's “ Natural History," has give the elephants any thing to eat. witnessed the docility and sagacity of an This admonition was particularly dis- elephant that belonged to the king. He agreeable to the female elephant, and she afforded great assistance to the masons took a great dislike to the sentinel. She that were at work upon the palace, by had several times endeavoured to make reaching them the water they required, him desist from interfering, by squirting which he fetched in large copper vessels water over his head, but without effect. from a neighbouring well. He had obOne day, when several persons came to
served that these vessels were carried to see these animals, one of them offered a the brazier's when they wanted any repiece of bread to the female, which being pair. Observing, therefore, one day that perceived by the sentinel, just as he was the water ran out at the bottom of one of opening his mouth to repeat his usual them, he carried it of his own accord admonition, the elephant stepped oppo- to the brazier, and having waited while it site to bim, and threw a large quantity of was repairing, received it again from him, water into his face. This excited the and returned to his work. This elephant laughter of all the by-standers; but used to go about the streets of Naples the sentinel coolly wiped his face, placed without ever injuring any one : he was himself a little on one side, and was as fond of playing with children, whom he usual very vigilant. Not long after he took up with his trunk, placed them on again found occasion to repeat his for- his back, and set them down again on mer admonition to the spectators; but the ground without their ever receiving scarcely had he done it when the elephant the smallest hurt. tore his musket out of his hand, wound her trunk round it, trod upon it, and did There is a remarkable instance of an not deliver it again to him till after she elephant's attachment to a very young had twisted it completely into the form of child. The animal was never happy but
when it was near him : the nurse used,
therefore, very frequently to take the A person resident in Ceylon, near a child in its cradle, and place it between place where elephants were daily led to his feet, and this he became at length so water, often used to sit at the door of his accustomed to, that he would never eat house, and occasionally to give to one his food except when it was present. of these animals some fig-leaves, a food When the child slept he used to drive off to which elephants are very partial. the flies with his proboscis, and when it Once he took it into his head to play the cried he would move the cradle backward elephant a trick. He wrapped a stone and forward, and thus again rock it to round with fig-leaves, and said to the sleep. cornack (the keeper of the elephants) “ This time I will give him a stone to eat,
Ælian relates that a man of rank in and see how it will agree with him.” India, having very carefully trained up The cornack answered," that the ele- a female elephant, used daily to ride phant would not be such a fool as to upon her, and gave her many proofs of swallow the stone." The man, however, his attachment to her. The king of the reached the stone to the elephant, who country, who had heard of the extraortaking it with his trunk applied it to his dinary gentleness and capacity of this mouth, and immediately let it fall to the animal, demanded her of her owner ; ground. “ You see,” said the cornack, but he, unwilling to part with his fa« that I was right." Saying these vourite, fled with her to the mountains. words, he drove away his elephants, By order of the king he was pursued, and after having watered them, was con- and the soldiers that were sent after him ducting them again to their stable. The having overtaken him when he was at man who had played the elephant the the top of a steep hill, he defended himtrick with the stone was still sitting at self by throwing stones at them, in which his door, when, before he was aware, the he was faithfully assisted by the eleanimal made at him, threw his trunk phant, who had learnt to throw stones round him, and dashing him to the with great dexterity. At length, howground trampled him immediately to ever, the soldiers gained the summit of death.
the hill, and were about to seize the fugitive, when the elephant rushed tor than those of gratitude and affection. amongst them with the utmost fury, The surgeon was fortunate enough to trampled some of them to death, dashed completely cure him. others to the ground with her trunk, and put the rest to flight. She then placed There is a further anecdote of this aniher master, who was wounded in the mal's gratitude. A soldier at Pondicontest, upon her back, and conveyed cherry, who was accustomed, whenever him to a place of security. There are he received a portion that came to his numerous well-attested anecdotes of simi- share, to carry à certain quantity of it to lar instances of the affection of elephants an elephant, having one day drank rather towards their owners.
too freely, and finding himself pursued by
the guards, who were going to take him If elephants meet with a sick or
to prison, took refuge under the elephant's wounded animal of their own species, body and fell asleep. In vain did the they afford him all the assistance in their gvard try to force him from this asylum: power. Should he die, they bury him, the elephant protected him with bis trunk. and carefully cover his body with branches The next morning the soldier recovering of trees.
from his drunken fit, shuddered to find
himself stretched under the belly of this During a war in the East Indies, an huge animal. The elephant, which, withelephant, that had received a flesh-wound out doubt, perceived the embarrassment of from a cannon-ball, was conducted twice the poor fellow, caressed him with his or thrice to the hospital, where he stretch- trunk, in order to dissipate his fears, and ed himself upon the ground to have his make him understand that he might now wounds dressed. He afterwards always depart in safety, went thither by himself. The surgeon employed such means as he thought would It should not be forgotten that the poet conduce to his cure; he several times of “The Seasons” refers to the sagacity even cauterized the wound, and although of the elephant, his seclusion in his natuthe animal expressed the pain which this ral state, the arts by which he is ensnarea, operation occasioned him, by the most the magnificence of his appearance in piteous groaning, yet he never showed oriental solemnities, and his use in warany other sentiments towards the opera- fare :
Peaceful, beneath primeval trees, that cast
On the 27th of September, 1763, cap- rode on his back. The animal was about tain Sampson presented an elephant, eight feet high. brought by him from Bengal, to his ma- The zebra, now well known from its jesty, at the queen's house. It was con- being frequently brought into this counducted from Rotherhithe that morning at try, was at that time almost a
“ stranger two o'clock, and two blacks and a seaman England.” One of them having been
given to her Inte majesty queen Charlotte, anus in his “ Stratagems," says, “Cæsar obtained the name of the queen's ass, in Britain attempted to pass a great river, and was honoured by a residence in the (supposed the Thames :) Casolaunus, (in tower, whither the elephant was also con- Cæsar, Cassivellaunus) king of the Britons, veyed. Their companionship occasioned opposed his passage with a large body of some witticisms, of which there remains horse and chariots. Cæsar had in his this specimen.
company a vastly large elephant, (MEYISTOS drepas) a creature before that time un
known to the Britons. This elephant he On the Elephant's being placed in the fenced with an iron coat of mail, built á
same stable with the Zebra. large turret on it, and putting up bowmen Ye critics so learn'd, whence comes it to
and slingers, ordered them to pass first
pass That the elephant wise should be placd by into the stream. The Britons were disan ass ?
mayed at the sight of such an unknown This matter so strange I'll unfold in a trice, and monstrous beast, (αοραίον κ' υπεροφες Some asses of state stand in need of advice Onplov) they fled, therefore, with their To screen them from justice, lest in an ill horses and chariots, and the Romans hour,
passed the river without opposition, In the elephant's stead they be sent to the terrifying their enemies by this single tower.
creature." On the occasion of captain Sampson's present to the king, several accounts of In 1730, or 1731, some workme'n digthe elephant were written. One of them ging the great sewer in Pall Mall," over says, that “the largest and finest ele- against the King's Arms tavern," disphants in the world are those in the covered at the depth of twenty-eight feet, island of Ceylon; next to them, those of several bones of an elephant. The strata the continent of India, and lastly, the below the surface were ten or twelve feet elephant of Africa." The Moors, who of artificial soil; below that four or five deal in these animals throughout the In- feet of yellow sand, varying in colour till dies, have a fixed price for the ordinary they came to the bed wherein the bones sort, accordin to their size. They mea- were found, which consisted of exceedsure from the nail of the fore foot to the ingly fine sand similar to that dug on top of the shoulder, and for every cubit Hampstead heath. high they give after the rate of 100l. of About eighteen years previously, eleour money. An African elephant of the phants' bones were discovered in digging largest size measures about nine cubits, in St. James's-square; and about fouror thirteen feet and a half in height, and teen years before that some were found is worth about 900l., but of the breed of in the same place. These various Ceylon, four times that sum.”
animal remains in that neighbourhood
lay at about the same depth. Tavernier, in proof of the superiority of the elephant of Ceylon, says,
In 1740, the remains of an elephant “One, I will tell you, hardly to be be
were discovered by some labourers while lieved, but that which is a certain truth,
digging a trench in the park of Frances which is, that when any other king, or The bones did not lie close together as
Biddulph, esq. at Benton, in Sussex. rajah, has one of these elephants of Cey- those of a skeleton usually do. It was lon, if they bring them any other breed in
evident that the various parallel strata of any other place whatever, so soon as the other elephants behold the Ceylon ele- the earth had never been disturbed; it phants, by an instinct of nature, they do was concluded that these animal de them reverence, by laying their trunks posits had remained there from the period upon the ground, and raising them up
of the deluge, when it was presumed that again."
they had been conveyed and there, left,
on the subsidence of the waters. Though Cæsar does not mention the In 1756, the workmen of a gentleman, fact in his commentaries, yet it is certain digging upon a high hill near Mendip for that he brought elephants with him to ochre and ore, discovered, at the depth of England, and that they contributed to 315 feet from the surface, four teeth, not his conquest of our predecessors. Poly- tusks, and two thighbones with part of the nead of an elephant. Remains of the same NATURALISTS' CALENDAR animal have been at periods discovered Mean Temperature ... 39.65. at Mersey Island in Essex, at Harwich, at Chartham near Canterbury, at Bowden
March 10. Parva, in Norfolk, Suffolk, Northampton
Benjamin West. shire, and in various other parts of Great
A few anecdotes of this eminent painter, Britain and Ireland. Elephant's teeth
who died on the 10th of March, 1820, were discovered at Islington, in digging a
are related in vol. i. p. 346. By the fagravel pit.
vour of a gentleman who possesses letters
from him, the reader is presented with Skakspeare, in “Troilus and Cressida,” compares the slowness of Ajax to
Mr. West's Autograph. that of the elephant; and in the same play he again compares him to the same animal, and afterwards continues the comparison.
There is reason to believe, that the elephant was adopted at that period as
Another gentleman, an the sign of a public inn. Antonio in
artist, has “ Twelfth Night” tells Sebastian,
obligingly made a drawing from the bust
by Mr. Behnes, in sir John Leicester's “ In the south suburbs at the Elephant gallery, and thrown in some touches from
Is best to lodge : I will bespeak our diet, intimate acquaintance with Mr. West, in While you beguile your time.”
his last illness, to convey an idea of his friend's last looks.
The elegant volume descriptive of sir academy, who have not seen the marble, to John Leicester's gallery, contains an out- view it, in sir John Leicester's noble colline of Mr. Behnes' bust; the outline lection of works of British artists, which of that delineation is preserved in the during a stated season every year is preceding sketch, because it is familiar liberally opened to public inspection. Mr. Bebnes conveys to us the apostolic simplicity of West's character, and In “ The Examiner" of the 10th of the present engraving may be regard- March, 1816, there are some lines, too ed as inviting the admirers of the beautiful in sentiment to be passed over genius of the late president of the royal on any day.
From the Italian of Filicaia.
Yearns tow'rds her little children from her seat,
Takes this upon her knees, that on her feet :
She learns their feelings and their various will,
And whether stern or smiling, loves them still:
FOUNDED ON A DREAM.
So Providence for us, high, infinite,
Hearkens to all our prayers, helps all our wants ;
cember, 1694, gave to the mayor and al. NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. dermen one hundred pounds, to be placed Mean Temperature ...38.90.
at interest by the vicar's consent for his benefit, to preach a sermon on the 11th day of March, annually, and another
hundred pounds to be secured and apMarch 11.
plied in like manner for the poor of the
town of Newark, which is distributed as Newark Custom,
above-mentioned. The occasion of this bequest was singular. During the bom
bardment of the town of Newark, by the To the Editor of the Every-Day Book.
parliament army under Oliver Cromwell, Newark, Feb. 1826. Clay (then a tradesman residing in A curious traditional story of a very Newark market-place) dreamed three extraordinary deliverance of alderman nights successively, that his house was set Hercules Clay, and his family, by a dream, fire to by the besiegers. Impressed by is at your service.
the repetition of this warning, as he consiI am, &c.
dered it, he quitted his house, and in the BENJAMIN JOHNSON. course of a few hours after the prediction
was fulfilled. On March 11, every year, at Newarkupon-Trent, penny loaves are given away
CHRONOLOGY. to every one who chooses to appear at 1727. March 11. The equestrian stathe town-hall, and apply for them, in tue of king George I., in Grosvenorcommemoration of the deliverance of square, was much defaced ; the left leg Hercules Clay, during the siege of New- torn off, the sword and truncheon broken ark by the parliamentary forces. This off, the neck hacked as if designed to cut Hercules Clay, by will dated 11th of De- off the head, and a libel left at the place.*
• British Chronologist.