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a compendious manner.
His publicaNATURALISTS' CALENDAR. tions were successfully planned and ably Mean Temperature ... 40.60. executed. He served at different times
the curacy and lectureship of St. Botolph, March 12.
the lectureship of St. Luke's, and a
weekly lectureship of St. Antholiu's, and 1826. Fifth, Sunday in Lent. was elected evening preacher at the CHRONOLOGY
Foundling hospital, which the state of his
health obliged him to resign. The bishop On the 12th of March, 1808, died, at of London presented him with a small West Ham, in Essex, George Gregory, prebend in the cathedral of St. Paul's, D. D. vicar of that parish. He was de which he relinquished on receiving the scended from a respectable family, origi- rectory of Stapleford, Herts. In 1804, nally from Scotland, a branch of which he was presented by Lord Sidmouth (then was settled in Ireland. His father, who Mr. Addington) with the valuable living had been educated in Trinity-college, of West Ham, in Essex, when he resigned Dublin, held, at the time of his son's birth, every other clerical charge except that of the living of Edernin, and a prebend in Cripplegate, to which parish he was the cathedral of Ferns. Dr. Gregory was attached by warm feelings of gratitude. born on April 14, 1754, but whether in At West Ham he passed four years, Dublin or in Lancashire, of which county discharging with fidelity his duties as a his mother was a native, is uncertain. clergyman and a magistrate, and occuWhen twelve years of age, at the death o. pying his leisure with literature. Life his father, he was removed to Liverpool, was endeared to him by domestic enjoywhere his mother fixed her residence, ments in the bosom of an amiable and desiring to place him in commerce; but a affectionate family, and by the society of taste for literature being his ruling pro- many friends, whom he was much valued pensity, he studied in the university of for his perpetual readiness to serve and Edinburgh, in 1776 entered into holy oblige, and the unaffected cheerfulness of orders, and his first station in the church his conversation. Without any decided was in the capacity of a curate at Liver
cause of illness, the powers of his constipool. His attachments were chiefly tution suddenly and all toge:her gave among the liberal and literary. In con
way; every vital function was debilitated, junction with Mr. Roscoe, and other and after a short confinement, he expired congenial spirits, Dr. Gregory had the with the calm resignation and animating merit of publicly exposing the cruelty and hopes of a christian. Among his nuinjustice of the slave trade in the princi- merous works are, “ Essays, historical and pal seat of that traffic. In 1782, he re- moral,” a “Translation of Lowth's Lecmoved to London, and obtained the tures on the Sacred Poetry of the Hecuracy of St. Giles's, Cripplegate, which, brews,” a “Church History,” from which on account of the weight of its parochial he acquired celebrity with the inquiring, duty, he left in three years, though by “ The Economy of Nature," and a wella general invitation he was recalled as known “ Dictionary of Arts and morning preacher in 1788; and on the Sciences.”* death of the vicar in 1802, a request was presented to the dean and chapter of
Curious NARRATIVE. St. Paul's, signed by every inhabitant, To the Editor of the Every-Day Book. that he might succeed to the vacancy. In the mean time he pursued with inde
The interment of the late duchess of fatigable industry those literary occupa- Rutland, at Bottesford, the family burialtions, which, in various ways, have benefited the public. Dr. Gregory was a
place, has had a more than usual number useful writer who, without aiming, except numents. One of them to the inemory
of persons to visit its many sepulchral morarely, at the reputation of original composition, performed real services to letters, lies buried here, is very splendid. It
of Francis Manners, earl of Rutland, who by employing a practised style, an exercised judgment, and extensive informa- represents him with his countess in a tion, in works of compilation or abridge kneeling posture
, and two children who ment, adapted to the use of that numerous
are supposed to have been bewitch'd to class who desire to obtain knowledge in
# Dr. Aikin's Athenæum.
death. The inscription to that effect I her from lying any more in the Castle, read, and procured a copy of the parti- yet gave her forty Shillings, a Bolster, culars from an old book which is always and a Mattress of wool, commanding her read to visiters by the sexton; and which, to go Home. But at last these Wicked as to the execution of the alleged crimi. Women became so malicious and renals at Lincoln, on the 12th of March, vengeful, that the Earl's Family were 1618, I find to be correct, and send it for sensible of their wicked Dispositions ; your use.
for, first, his Eldest Son Henry Lord I am, Sir, &c.
Ross was taken sick after a strange ManB. JOHNSON. ner, and in a little time Died; and, after, Newark, Feb. 22, 1826.
Francis Lord Ross was Severely tortured The only alteration in the transcript is and tormented by them, with a Strange a variation from inaccurate spelling. sickness, which caused his Death. Also, EXTRACT
and presently after, the Lady Catherine From the Church Book of Bottesford.
was set upon by their Devilish Practices,
and very frequently in Danger of her Life, When the Right Hon. Sir Francis in strange and unusual Fits; and, as they Manners succeeded his Brother Roger in confessed, both the Earl and his Counthe Earldom of Rutland, and took pos- tess were so Bewitched that they should session of Belvoir Castle, and of the have no more Children. In a little time Estates belonging to the Earldom, He after they were Apprehended
and carried took such Honourable measures in the to Lincoln Jail, after due Examination Courses of his Life, that He neither dis- before sufficient Justices and discreet placed Tenants, discharged Servants, nor Magistrates. denied the access of the poor ; but, mak Joan Flower before her Conviction ing Strangers welcome, did all the good called for bread and butter, and wished offices of a Noble Lord, by which he got it might never go through her if she were the Love and good-will of the Country, guilty of the Matter she was Accused of; his Noble Countess being of the same and upon mumbling of it in her Mouth disposition : So that Belvoir Castle was a she never spoke more, but fell down and continual Place of Entertainment, Espe- Died, as she was carried to Lincoln Jail, cially to Neighbours, where Joan Flower being extremely tormented both in Soul and her Daughter were not only relieved and Body, and was Buried at Ancaster. at the first, but Joan was also admitted Chairwoman and her daughter Marga
The Examination of Margarett Flower rett as a Continual Dweller in the Castle,
the 22nd of January, 1618. looking to the Poultry abroad, and the She confessed that, about four years washhouse at Home; and thus they since, her Mother sent her for the right Continued till found guilty of some mis- Hand glove of Henry Lord Ross, and demeanor which was discovered to the afterwards her Mother bid her go again Lady. The first complaint against Joan to the Castle of Belvoir, and bring down Flower the Mother was that she was a the glove, or some other thing, of Henry Monstrous malicious Woman, full of Lord Ross's; and when she asked for Oaths, Curses, and irreligious Impreca- what, her Mother answered to hurt My tions, and, as far as appeared, a plain Lord Ross ; upon which she brought Atheist. As for Margarett, her Daughter, down a glove, and gave it to her Mother, she was frequently accused of going from who stroked Rutterkin her cat (the Imp) the Castle, and carrying Provisions away with it, after it was dipped in hot water, in unreasonable Quantities, and returning and, so, pricked it often after; which in such unseasonable Hours that they Henry Lord Ross fell sick, and soon after could not but Conjecture at some mis- Died. She further said that finding a chief amongst them; and that their ex- glove, about two or three years since of traordinary Expences tended both to rob Francis Lord Ross's, she gave it to her the Lady and served also to maintain mother, who put it into hot water, and some debauched and Idle Company which afterwards took it out, and rubbed it on frequented Joan Flower's House. In Rutterkin (the Imp,) and bid him go some time the Countess misliking her upwards, and afterwards buried it in the (Joan's) Daughter Margarett, and disco- yard, and said “a mischief light on him vering some Indecencies in her Life, and but he will mend again." She further the Neglect of her Business, discharged confessed that her Mother and her and
her sister agreed together to bewitch the remarks as would tend to obviate undue Earl and his Lady, that they might have impressions. Instances are already reno more children, and being asked the corded in this work of the dreadful in. cause of this their malice and ill-will, she fluence which superstitious notions prosaid that, about four years since, the duce on the illiterate. Countess, taking a dislike to her, gave her forty shillings, a Bolster, and a mat NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. tress, and bid her be at Home, and come Mean Temperature 40 • 72. no more to dwell at the Castle; which she not only took ill, but grudged it in her heart very much, swearing to be re
March 13. venged upon her, on which her Mother
CHRONOLOGY. took wool out of the Mattress, and a pair
On the 13th of March, 1614, in the of gloves which were given her by Mr. Vo- reign of king James I., Bartholomew vason, and put them into warm water, min- Legat, an Arian, was burnt in Smithfield gling them with some blood, and stirring for that heresy. it together; then she took them out of the water, and rubbed them on the belly 1722, March 13, there were bonfires, of Rutterkin, saying, “the Lord and the illuminations, ringing of bells, and other Lady would have Children but it would demonstrations of joy, in the cities of Lonbe long first.” She further confessed don and Westminster, upon the dissolution that, by her Mother's command, she of the septennial parliament.* brought to her a piece of a handkerchief of the Lady Catherine, the Earl's Daugh NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. ter, and her Mother put it into hot water, Mean Temperature ... 40 • 47. and then, taking it out, rubbed it upon Rutterkin, bidding him “fly and go," whereupon Rutterkin whined and cryed
March 14. “ Mew," upon which the said Rutterkin
FOOTBALL. had no more power of the Lady Catherine To the Editor of the Every-Day Book. to hurt her. Margarett Flower and Phillis Flower, during fine weather, football is played
Sir,-Perhaps you are not aware that, the Daughters of Joan Flower, were executed at Lincoln for Witchcraft
, March every Sunday afternoon, in the fields, be
tween Oldfield's dairy and Copenhagen12, 1618.
house, near Islington, by Irishmen. It Whoever reads this history should con- generally commences at three o'clock, and sider the ignorance and dark superstition is continued till dusk. The boundaries are of those times; but certainly these women fixed and the parties chosen. I believe, were vile abandoned wretches to pretend as is usual in the sister kingdom, countyto do such wicked things.
men play against other county-men. Some “Seek not unto them that have familiar fine specimens of wrestling are occasionspirits, nor wizards, nor unto witches ally exhibited, in order to delay the two that peep and that mutter : should not a
men who are rivals in the pursuit of the people seek unto their God." Isaiah xix.
ball; meantime the parties’ friends have
time to pursue the combat, and the quick This entry in the church book of Bote arrival of the ball to the goal is generally tesford is certainly very curious. Its the consequence, and a lusty shout is being read at this time, to the visitors of given by the victors. the monuments, must spread the “ When a boy, football was commonly derful story" far and near among the played on a Sunday morning, before country people, and tend to the increase church time, in a village in the west of of the sexton's perquisites; but surely if England, and the church-piece was las that officer be allowed to disseminate the ground chosen for it.
I'am, &c. tale, he ought to be furnished with a few Islington.
J. R. P. sensible strictures which he might be required to read at the same time. In all
Royal Bridal. probability, the greater number of visi
On the 14th of March, 1734, his serene tants are attracted thither by the surpri
highness the prince of Orange was marsing narrative, and there is at least one ried, at St. James's, to the princess-royal. hand from whom might te solicited such
* British Chronologist.
At eleven o'clock at night, the royal been made, and duly reported, the young family supped in public in the great statemen, as was usual, were to mix in various ball-room.
parts, of which the chief was to shoot at the About one, the bride and bridegroom popingay, an ancient game formerly pracretired,and afterwards sat up in their bed- tised with archery, and then with firechamber, in rich undresses, to be seen by arms. This was the figure of a bird, the nobility, and other company at court. decked with party-coloured feathers, so
On the following day there was a more as to resemble a popingay or parrot. It splendid appearance of persons of quality was suspended to a pole, and served for to pay their compliments to the royal a mark, at which the competitors dispair than was ever seen at this court; charged their fusees and carbines in rotaand in the evening there was a ball tion, at the distance of sixty or seventy equally magnificent, and the prince of paces. He whose ball brought down Orange danced several minuets.
the mark, held the proud title of capA few days before the nuptials, the tain of the popingay for the remainder Irish
peers resident in London, not having of the day, and was usually escorted in received summonses to attend the royal triumph to the most reputable chargeprocession, met to consider their claims to house in the neighbourhood, where the be present, and unanimously resolved evening was closed with conviviality, that neither themselves nor the peeresses conducted under his auspices.” From the would attend the wedding as spectators, accuracy and research of the author, I am and that they would not send to the lord inclined to take it for granted, that this chamberlain's office for their tickets.* sport was common in Scotland.
A friend informs me it is common in
Switzerland, and I have no doubt obTHE “ PAPEGUAY."
tained pretty generally over Europe. In To the Editor of the Every-Day Book. conclusion, allow me to remark that in my
Kennington, March 7, 1826. opinion the man on horseback, with the Sir,—The following brief observations popingay on the pole, is returning as vicon the sport mentioned at p. 289, may tor from the sport; the pole in the disnot be considered unacceptable; strange taoce evidently had the honour of supportto say, it is not mentioned by either Strutt ing the popingay, until it was carried or Fosbroke in their valuable works. away by the aim of the marksman. This sport obtained over the principal
I am, sir, &c.
T. A. parts of Europe. The celebrated composer, C. M.Von Weber, opens his opera of horrors, “ Der Frieschütz,” with a scene of at the close of the preceding letter, and
The editor is obliged by the conjecture shooting for the popingay. This is a proof that it is common in Germany, mistaken, in presuming that the French
concurs in thinking that he was himself where the successful candidate is elected a petty sovereign for the day.
print from whence the engraving was The neces
taken, represented the going out to the sity and use of such a custom in a coun
shooting. He will be happy to be intry formed for the chase, is obvious. The author of the “ Waverley" novels, accuracy, because it will assist him in his
formed of any other misconception or inin his excellent tale of “Old Mortality,” in- endeavours to render the work a faithful troduces a scene of shooting for the popin record of manners and customs. To that gay, as he terms it. It was usual for the end he will always cheerfully correct any sheriff to call out the feudal array of the
error of opinion or statement. county, annually, to what was called the wappen-schaws. The author says, “ The sheriff of the county of Lanark was hold
NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. ing the wappen-schaw of a wild district, Mean Temperature ... 40.90. called the Upper Ward of Clydesdale, on a traugh or level plain, near to a royal borough, the name of which is in no way
March 15. essential to my story, upon the morning of the 5th of May, 1679, when our narra
The Highgate Custom. tive commences. When the musters had With much pleasure insertion is given
to the following letter and its accompany. . Gentleman's Magazine.
To the Editor of the Every-Day Book. which was introduced in the pantomime
of Harlequin Teague, performed at the Seymour-street, Feb. 18, 1826.
Haymarket theatre, in August, 1742. If Sir,--In illustration of the custom or you think it worthy the columns of your « Swearing on the horns at Highgate," valuable work, it is at your service. described at p. 79, in the Every-Day Book
&c. of the present year, I enclose you a song,
Song by the Landlord of the Horns
Full on your father look, sir;
So lay your hand on the Hornbook, sir.
Spend not with cheaters, nor cozeners, your life,
Nor waste it on profligate beauty;
And true to all petticoat duty.
To drink to a man when a woman is near,
You never should hold to be right, sir ;
Or eat brown bread when you can get white, sir.
To kiss with the maid when the mistress is kind,
A gentleman ought to be loth, sir :
Or you may, if you like it, kiss both, sir.
Kiss away, &c.
When you travel to Highgate, take this oath again,
And again, like a sound man, and true, sir,
Be sure you make them take it too, sir.
Bless you, &c.
a letter is selected for insertion this day, Mean Temperature. . . 40: 8. because it happens to be an open one,
and therefore free for pleasant intelligence March 16.
on any subject connected with the pur
pose of this publication. It is an advanCornish Sports,
tage resulting from the volume already
before the public, that it acquaints its Origin of Piccadilly.
readers with the kind of information deFrom several valuable communications, sired to be conveyed, more readily than the