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To our verie loving good ffreind sir the several showes and devices of each

Gilbert Loughton, knight, geave theis combatant." Every challenger fought with speed :

with eight several defendants two several “ After our hartie commendacions unto combats at two several weapons, viz. at you. The prince, his highnes, hath push of pike, and with singlé sword, comanded us to signifie to you that whereas “The prince performed this challenge with he doth intend to make a challenge in his wonderous skill and courage, to the great owne person at the Barriers, with sixe joy and admiration of the beholders," he other assistants, to bee performed some not being full sixteene yeeres of age tyme this Christmas; and that he hath untill the 19th of February." These feats, made choice of you for one of the defend- and other " triumphant shewes,” began ants (whereof wee have comandement to before ten o'clock at night, and continued give you knowledge), that theruppon you until three o'clock the next morning, may so repaire hither to prepare yourselfe, “ being Sonday.” The speeches at “ the as you may bee fitt to attend him. Here- barriers” were written by Ben Jonson. unto expecting your speedie answer wee The next day (Sunday) the prince rode in rest, from Whitehall this 25th of Decem- great pomp to convoy the king to St James', ber, 1609. Your very loving freindes, whither he had invited him and all the Notingbam. | T.Suffolke. | E.Worcester.” court to supper, whereof the queen alone : On New-year's Day, 1610, or the day was absent; and then the prince bestowed after, the prince's challenge was pro- prizes to the three combatants best declaimed at court, and “ his highnesse, in serving ; namely, the earl of Montgomery, his own lodging, in the Christmas, did sir Thomas Darey (son to lord Darey), feast the earles, barons, and knights, as

and sir Robert Gourdon.* In this way sailants and defendants, untill the great the court spent Twelfth-night in 1610. Twelfth appointed night, on which this great fight was to be performed.”

On Twelfth-night, 1753, George II. On the 6th of January, in the evening, played at hazard for the benefit of the “ the barriers” were held at the palace of groom porter. All the royal family who Whitehall, in the presence of the king and played were winners, particularly the queen, the ambassadors of Spain and duke of York, who won 30001. The Venice, and the peers and ladies of the most considerable losers were the duke land, with a multitude of others assembled of Grafton, 'the marquis of Hartington, in the banqueting-house: at the upper the earl of Holderness, earl of Ashburnend whereof was the king's chair of state, ham, and the earl of Hertford. The prince and on the right hand a sumptuous pa- of Wales (father of George III.) with vilion for the prince and his associates, prince Edward and a select company, from whence, with great bravery and danced in the little drawing room tili ingenious devices, they descended into eleven o'clock, and then withdrew.t the middell of the roome, and there the prince performed his first feats of armes,

Old Christmas-day. that is to say, at Barriers, against ali According to the alteration of the commers, being assisted onlie with six style, Christmas-day falls others, viz. the duke of Lenox, the earle Twelfth-day, and in distant parts is even of Arundell, the earle of Southampton, kept in our time as the festival of the nathe lord Hay, sir Thomas Somerset, and tivity. In 1753, Old Christmas-day was sir Richard Preston, who was shortly after observed in the neighbourhood of 'Worcreated lord Dingwell.”

cester by the Anti-Gregorians, full as To answer these challengers came fifty- sociably, if not so religiously, as formerly. six earles, barons, knights, and esquiers. In several villages, the parishioners so They were at the lower end of the roome, strongly insisted upon having an oldwhere was erected “a very delicat and style nativity sermon, as they term it, pleasant place, where in privat manner that their ministers couldĮ not well avoid they and their traine renained, which preaching to them : and, at some towns, was so very great that no man imagined where the markets are held on Friday, that the place could have concealed halfe not a butter basket, nor even a Goose, so many.

From thence they issued, in was to be seen in the market-place the comely order, to the middell of the roome, whole day. where sate the king and the queene, and * Mr. Nichols's Progresses of James I. the court,“ to behold the barriers, with Gentleman's Magazine.

* Ibid.



To heighten the festivities of Christmas, 1825, the good folks of “ London and its

January 7.

19 environs" were invited to Sadler's Wells, by the following whimsical notice, printed

1826. Distaff's Day.* and distributed as a handbill: « SOVEREIGNS WILL BE TAKEN,

STANZAS ON THE NEW YEAR. during the Christmas holidays, and as long as any body will bring them to SADLER'S I stood between the meeting years, WELLS; nay so little fastidious are the The coming and the past, Proprietors of that delectable fascinating And I ask'd of the future one, snuggery, that, however incredible it may Wilt thou be like the last? appear, they, in some cases, have actually had the liberality to prefer Gold to Paper. The same in piany, a sleepless night, Without attempting to investigate their

In many an anxious day ? .

Thank Heaven! I have no prophet's eye motives for such extraordinary conduct,

To look upon thy way! we shall do them theljustice to say, they certainly give an amazing quantum of For Sorrow like a phantom sits amusement, All in One Night, at the Upon the last Year's close. HOUSE ON THE HEATH, where, be- How much of grief, how much of ill, sides the THREE CRUMPIES, AND

In its dark breast repose ! THE BARON AND HIS BROTHERS, Shadows of faded Hopes flit by, an immense number of fashionables are

And ghosts of Pleasures fled : expected on MERLIN'S MOUNT, and How. have they chang'd from what they some of the first Cambriam families will

were ! countenanceHARLEQUIN CYMRAEG,

Cold, colourless, and dead. in hopes to partake of the Living Leek, which being served up the last thing be- I think on many a wasted hour,

And sicken o'er the void ; fore supper, will constitute a most excel

And lent Christmas carminative, preventing

darker are behind, many

On worse than nought employ'd. the effects of night air on the crowds who will adorn this darling little edifice. In Oh Vanity! alas, my heart ! addition to a most effective LIGHT COM- How widely hast thou stray'd PANY engaged here, a very respectably And misused every golden gift sized Moon will be in attendance to light For better purpose made ! home a greater number of Patrons than

I think on many a once-loved friend ever this popular petted Palace of Panto

As nothing to me now; mime is likely to produce. We say no

And what can mark the lapse of time thing of warmth and comfort, acquired by

As does an alter'd brow ? recent improvements, because these matters will soon be subjects of common con- Perhaps 'twas but a careless word versation, and omit noticing the happi- That sever'd Friendship's chain ; ness of Half-price, and the cheering qua- And angry Pride stands by each gap, lities of the Wine-room, fearful of wound- Lest they unite again. ing in the bosom of the Manager that Less sad, albeit more terrible, innate modesty which is ever the conco

To think upon the dead, mitant of merit; we shall therefore con

Who quiet in the lonely grave clude, by way of invitation to the dubi

Lay down their weary head. ous, in the language of an elegant writer, by asserting that the Proof of the Puds For faith and hope, and peace, and trust, ding is in-VERBUM SAT.”

Are with their happier lot :
Though broken is their bond of love,

At least we broke it not.
NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. Thus thinking of the meeting years,
Mean Temperature --- 37. 12. The coming and the past,

I needs must ask the future one,

Wilt thou be like the last ?

* See vol. i. p. 61.

There came a sound, but not af speech,

MONEY AND THE MOON. That to my thought replied,

Gentle reader, “ Misery is the marriage-gift That waits a mortal bride :.

If thou art not over-much prejudiced

by the advances of modernization, (I like “ But lift thine hopes from this base earth, a long new-coined word, so that, even in This waste of worldly care,

these “ latter days," thou dost not hesi. And wed thy faith to yon bright sky, tate to place explicit reliance on ancient, For Happiness dwells there !"

yet infallible“ sayings and doings," (anLE. L.*

cient enough, since they have been handed

down to us by our grandmothers—and who NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. would doubt the weight and authority of Mean Temperature ... 35. 85. so many years ?—and infallible enough,

since they themselves absolutely believed

in their" quite-correctness,") I will tell thee January 8,

a secret well worth knowing, if that can 1826. First Sunday after Epiphany.

be called a secret which arises out of a

well-known and almost universal custom, CHRONOLOGY.

at least, in “ days of yore." It is neither On the 8th of January, 1753, died șir more nor less than the possession throughThomas Burnet, one of the judges of the out“ the rolling year" of a pocket never court of Common Pleas, of the gout in without money. Is not this indeed a his stomach, at his house in Lincoln's-inn secret well worth knowing? Yet the fields. He was the eldest son of the cele- means of its accomplishment are exceedbrated Dr. Gilbert Burnet, bishop of ingly simple (as all difficult things are Salisbury; was several years consul at when once known); On the first day of Lisbon: and in November, 1741, made the first new moon of the new year, or so one of the judges of the Common Pleas, soon afterwards as you observe it, all that in room of judge Fortescue, who was ap- you have to do is this : on the first pointed master of the rolls. On No- glance you take at “ pale Luna's silvery vember 23, 1745, when the lord chancellor, crest” in the western sky, put your hand judges, and association of the gentlemen in your pocket, shut your eyes, and turn of the law, waited on his majesty with the smallest piece of silver coin you postheir address, on occasion of the rebellion, sess upside down in your said pocket. he was knighted. He was an able and up- This will ensure you (if you will but trust right judge, and a great benefactor to the its infallibility!) throughout the whole poor.t

summum bonum" of earthly wishes, a pocket never empty. If, how. ever, you neglect, on the first appearance

of the moon, your case is hopeless; neverTo the Editor of the Every-Day Book. theless and notwithstanding, at a future Sir,

new moon you may pursue the same Encouraged by your various expres- course, and it will be sure to hold good sions of willingness to receive notices of 7 during the then current month, but not a customs not already“ imprinted” in your

li« whit" longer. first volume, I take the liberty of pre

This mention of the new moon and its senting the first of several which I have crest brings to mind a few verses I wrote not yet seen in print.

some time ago, and having searched my I am, sir,

scrap-book, (undoubtedly not such a one

as Geoffery Crayon's) I copied them from Your constant reader,

thence, and they are here under. Although Chelsea.

J. O. W. written in the merry 'merry month

of May,” they may be read in the dreary * New Monthly Magazine, January, 1826.

dark December," for every new moon + Gentleman's Magazine,

presents the same beautiful phenomenon.

year that


A Simile.
Hast thou ne'er marked, when first the crescent moon
Shines faintly in the western horizon,
O'er her whole orb a slight soft blush o'erspread,

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As though she were abashed to be thus seen
From the sun's couch with silver steps retreating?
Hast thou ne'er marked, that when by slow degrees,
Night after night, her crescént shape is lost,
And steadily she gains her stores of light,
Till half her form resplendently proclaims
An envious rival to the stars around
Then mark'st thou not, that nought of her sweet blush
Remains to please the gazer's wistful sight,
And that she shines increasingly in strength,
Till she is full-orb'd, mistress of the sky ?-
So is it with the mind, when silently
Into the young heart's void steals timorous love.
Then enter with it fancy's fairy dreams,
Visions of glory, reveries of bliss;
And then they come and go, till comés, alas !
Knowledge, forced on us, of the “ world without !"
How soon these scenes of beauty disappear!
How soon fond thought sinks into nothingness !
How soon the mind discovers that true bliss
Reposes not on sublunary things,
But is alone when passion's blaze is o'er

In that high happy sphere, where love's supreme.
Here it may not be out of place to en- justices at Westminster-hall

, for personatdeavour to describe, as familiarly as pos- ing various characters and names, and sible, the cause of the lunar appearance. defrauding numbers of people, in order to Hold a piece of looking-glass in a ray of support his extravagance. It appeared sunshine, and then move a small ball by the evidence, that he had cheated a through the reflected ray: it is easy to taylor of a suit of velvet clothes, trimmed conceive that both sides will be illumined; with gold ; a jeweller of upwards of 1007 that side towards the sun by the direct in rings and watches, which he pawned sunbeam, and the side towards the mirror, a coachmaker of a chaise; a carver and though less powerfully, by the reflected cabinet-maker of household goods; a sunbeam. In a somewhat similar manner, hosier, hatter, and shoemaker; and, in the earth supplies the place of the mirror, short, some of almost every other business, and as at every new moon, and for several to the amount of a large súm. He some days after the moon is in that part of her times appeared like a gentleman attended orbit between the earth and the sun, the with livery servants ; sometimes as a norays of the sun are reflected from the bleman's steward ; and, in the summer earth to the dark side of the moon, and time, he travelled the west of England, in consequently to the inhabitants of that the character of Doctor Rock; and, at the part of the moon, (if any such there be, same time, wrote to London for goods, in and query why should there not be such ?) the names of the Rev. Laroche, and the the earth must present the curious appear- Rev. Thomas Strickland. The evidence ance of a full moon of many times the was full against him ; notwithstanding diameter which ours presents.

which, he made a long speech in his own J. O. W. defence. He was sentenced to six months'

hard labour in Bridewell, and, within that NATURALISTS' CALENDAR, time, to be six times publicly whipped. Mean Temperature ... 36 .05. Such offences are familiar to tradesmen

of the present times, through many perpeJanuary 9.

trators of the like stamp; but all of them

are not of the same audacity as Stroud, 1826. Plough Monday.

who in the month following his convicThe first Monday after Twelfth day.* tion, wrote and published bis life, wherein CHRONOLOGY.

he gives a very extraordinary account fof On the 9th of January, 1752, William his adventures, but passes slightly over, Stroud was tried before the bench of or palliates his blackest crimes. He was

bred a haberdasher of small wares in * See yol, i, p. 71.

Fleet-street, married his mistress's sister

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before his apprenticeship determined, set from the White Bear to St. James s church up in the Poultry, became a bankrupt, in Piccadilly.' three months got bis certificate signed, and again set up in Holborn, where he NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. lived but a little while before he was Mean Temperature 36 • 12. thrown into the King's Bench for debt, and there got acquainted with one Playstowe, who gradually led him into scenes January 10. of fraud, which he afterwards imitated.

Winter in London. Playstowe being a handsome man, usually passed for a gentleman, and Stroud for On the 10th of January, 1812, it is his steward ; at last the former, after many observed, that London was this day inadventures, married a girl with 40001., volved, for several hours, in palpable flew to France, and left Stroud in the darkness. The shops, offices, &c., were lurch, who then retired to Yorkshire, and necessarily lighted up; but, the streets not lived some time with his aunt, pretending being lighted as at night, it required no his wife was dead, and he was just on the small care in the passenger to find his brink of marrying advantageously, when way, and avoid accidents.

The sky, his real character was traced. He then where any light pervaded it, showed the went to Ireland, passed for a man of aspect of bronze. Such is, occasionally, fashion, hired an equipage, made the most the effect of the accumulation of smoke of that country, and escaped to London. · between two opposite gentle currents, or His next grand expedition was to the by means of a misty calm. The fuliginous west of England, where he still personated cloud was visible, in this instance, from a the man of fortune, got acquainted with a distance of forty miles. Were it not for young lady, and pursued her to London, the extreme mobility of our atmosphere, where justice overtook him; and, instead this volcano of a hundred thousand months of wedlock, bound him in the fetters of would, in winter, be scarcely habitable !+ Bridewell. On the 24th of June, 1752, Stroud re

* Gentleman's Magazine. ceived “ his last and severest whipping,

| Howard on Climate.

Winter in the Country.

All out door work
Now stands; the waggoner, with wisp-wound feet,
And wheelspokes almost filled, his destined stage
Scarcely can gain. O'er bill, and vale, and wood,
Sweeps the snow.pinioned blast, and all things veils
In white array, disguising to the view
Objects well known, now faintly recognised.
One colour clothes the mountain and the plain,
Save where the feathery flakes melt as they fall
Upon the deep blue stream, or scowling lake,
Or where some beetling rock o'erjutting hangs
Above the vaulty precipice's cove.
Formless, the pointed cairn now scarce o'ertops
The level dreary waste; and coppice woods,
Diminished of their height, like bushes seem.
With stooping heads, turned from the storm, the flocks,
Onward still urged by man and dog, escape
The smothering drift ; while, skulking at a side,
Is seen the fox, with close downfolded tail,
Watching his time to seize a straggling prey ;
Or from some lofty crag he ominous howls,
And makes approaching night more dismal fall.


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