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It smiles upon the lap of May,

Day Break in the Country. To sultry August spreads its charms,

Awake! awake! the flowers udfold, Lights pale October on his way,

Aud tremble bright in the sun, And twines December's arms.

And the river shines a lake of gold,

For the young day has begun. The purple heath, the golden broom,

The air is blythe, the sky is blue, On moory mountains catch the gale,

And the lark, on lightsome wings, O'er lawns the lily sheds perfume,

From bushes that sparkle rich with dew, The violet in the vale ;

To heaven her matin sings. But this bold floweret climbs the hill,

Then awake, awake, while music's note, Hides in the forests, haunts the glen,

Now bids thee sleep to shun, Plays on the margin of the rill,

Light zephyrs of fragrance round thee float

For the young day has begun. Peeps round the fox's den.

I've wandered o'er yon field of light, Within the garden's cultured round, Where daisies wildly spring,

It shares the sweet carnation's bed; And traced the spot where fays of night And blooms on consecrated ground

Flew round ou elfin wing : In honour of the dead.

And I've watch'd the sudden darting beam

Make gold the field of grain,
The lambkin crops its crimson gem, Until clouds obscur'd the passing gleam

The wild bee murmurs on its breast, And all frown'd dark again.
The blue fly bends its pensile stem, Then awake, awake, each warbling bird,
Lights o'er the skylark's nest.

Now hails the dawning sun,

Labour's enlivening song is heard, 'Tis Flora's page:-in every place

For the young day has begun. lo every season fresh and fair

Is there to contemplation given It opens with perennial grace,

An hour like this one, And blossoms every where.

When twilight's starless manile's riven On waste and woodland, rock and plain,

By the uprising sun ? Its humble buds unheeded rise ;

When featlier'd warblers fleet awake, The rose has but a summer reign,

His breaking beams to see, The daisy never dies.

And hill and grove, and bush and brake,

Are fill'd with melody.

Then awake, awake, all seem to chide The flower aptly described by Mr. Thy sleep, as round they ruu, Montgomery as a companion of the sun,' The glories of heaven lie far and wide, is not forgotten by a contemporary“ child For the young day has begun.

R. Ryan of song," from whom, until now, no illustration has graced these pages: the Our elder poets are rife in description absence may be apologized for, by open- of the spring; but passing their abundant ing one of his views of nature imme- stores to “ Rare Ben," one extract more, diately.

and “ the day is done."
Whence is it

Winter is so quite forced hence
And lock'd up under ground, that ev'ry sense
Hath several objects; trees have got their heads,
The fields their coats; that now the shining meads
Do boast the paunse, lily, and the rose ;
And every flower doth laugh as zephyr blows:
The seas are now more even than the land ;,
The rivers run as smoothed by his hand;
Only their heads are crisped by his stroke.
How plays the yearling, with his brow scarce broke,
Now in the open grass ; and frisking lambs
Make wanton 'saults about their dry suck'd dams ?
Who, to repair their bags, do rob the fields ?
How is't each bough a several musicis yields ?
The lusty throstle, early nightingale,
Accord in tune, tho' vary in their tale;
The chirping swallow, call’d forth by the sun,
And crested lark doth his division run :
The yellow bees the air with murmur fill,
The finches carol, and the turtles bill.


April 20.


April 21.“
Mean Temperature ... 48.52.

Of the Recorder of London.
Leaving " hill and valley, dale and

field,” we turn for “a passing time" to DUCHESS OF EXETER'S WILL.

scenes where, according to the authority To the Editor of the Every-Day Book.

subjoined by a worthy correspondent, we

find “ disorder-order." Sir,-A notice of St. Katherine's

ANCIENT PICKPOCKETS. church, near the tower, having already appeared in your first volume, induces To the Editor of the Every Day Book. me to subjoin, from“Testamenta Vetusta,"

April 15, 1826. by Nicholas Harris Nicolas, Esq., * the Sir,—The following notice of an anwill of the duchess of Exeter, who was cient school for learning how to pick buried at the east end of the church now pockets is, I conceive, worthy notice in no longer existing.

the Every-Day Book.
I am, Sir, &c.

I am, Sir, &c.
I. ETT. Kennington.

T. A. “ Ann Holland, Dutchess of Exeter, In the spring of 1585, Fleetwood, the April 20, 1457. My Body to be buried recorder of London, with some of his in the Chapel of the Chancel of the Church brother magistrates, spent a day searchof St. Kaiharine's, beside the Tower of ing about after sundry persons who were London, where the Corpse of my Lord and receivers of felons. A considerable numhusband is buried, and I forbid my ber were found in London, Westminster, executors to make any great feast, or to Southwark, and the suburbs, with the have a solemn hearse, or any costly lights, names of forty-five“ masterless men and or largess of liveries, according to the cutpurses, whose practice was to rob glory or vain pomp of the world, at my gentlemen's chambers and artificers' shops funeral, but only to the worship of God, in and about London. They also disafter the discretion of Mr. John Pynche- covered seven houses of entertainment for beke, Doctor in Divinity, one of my such in London; six in Westminster, three Executors. To the Master of St. Katha in the suburbs, and two in Southwark. rines, if he be present at the dirige and Among the rest they found out one mass on my burial day, vis. viiid.; to Watton, a gentleman born, and formerly every brother of that College being then a merchant of respectability but fallen present, iiis. ivd.; to every priest of the into decay. This person kept an alehouse same College then present, xxd.; to at Smart's quay, near Billingsgate; but for every Clerk then present, xiid.; to every some disorderly conduct it was put down. Chorister, vid.; to every Sister then pre- On this he began a new business, and sent, xxd.; to every bedeman of the said opened his house for the reception of all the place, virid.; will that my executors cutpurses in and about the city. In this find an honest priest to say mass and house was a room to learn young boys to pray for my soul, my lords soul, and all cut purses. Two devices were hung up; Christian souls, in the Chapel where my one was a pocket, and another was a Body be buried, for the space of seven purse. The pocket had in it certain years next after my decease; and that for counters, and was hung round with so doing he receive every year xii marks, hawks' bells, and over them hung a little and daily to say Placebo, Dirige, and sacring bell.* The purse had silver in Mass, when so disposed.” The duchess's it; and he that could take out a counter will was proved on the 15th of May, without any noise, was allowed to be a 1458,

public foyster ;t and he that could take a

piece of silver out of the purse without NATURALISTS' CALENDAR.

noise of any of the bells, was adjudged a Mean Temperature. 49. 10.

* A small bell used in the ceremony of the

mass, and rung on the elevation of the conse• Nichols and Son, 2 vols. royal 8vo.

A pick ynsket.

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April 22.

He wore

clever nypper.* These places gave great. a violent thumping upon the floor of the encouragement to evil doers in these times, passage leading to the parlour, which was but were soon after suppressed. continued at an interval of every third

secund, announced the approach of some NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. one who clearly imagined himself of no Mean Temperature'. , 48.77.

little importance, and thoroughly disturbed the quaker-like serenity of appear. ance which then prevailed in the room. “How is my dear good lady, and all her

little ones? and her respectable hus, A JEW IS A THIEF!

band ?" inquired the stranger on the out“ So runs the proverb; so believes the world."

side. Without waiting for a reply to the At least so say a great many who call thrown wide open, and in came a tall thin

two questions, the door was suddenly themselves Christians, and who are willing to believe all evil of the Jews, who, in noting that it had seen at least ninety

figure of man, with a face plainly decompliment to their own questionable winters, and bearing a beard of a dirty goodness, they “religiously” hate, with all the soul of " irreligion.” The follow- divided in the centre, but coming from

gray colour, some inches in length, and ing account of an individual of the Jewish under and above the ears, over which was persuasion, well known to many observers tied a gaudy red and yellow silk handof London characters, inay disturb their kerchief, and a huge pair of heavy costlyposition : it is communicated by a gentle looking silver spectacles, which “' ever and man who gives his name to the editor with anon” he raised from his nose. the article.

a coat which had once been blue, the THE JEW NEAR JEWIN-STREET.

skirts whereof almost hung to the ground, For the Every-Day Book.

and were greatly in the fashion of a Green.

wich pensioner's; a velvet waistcoat with They who are in the habit of observing a double row of pearl buttons, to which the remarkable beings that perambulate was appended, through one of the buttonthe streets of this metropolis, either for holes, a blue spotted handkerchief, reachprofit or pleasure, must have observed ing down to his knees, a pair of tight * J. Levy,” not, to use a common phrase, pantaloons, which evidently had been ins “ an every-day character," but one who, tended for another, as they scarcely gained for singularity of personal appearance, the calf of his leg, and from the fobs oddity of dress, simplicity of manner, and whereof were suspended two watch-chains constant industry, deserves a place in your with a profusion of seals; and, on his Every-Day Book.

head, was a hat projecting almost to points For the last eighty years has Levy in the centre and back, but narrow in the trudged the streets of “ London and its sides. In his right hand a huge but wellenvirons," --followed, latterly, by a dirty made stick, wielded and pushed forward lame Jew boy, carrying a huge mahogany upon the ground by a powerful effort, closed-up box, containing watches manu. had been the noisy herald of his approach. factured by makers of all degrees, from On entering the room, he cast an in. Tomkin to Levy of Liverpool with quiring look upon his astonished and jewellery of the most costly kind, to quiet auditors, and stood for a moinent to trinkets of Birmingham manufacture; see the effect of his appearance : then, and, strange to say, though his dealings after an awful pause, lifting his spectacles have been extensive to a degree beyond to his nose, and almost thrusting his old imagination, he has bitherto given univer- but piercing eyes over the cases, with a sal satisfaction.

tiger-like step he advanced to the full front A few evenings since, as I was smoking of a quiet, inoffensive, Jack-Robinsonmy accustomed every-day cigar," at a sort-of-a-man who was smoking his pipe, respectable house in Jewin-street, and and, throwing his stick under his left arm, looking quietly at the different sorts of he took off his huge hat, thereby discoverpersons forming the company assembled, ing a small velvet cap on the top of his

head, and holding out his right hand he exA pickpurse, or cutpurse, so called from claimed, “ Well, my good friend, how are persons having their purses hanging in front you? my eyes are weak, but I can always, from their girdle.

yes, always, discern a good friend : how


are you? how is your good lady? I hope be beautifuls," which was of course she is in good health and all the little ones." granted, and the girl at parting was The astonished “ Christian” looked as if more liberally rewarded by the poor he could have swallowed the pipe from despised Jew, than by any other person which he was smoking, on being thus in the room. Commiserating the feelings of addressed by the bearded descendant of a seemingly poor, and ancient man, whose Moses, and being absolutely deprived of religion and singularity of manner were speech, cast an inquiring look of dismay his only crime, I spoke to him, and was around on his neighbours, who so far from highly delighted to find him infinitely commiserating his feelings, actually ex- superior to any about him; that is to say, pressed by smiling countenances, the plea- so far as I could judge, for the greater sure they took in the rencontre. This was number plainly showed, that they conadding oil to the fire,when suddenly turning sidered silence a sign of wisdom; profull in the face of the Jew, who still held bably it was so—with them. out his hand for a friendly shrug, be ex Upon Levy leaving the room, I found claimed with a voice of phrenzy, “My he had lived in one house, in the neighwife knows thee not! I know thee not! bourhood, for upwards of sixty years, and My children know thee not! Leave me! borne an irreproachable character; that go!" The Jew's hand was quickly with no man has ever called on him a second drawn, while his alarmed countenance time for money due; that from good. expressed the terror of his poor soul. ness of heart, he has often gave away The humiliated Jew said not a word, but the fruits of his industry, and deprived quietly took his seat in the further corner himself of personal luxuries, to add to the of the room, and thence cast his eyes on comforts of others, without considering . a clock which was affixed to the wall, whether they were Jew or Gentile; that as if afraid of looking on a living object. in his own house, be is liberal of his He remained some minutes in this pitiable wine, and of attention to his guests; and situation. At last, he took from his that he does not deny, though he is far pocket, three or four watches, which he from publishing, that he has acquired regularly applied to his ear, and after- wealth. And, yet, this honourable and wards wound up; then laying them upon venerable man, after having reached his the table, he triumphantly looked at the ninety-third year, because of his eccentric company, and — by his eyes — boldly costume and appearance, was deprived of challenged them to produce a wealth, the comforts of passing a happy hour, equal to that he exposed to their view. after the fatigues of the day. This I trust Apparently satisfied, in his own mind, of for the credit of christianity, and for his his superiority as to wealth, over the man sake, is not a circumstance of “ every who had so cruelly denied all knowledge day." of him, he called in a kind, but a sup

E. W. W. pressed voice to the servant in attendance,-"Well, my dear! bring me a glass NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. of good gin and water, sweet with sugar, Mean Temperature ... 48.67. mind little girl, and I will gratefully thank you; it will comfort my, poor old heart." “ You shall have it, sir," said the

Apri 23. admiring girl, directing her attention to

ST. GEORGE's Day. the exposed jewellery. They were the first kind words heard in that room by

1826. King's birth-day kept. poor Levy, and they seemed to draw For an account of St. George the patron Tears from his eyes; for, from his pocket, saint of England, and how he fought and he brought forth as many handkerchiefs, conquered a cruel dragon, and thereby of the most opposite and glowing colours, saved the princess of Sylene from being as the grave digger in Hainlet casts of devoured, see vol. i. p. 496—502. waistcoats, all of which he successively applied to his eyes. The girl quickly re On St. George's day, people of fashion turned with the required gin and water, were accustomed, even to the beginning and, after repeated stirring and tasting, of the nineteenth century, to wear coats casting an eager look at her, he, with the of cloth of blue, being the national colour most marked humility, begged “one in honour of the national saint. This, little, little bit more sugar, and it would however, seems to be a reasonable con

jecture for the custom. Mr. Archdeacon St. George's day at the court of St. Nares, and other antiquaries, are at a loss James's is a grand day, and, therefore, a for the real origin of the usage, which is collar day, and observed accordingly by ancient. In old times there were splendid the knights of the different orders. pageants on this festival. At Leicester, the "riding of the George"

Collar of S. S. was one of the principal solemnities of

This is an opportunity for mentioning the town. The inhabitants were bound to the origin of the collar worn by the attend the mayor, or to " ride against the judges. king,” as it is expressed, or for “riding

This collar is derived from Su. Simthe George,” or for any other thing to the plicius and Faustinus, two Roman senpleasure of the mayor and worship of the ators, who suffered martyrdom under town. St. George's horse, harnessed, used Dioclesian. The religious society or conto stand at the end of St. George's chapel, fraternity of St. Simplicius wore silver in St. Martin's church, Leicester.*

collars of double S. S.; between which

the collar contained twelve small pieces At Dublin, there are orders in the chain of silver, in which were engraven the book of the city, for the maintenance of twelve articles of the creed, together with the pageant of St. George to the following a single trefoil. The image of St. Simeffect :

plicius hung at the collar, and from it 1. The mayor of the preceding year seven plates, representing the seven gifts was to provide the emperor and empress of the Holy Ghost. This chain was worn with their horses and followers for the because these two brethren were martyred pageant; that is to say, the emperor with by a stone with a chain about their necks, two doctors, and the empress with two and thus thrown into the Tiber. Sir knights and two maidens, richly apparel- John Fenn says, that collars were in the led, to bear up the train of her gown.

fifteenth century ensigns of rank, of which 2. The mayor for the time being was the fashions ascertained the degrees. to find St. George a horse, and the war. They were usually formed of S. S. having dens to pay 38. Ad. for his wages that day; in the front centre a rose, or other device, and the bailiffs for the time being were to and were made of gold or silver, accordfind four horses with men mounted on ing to the bearer. He says, that knights them well apparelled, to bear the pole only wore a collar of S. S.; but this axe, the standard, and the several swords is a mistake. of the emperor and St. George.

At the marriage of prince Arthur, son 3. The elder master of the guild was to of Henry VII., in 1507, “Sir Nicholas find a maiden well attired to lead the Vaux ware a collar of Esses, which dragon, and the clerk of the market was to weyed, as the goldsmiths that made it find a golden line for the dragon.

reported, 800 pound of nobles.” The 4. The elder warden was to find four collar worn by the judges is still a collar trumpets før St. George, but St. George of S. S. divested of certain appendages.* himself was to pay their wages.

5. The younger warden was obliged to The mint mark in 1630, under Charles find the king of Dele, (Sylene,) and the I., was St. George; in the reign of James queen of Dele, (Sylene,) as also two I. it was a cross of St. George, surmountknights, to lead the queen, and two ing a St. Andrew's cross. maidens in black apparel to bear the train of her gown. He was also to cause St.

“ GOD SAVE THE King." George's chapel to be well hung with black, and completely apparelled to every

The origin of this air has exercised the purpose, and to provide it with cushions, researches of numberless individuals ; rushes, and other requisites, for the festivic whether it has been thoroughly ascertained ties of the day. +

seems doubtful; but it may be suitable These provisions and preparations refer to introduce a translation of the words to the narrative of the adventures of St. into the Welsh language, by a celebrated George already given in vol. i. p. 497. antiquary of the principality, Dr. Owen

Pugh. It is printed, verbatim, from a

private copy which the editor was favoured • Fosbroke's Dict. of Antiquities,

* Fosbroke's Dict. of Antiquities,

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* Ibid.

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