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St. John's Wood, on the first of May, instead of suffering them to collect money as heretofore; the public are therefore cautioned against encouraging in any way such collections, as they are too frequently obtained by persons of the worst descriptions, or for
the sinister purposes of their employers. N. B. The procession will start from the Bedford Arms, Charlotte-street, Bedford-square, at
On Monday, the first of May, 1826, town were constructed in such a manner (pursuant to the above notice, the first that it was utterly impossible to clear anniversary dinner of the “United So- them of soot, unless a human being was ciety of Master Chimney Sweepers,” took sent up for that purpose. He admitted place at the Eyre tavern, St. John's-wood, that some houses had chimnies which Marylebone.
were built perpendicular; but even in About eleven o'clock, two hundred of those were frequently to be met with what their apprentices proceeded in great regu- the trade called “cores,” which were large larity through the principal streets and pieces of mortar that projected out from squares at the west end of the town, ac- the brick-work, and that collected vast companied by an excellent band of music. quantities of soot on their surface, so that The clean and wholesome appearance of no machine could get over the difficulty. the lads, certainly, reflected much credit when the subject of the climbing boys on their masters, and attracted crowds of was before the house of lords, he (Mr. persons to the above tavern, where the Bennett) was sent for by the earl of boys were regaled with a substantial re- Hardwicke, who was desirous of personpast of roast beef and plum-pudding; ally ascertaining whether the practice of after which the masters themselves sat allowing boys to ascend chimnies could down to a very excellent dinner provided be dispensed with entirely.
He (Mr. for the occasion.
Bennett) had attended at his lordship's On the cloth being removed, and the residence with the machine, which was usual routine of loyal toasts drank, the tried in most of the chimnies in the chairman addressed his brother trades- huose, but the experiment failed; one of men, congratulating them on the formation his apprentices having been ultimately of a society that was calculated to do obliged to ascend for the purpose of exsuch essential service to the trade in tricating the machine from impediments general. It would be the means of pro- which were only to be surmounted by the moting the welfare of their apprentices, activity of elimbing boys. The result was, which was a feeling he was convinced that his lordship subsequently expressed every one of them had at heart,—who, in- his opinion that the machines could never stead of being permitted to loiter and answer the purposes for which they were dance about the streets on the first of May, originally intended, and therefore had his dressed up in tawdry apparel, and solicit- chimnies swept by the old method. Mr. ing money, should in future be regaled Bennett concluded by making some obwith substantial fare on each forthcoming servations on the harsh manner in which day of the anniversary of the society, in the trade had been aspersed. He said order to put an end to the degrading it had been insinuated that their appractice which had for such a length of prentices, in consequence of being pertime stigmatized the trade. (Applause.) mitted to ascend chimnies, were often
“Success to the United Society of rendered objects for the remainder of Chimney Sweepers," having been drank their lives. There were, he ad..itted, a with thunders of applause,
few solitary instances of accidents hapMr. BENNETT, of Welbeck-street, ad- pening in their trade as well as in every dressed the company on the subject of other. He now only wished that their cleansing chimnies with the machine, the opponents might have an opportunity of introduction of which he was confident wiinessing the healthy and cheerful state would never answer the intended pur- in which their apprentices were. poses. He urged the absolute necessity A master chimney-sweeper, with great of employing climbing boys in their vehemence of action and manner, said, trade; and instanced several “I am convinced, Mr. Chairman, that it in which the machines were rendered is a thing impossible to do away with our perfectly useless : most of the chimnies in climbing boys. For instance, look at the the great houses at the west end of the duke of York's fifty-one new chimnies.
Let me ask any one of you in company, Boys by the use of the Scandiscope," are is it possible a machine could be poked those of the “ patron," and the president, up any one of them? I say, no; and for vice-presidents, committee, and treasurer. this reason—that most of them run in a These are chiefly prelates, peers, and memhorizontal line, and then abruptly turn bers of the house of commons; but the up, so that you see a machine would be of “patron” of the society is “ the king,” in no more use than if you were to thrust up opposition to whom, in the capacity of an old broomstick; and I mean to stick "patron," Mr. Bennett, the master-sweep, to it, that our opponents may as well try of Welbeck-street, urges the “ absolute to put down chimney-sweepers in the old necessity” of employing climbing boys. way, as the Equitable Loan Bank Com- One of his reasons is, that in some chimpany endeavoured to cut up the business nies the bricklayers have “cores” of morof the pawnbrokers. (Applause.) When tar whereon the soot accumulates so that I look round the table, (said the speaker,) no machine can get over the difficulty ; and see such respectable gentlemen on but this only shows the "absolute necesa my right and on my left, and in front of sity" of causing the “cores" to be removed me, who dares to say that the United from chimnies already so deformed, and of Society of Master Chimney Sweepers are making surveyors of future houses responnot as respectable a body of tradesmen as sible for the expenses of alteration, if they any in London ? and although, if I may suffer them to be so improperly conbe excused the expression, there is not a structed. Mr. Bennett says, that lord gentleman now present that has not made Hardwicke was convinced - the machines his way in the profession,' by climbing could never answer the purposes for which up chimnies. (There was a universal nod they were originally intended, and thereof assent at this allusion.) Therefore, fore had his chimnies swept by the old continued the speaker, the more praise is method.". If his lordship did express that due to us, and I now conclude by wishing opinion, it is in opposition to the opinion every success to our new society." The of the king, as“ patron,” the late bishop above animated address was received of Durham, the present bishop of Oxford, with the loudest plaudits.
the duke of Bedford, the lords Grosvenor, Several other master chimney-sweepers Morley, Harrowby, Gwydir
, Auckland, addressed the company, after which the and other distinguished individuals, who ladies were introduced into the room, and as president and vice-presidents of the dancing commenced, which was kept up society, had better opportunities of deterto a late hour.*
mining correctly, than Mr. Bennett probably afforded to earl Hardwicke.
Another “ master chimney-sweeper” is On the first of May, 1807, the slave reported to have said, “ look at the duke trade in the West Indies was proscribed of York's fifty-one new chimnies :—most by the British parliament, and we see by of them run in a horizontal line, and then the proceedings at the Eyre tavern, St. abruptly turn up, so that, you see, a maJohn's-wood, that on the first of May, chine would be of no more use than if you 1826, an effort was made to continue the
were to thrust up an old broomstick :" and more cruel black slavery of white infants. then he asks, “who dares to say that the Some remarks reported to have been made United Society of Master Chimney Sweepby these gentlemen in behalf of their ers are not as respectable a body of trades“ black art,” require a word or two. men as any in London ?" and triumphant
We are told that after the usual routinely adds, that "there is not a gentleman of loyal toasts, the chairman congratulated now present that has not made his way in his brother tradesmen" on the formation the profession by climbing up chimnies." of a society that was calculated to do To this “ there was a universal nod of as“ essential service to the trade in general.” sent.” But a universal admission by all There can be no doubt that “the king" “ the gentlemen present" that they had was the first name on their list of toasts, climbed to respectability by climbing up yet it happens that his majesty is at the chimnies, is of very little weight with those head of an association for abolishing their who observe and know that willing slaves “ trade.” The first names on the roll of become the greatest and most effective “ The Society for suspending Climbing oppressors; and as to the duke of York's
new chimnies, it is not credible his royal • The Times, May 3, 1826.
highness can be informed that the present
construction of his chimnies necessarily dooms unborn infants to the certain fate of having the flesh torn from their joints before they can sweep such chimnies. The scandalous default of a surveyor has subjected the duke of York to the odium of being quoted as an authority in oppo. sition to a society for abolishing a cruel and useless trade, wherein servitude is misery, and independence cannot be attained but by the continual infliction of blows and torture on helpless children. Yet as an act of parliament abated the frequency of conflagrations, by empowering district surveyors to cause the erection of party walls, so a few clauses added to the building act would authorize the surveyors to enforce the building of future chimnies without “ cores," and of a form to be swept by the “Scandiscope.” Master chimney-sweepers would have no reason to complain of such enactment, inasmuch as London may be obtained from Mr. Wilt, they would continue to find employment, secretary of the “ Society for superseding till the old chimnies and the prejudices in Climbing Boys,” No. 125, Leadenhallfavour of cruelty to children, disappeared street; the treasurer of the institution is by effluxion of time.
W. Tooke, esq., F.R.S. Any person may
become a member, and acquaint himseif The engraving at the head of this arti- chine is adopted to almost any chimney.
with the easy methods by which the macle is altered from a lithographic print re As the climbing chimney-sweepers are presenting a “Scandiscope." Perhaps the machine may be better understood from duals will feel it a duty to inquire whether
combining to oppose it, all humane indivithe annexed diagram. It simply consists they should continue willing instru; of a whalebone brush, and wooden cylin- ments in the hands of the “profession ders strung on rope, and put into action for the extension of the present cruel by the method described beneath the larger practice. engraving.
Mr. George Smart obtained two gold medals from the Society of Arts for this The late Mrs. Montagu gave an invention. The names of the machine annual dinner to the poor climbing boys chimney-sweepers in different parts of which ceased with her death.
And is all pity for the poor sweeps fled,
But, she is gone ! none left to soothe their grief,
Who gives with scanty hand his daily food ! It is the interest of the “United Society of Master Chimney Sweepers” to appear Mr. Montgomery's“Chimney Sweeper's liberal to the wretched beings who are the Friend, and Climbing Boys' Album," is a creatures of their mercy; of the variation volume of affecting appeal,dedicated to the and degrees of that mercy, there is evi- king, “ in honour of his majesty's condesdence before the committee of the house cending and exemplary concern for the of commons. Sympathy for the oppressed effectual deliverance of the meanest, the in the breast of their oppressors is reason- poorest, and weakest of British born subably to be suspected. On the minutes of the jects, from unnatural, unnecessary, and "Society for superseding Climbing Boys," unjustifiable personal slavery and moral there are cases that make humanity shud. degradation.” It contains a variety of der; against their recurrence there is no beautiful compositions in prose and verse: security but the general adoption of ma one of them ischines in chimnies-instead of children.
THE CHIMNEY SWEEPER.
Mr. Blake's “ Songs of Innocence.”
“ Weep! weep! weep!”
Dining with Duke Humphrey, and in a proper tomb, sir John Beau
champ, constable of Dover, and warden of
the cinque ports, was buried in the year MAY DAY HONOURS TO HIM.
1358. '“ This deceased nobleman," says In old St. Paul's cathedral “ within a Stow, “ by ignorant people hath been proper chappel purposely made for him," erroneously mistermed and said to be
duke Humfrey, the good duke of Glou- year a general Feast, which is kept in the cester, who lyeth honourably buried at Stationers Hall on or about May Day. Saint Albans' in Hartfordshire, twenty It is made by 4 Stewards, 2 Masters, and miles from London; in idle and frivolous 2 Journeymen; and with the Collection opinion of whom, some men, of late times, of half a Crown a piece of every Guest, have made a solemne meeting at his. the charges of the whole Feast is detombe upon Saint Andrewe's day in the frayed. morning (before Christmasse) and con About 10 of the Clock in the Morning cluded on a breakfast or dinner, as assur on the Feast day, the Company invited ing themselves to be servants, and to hold meet at the place appointed, and from diversity of offices under the good duke thence go to some Church thereabouts in Humfrey."
this following Order. First, 4 Whifflers Stow's continuator says, “ Likewise, on (as Servitures) by two and two, walking May-day; tankard bearers, watermen, and before with white Staves in their Hands, some other of like quality beside, would and red and blew Ribbons hung Beltuse to come to the same tombe early in wise upon their Shoulders: these make the morning, and, according as the other, way for the Company. deliver serviceable presentation at the
Then walks the Beadle of the Company same monument, by strewing herbes, and of Stationers, with the Companies Staff in sprinkling faire water on it, as in the his Hand, and Ribbons as afore. duty of servants, and according to their Then the Minister, whom the Stewards degrees and charges in office : but (as have engaged to Preach the Sermon, and Master Stow hath discreetly advised his Reader or Clerk. such as are so merrily disposed, or simply
Then the Stewards walk, by two and profess themselves to serve duke Hum- two, with long white wands in their frey in Pauls) if punishment of losing Hands, and all the rest of the Company their dinners daily, there, be not sufficient follow in like order, till they enter the for them, they should be sent to St. Church, &c. Service ended, and a SerAlbans, to answer there for their disobe- mon suitable for the occasion finished, dience, and long absence from their so they all return to their Hall in the same highly well deserving lord and master, as order, where upon their entrance each in their merry disposition they please so Guest delivers his Ticket to a Person to call him.”
appointed, which gives him admittance; There can be no doubt that this mock where every one Feasts himself with what solemnity on May-day, and the feast of he likes best, being delighted all the while St. Andrew, on pretence of attending a
with Musicks and Songs, &c. festival in Paul's, on the invitation of a After Dinner the Ceremony of Electing dead nobleman in another place, gave rise new Stewards for the next Year begins: to the saying concerning “ dining with then the Stewards withdraw into another duke Humfrey.” It is still used respect- Room, and put Garlands of Laurel or ing persons who inquire “ where shall I Box on their Heads, and white wands in dine?" or who have lost, or are afraid of their Hands, and are Ushered out of the “ losing their dinners."
withdrawing Room thus ;
First, the Companies Beadle with his
Staff in his Hand, and Musick sounding PRINTERS' MAY FESTIVAL
before him ; The following particulars of a very Bowl of white wine and Sugar in bis
Then one of the Whifflers with a great curious celebration is remarkable, as being a description of the old mode of right Hand, and his Staff in the left: after festivous enjoyment,
him follows the eldest Steward. order," and the wearing of garlands by before the second Steward ; in like man
Then another Whiffler as aforesaid, the stewards, with “whifflers” in the procession. It is extracted from Randle and another before the fourth Steward.
ner another Whiffler before the third ; Holme's “Storehouse of Armory, 1688."
And thus they walk, with Musick Stationers' Hall May Feast. sounding before them, three times round The Printers, Journeymen, with the the Hall; and, in the fourth round, the Founders and Ink-makers have
first Steward takes the Bowl from his
Whiffler, and Drinks to one (whom be• Whifflers, see vol. i. p. 1444, note, and 1488. fore he resolved on) by the Title of Mr.