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Steward Elect ; and taking the Garland They are both represented in an enoff his own Head, puts it on the Steward graving published by the late Mr. Natha Elect's Head, at which all the Company niel Smith, of Great May's buildings, clap their Hands in token of Joy. from whence the preceding views are

Then the present Steward takes out copied for the purpose of more especially the Steward elect, and Walks with him,, marking the discovery of the old tower on hand in hand, (giving him the right this festival day. Hand,) behind the three other Stewards, another round the Hall; and in the next round as aforesaid, the second Steward drinks to another with the same Cere- Opera Arm Chairs. mony as the first did; and so the third,

A rare tract, connected with the hisand so the fourth. And then all walk tory of the opera in England, records a one round more, hand in hand, about the jeu d'esprit

, which, together with the Hall, that the Company may take Notice tract, are attributed to the author of the of the Stewards Elect: and so ends the “ Pursuits of Literature:" it will be seen Ceremony of the Day.

to relate to the present day from the following extracts from the pamphlet.





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May 5, 1800.
Piu non si turbi all' anima

La sua tranquillità:
Pensiamo solo a ridere ;

Aria ; Gli Zingari in Fiera. A. 2.

The following poetical Composition appeared in the Morning Herald of May 1, 1800; and it is reprinted at the very particular request of several

persons, votaries of the Opera, Fashion, Wit, and Poetry, who were desirous that it should be preserved in a less perishable form

than that of a Newspaper. Om OUatch Tower The occasion of THE ARM-CHAIRS OF THE CITY WALL.

being placed in the Pit at the Opera House was this.

Before the opening of the This is a front view of a watch tower, Opera House this season, it was generally or one of the barbicans, on the city wall, understood, that His MAJESTY had grawhich was discovered near Ludgate-hill ciously signified to Lord Salisbury his on the first of May, 1792. Below is a

concern, that any of the Subscribers section of Ludgate-hill from a plan of should be deprived of their Boxes on the London by Hollar, wherein this tower is nights when His MAJESTY honoured the described.

Theatre with his presence. This being Ludgate!

communicated to Mr. Taylor, he observed that the Royal objection might easily be obviated, by detaching the last Row from the Pit, on these occasions, for the reception of the Subscribers. This was done accordingly, and a Row of Arm-CHAIRS, with Locks and Keys to the bottoms of them, were placed there, which on every

last BE

Itilgate Bill



other night were to be free for general conceiving, rather hastily, that this accommodation. But about two months measure was intended as

a personal after, the Arm-Chairs were removed, and slight to himself, retired disconcerted, a long bench was substituted.

without taking his seat ; and, as he is On this great event, the Editor has a votary of the Muses, penned the fol no Intercepted Letters to lay before the lowing Lamentation, which he sent to public by authority, and therefore he has Lord Salisbury the next day, and renot applied to Mr. Canning for a Preface, covered his wonted good humour, nor for Notes to Mr. Gifford. There is cheerfulness, and gayety. no Egyptian Fast to be solemnized, nor Festival to be celebrated. He can assure them also, that neither the Mustapha PANDOLFO ATTONITO! Raschid Effendi and Mustapha Ressichi

Effendi for the Grand l'izir; nor General
Dessaix and Citizen Poussielgue for

General Kleber, were Commissioners on

POETICAL LAMENTATION signing this Convention. But the EvaCUATION OF THE ARM-ED CHAIRS was effected without bloodshed or loss on

REMOVAL OF THE ARM-CHAIRS either side, by LORD GALLOWAY and Mr. Bell, Commissioners on the part of the Amateurs and Conoscenti, and by Signor LORENZO DA PONTE, Poet to the Opera

PIT AT THE OPERA HOUSE! House, and Mr. Solomon, Leader of the Band, Commissioners on the part of General Taylor and the Dramatic Field What !-the proud honours of the chair Marshal The MARQUIS OP SALISBURY. Must I no more, with Cecil (a), share ? The Arm-ed Chairs were surrendered

Still be my soul serene three days after the signing of the Capi. Virtu, or virtue's but a name, tulation, without the intervention of any

Brutus and Galloway exclaim, gallant Knight* from Sweden or from And sighing quit the scene. Malta.

Too sure I heard a warning knell,

And told my Critic Brother BELL (6) Thus far is from the preface, and after The fall of seats (c) and stocks ; a few remarks and a “ Scena” 'in Italian, Yet fondly sooth'd by Bolla's airs, the poem alluded to, and here reprinted Thought Taylor's bottom, and his chairs verbatim, is introduced in the following

Secure with keys and locks. (d)

But ah ! how Fortune loves to joke!
March 19, 1800. Expell’d am I, who sung and spoke

As loud as at the Fair:(e)

While yearly, with six thousand pound,

The Commons ADDINGTON have bound A month or two ago, Lord Galloway

Their Servant TO THE CHAIR. came to the Opera, and on the Pit-door near the Orchestra being opened, he My purer taste, my classic eye, perceived, to his confusion and astonish. Unzon'd Thalia could descry, ment, that a long Bench was substituted Who stepp'd beyond her place : in the place of the Row of Arm-CHAIRS at the bottom of the Pit, the principal (a) “ Our Midas sits Lord Chancellor of or central of which he had filled for 80


Danciad. many nights with discernnient and dig

(6) Mr. Bell, an ingenious Gentleman, nity, and to the general satisfaction of Grand Amateur, and Connoisseur of the

very conversant in the Stocks and Funds, cvery person present. His Lordship Lower Bench.

(c) It is feared that the Noble Lord alludes

to the value of seats in a certain House, after * This differs a little from THE ARGUMENT the Union.

EDITOR. prefixed to the Poem, but the impartial His- (d) The bottoms of these lamented Chairs torian of a future age will weigh the authori- were kept under lock and key. ties on either side, and record the truth ac- (®) i. e. As loud as the very Gipsies themcording to the evidence.

selves on the Stage at the Fair. This is THE EDITOR. poetry, but no fiction.



How oft I warn'd, in either house,

For this, in arbitrating state, That charms too plain at last would rouse In presence of the wise and great, The Mitre and the Mace !

I sung the Sovereign's air : (m)

Firm was my voice, for TAYLOR smil'd; I with Pandolfo watch'd the sphere,

Nor deem'd I then, (too well beguil'd,) When Mars on Venus shone so clear,

How slippery was the Chair.
That Saturn (1) felt the shock :
Grave SHUTE and HENRY shrunk at Love,

Nor G-rd-n's coarse and brawny Grace, And at the loose Aesh-colour'd glove, The last new Woman IN THE PLACE (1) That blush'd at twelve o'clock.

With more contempt could blast;

Not Marlb'rough's damp on Blandford's I said, some folks would thunder Greek

purse At HilLIGSBERG's Morale lubrique,

To me could prove a heavier curse; And Parisot's costume ! (g)

My fame, my glory past. Where shall Paullinia, tight and round, (h) Fall’n though I am, I ne'er shall mourn, La vest appropriate now be found, With India's palm and plume?

Like the dark Peer on STORER's urn, (m)

Reflecting on his sent !

In vain that mean mysterious Sire Old Q_NSB—RY feels his dotard qualm, In embers would conceal the fire ; Terpsichorè can pour no balm

While Honour's pulse can beat. O'er half his visual ray; Nor WILLIAM (i) can console the Sag, For me shall droop th’ Assyrian Queen, (o) Nor Elisée (k) his pain assuage,

With softest train and tragic mien, Nor Yarmouth smooth his way.

The SIDDONS in her art;

E'en Bolla (p) shall forget to please, Wben MARINARI's (1) magic band

With sparkling eye and playful ease,
Traced the bold view in fabled land,

And Didelot shall start.
For Fawns and Wood-nymphs meet
Ah, soon, I cried, may Sal'se’ry think,
'Tis just, that they who dance should drink,

And they wlio sing, should eat. (U) Présenté à Monseigneur le Chambellan Polo-

NIUS! “ Chanteurs, Danseurs, assailants, assaillis,

Battans, battus, dans ce grand chamaillis : ) “Quel Saturno briccon ti guarda Ciel, que de cris, et que de hurlemens! tripo."

PERE ELISE'E reprit un peu ses sens ; Gli Zingari in Fiera, A. !. Il se tenoit les deux côtés de rire, (8) Contecta levi velatum pectus amictu, Et reconnut que ce fatal empire Et tereti strophio luctantes vincta pa- De l'Opera, des Jeux, et du grand Ton, pillas.

Catullus. Etoit sans doute une aurre du Démon." (h) Alluding to the fascinating Ballet of

THE EDITOR. Paul et Virginie. BACCHUS AND ARIADNE too (m) The Air of Midas in the Burletta, beare now constrained to appear in patch-work ginning thus : dresses. The Costume is lost, and the Graces ** I'm given to understand that you're all in mourn. Jacet semisepulta Venus.

a pother here, the D. of Q. and many others of the ton hold Disputing whether, &c.” the same doctrine.

(n) An expression used, with a curious If Propertius were Ballet Master he would felicity, by her Grace for íhe Manufactured cast the parts of the HiLLISBERG toujours gaie Ladies of Fashion" imported from Yorkshire et intéressante, of the Parisot au geste anumé and other Counties into Portland Place, &c. et sublime, and of the LABORIE à sourire dour whose houses sbe condescended to enter. But et enchanteur, with exquisite and approptiate once she was most unfortunately mistaken. taste.

Car Madame M-LLS, ouvrant un large bec, Hæc hederas legat in thyros, Hæc carmina (Ayant en un Palais changée sa chaumière, nervis

Son air de drap devine démarche fiere:) Aptet, et Illa manu terat utraque rosam! Disoit tout haut, que G-RD-N parloií Grec. (0) Lord William Gordon.

Les Grands surpris admirent sa hauteur, (k) PERE ELISE'E, Conoscente e Medico di Et les Petits l'appellent Dame d'honneur. camera al Serenissimo Duca.

Leçon à deux tranchans, tant à la Corpo dotato di Sanita.”

Bourgeoisie, qu'à la Noblesse. Gli Zingari in Fiera.

Tue EniroR. (1) The painter of various exquisite scenes (nu) ANTONY STORER, Esq. fornierly at the Opera House

Member for Morpeth, (as some persous may (1) Les Chanteurs et les Danseurs, des possibly recollect,) a gentleman well known deux Sexes, a Monsieur T. si tendre et si cruel; in the circles of fashion and polite litcrature. Il faut que nous vivions."— REPONSE de (o) Banti la Sovrana. Monsiar 2.“ Je n'en vois pas la nécessité.". (0) BOLLA la Vezzosa.

So says

Leo enthron'd bade Querno sit;

“ A PIE SAT ON A PEAR TREE." And GIANNI's (9) verse and regal wit

To the Editor of the Every-Day Book. The CONSUL Joves to share : Pye bas the laurel and the sack,

May 3, 1826. And C-mbe the foolscoat on his back,

Sir,-There is a custom at Yarmouth But Galloway, no Chair.

dinners, which in my opinion would be

more honoured in the breach than the Yet though, reduc'd by Taylor's pranks, I sit confounded in the ranks,

observance.” After the cloth has been Good Humour's still my own ;

removed, and the ladies have retired, some Still shall I treathe in rapt'rous trance, one in the company, who is an adept in “ Eternal be the Song, the Dance,

the game, sings the following lines, TUE OPERA AND THE THRONE!"

“ A pie sat on a pear tree,

A pie sat on a pear tree, (9) GIANNI, the Italian Poet Laureat to

A pie sat on a pear tree, Buonaparte, as Camillo Querno was to Pope

Heigh oh! heigh oh! heigh oh!" Leo X. For a specimen of Gianni's Poetry, see THE TIMEs of Dec. 31, 1800.

At the conclusion, the person sitting next

.to the singer continues the strain thus,NATURALISTS' CALENDAR.

And once so merrily hopp'd she ju Mean Temperature. . . 52 75. during which the first singer is obliged to

drink a bumper, and should he be unable

to empty his glass before the last line is May 2.

sung, he must begin again until he suc


The difficulty consists in swallowing the It is noticed in the journals of May, before they are able to accomplish it


liquor fast enough, many getting tipsy · 1817, that in the preceding summer, Mr. This of course goes round the party, until J. Welner, a German chemist, retired to the whole are either completely“ knocked his house in the country, there to devote himself, without being disturbed, to the up,” save a few who from the capacity of

their throats are so fortunate as to escape. study and examination of poisonous sub- Your inserting the above in the Every stances for the purpose of producing Day Book will much oblige, Sir, &c. a complete “ Toxicology," established

J. F. by undeniable proof. He tried his

The preceding is from a valued correspoisons upon himself, and appeared insensible to the great alterations which pondent, on whose veracity full reliance is such dangerous trials produced upon his placed by the editor ; he will neverthe health. At the latter end of the month less be happy to hear that this usage is on

the decline. of October, he invented some unknown poisonous mixture; and wished to be assured of its effect. The following is the

NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. account which he gives of it in the last

Mean Temperature. 52. 67. page of his manuscript:-“A potion. composed of-(here the substances are named, and the doses indicated)-is

1826. Holy THURSDAY, mortal ; and the proof of it is that I am dying !"

Or Ascension Day.

For this movable feast see vol. i. p. 651. NATURALISTS' CALENDAR.

641. Mean Temperature, .. 52 · 55.


For the Every-Day Book.

Unless the historians of Derbyshire INVENTION OF THE Cross.

have been very negligent in their in

quiries, the peak differs exceedingly from For the origin of this church of England mountainous tracts in general, where the holiday, see vol. i. p. 611.

customs, manners, and language of antiquity are preserved with peculiar care.

Map 4.

Map 3.

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The language, indeed, has retained its are kept up with any thing like the ancient olden character, but of peculiar customs spirit. It is one which is heartily loved little is known. In Lysons' “Magna and earnestly anticipated. One which

Britannia,” the practices of rush-bearing, draws the hearts of those who were • of hanging up white gloves and garlands brought up there, but whom fortune has

of roses in the churches, at the funerals of cast into distant places, homewards with young inaidens,--of foot-ball plays, now an irresistible charm. I have not had confined to Derby, and this well-dressing the pleasure of witnessing it, but I have of Tissington are the sum total of those had that of seeing the joy which sparkled notices under the head of “ Country Cus- in the eyes of the Tissingtonians as they toms." A correspondent communicated talked of its approach, and of their proto the Every-Day Book in March, a jected attendance. Long before the time custom existing near Tideswell; and I arrives, they have canvassed the neighhave seen it stated in a provincial paper, bourhoods where they reside, for flowers that a right is claimed in the Peak Forest to take with them : and these flowers, in of marrying after the fashion of Gretna all the instances which have come under Green, and that such a wedding actually my notice have been red daisies, and took place not very long ago.

Some none else. If, however, John Edwards, thing more of this should be known. in his poem, “The Tour of the Dove,”

Tissington well-dressing is a festivity, be correct, others must be used, and those which not only claims a high antiquity, wild flowers :but is one of the few country fêtes which

“ Still Dovedale yield thy flowers to deck the fountains

Of Tissington, upon its holyday;
The customs long preserved among the mountains

Should not be lightly left to pass away.
They have their moral; and we often may

Learn from them how our wise forefathers wrought,
When they upon the public mind would lay

Some weighty principle, some maxim brought
Home to their hearts, the healthful product of deep thought.”

In a note he adds ;-" The custom of present period—whether bursting from decorating wells with flowers, and attend the arid sands of the African desert, or ing them with religious services and swelling out its genial waters amid the festive rejoicings on Holy Thursday, is Greenland snows-its soft melody, its not peculiar to Tissington. Many other refreshing virtues, and its transparency, wells have been committed to the patronage have ever been a subject of delight and of the saints, and treated with reverence; interest to the human race. Who could some on account of the purity, and others have approached the Bethesda of the Jews for the medicinal virtues of their waters. with a callous heart? Wh could have St. Alkmund's well at Derby, is an in- listened to the song of Israel with indifferstance of the former class, where the ence, when her princes had digged the name has been continued long after the well, and her nobles and lawgiver stood superstition which gave it has passed around it ?" away. In the dark ages of popery, this Rhodes, who has traversed almost every veneration for holy wells was carried part of the peak with indefatigable zeal, to an idolatrous excess, insomuch, that in gives the following account in his “ Peak the reigns of Edgar and Canute, it was Scenery.". "An ancient custom still prefound necessary to issue edicts prohibiting vails in the village of Tissington, to which well-worship. But the principle of vene- indeed it appears to be confined, for I ration for waters, if restricted within its have not met with any thing of a similar proper bounds, is amiable : indeed, it description in any other part of Derbyseems to have been implanted in the shire. It is denominated well-flowerbreast of man in all ages. A fountain is ing, and Holy Thursday is devoted to the the emblem of purity and benevolence. rites and ceremonies of this elegant cusFrom the days when the patriarchs tom. This day is regarded as a festival ; journeyed in the wilderness, down to the and all the wells in the place, five in num

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