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to be his jailor on the occasion. “ Lady her confederates was waiting with borses, Arabella was so subdued at this distant yet she was so sick and faint, that the separation, that she gave way to all the ostler, who held her stirrup, observed, wildness of despair; she fell suddenly ill, that “the gentleman could hardly hold and could not travel but in a litter, and out to London. She recruited her spirits with a physician. In her way to Dur- by riding; the blood mantled in her face, ham, she was so greatly disquieted in the and at six o'clock our sick lover reached first few miles of her uneasy and trouble- Blackwall, where a boat and servants were spme journey, that they would proceed waiting. The watermen were at first orno further than to Highgate. The phy- dered to Woolwieh; there they were sician returned to town to report her desired to push on to Gravesend, then to state, and declared that she was assuredly Tilbury, where, complaining of fatigue, very weak, her pulse dull and melancholy, they landed to refresh ; but, tempted by and very irregular; her countenance very their freight, they reached Lee. “At the heavy, pale, and wan; and though free break of morn they discovered a French from fever, he declared her in no case fit vessel riding there to receive the lady; for travel. The king observed, “ It is but as Seymour had not yet arrived, Ara. enough to make any sound man sick to bella was desirous to lie at anchor for her be carried in a bed in that manner she lord, conscious that he would not fail to is; much more for her whose impatient his appointment. If he indeed had been and unquiet spirit heapeth upon herself prevented in his escape, she herself cared far greater indisposition of body than not to preserve the freedom she now pos. otherwise she would have.' His resolu- sessed; but her attendants, aware of the tion however was, that she should pro- danger of being overtaken by a king's ceed to Durham, if he were king! We ship, overruled her wishes, and hoisted answered,' replied the doctor, that we sail, which occasioned so fatal a terminamade no doubt of her obedience.' tion to this romantic adventure. Seymour

Obedience is that required,' replied the indeed had escaped from the Tower; he king, which being performed, I will do bad left his servant watching at his door more for her than she expected.”” Yet he to warn all visiters not to disturb his. consented to her remaining a month at master, who lay ill with a raging toothHighgate. As the day of her departure ache, while Seymour in disguise stole approached, she appeared resigned. “But away alone, following a cart which had Arabella had not, within, that tranquillity just brought wood to his apartment. He with which she had lulled her keepers. passed the warders; he reached the wharf, She and Seymour had concerted a flight, and found his confidential man waiting as bold in its plot, and as beautifully with a boat, and he arrived at Lee. The wild, as any recorded in romantic story. time pressed; the waves were rising; The day preceding her departure, Arabella Arabella was not there; but in the disfound it not difficult to persuade a female tance he descried a vessel. Hiring a attendant to consent that she would suffer fisherman to take him on board, to his her to pay a last visit to her husband, and grief, on hailing it, he discovered that it to wait for her return at an appointed was not the French vessel charged with hour. More solicitous for the happiness his Arabella ; in despair and confusion of lovers than for the repose of kings, this he found another ship from Newcastle, attendant, in utter simplicity, or with which for a good sum altered its course, generous sympathy, assisted the lady and landed him in Flanders." Arabella in dressing her in one of the On the lady Arabella's escape, most elaborate disguisings. She drew a riers were despatched swifter than the pair of large French-fashioned hose or winds wafted the unhappy Arabella, and trowsers over her petticoats; put on a all was hurry in the seaports. They sent man's doublet or coat; a peruke, such as to the Tower to warn the lieutenant to be men wore, whose long locks covered her doubly vigilant over Seymour, who, to own ringlets; a black hat, a black cloak, his surprise, discovered that his prisoner russet boots with red tops, and a rapier had ceased to be so for several hours, by her side. Thus accoutred, the lady James at first was for issuing a proclamaArabella stole out with a gentleman about tion in a style so angry and vindictive, three o'clock in the afternoon. She had that it required the moderation of Cecil only proceeded a mile and a half, when to preserve the dignity while he concealed they stopped at a poor inn, where one of the terror of his majesty. By the admi

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ral's detail of his impetuous movements, She affectingly paints her situation in he seemed in pursuit of an enemy's fleet; one of her addresses to James. “In for the courier is urged, and ihe post- all huniility, the most wretched and masters are roused by a superseription, unfortunate creature that ever lived, which warned them of the eventful des- prostrates itselfe at the feet of the most patch, 'Haste, haste, post haste! Haste merciful king that ever was, desiring no. for your life, your life! To these words, thing but mercy and favour, not being in a letter from the earl of Essex to the more afflicted for any thing than for the lord high admiral at Plymouth, were losse of that which hath binne this long added the expressive symbol of a gal- time the onely comfort it had in the

world, and which, if it weare to do again, lows prepared with a halter, thus I would not adventure the losse of for

any other worldly comfort; mercy it is I There is no doubt, as is well expressed, desire, and that for God's sake!that “ the union and flight of these two She “finally lost her reason," and died doves, from their cotes, shook with con- in prison distracted. “ Such is the his. sternation the grey.owls of the cabinet :" tory of the lady Arabella. A writer of even “prince Henry partook of this cabi- romance might render her one of those innet panic."

teresting personages whose griefs have Meanwhile we have left the lady Ara- been deepened by their royalty, and bella alone and mournful on the seas, not whose adventures, touched with the warm praying for favourable gales to convey her hues of love and distraction, closed at the away, but still imploring her attendants bars of her prison-grate-a sad example to linger for her Seymour; still straining of a female victim to the state ! her sight to the point of the horizon for Through one dim lattice, fring‘d with ivy some speck which might give a hope of round, the approach of the boat freighted with all Successive suns a languid radiance threw, her love. Alas! never more was Ara. To paint how fierce her angry guardian bella to cast a single look on her lover frown'd, and her husband ! She was overtaken by

To mark how fast her waning beauty flew !"" a pink in the king's service, in Calais

Her husband, Seymour, regained his roads; and now she declared that she liberty. Charles I. created him marquis cared not to be brought back again to of Hertford; and, under Charles II., the her imprisonment should Seymour escape, dukedom of Somerset, which had been whose safety was dearest to her!”

lost to his family by attainder for ancient Where London's Tow're its turrets show defections, was restored to it in his perSo stately by the Thames's side,

son. He “retained his romantic passion Fair Arabella, child of woe!

for the lady of his first affections; for he For many a day had sat and sighed. called the daughter he had by his second

lady by the ever beloved name of ARAAnd as shee heard the waves arise,

And as shee heard the bleake windes roare,
As fast did heave her heartfelte sighes,

Nothing remains to mark the character And still so fast her teares did poure!*

of this noble -minded female, but the

scanty particulars from whence the preDuring a confinement of four years the sent are gathered, with some letters and lady Arabella “sunk beneath the hopeless- a few rhapsodies written while her heart ness of her situation, and a secret resolu- was breaking, and her understanding petion in her mind to refuse the aid of her rishing. At that period she wrote the letter physicians, and to wear away the faster, here brought to light towards gratifying a if she could, the feeble remains of life.' natural curiosity for every thing relating The particulars of her "dreadful imprie to her character and person ; with the sonment” are unknown, but her letters same intent her handwriting is faithfully show her affliction, and that she often traced, and subjoined from her subscripthought on suicide, and as often was pre

tion to the original. vented by religious fortitude. “I could not," she says, “be so unchristian as to

LADY JANE DRUMMOND. be the cause of my own death.”

The lady Arabella's suitor to her ma

jesty, lady Jane Drummond, was third ** Arabella Stuart," in Evans's Old Ballads; supposed to have been written by Mickle.

* Mr. D'Israeli.

daughter of Patrick, third lord Drum- a public dinner was served up to the mond. She married' Robert, the second greater part of the respectable inhabitants, earl of Roxburghe, and was mother to to the number of eighty-one, who were Hary, lor Ker. She possessed distin- also the subscribers to the old men's dinguished abilities, was one of the ladies of ner. The assembly room was decorated the queen's bedchamber, and governess with several appropriate devices; and to the royal children. She died Octo some of the old men, with the greater ber 7, 1643. Her funeral was fixed on part of the company, enjoyed themselves by the royalists as a convenient pretext to a late hour. to assemble for a massacre of the leading covenanters, but the numbers proved too

BELL RINGING inconsiderable for the attempt. She was

and hurried in the family vault in the chapel

Hand BELLS IN CHURCHES, royal, Holyrood-house: the vault was long open to public view. The editor of To the Editor of the Every-Day Book. “Heriot's Life,” in 1822, gives her auto- Sir,- In pp. 161-2, vol. ii., your corresgraph as “ Jane Drummond,” and speaks pondent H. H. N. N. of Newark, informs of having seen her coffin and remains us of the custom of ringing a bell at six thirty years before, shortly after which o'clock in the morning, and eight in the period he believes the vault to have been evening; likewise of a set of " hand closed. In the “Gentleman's Magazine" bells" kept in the church there; and of February, 1799, plate II., there is a desires to be informed of their use. fac-simile of her autograph, as countess of Although I cannot inform him of the Roxburghe, from her receipt, dated May particular origin of ringing the bell at 10, 1617, for “ 500l., part of the sum of particular hours in that town, yet by 3000l., of his majesty's free and princely stating the practice in some other towns, gift to her, in consideration of long and it may, perhaps, contribute to unravel its faithful service done to the queen, as one meaning. With regard to the “hand bells," of the ladies of the bedchamber to her it seems probable that they were originally majesty."

placed in churches for the use of the

ringers, who employed their leisure in NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. practising and amusing themselves in the Mean Temperature ...58 · 15.

evenings when not engaged in the belfry, as is the case at the present time in some

parts of London. Although I do not June 4.

recollect where the band bells are used in REMARKABLE CELEBRATION.

town, yet I have more than once lately

heard it mentioned in Fenchurch-street This was kirg George the Third's birth- and its neighbourhood, that the ringers day, and therefore during his reign was

were in the practice of amusing themkept at court, and in inany towns through- selves with hand bells at a public-house out the kingdom.

where they assembled for the purpose of At Bexhill

, on the coast of Sussex, practising'; and it is more than probable, where the inhabitants, who scarcely ex- that some of your readers in that neighceed 800, are remarkable for longevity bourhood can furnish you with further and loyalty, on the 4th of June, 1819, particulars. they celebrated the king's birth-day in an

In most of the towns in the west of appropriate and remarkable

England, they have a custom of ringing Twenty-five old men, inhabitants of the

one of the church bells (generally the parish, whose united ages amounted to treble bell) in the morning and evenings. 2025, averaging eighty-one each (the age Among other towns I noticed at Dorof the king) dined together at the Bell chester, Dorset, the practice of ringing a Inn, and passed the day in a cheerful and bell at six in the morning in the summer, happy manner. The dinner was set on

and seven in the winter, at one o'clock at table by fifteen other old men, also of the noon, and at eight in the evening, conabove parish, whose united ages amounted cluding after ringing at eight o'clock with to seventy-one each, and six others, whose striking as many strokes as the month is ages amounted to sixty-one each, rang days old; and this practice I was there the bells on the occasion. The old men dined at one o'clock; and at half-past two

• Sussex paper.


informed was for calling people to work most towns where they have a bell, in the morning, the time for dinner, and although its origin is seldom inquired for leaving work in the evening.

about or noticed. I have often made At another town in Dorsetshire, Sher. inquiries on the subject, and have always borne, they have an almost endless“ ding, received one of the above answers, and dong,” “iwing-twang,” or “bim-bome," am inclined rather to believe its origin is throughout the day. Happening to be the “curfew bell,” although it now serves lately there on a market-day (Saturday) I more the purpose of warning people to was awakened in the morning, at four their labours, than for the “ extinction o'clock, by the ringing of the “church and relighting of all fire and candle treble bell;" at six o'clock the church lights.” á chimes were in play; at a quarter

I am, &c. R. T.* before seven the “almshouse bell" began, and continued to ring till seven, which is

NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. said to be for the purpose of calling the scholars of king Edward the Sixth's gram

Mean Temperature. . . 59 • 22. mar school to their studies, who were no sooner assembled than the “ school bel" announced the master's approach. At

June 5. half-past eight the “alnshouse bell” sum- 1826. FIRST MONDAY IN June. moned the almsmen and women to Heriot's Hospital, Edinburgh. prayers; at nine the “chimes ;" at eleven

A solemn festival in the Scottish methe wholesale market bell;", at twelve tropolis is ordained by the “Statutes of the “ chimes;" at one the “ school bell” for dinner, at half-past one the “ retail following words :- But especially upon

George Heriot's Hospital,” (cap. ii.) in the market bell;" at three the “chimes,” and the first Monday in June,' every year, the church “ great bell "* tolled twice at shall be kept a solemn commemoration a short interval, when, what is appositely and thanksgiving unto God, in this form enough called the “ tanging bell,” rang which followeth. In the morning, about until the minister and religiously inclined eight of the clock of that day, the lord had assembled for prayer; at four the “ almshouse bell;" at six the “chimes;" and ordinary council of the city of Edin

... provost, all the ministers, magistrates, at seven the school bell” for supper ; at burgh, shall assemble themselves in the eight the “church bell,” which rang a

committee-chamber of the said hospital ; quarter of an hour, and concluded by, from thence, all the scholars and officers giving eight strokes; at nine the “chimes,

of the said hospital going before them* and the school bell” for bed.

two by two, they shall go, with all the So much bell ringing and tolling na- solemnity that may be, to the Gray Friars turally led to an inquiry of the several church of the said city, where they shall causes that gave rise to it. By some, the hear a sermon preached by one of the first morning and eight o'clock bell is said ministers, every one yearly in their called the “curfew bell," and the practice courses, according to the antiquity of of ringing it is said to have been con

their ministry in the said city. The printinued from the time of William the cipal argument of the sermon shall be to Conqueror, who, by one of his laws, these purposes : To give God thanks for ordered the people to put out their fires the charitable maintenance which the poor and lights, and go to bed at the eight maintained in the hospital received by o'clock curfew bell; and others affirmed the bounty of the said founder, of whom it to be, for the purpose of summoning shall be made honourable mention. To the people to their labours.

exhort all men of ability, according to The practice of ringing a church bell

their means, to follow his example: To in the morning and evening is common in

urge the necessity of good works, accord

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ing to men's power, for the testimony of * This bell is said to weigh 3 tons 5 cwt., and their faith : And to clear the doctrine of to be the treble of a ring of bells brought from

our church from all the calumnies of our Tournay by cardinal Wolsey, whereof one is at St. Paul's, one at Oxford, one at Lincoln, and adversaries, who give us out to be the bell,

which is called the great bell, is said to be impugners of good works. After the ser“By Woolsey's gift I measure time for all; For mirth, for grief, for church I serye to call." . For the “ Curfew Bell,” and “Curfew,"

sce vol. i. p. 242,

one at Exeter. The motto on the crown of this



sermon on

mon ended, all above named shall return Scotland, and a convener of the trades of to the hospital, with the same solemnity Edinburgh at five different elections of and order they came from it, where shall the council. The goldsmiths were then be paid to the minister who preached, to the money-dealers in Scotland; they conbuy him books, by the treasurer of the sequently ranked among the most respect. hospital for the time being, out of the able citizens, and to this profession the treasury or rents of the hospital, the sum subject of this memoir was brought up by of

his father. By appointment of the governors, Mr. Robert Douglas, one of the ministers

It appears that so late as the year 1483, of Edinburgh, preached a the first Monday of June, of the with the “hammermen" or common smiths.

the goldsmiths of Edinburgh were classed year 1659, in commemoration of the founder ; for this sermon he received the They were subsequently separated, and an sum of one hundred marks “ to buy him of August, 1581, conferred on the gold.

act of the town council on the twenty-ninth books,” agreeably to the statutes. From smiths a monopoly of their trade, which that time the usage has been continued annually, the ministers of Edinburgh VI., in the year 1586.

was confirmed by a charter from James preaching in rotation, according to their senjority of office, in the old Gray Friars VII. invested the goldsmiths with the

A century afterwards, in 1687, James church.

On this occasion the statue of the power of searching, inspecting, and tryfounder is fancifully decorated with ing all jewels set in gold, in every part of ilowers. Each of the boys receives a

the kingdom; a license to destroy all new suit of clothes; their relations and

false or counterfeit work; to punish the friends assemble; and the citizens, old transgressors by imprisonment or fines,

and seize the working tools of all unfree and young, being admitted to view the hospital, the gaiety of the scene is highly

goldsmiths within the city. gratifying.

In January, 1587, George Heriot married It was formerly a custom with the boys Christian, the daughter of Simon Marjorito dress Heriot's statue with flowers on banks, an Edinburgh merchant. On this the first of May, and to renew them on occasion, his father gave him 1000 marks, this anniversary festival when they re

with 500 more to fit out his shop and ceived their new clothes.*

purchase implements and clothes, and It should seem, therefore, that the he had 1075 marks with his wife. Their floral adornment of the statue annually united fortunes amounted to about 2141. on this day, is derived from its ancient 118. Bd., which Heriot's last biographer dressing on the first of May.

says, was “a considerable sum in those The statue stands beneath the centre days; but rendered much more useful by tower of the north or principal front, and the prospect of his father's business, over the middle of a vaulted archway which would at this time naturally be leading to the court-yard of the hospital. transferred to the younger and more Grose says, the Latin inscription above active man.” the figure signifies, “ that Heriot's person

In May, 1588, Heriot became a memwas represented by that image, as his ber of the incorporation of goldsmiths. mind was by the surrounding founda

“Scotland which was then an independtion."

ent kingdom, with a court in the metropolis, though poor in general, was probably

in a state not less favourable to the sucGeorge lIeriot was jeweller to king cess of Heriot's occupation than at present. James VI., subsequently James I., of A rude magnificence peculiar to the age, England. He was born about June, atoned for want of elegance, by the massy 1563, eldest son to George Heriot, splendour of its ornaments. The nobles one of the company of goldsmiths in

were proud and extravagant when their Edinburgh. The elder Heriot died in fortunes would permit; and Ann of 1610, having been a commissioner in the Denmark, the reigning queen, was fond convention of estates and parliament of of show and gallantry.

During this

period, Heriot was employed by the court. * Gentleman's Magazine, 1745, p. 686.

In 1597, he was made goldsmith to the


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