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queen, and so declared “at the crosse, A pair of pendentis of two handis, and be opin proclamatione and sound of trum- two serpentis hanging at them. pet. Shortly after, he was appointed A parrate of diamondis. jeweller and goldsmith to the king, with a A ring of a love trophe set with diaright to the lucrative privileges of that mondis. office.

Two rings, lyke black flowers, with a Heriot rose to opulence, and lost his table diamond in each. wife; he afterwards married Alison, A daissie ring sett with a table diaeldest daughter of James Primrose, clerk mond. to the privy-council, and grandfather of A jewell in fashione of a bay leaf, openthe first earl of Roseberry. On the ac- ing for a pictur, and set with diamondis cession of James to the throne of England, on the one syde. he followed the court to London, where A pair of lizard pendantis, set with he continued to reside almost constantly. diamondis. He obtained eminence and wealth, and A jewell for a hatt, in forme of a bay died there on the twelfth of February, lease, all set with diamonds. 1624, in the sixtieth year of his age, and A little watch set all over with diawas buried at St. Martin's in the Fields. monds, 1701.

A ryng sett all over with diamondis, made in fashion of a lizard, 1201.

A ring set with 9 diamonds, and openQueen Ann of Denmark's Jewels.

ing on the head with the king's picture in In a volume of original accounts and that. vouchers relative to Heriot's transactions with the queen, there are several charges

MARGARET HARTSYDE. which illustrate the fashion of the times In an account of “jewells and other in these expensive decorations, viz. furnishings," which were “sould and

For making a brilliant in form of a deliuered to the Queene's most excellent ship.

macie. from the yth. of April, 1607, to For gold and making of a Valentine. the xth of February followinge, by

A ring with a heart and a serpent, all George Heriote, her Highnes' jewellor," set about with diamonds;

there is the following Two pendants made like moore's Item, deliuered to Margarett Hartsyde heads, and all sett with diamonds; a ring sett all about with diamonds, and

A ring with a single diamond, set in a a table diamond on the head, which she heart betwixt two hands.

gaue me to understand was by her Mats. Two flies with diamonds.

direction, price

XXX li." A great ring in the form of a perssed This item in reference to Margaret eye and a perssed heart, all sett with Hartsyde is remarkable, because it apdiamonds.

pears that this female, who had been in One great ring, in forme of a frog, all the royal household, was tried in Edin. set with diamonds, price two hundreth burgh on the 31st of May, 1608, for poundis.

stealing a pearl, worth 1101. sterling A jewell in forme of a butterfly. belonging to the queen. She pretended

A jewell in forme of a lillye, sett of that she retained these pearls to adorn diamonds.

dolls for the amusement of the royal An anker sett with diamonds.

infants, and believed that the queen A jewell in form of a honey-suckle. would never demand them; but it ap

A pair of pendants, made lyke two peared that she used “great cunning and drums, sett with diamondis.

deceit in it," and disguised the jewels so A jewel, in forme of a jolley flower, as not to be easily known, and offered sett with diamonds.

them to her majesty in sale. The king A jewell in forme of a horne of abound- by special warrant declared her infamous, ance, set with 6 rose diamondis, and 12 sentenced her to pay 4001. sterling as the table diamondis.

value of the jewels, and condemned her A ring of a burning heart set with to be imprisoned in Blackness castle till diamondis.

it was paid, and to confinement in Orkney A ring, in forme of a scallope shell, set during her life. In December, 1619, with a table diamond, and opening on the eleven years afterwards, “ compeared the head.

king's advocate, and produced a lettes

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of rehabilitation and restitution of Mar. Surrey, and St. Martin's in the fields, garet Hartsyde to her fame.”

London. It does not appear that he had

children by either of his wives, but he had There is a memorial of queen Anne of two illegitimate daughters. To one of Denmark's fondness for dogs in a large these, named in his will as “ Elizabeth whole-length portrait of her, surrounded Band, now an infant of the age of ten by those animals, which she holds in years or therabout, and remaining with leashes. In Heriot's accounts there are Mr. Starkey at his house at Windsor," he charges for their furniture: e. g. gave his copyholds in Roehampton. To stem, for the garnishing of vj

the other, whom he mentions as “Mardoge collers, weighing in silver

garet Scot, being an infant about the age .xix ounces

iiij li. xvs. of four years, now remaining with one Item, for the workmanshipe

Rigden, a waterman, at his house in the of the said collers

ij li. xs. parish of Fulham," he left his two free“Item, boght to the said collers

hold messuages in St. George's in the ij ounces iij quarters of silver

Fields, which he had lately purchased of lace, at vs. vid. ounce . xvs. id. ob. sir Nicholas Fortescue, knight, and WilItem, for making wp of the

liam Fortescue, his son: his leasehold said collers at ijs. the peice


terms in certain garden plots in that Her majesty's perfumes seem to have parish, beld of the earl of Bedford, he derived additions from Heriot. He fure bequeathed to Margaret Scot; and he nished her with “ 5 ounces and a half of directed 2001. to be laid out at interest, fyne civett, at li. 4 the ounce:" also and paid to them severally when of age or Item, for fower ounces of

married. He gave 101. to the poor of St. fyne musk de Levant, at xxxviijs.

Martin's parish, 201. to the French church the ounce

vij li. xijs. there, and 301. to Gilbert Primrose, “ Item, for a glass of balsome, ij li. preacher at that church;.and after liber“ Item, for å glass of whyte

ally providing for a great number of his balsome, and a glasse of black

relations, he bequeathed the residue of balsome

j li. xs." his estate to the provosts, bailiffs, minis.

ters, and ordinary town-council of EdinThere are no particulars of the private burgh, for the time being, for and towards life of Heriot. From small beginnings, the founding and erecting of a hospital in he died worth 50,0001., and acquired the said town, and purchasing lands in lands and houses at Roehampton, in perpetuity, to be employed in the main



Heriot's Statue at his Hospital, Edinburgh.


“ So stands the statue that adorns the gate."

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tenance and education of so many poor made in his lifetime, or as should be
freemen's sons of the town as the yearly formed and signed after his decease by
value of the lands would afford means to Dr. Balcanquel, one of his executors.
provide for. He appointed the said town
council perpetual governors of the insti-

Heriot's HOSPITAL.
tution, which he ordained should be The residue of Heriot's estate amounted
governed by such orders or statutes as he to 23,6251. 10s. 3d. which sum was paid


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by his executors, on the 12th of May, stands. The greater part of the valuable 1627, to the town-council of Edinburgh. grounds from the bottom of Carlton-hill He had directed a large messuage in eastward, reaching to Leith, and to the Edinburgh, between Gray's close and east road to Edinburgh, is the property Todrick's wynd, to be appropriated to the of the hospital, which will derive great hospital; but the governors, in conjunction additional revenue when the buildings on with Dr. Balcanquel, finding it unfit for these lands complete the connection of the purpose, purchased of the citizens of Leith with Edinburgh. In 1779, Heriot's Edinburgh, eight acres and a half of land hospital possessed a real income of 18001. near the Grass Market, in a field called the per annum: its annual income in 1822

High Riggs," and they commenced to was supposed to have amounted to uplay the foundation of the present structure wards of 12,0001. on the 1st of July, 1628, according to a plan of Inigo Jones. The stones were The statutes of the hospital ordain, brought from Ravelstone, near Edin- that the boys should be taught “to read burgh; and the building was conducted by and write Scots · distinctly, to cypher, William Aytoune, an eminent mason or and cast all manner of accounts," and architect, with considerable deviations " the Latin rudiments, but no further." from Inigo Jones's design, in accommo- The governors, however, have wisely gone dation to the supervening taste of Heriot's so much “further,” as to cause the boys trustees. In 1639, the progress of the to be instructed in Greek, mathematics, work was interrupted by the troubles of navigation, drawing, and other matters the period till 1642. When it was nearly suitable to the pursuits they are likely to completed, in 1650, Cromwell's army follow in life. The majority of the boys occupied it as an infirmary for the sick are apprenticed to trades in Edinburgh, and wounded. It remained in such pos- with an allowance of 10l. a year for five session till general Monk, in 1658, on the years, amounting to an apprentice fee request of a committee of governors, of 501.; and to each, who on the expiraremoved the soldiers to the new infirm- tion of his servitude produces a certifiary in the Canongate, at the expense of cate of good conduct from his master, 51. Ileriot's trustees; and on the 11th of is given to purchase a suit of clothes. April, 1659, the hospital being ready, Those destined for the learned professions thirty boys were admitted. In the follow- are sent to the university for four years, ing August they were increased to forty; with an allowance of 301. annually. Six in 1661, to fifty-two; in 1753, to one hua- or eight are generally at college, in addidred and thirty; in 1763, to one hundred tion to ten bursers selected by the governand forty; and in 1822, the establishment ors from other seminaries, who have maintained one hundred and eighty. each an annual allowance of 201.

The children of Heriot's eldest daugh- George Heriot confided to his intimate ter, Elizabeth Band, were among the friend “Mr. Walter Balcanquel, doctor in early objects who benefited by the endow- divinity and master of the Savoy," the ment. She had married in England, but framing and ordaining of the rules for being reduced to great difficulties, re- the government of his hospital; and acsorted to Edinburgh for relief. The ma- cordingly in 1627, Dr. Balcanquel, “after gistrates allowed her one thousand merks consulting with the provosts, baillies, Scots annually, till her sons were admitted ministers, and council of Edinburgh," into their grandfather's hospital. She had compiled the statutes by which the insti201. afterwards to support her journey to tution continues to be governed. Ву London, and a present of one thousand these it is directed that “this institution, merks.

foundation, and hospital, shall for all time

to come, perpetually and unchangeably Heriot's hospital cost 80,0001. in the be called by the name of George Heriot erection. The first managers purchased his Hospital,and that “there shall be the barony of Broughton, a 'burgh of one common seal for the said hospital l'egality, about a quarter of a mile north- engraven with this device, Sigillum Hosward of the city, a property which, from pitalis Georgii Heriot, about the circle, local circumstances, seemed likely to rise and in the middle the pattern of the hosin value. On this and other adjacent pital.” land, the “new town" of Edinburgh now And “because no body can be well


governed without a head, there shall the porter of the hospital.” The porter be one of good respect chosen master of is to be “a man, unmarried, of honest the hospital, who shall have power to report—of good strength, able to keep govern all the scholars and officers ;" and out all sturdy beggars and vagrant pertherefore the governors are enjoined to sons ;--he shall have every year a new have a special care, “that he be a man gown, which he must wear continually at fearing God; of honest life and conversa- the gate; and if, at any time, he disposé tion; of so much learning as he be fit to himself to marry, he shall demit his place, teach the catechism; a man of that dis- or else be deprived of the same." cretion, as he may be fit to govern and The last of many officers ordained is correct all that live within the house; and “one chirurgeon-barber, who shall cut a man of that care and providence, that and poll the hair of all the scholars in he may be fit to take the accounts of the the hospital; as also look to the cure of same; a man of that worth and respect, all those within the hospital, who any as he may be fit to be an assessor with way shall stand in need of his art.” the governors, having a suffrage given unto him in all businesses concerning the These extracts are rather curious than hospital. He shall be an unmarried man, important; for it is presumed, that any otherwise let him be altogether uncapable who are interested in acquiring further of being master. He shall have yearly knowledge, will consult the statutes given unto him a new gown. Within the “ at large.” They are set forth in precincts of the hospital he shall never “The Life of George Heriot,” publishgo without his gown: in the hall he shall ed at Edinburgh in 1822, from whence have his diet, he and the schoolmaster, the preceding particulars of the hospital in the upper end, at a little table by and its founder are derived. They espethemselves.”

cially provide for the strict religious inThe schoolmaster, whose duties in struction of the boys " while in the hosteaching are already expressed by the pital the greatest care is bestowed on quality of the learning defined to the them in regard to morals and health ; boys, also “must be unmarried."

they have certain hours allowed them It is charged on the consciences of the daily for exercise; and their amusements electors, “ that they choose no burgess's generally partake of a manly character.” children, if their parents be well and sufficiently able to maintain them, since the It

may be quoted as an amusing inciintention of the founder is only to relieve dent in the annals of the establishment, the poor ; they must not be under seven that “a singular occurrence took place years of age complete, and they shall not with the boys of Heriot's hospital in stay in the hospital after they are of the 1681-2, the year in which the earl of age of sixteen years complete : they shall Argyle was tried, and convicted of high be comely and decently apparelled, as treason, for refusing the test oath without becometh, both in their linens and clothes; certain qualifications. We extract the and their apparel shall be of sad russet following account of it from Lord Founcloth, doublets, breeches, and stockings tainhills Chronological Notes of Scotor hose, and gowns of the same colour, tish Affairs, just published : Argyle with black hats and strings, which they was much hated for oppressing his credishall be bound to wear during their abode tors, and neither paying his own nor fain the said hospital, and no other.” ther's debts, but lord Halifax told Charles

Further, it is provided, that “there shall II. he understood not the Scots law, but be a pair of stocks placed at the end of the English law would not have hanged the hall in the hospital, in which the a dog for such a crime. Every lawyer master shall command to be laid any of common sense, or ordinary conscience, officer, for any such offences as in his will be of the same opinion. Lord Cladiscretion shall seem to deserve it; and rendon, when he heard the sentence, the master likewise shall have authority blessed God that he lived not in a country to lay in the same stocks any vagrant where there were such laws, but he stranger of mean quality, who, within the ought to have said such judges. The very precincts of the hospital, shall commit hospital children made a mockery of the any such offence as may deserve it: the reasoning of the crown lawyers. The officer for executing the master's como boys of Heriot's hospital resolved among mand, in this point of justice, shall be themselves, that the house-ilog belonging

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