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vernment during the last three years of Surrey. Information to the Editor rehis life; and was a commissioner of bank- specting former elections forGarrett, and rupts. His manners were urbane, and especially any of the printed addresses, if he sometimes showed warmth of advertisements, or hand bills, if comtemper, his heart was equally warm municated to the Editor of the Everytowards his friends.
Day Book immediately, will enable him
to complete a curious article in the NATURALISTS' CALENDAR.
next sheet. Particulars respecting Sir Mean Temperature
Jeffery Dunstan, Sir Harry Dimsdale,
Sir George Cook, Sir John Horn Conch, June 19.
baronets, or other “public characters"
who at any time had the honour to re1826.—GeneRAL ELECTION,
present Garrett, will be very acceptable, The united kingdom may be said to but every thing of the sort should be be in uproar, wherever the electors are forwarded without an hour's delay. solicited for their “ sweet voices." One place latterly seems to be without a can
NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. didate; viz. “the ancient and honorable
Mean Temperature ...59 77. borough of Garrett,” situate near the Leather Bottle in Garrett Lane, in the parish of Wandsworth, in the county of
Custom at Dunmow, in Esser. On this day, in the year 1751, a flitch their marriage.—The above Engraving of bacon was claimed at Dunmow, in is after a large print by C. Mosley, Essex, by a man and his wife, who had “ from an original painting taken on the same delivered to them as of right, the spot by David Ogborne," which according to ancient custom, on the print represents the procession of the ground that they had not quarrelled, last-mentioned claimants on their renor had either repented, nor had one turn from Dunmow church with the offended the other, from the day of Aitch.
Ogborne's print, from whence the dern impressions are inscribed as already preceding engraving is taken, bears quoted in the preceding column: in the this uscription :
old impression “ C. Mosley sculp'.' “ An exact Perspective View of Dun- stands below “the oath" in verse, at Mow, late the Priory in the county of the right hand corner of the plate; and Esses, with a Representation of the in the modern one it is erased from that Ceremony & Procession in that Man- part and placed at the same corner nor, on Thursday the 20 of June 1751 above“the oath," and immediately under when Thomas Shakeshaft of the Parish the engraving; the space it occupied is of Weathersfield in the county aforesaid, supplied by the words “ Republish'd Weaver, & Ann bis Wife came to de- Oct 28th. 1826 by R. Cribb, 288 Holmand and did actually receive a Gam- born": its original note of publication mon of Bacon, having first kneelt down remains, viz. “ Publish'd according to upou two bare stones within the Church Act of Parliament Janry, 1752.” The door, and laken the said Oath pursuant print is now common. to the ancient custom in manner & form Mr. Brand, or his printer, further misprescribed as aforesaid." A short ac takes the name of the claimant on the count of this custom precedes the above print, for, in the " Popular Antiquities" inscription.
he quotes it “Shapeshaft" instead of Mr. Brand speaks of his possessing “ Shakeshaft;" and he omits to mention Ogborne's print, and of its having be a larger print, of greater rarity in his come exceedingly rare;" he further time, “sold by John Bowles Map & cites it as being inscribed “ Taken on Printseller in Cornbill," entitled “The the spot and engraved by David Oy- Manner of claiming the Gamon of Bacon borne." Herein he mistakes; for, as &c by Thos. Shakeshaft, and Anne his regards Ogborne, both old and mo. wife” which it thus represents:
PORM OF THB CATH.
John," who commenced his reign in
1199, and was Henry III. You shall swear by Custom of Confession,
Concerning the ceremony, the print If ever you made nuptial trangression : Be you either married man or wife,
goes on to describe, that after delivering By household brawles or contentious
the bacon, “the happy pair are taken strife,
upon men's shoulders, in a chair kept Or otherwise in bed, or 'at boord,
for that purpose, and carried round the Offend each other in deed, or word; scite of the priory, from the church to Or since the parish Clerk said Amen, the house, with drums, minstrells, and You wish't yourselves unmarried agen :
other musick playing, and the gammon Or in a twelve moneths time and a day of bacon horne on a high pole before Repented not in thought any way: them, attended by the steward, gentle. But continued true and just in desire men, and officers of the manor, with the As when you joyned hanıls in the holy
several inferior tenants, carrying wands, quire If to these conditions without all feare,
&c., and a jury of bachelors and maidens of your own accord you will freely
(being six of each sex) walking two and
two, with a great multitude of other sweare, A whole Gammon of Bacon you shall
people, young and old, from all the receive,
neighbouring towns and villages thereAnd bear it henceforth with love and good abouts, and several more that came leave.
from very great distances (to the amount For this is our Custome at Dunmow well of many thousands in the whole), with known,
shouts and acclamations, following.. Though the pleasure be ours, the Bacon's
The chair in which the successful On the taking of this oath, which is candidates for " the bacon were cited by an old county historian,* and seated, after obtaining the honourable somewhat varies from the verses beneath testimony of their connubial bappiness, the before-mentioned prints, the swear is made of oak, and though large, seems
were entitled to the flitch, or hardly big enough for any pair, but gammon.
such as had given proofs of their mutual The “ Gentleman's Magazine," of good-nature and affection. It is still 1751, mentions that on this day “ John preserved in Dunmow Church, and Shakeshanks, woolcomber, and Anne makes part of the admiranda of tha. his wife, of the parish of Weathersfield, place. It is undoubtedly of great anin Essex, appeared at the customary tiquity, probably the official chair of the court at Dunmow-parva, and claim'd prior, or that of the lord of the manor, the bacon according to the custom of in which be held the usual courts, and that manor.” This is all the notice of received the suit and service of his the last claim in that miscellany, but tenants. There is an engraving of the the old “ London Magazine," of the chair in the “ Antiquarian Repertory," same year, adds, that “the bacon was from whence this notice of it is es. delivered to them with the usual form- tracted: it in no way differs from the alities." It is remarkable that in both chief chairs of ancient halls. these magazines the parties are named “ Shakeshanks." On reference to the Of “the bacon," it is stated, op Ogcourt-roll, the real name appears to be borne's print, that “ before the dissoluShakeshaft.
tion of monasteries, it does not appear, Ogborne's print affirms that this cus. by searching the most ancient records, tom was instituted in or about the year to have been demanded above three 1111, by Robert, son of Richard Fitz times, and, including this (demand of Gilbert, Earl of Clare: but as regards Shakeshaft's) just as often since." These the date, which is in the time of Henry demands are particularized by Dugdale, I., the statement is inaccurate ; for if it from a manuscript in the College of originated with Robert Fitzwalter, as Arms,t to the following effect:hereafter related, he did not live till the “Robt. Fitzwalter, living long beloved time of “ King Henry, son of King of king Henry, son of king John, as also
• Plott, in his Staffordshire, from History of 'Ro. bert Fitzwalter. Lond. 1616.
• Inscription on Ogborne's Print
L. 14, page 226.
of all the realme, betook himself in his the said Richard a side or Aitch of latter dayes to prayer and deeds of cha- bacon. rity, gave great and bountifull alms to Anno 7 Edw. IV. 1467, one Stephen the poor, kept great hospitality, and re Samuel of Ayston-Parva, in the county edified the decayed prison (priory) of of Essex, husbandman, on the day of Dunmow, which one Juga (Baynard), the Blessed Virgin in Lent (25th March) a most devout and religious woman, in the 7th year of king Edward IV. being in her kinde his ancestor, had came to the priory of Dunmow, and rebuilded; in which prison (priory) arose quired a gammon of bacon; and he was a custome, begun and instituted, eyther sworn before Roger Bulcott, then prior by him, or some other of his successours, of the place and the convent, and also which is verified by a common proverb before a multitude of other neighbours, or saying, viz.—That he which repents and there was delivered to him a gamhim not of his marriage, either sleeping mon of bacon. or waking, in a year and a day, may Anno 2 Hen. VIII. 1510, Thomas le lawfully go to Duomow and fetch a Fuller of Cogshall, in the county of gammon of bacon. It is most assured Essex, came to the priory of Dunmow, ihat such a custome there was, and that and on the 8th day of September, being this bacon was delivered with such so Sunday, in the 2d year of king Henry lemnity and triumphs as they of the VIII. according to the form of the charpriory and the townsmen could make. ter, was sworn before John Tils, then I have enquired of the manner of it, and Prior of the house and the convent, and can learne no more but that it continued also before a multitude of neighbours, untill the dissolution of that house, as and there was delivered to him, the said also the abbies. And that the party or Thomas, a gammon of bacon. pilgrim for bacon was to take his oath "Hereby it appeareth," Dugdale says, before prior and convent, and the whole “ that it was according to a charter, or town, humbly kneeling in the churche donation, given by some conceited beyard upon two hard pointed stones, which nefactor to the house; and it is not to stones, some say, are there yet to be be doubted, but that at such a time, the seen in the prior's church-yard; his bordering towns and villages resorted, oath was ministered with such long pro- and were partakers of their pastimes, cess, and such solemne singing over him, and laughed to scorne the poore man's that doubtless must make his pilgrimage pains *." (as I may term it) painfull: after, he was taken up upon men's shoulders, and carried, first about the priory church-yard,
In a letter from F. D. to “Mr. Urban," and after, through the town with all the Shakeshaft, alias Shakeshank, is called fryers and brethren, and all the town's
the ancient woolcomber of Weathersfield, folke, young and old, following him with
and a copy of the register of the form shouts and acclamations, with his bacon
and ceremony, observed fifty years beborne before him, and in such manner
fore, is communicated as follows: (as I have heard) was sent home with Extract from the Court Roll. his bacon; of which I find that some had a gammon, and others a flecke, or
*Dunmow, Nuper AT a court baron of
the right worshipa fitch; for proof whereof I have, from the records of the house, found the names
ful Sir Thomas May, knt. There holden of three several persons that at several
upon Friday the 7th day of June, in the times had it."
13th year of the reign of our sovereign
lord William 1II. by the grace of God, Anno 23. Henry VI, 1445, one Richard Wright of Badbury, near the city of before Thomas theeler, gent. steward
&c. and in the year of our lord 1701, Norwich in the county of Norfolk, la
of the said manor, it is thus enrolled : bourer (Plebeius) came to Dupmow and required the bacon, to wit, on the 27th
(Elizabeth Beaumont, Spinster of April, in the 23d year of the reign of
& Henrietta Beaumont, Spinster king Henry VI. and according to the Annabella Beaumont, Spinster form of the charter was sworn before
Jane Beaumont, Spinster Jobn Cannon, prior of the place and the Mary Wheeler, Spinster content, and very many other neighbours, and there was delivered to him,
• Dugdale's Monasticon.
• Be it remember'd, that at this court, Nor since you were married man and wife, in full and open court, it is found, and By houshold brawls, or contentious presented by the homage aforesaid, that strife, William Parsley, of Much Euston in the Or otherwise, in bed or at board, county of Essex, butcher, and Jane his
Offended each other in deed or in word; wife, have been married for the space Repented not in thought any way;
Or in a twelvemonth's time and a day, of three years last past, and upward; Or since the church clerk said Amen, and it is likewise found, presented, and
Wished yourselves unmarried again, adjudged, by the homage aforesaid, that
But continued true, and in desire the said William Parsley, and Jane his As when you joyned hands in holy quire. wife, by means of their quiet, peaceable,
“And immediately thereupon, the said tender, and loving cohabitation, for the space of time aforesaid, (as appears by
William Parsley, and Jane his wife, the said homage) are fit and
qualify'd claiming the said gammon of bacon, the
court pronounced the sentence for the persons to be admitted by the court to receive the antient and accustom'd
same, in these words, or to the effect
followingoath, whereby to entitle themselves to have the bacon of Dunmow delivered Since to these conditions, without any unto them, according to the custom of
fear, the manor.
Of your own accord you do freely swear,
A whole gammon of bacon you do re“Whereupon, at this court, in full and
ceive, open court, came the said William Par. And bear it away with love and good sley, and Jane his wife, in their proper persons, and humbly prayed, they might for this is the custom of Dunmow well be admitted to take the oath aforesaid;
kpown; whereupon the said steward, with the Tho' the pleasure be ours, the bacon's jury, suitors, and other officers of the your own. court, proceeded, with the usual solem “And accordingly a gammon of bacon nity, to the antient and accustomed was delivered unto the said William place for the administration of the oath, Parsley, and Jane bis wife, with the and receiving the gammon aforesaid, usual solemnity. (that is to say) the two great stones ly * Examined per Thomas Wheeler, ing near the church door, within the
steward." said manor, where the said William Parsley, and Jane his wife, kneeling
The same day a gammon was delidown on the said two stones, and the vered to Mr. Reynolds, steward to Sir said steward did administer unto them
Charles Barrington, of Hatfield Broad the above-mentioned oath in these
Oak. words, or to this effect following, viz. You do swear by custom of confession,
The custom of this manor is comme. That you ne'er made nuptial transgression,
morated “ in this old distich" viz.
He that repents him not of his Marriage in a year and a day either
sleeping or waking Map lawfully goe to Dunmow and fetch a gammon of Bacon.
It is further mentioned in “ Piers of Tutbury," the whole whereof is here Plowman's Vision," and Chaucer refers set forth in Dr. Plot's words, viz. : to it in the following words:
“I tind that Sr. Philip de Somervile The bacon was not set for hem I trowe,
10 of Edw. 3. held the Manors of WhichThat some men haue in Essex at Don
novre, Scirescot, Ridware Netherton, and
Coulee, all in Com. Stafford of the Earles Wife of Bath's Prologue. of Lancaster Lords of the Honor of Tut.
bury, by these memorable Services, viz. Custom OF WHICHNOVRE, STAFFORDS.
By two small fees, that is to say,
« When other Tenants pay for ReBacon and Corn.
liefe one whole Knight's fee, One hunThere is a similar usage, in the “Honor dred Shillings, he the said Sir Philip