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singers," who wash their linen always by do not close, his nearest relation is to die night, singing old songs and tales all the very soon. time: they solicit the assistance of people passing by to wring the linen; if it be

The Brétons have the legend of St. given awkwardly, they break the person's arm; if it be refused, they pull the refu- Guenolé, whose sister had an eye plucked sers into the stream, and drown them.

out by a goose; the saint took the eye out of the goose's entrails, and restored it

to its place without its appearing in any In the district of Carhaix is a mountain way different from what it was before. called St. Michael, whither it is believed They tell you likewise of St. Vincent all dæmons cast out from the bodies of Ferrier, who, while he was celebrating men are banished : if any one sets his mass at Vannes, perceived that he had foot at night within the circle they inhabit, lost his gloves and parapluie; and recolhe begins to run, and will never be able lecting that he had left them at Rome to cease all the rest of the night. Nobody went thither to seek them, and returned therefore ventures to this mountain after and finished his mass, without one of dark.

his congregation having perceived his

absence. The Brétons throw pins or small pieces who ate up a poor man's ass. St. Malo

They have also a narrative of a wolf of money into certain wells or springs, for ordered the wolf to perform the functions good luck; in others the women dip their of the ass, which he continued to do ever children, to render them inaccessible to after; and though sometimes shut up in pain. They watch the graves of their friends for some nights after their inter- the stable with the sheep, never offered to ment, lest the devil should seize upon thistles, and such other provender as his

touch them, but contentedly fed on them, and carry them off to his dominions.

predecessor used to have.

In the district of Quimperlé there is a

A peasant boy in the district of Lesnefountain called Krignac: to drink three

ven was never able to pronounce any nights successively of this at midnight other words than 0 itroun guerhes Mari, is an infallible cure for an intermittent

“ O lady Virgin Mary." This he was fever; or, if it should not succeed it is a sure sign that the patient's time is come, among the country people for an idiot.

perpetually repeating, and he' passed and he has nothing to do but quietly wait As he grew up he would live no longer the stroke of death.

with his parents in their cottage, but slept If a person who keeps bees has his in the hollow of a tree, and ran about the hives robbed, he gives them up immedi- woods making his usual cry; in the ately, because they never can succeed coldest weather he plunged into the afterwards. This idea arises from an old

water up to his neck, still uttering his Bréton proverb, which says, Nesquét a usual words, and came up without receivchunche, varlearch ar laër “ No luck after ing any injury. After he died, a lily the robber.” But why the whole weight

sprang from the spot where he was inof the proverb is made to fall upon the terred.“ A miracle!" was the immebee-hives, it might be difficult to deter- diate cry, and a church was

built over the mine.

grave, dedicated 10 Notre Dame de FollIn other parts of the country they tie a goat,“ Our lady of the madman of the small piece of black stuff to the bee-hives, woods,” where notable miracles were in case of a death in the family, and a afterwards performed. piece of red in the case of a marriage; without which the bees would never thrive. On the death of any one, they Certain ruins near the coast, a little to draw from the smoke of the fire an augury the south of Brest, are reputed to be those whether his soul be gone to the regions of a palace which belonged to the Courils, of the blessed or the condemned: if the a sort of pigmies, who deal in sorceries, smoke be light and mount rapidly, he is are very malicious, and are great dancers. gone to heaven; if it be thick and mount They are often seen by moonlight skip slowly, he is doomed to the regions ping about consecrated stones or any below. If the left eye of a dead person ancient druidical monument; they seize

people by the hand, who cannot help Too fast, alas! they move the seeming dead, following them in all their movements; With heedless steps the hasty bearers tread, and when the spirits have made them And slipping thump the coffin on the ground, dance as long as they please, they trip up Which made the hollow womb of earth retheir heels, leave them sprawling on the The sudden shock unseal'd Xantippe's eyes, ground, and go laughing away.

0! whither do you hurry me? she cries; Where is my spouse ?-lo! the good man ap

pears, There are in more than one place near Ånd like an ass hang down his dangling the western coast stones set up in the

ears; same manner as those at Stonehenge. A Unwillingly renews his slavish life, species of genii, called Gaurics, are sup- To hug the marriage chain, and hated wife. posed to dance among them; and the For ten long tedious years he felt her pow'r, stones are called, in general, Chior-gaur, At length 'twas ended in a lucky hour; or “ The giants' dance.In one of the But now the lusband, wiser than before, places where some of these stones are to Fearing a fall might former life restore, be seen, the people of the neighbourhood, Cries, “ Soft, my friends ! let's walk in solemn if asked what they mean, say that it was

measure; a procession to a wedding which was all Nor make a toil of that which gives us pleain a moment changed into stone for some crime, but they do not know what. In another place they are reputed to be the

NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. funeral procession of a miser, who re Mean Temperature. . . 62 · 60. ceived this punishment because in his lifetime he had never given any thing to


the poor.

July 16.

These are only a few out of the innumerable superstitions which prevail

SILENCE OF THE BIRDS. throughout Bretagne, but they are suffi

Dr. Forster observés, there is one circient to give a perfect idea of the power cumstance that will always render the which imagination has over the minds of these people.*

country in July and August less pleasing than in the other summer and spring

months, namely, that the birds do not NATURALISTS' CALENDAR.

sing. Aves mutae might be regularly Mean Temperature ...63 • 30.

entered into the calendar for these two
Silence girt the woods; no warbling tongue
Talked now unto the echo of the groves.

Only the curled streams soft chidings kept;

And little gales that from the greene leafe

swept For this saint, and his supposed miracu- Dry summer's dust, in fearefull whisperings lous power over the weather, see vol. i.

As loth to waken any singing bird.

July 15.

p. 953.

July 17.

On this day in the year 1743 died, "in NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. earnest," the wife of one Kirkeen, who Mean Temperature ... 62 · 37. was twice at Dublin ready to be buried ; but came to life to her loving husband's great disappointment, who fearing the like accident immediately put her into a coffin, had it nailed up, and buried her

A PENANCE. the next day.

« The Times" of July 17, 1826, says As wrapp'd in death-like sleep Xantippe lay, that on Sunday last Isaac Gaskill, bone'Twas thought her soul had gently stole away; did penance for the crime of incest in the

setter and farmer, of Bolton-by-the-Sands, Th' officious husband, with a pious care, Madę po delay her funeral pile to rear : parish church of that place. As the

• Miss Plumptre.

• Gentleman's Magazine.

punishment is not very common, we sub- or it might be drawn upon the crown join, as a matter of curiosity to some of of a hat with chalk. In cottages and our readers, the

public houses, it is marked on the side of

a pair of bellows, or upon a table, and, in Form of Penance.

short, any plain surface. “ Marl” is “ Whereas, I, good people, forgetting played, like cards, by two persons ; my duty to Almighty God, have commit- each person has nine bits of pipe, or stick, ted the detestable sin of incest, by con so as to distinguish it from those of the optracting marriage, or rather the show or ponent. Each puts the pipe or stick upon effigy of marriage, with Mary Ann Taylor, one of the points or corners of the line, the sister of my late wife, and thereby alternately, till they are all filled. There have justly provoked the heavy wrath of is much caution required in this, or your God against me, to the great danger of opponent will avail himself of your error, my own soul, and the evil example of by placing his man on the very point others; I do earnestly repent, and am which it is necessary you should occupy ; heartily sorry for the same, desiring Al- the chief object being to make a perfect mighty God, for the merits of Jesus Christ, line of three, either way, and also to preto forgive me both this and all other vent the other player doing so. Every offences, and also hereafter so to assist me

man that is taken is put into the square with his Holy Spirit, that I never fall till no further move can be made. But if into the like offence again; and for that the vanquished be reduced to only three, end and purpose I desire you all here he can hop and skip into any vacant place, present to pray with me, and for me, say- that he may, if possible, even at the last, ing, “Our father,"” &c.-Westmoreland form a line, which is sometimes done by Chronicle.

very wary maneuvres.

However simple
Ninepenny Marl” may appear, much

skill is required, particularly in the choice

of the first places, so as to form the lines To the Editor of the Every-Day Book.

as perfectly and quickly as possible. This by the “ shepherds of Salisbury Plain,” that to which I was accustomed when a

Sir, -- There is an ancient game, played game, like cards, has its variations. But and“ village rustics” in that part of the boy. I have no doubt, Mr. Editor, many country, called “ Ninepenny Marl.”. Not of your country readers are not wholly having read any account of it in print, I ignorant of the innocent occupation which hasten to describe it on your historical • Ninepenny Marl” has afforded in the and curious pages.

Decyphering and

retirement of leisure; and with trong drawing lines on the sand and ground are

recollections of its attractions, of great antiquity; and where education has failed to instruct, nature has supplied

I am, Sir, amusement. The scheme, which affords

Your obliged correspondent,

P. the game of “ Ninepenny Marl," is cut in the clay, viz. :

P-T-, July, 1826.

P.S. “ The shepherds of Salisbury Plain" are so proverbially idle, that rather than rise, when asked the road across the plain, they put up one of their legs towards the place, and say, Theek woy !" (this way )“ Thuck way!" (that way.)

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The Leberían Museum. On Friday the eighteenth of July, 1806, account of the “ Leverian Museum,” but the sale of the magnificent collection of its celebrity throughout Europe seems to natural history and curiosities formed by require some further motice than a bare sir Ashton Lever, was concluded by mention : à few facts are subjoined to Messrs. King and Lochee, of King-street, convey an idea of its extent, and of the Covent-garden.

gratification the lovers of natural history

and antiquities must have derived from its It is impossible to give an adequate contemplation,

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The last place wherein the Leverian ORDER OF THE CATALOGUE. collection was exhibited, was in a hand

Days. some building on the Surrey side of the Part I. 5th May to 13th 8 Thames, near Blackfriars-bridge, consist

II. 14th


8 ing of seventeen different apartments,

III. 230


8 occupying nearly one thousand square IV. 2d June to 11th

8 yards. In these rooms were assembled

V. 12th


8 the rarest productions in the animal,

VI. 21 st 9th July 17 vegetable, and mineral kingdoms, with Addition 10th July to 13th 3 inimitable works of art, and the various Appendix 14th 18th

5 dresses, manufactures, implements of war, &c. of the Indian nations in North

Days 65 and South America, Otaheite, Botany-bay and other foreign parts, collected by the

Leicester House. late captain Cook and other navigators.

The first exhibition of the Leverian

Museum in London, was at “ Leicester The preceding engraving represents the house,” Leicester-square. - This house rotunda of the museum, from a print pub- was founded,” Mr. Pennant says, “ by lished about twenty years before the sale one of the Sydnies, earls of Leicester. It took place. It is an accurate record of the was for a short time the residence of appearance of that part of the edifice, until Elizabeth, daughter of James I., the titular the auction,which was held on the premises, queen of Bohemia, who, on February 13, finally broke up the rare assemblage of ob- 1661, here ended' her unfortunate life. jects exhibited. After the sale the premises It was successively the pouting-place were occupied for many years by the of princes. The late king (George II.) library, apparatus, and other uses of the when prince of Wales, after he had quarSurrey Institution. They are now, in 1826, relled with his father, lived here several used for recreation of another kind. On

years. His son, Frederick, followed his the exterior of the building is inscribed example, succeeded him in his house, “ Rotunda Wine Rooms." It is resorted and in it finished his days." to by lovers of “ a good glass of wine" Mr. Pennant then proceeds, more im

a cigar," and there is professional mediately to our purpose, to observe, “No singing and music in the Rotunda” one is ignorant of the magnificent and every Tuesday and Thursday evening.

instructive museum, exhibited in this house by the late sir Ashton Lever. It

was the most astonishing collection of The last editor of Mr. Pennant's the subjects of natural history ever col. “ London,” in a note on his author's men- lected, in so short a space, by any indition of the Leverian Museum, remarks its vidual. To the disgrace of our kingdom, dispersion, by observing that “this noble after the first burst of wonder was over, collection, which it is said was offered to it became neglected; and when it was the British Museum for a moderate sum, offered to the public, by the chance of was sold by auction in 1806. The sale a guinea lottery, only eight thousand lasted thirty-four days. The number of out of thirty-six thousand tickets were lots, many containing several articles, sold. Finally, the capricious goddess amounted to four thousand one hundred frowned on the spirited proprietor of such and ninety-four.”

a number of tickets, and transferred the This statement is somewhat erroneous. treasure to the possessor of only two, An entire copy of the “ Catalogue of the Mr. Parkinson.” Further on, Mr. PenLeverian Museum,” which was drawn nant says, “ I must not omit reminding up by Edward Donavan, Esq. the eminent the reader, that the celebrated museum naturalist, is now before the editor of the collected by the late sir Ashton Lever, is Every-Day Book,with the prices annexed. transported to the southern end of BlackIt forms an octavo volume of four hundred friars-bridge by Mr. Parkinson, whom and ten pages, and from thence it appears fortune favoured with it in the Leverian that the sale lasted sixty-five days, instead lottery. That gentleman built a place of thirty-four, and that the lots amounted expressly for its reception, and disposed to 7879, instead of 4194, as stated by the rooms with so much judgment, as to Mr. Pennant's editor

give a most advantageous view of the

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