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with Goethe, 34; condemns his intellectual existence and picture
play, ib.

of our social existence, 244; resem-
Development, principle of, grasped blance between Faust and Hamlet,

and applied by Goethe, ii, 130. 244; popularity and prodigality of
Devrient, his description of the Jena Faust, 245; the Idea, 246; analysis

students at the Weimar theatre, ii, of the first part, 247 ; the theatre
213; his observations on the Weimar prologue, ib.; the prologue in hea-
school, 216.

ven, 249; necessity for the two pro-
Dialogues, Goethe's early composi- logues, 252 ; first scene of Faust
tions, i, 20.

in his study, 253; the scene before
Döbereiner, story of Goethe's keeping the gate, 257; Faust's study, 259;
his bar of platinum, ii, 355.

Auerbach's cellar, 262; the witches'
Dodd's Beauties of Shakspeare, its kitchen, ib.; meeting with Marga-
influence in Germany, i, 69.

ret, 263; wood and cavern, 264; the
Dogs, performing, refused admittance Walpurgisnacht, 267 ; causes of the
on the Weimar stage, ii, 227.

early disappointment, and after-
Domesticity, its antagonism to genius, fascination of the readers of Faust,
i, 128.

273; Coleridge's criticisms
Drama, Greek, traditional errors con- pared with Goethe's own observa-

cerning, ii, 8; necessary calmness tions, 294.
of evolution mistaken for calmness Faust, second part of, embarrassment
of life, 9.

in expressing a faithful opinion of
Dramatists, unacted, error of, ii, 211. it, ii, 368; comparison of the im-
Dresden, Goethe's visit to, i, 71. pressions produced by the first and

second parts, 369 : character of the
ECKERMANN, his account of the exten- second part, 370; causes of its fail-

sion of Wilhelm Meister's Wander- ure, 371; analysis and criticisms, 372.
jahre, ii, 358.

Faustus, Marlowe's, analysis of, ii, 279.
Egmont, a universal favourite, but Fellow Sinners, the, Goethe's drama
not a masterpiece, ii, 56; a novel in of, i, 61.
dialogue, not a drama, 57; character Fischerin, die, Goethe's operetta of,
of Egmont a type of humanity, ib.; i, 332.
analysis of the play, 58; criticisms Fisherman, the, Goethe's poem of, i, 325.

Fire-brigade instituted at Weimar at
Eichhorn's Introduction to the Old the instigation of Goethe, ii, 23.

Testament studied by Goethe, ii, Frankfurt-on-the- Maine, the native

place of Goethe, i, 15; its two-fold
Einsiedel, character of, i, 294.

character, 17; its occupation by the
Elective Affinities, the, ii, 324.

French, 32 ; their departure, 36;
Elgin marbles, effect of their disco- rough manners of Frankfurt, 48;
very on Goethe, ii, 349.

Goethe's oration, ii, 348.
Emilia and Lucinda, story of, i, 97. Frankfurter Gelehrte Anzeigen, i, 131.
Engravings, by Goethe, i, 72.

Frederic the Great, literary tendencies
Enthusiasm, Goethe's, character of, of, opposed to Goethe, i, 350; his
i, 42.

indirect influence on literature, ib.
Erfurt, congress of, ii, 317.

Frederika. See Brion.
Erl - king, the, ii, 301.

French verses of Goethe, i, 87.
Erwin und Elmire, composition of, i, Friday evenings, ii, 141.

Esenbeck, Nees

recognizes | GALEN, indicated the existence of the
Goethe's discovery respecting the intermaxillary bone in man, ii, 117.

Metamorphoses of Plants, ii, 101. Gall, his visit to Jena, ii, 305; Goethe's
Euripides, parallel between his Iphi- appreciation of his theory, 306.
genia and that of Goethe, ii, 12. Gartenhaus, the, i, 321 ; given to

Goethe by Karl August, 322. -
FABRICIUS, Goethe's comment on a Genius, hereditary transmission of,
chapter in, i, 90.

discussed, i, 5.
Faith, general want of, in the eigh- German architecture, Goethe's tractate
teenth century, i, 171; Goethe's

on, i, 119.
idea of, in connexion with know- German culture of Goethe, i, 101.
ledge, 243.

German literature, survey of, i, 205 ;
Faust, analysis of Maler Müller's play idealism its dominant and persistent
of, ii, 291.

characteristic, 206; struggle between
Faust, gradual development and pro- idealism and realism, 213; the Ni-

gress of, ii, 242; the problem of our belungen Lied, 214 ; effect of the

on, 64.


crusades, 216 ; of the reformation,
218; two-fold protest of the eigh-
teenth century, 219; Klopstock, the
representative of German idealism,
ib.; Wieland, the representative of
German realism, 221; Lessing, the
real revolutionary leader of the
German mind, 223; Herder, the
lineal descendant of Lessing, 226;
Goethe, the realist, and Schiller,

the idealist, 228.
German morals, laxity of, in the 18th

century, i, 302; based on sentimen-

talism, ib.
Germany no nation, ii, 335; Goethe's

opinion concerning, ib.; its social
condition in the 18th century. See

Gervinus, his criticism on Wilhelm

Meister, ii, 177.
Geschwister, die, Goethe's play of, i,

Gleim, story of his first meeting with

Goethe, i, 310.
Goethe, Johann Wolfgang, character

and extent of his claim to great-
ness, i, 3; intellect his primary fa-
culty, and justice his primary virtue,
4; hereditary transmission of qua-
lities discussed, 5; his ancestry, 6;
silence concerning his grandfather
the tailor, 8; genealogical tables of
the Goethe and Textor families, 9,
10; character of his father and
mother, 11 ; his subjection of emo-
tions to reason, 12; his birth, 15;
feeling for Italy, ib.; moderate ele-
vation of his social status, 17; his
precocious babyhood, 18; his love
for his sister Cornelia, ib.; his love
of story telling, 19; his grandmother
and grandfather Textor, 20; his early
compositions in Latin and German,
ib.; character of his precocity, 23;
his school life, 24; character not
formed by circumstances, 26 ; early
religious doubts awakened by the
Lisbon earthquake, 28, early sym-
bolical representation of the soul's
aspirations to the Deity, 29; the
Seven Years' war, 30; invention of
little stories, 32; occupation of
Frankfurt by the French, ib.; visits
to the theatre, 33; acquires French,
ib.; mock duel with Derones 34 ;
his early play, ib.; entertains a pro-
found contempt for the unities, 35 ;
departure of the French and re-
sumption of study, 36; writes a po-
lyglott romance, ib.; masters He-
brew, 37; dictates a biblical poem
on Joseph and his brethren, ib.;
influence of Fräulein von Kletten-
berg, 38; early love for Gretchen,
ib.; his disappointment, 39; fasci-

nation of his nature, 40; character-
istics of his childhood, 41; his
manysidedness, ib.; his seriousness,
formality, and rationality, 42; ra-
tional' character of his enthusiasm,
ib.; his impatient susceptibility,
43; commences his collegiate life
at Leipzig, 47 ; wearies of logic and
jurisprudence, 48; his appearance
in society, 49; acquaintance with
Frau Böhme, 50; literary society at
the table d'hôte of Herr Schönkopf,
52; falls in love with Anna Katha-
rina Schönkopf, 53; description of
Goethe in Horn's letters to Moors,
54; composition of Die Laune des
Verliebten, 57; works of Goethe
an embodiment of his experiences,
59; pranks and extravagancies with
Behrisch, 60; composition of The
Fellow Sinners, 61; objective cha-
racter of Goethe's genius, 64; con-
crete tendency in his works, 65 ;
compared with Shakspeare, 66 ; his
moral toleration, 67 ; neglects his
col giat studies, 69; his love
songs, 70; joins Oeser's drawing
class, 71; trip to Dresden, 72;
learns engraving, ib.; serious illness,
72; state of religious doubt, 73 ;
returns to Frankfurt, 74; his re-
ception, ib.; letters to Käthchen
Schönkopf, 75; unpleasant relations
with his father, 79; studies in al-
chemy, 80; religion, ib.; passing
affection for Charity Meixner, 81 ;
proceeds to Strasburg university,
82; description of his person, ib.;
general progress, 84; his disgust at
the Système de la Nature, 85; his
exasperation at the pictures exhi-
bited to Marie Antoinette, ib.; his
French verses, 87; mystical meta-
physical studies, 88; early tendency
towards nature worship, ib.; notes
on Bayle's criticism, 89; comment
on a chapter in Fabricius, 90; im-
proved demeanour, 91; increased
circle of friends, 92 ; acquaintance
with Stilling and Lerse, 93; con-
quers his irritability and sensitive-
ness, 94; two love

poems, 95 ;
dancing lessons at Strasburg, 96;
story of Emilia and Lucinda, the
dancing master's daughters, ib ;
his German culture, 101 ; acquaint-
ance with Herder, 102; Herder's opi-
nion of him, ib.; strange introduc-
tion to the Brion family, 105; falls
in love with Frederika, 106; obtains
his doctor's degree, 111; his oration
on Shakspeare, 115 ; his tractate on
German architecture, 119; parting
with Frederika, ib.; his reception
by his father, 123 ; his reluctance
manifold employments, 348; con-
tempt for the Prussian court, 349 ;
mental crystallization, ii, 3; bound-
less productiveness of fancy com-
bined with an indestructible love of
nature, 4; earnestness of manhood,
5; composition of the Iphigenia in
prose, ib.; review of the Iphigenia,
8; official duties, 23; made Geheim-
rath, ib.; journey with Karl August
to Frankfurt and Strasburg, 24;
interviews with Frederika and Lili,
24, 25; changes in his mode of life,
27 ; feels authorship to be his true
mission, 32; poem of Ilmenau, 34;
journey in the Harz with Fritz
von Stein, 36; prepares the planet
dance, ib.; oration on the reopening
of the Ilmenau mines, ib.; discovers
the intermaxillary bone in man, 37;
studies in natural history, ib.; cha-
rities, 39; changes in Weimar so-
ciety, 40; secret departure for Italy,
43 ; his residence in Italy, 44; re-
turn to Weimar, 66 ; relieved from
his official duties, 68; first acquaint-
ance with Schiller, 69; connexion
with Christiane Vulpius, 74; review
of Tasso, 87; character of Goethe
as a man of science, 98; second
visit to Italy, 140; campaign in
France, 142; description of his
house in the Frauenplan, 154 ; the
Bürgergeneral, 156; the Aufgeregten,
ib.; Reinecke Fuchs, 157; history
and character of his friendship with
Schiller, 161; review of Wilhelm
Meister, 175 ; review of Hermann
und Dorothea, 195; history of his
management of the Weimar theatre,
209; his mode of life at Weimar,
229; review of Faust, 242; review
of the Lyrical Poems, 297 ; battle
of Jena, 305; outburst against Napo-
leon, 308; marriage with Christiane,
312; nature of his acquaintance with
Bettina 314; interview with Napo-
leon, 318 ; supposed servility, 322;
passion for Minna Herzlieb, 324;
review of the Wahlverwandtschaften,
325; acquaintance with Beethoven,

to appear in print, 124; his anguish
at having renounced Frederika, 125 ;
composition of Götz von Berlichin-
gen, 132; his meagre account of
Wetzlar in his Autobiography, 145;
Kestner's description of him, 148;
his acquaintance with Gotter, 150 ;
his connexion with the Göttingen
school, 151; falls in love with Char-
lotte Buff, 154 ; visit to Höpfner,
158 ; melancholy departure from
Wetzlar, 160; interrogates fate
whether he should become an artist,
163; studies at Frankfurt, 165 ; re-
writes Götz, 166; its publication,
167; letters to Kestner and Char-
lotte, 172; coquetting with suicide,
173 ; state of his mind, ib.; medi-
tates a drama on Mahomet, 177;
dangerous intimacy with Maximilia
ane, 180; publication of Götter,
Helden und Wieland, 181 ; first ac-
quaintance with Karl August, 183 ;
composition of Werther, 186 ; dis-
tinction between Werther and
Goethe, 192; prodigious effect of
the publication, 195; Goethe ob-
tains the forgiveness of Kestner and
Charlotte, 201; lottery marriage
with Anna Sybilla Münch, 230;
composition of Clavigo, ib.; ac-
quaintance with Klopstock and La-
vater, 239; religious opinions,
acquaintance with Basedow, 244;
with Jacobi, 246 ; his personality,
ib. ; studies Spinoza, 247 ; the Mo-
ravian doctrines, 249; idea of an
epic on the Wandering Jew, 250;
fragment of Prometheus, 253; affec-
tion for Lili, 259; Erwin und El-
mire, 264; composition of Stella,
265; tour in Switzerland, 267 ; sepa-
ration from Lili, 269; accepts Karl
August's invitation to Weimar, 270;
creates a sensation, 301; close inti-
macy with Karl August, 304; elected
to the post of Geheime Legations
Rath, 306; breach with Klopstock,
309; Gleim's anecdote of_Goethe,
310; falls in love with the Frau von
Stein, 316; his Gartenhaus, 321;
fondness for fresh air and water,
323; ballad of the Fisherman, 325;
appearance in the character of a
water sprite, 326; useful influence
at Weimar, 327; theatricals, 328;
his acting, 333; general amusements
and occupation, 334 ; love and am-
bition, 336; letters from sentimental
youths, 338; composition of Triumph
der Empfindsamkeit, ib.; journey
to the Harz in disguise, ib.; inter-
view with Plessing, 340 ; suicide of
Fräulein von Lassberg, 344; in-
creased hatred of Wertherism, 345 ;


indifference to politics, but
earnestness in art, 334 ; not true
that he “looked life
artist”, 338; character of his re-
ligion, 339; his morals, 343; cha.
racter of his old age, 345; his
oriental studies, ib.; the West-
östliche Divan, 346; oration at
Frankfurt, 348 ; publication of the
Kunst und Alterthum, 349; growing
tendency towards mysticism, 350 ;
visit of Werther's Charlotte to Wei-
mar, ib.; death of Christiane, ib.;
anecdote of his enlargement of the





Jena library, 351 ; quarrel with the drama, 135; singularly un-Shak-
Landtag, 353; charged with stealing sperian in construction, 136; in the
an ingot of gold, 355 ; story of the presentation of character, ib.; in
hundred engravings borrowed from the language, 137; the firstborn of
Knebel, 356; review of Wilhelm the romantic school, ib.; its injuri-
Meister's Wanderjahre, 357 ; spread ous influence on dramatic art, 138 :
of his fame, 361 ; vitality of his old its originality denied by Hegel, 139;
age, ib.; passion for Fräulein von scenes from, 141 ; rewritten, 166 ;
Lewezow, 362; celebration of his its publication, 167; its effect, 168;
jubilee at Weimar, ib.; protection translated by Scott, ii, 194.
of his copyright throughout Ger- Goué, instituted the Round Table at
many, 365 ; death of Karl August, Wetzlar, i, 147.
ib.; review of the second part of Greek art, its realistic character as
Faust, 368; his eighty-first year, opposed to the idealism of Chris-
379; indifference to the revolution tian art, i, 206; Goethe's enthu-
of 1830 in comparison with the siasm for, ii, 349.
scientific contest between Cuvier Greek drama, traditional errors con-
and St. Hilaire, ib.; death of his cerning, ii, 8; necessary calmness
only son, 382 ; tribute from fifteen of evolution mistaken for calmness
Englishmen, 383; interview with of life, 9.
Thackeray, 384; activity in old age, Gretchen, story of Goethe's early love
388; signs of decay, 389; his death, for, i, 38.

Gross Kophta, der, ii, 142.
Goethe family, genealogical table of,
i, 9.

HAMILTON, Lady, captivates Goethe,
Goethe, Johann Caspar, father of the ii, 49.

poet, i, 8; his character, 11; dis- Hamlet, Wilhelm Meister's criticism
satisfied with his son's progress at on, ii, 185; twofold cause of its po-
Leipzig, 74; his harshness to Cor- pularity: intellectual sublimity, and
nelia, 79; his pride in his son, but dramatic variety, 245; compared
distress at his manners, 123, 124; his with Faust, ib.
death, ii, 28.

Harz, Goethe's journey in, i, 338; ii, 36.
Goethe, Katharina Elisabeth, mother Hegel, criticism of Götz, i, 139; on

of Goethe, i, 8; her character, 11 ; heroes and valets, 351; a convert
her stories to her children, 19; her to Goethe's erroneous theory of re-
death, ii, 331.

fraction, ii, 111; on Hermann und
Goethe, Cornelia, sister of the poet, Dorothea, 207.

his love for her, i, 20; her father's Heine, anecdote of his first interview
harshness, 79; her marriage, 177 ; with Goethe, ii, 231.
her death , 337.

Helena, Carlyle's review of, ii, 376.
Goethe, Frederick, i, 8.

Helmholtz, his testimony in favour of
Goethe, Hans Christian, i, 8.

Goethe's labours in organig science,
Goethe, Jacob, early death of, i, 32. ii, 116.
Goethe, Ottilie von, her marriage, ii, Herculaneum, Goethe's visit to, ii, 50.

351 ; death of her husband, ii, 382. Herder, his acquaintance with Goethe,
Gold, ingot of, report that Goethe i, 102; his opinion of him, ib.;
had stolen one, ii, 355.

his influence on him, 103 ; cold re-
Goldsmith's Deserted Village, trans- ception of Götz von Berlichingen,

lated by Goethe and Gotter, i, 151. 140; the lineal descendant of Les-
Göchhausen, Mlle., her character, i, sing, 226; survey of his works, ib.;

drawn to Weimar by Goethe, 300 ;
Gott und die Bajadere, ii, 300.

closer intimacy with Goethe, ii,
Gotter, i, 148 ; Goethe's acquaintance 27; his jealousy of Schiller, 236;
with him, 150.

his death, ib.
Gottfried of the Iron Hand, history Hereditary transmission of qualities
of, i, 133.

discussed, i, 5.
Götter, Helden, and Wieland, i, 181 ; Hermann und Dorothea, foundation
reviewed by Wieland, ib.

of Goethe's poem, ii, 195; analysis,
Göttling, discovery respecting 196; character of the poem, 203 ;
phosphorus, ii, 170.

objective delineation of the charac-
Götz von Berlichingen, three versions ters and scenes, 204 ; pure human

of, i, 132; Goethe's own account of existence represented in the subject
its composition, 133; character of matter, 206 ; clearness and signifi-
Gottfried of the Iron Hand, 134; cance of the style, ib.; German
Götz, a dramatic chronicle, not a criticisms on, 207.

disliked by Goethe, ii, 41; his ani-
madversions on Wilhelm Meister,
184; his visit to Goethe at Weimar,

Jena students, their appearance at the

Weimar theatre, ii, 212.
Jena, battle of, ii, 305.
Jena library, anecdote of Goethe's

enlargement of it, ii, 352.
Jerusalem, his unhappy passion, i,

157 ; his suicide, 174; abridgment

of Kestner's account of, 186.
Jery und Bätely, ii, 26.
Joseph and his Brethren, Goethe's

early poem on, i, 37.
Jubilee, Goethe's, celebration of, at

Weimar, ii, 362.
KANT, Goethe's studies in, ii, 98.
Karl August, his flattering kindness

to Goethe, i, 183; invites Goethe to
Weimar, 270; his trick on Mlle.
Göchhausen, 294 ; his character,
297; his close intimacy with Goethe,
304; elects Goethe to the post of
Geheime Legations Rath, 306; si-
lences the protest of the court, ib.;
presents him with the Gartenhaus,
322; his journey with Goethe to
Frankfurt and Strasburg, ii, 24;
Goethe's occasional discords with
him, 30; releases him from the
more onerous duties of office, 68 ;
commands Prussian regiment
during the campaign in France, 142;
dismisses Goethe from the manage-
ment of the Weimar stage, 227;
Napoleon's intemperate rage, 308 ;
Goethe's outburst, ib. ;. Napoleon's
friendly reception of him at Erfurt,
318; regular visits to Goethe in his


Herzlieb, Minna, Goethe's passion for,

ii, 316, 324 ; his sonnets to her,
317; heroine of Die Wahlverwandt-
schaften, 325 ; her marriage, 331.
Horner, Goethe's studies in, ii, 50.
Höpfner, Goethe's visit to, i, 158.
Horen, die, publication of, ii, 168.
Horn, his description of Goethe to

Moors, i, 54.
Humboldts, their acquaintance vith

Goethe, ii, 171; letter to Goethe re-

lating the death of Karl August, 365.
IDEAL or subjective intellects con-

trasted with real or objective intel-
lects, i, 63; idealism the dominant
and persistent characteristic of Ger-
man literature, 206; the dominant
characteristic of Christian art, 207 ;
perpetual struggle between realism
and idealism, 213; idealism asserts
itself after the realistic reaction of
the Crusades, 217; Klopstock the
representative of German idealism,
219; Schiller the idealist, 228.
Ideas constructed out of the depth of

moral consciousness, ii, 175; idea

of Faust, 246.
Ilmenau, Goethe's poem of, ii, 34; his

oration on the re-opening of the

mines, 37; his last visit to, 389.
Imitation, its false tendency, ii, 187.
Imperial court of justice at Wetzlar,

i, 146.
Intellect, distinction between the sub-

jective and the objective, i, 63.
Intermaxillary bone, discovered by
Goethe, its biographical signiti-
cance, ii, 37; a bone of contention
amongst anatomists, 117 ; its exist-
ence indicated by Galen, but gene-
rally supposed to be absent from

ib.; the comparative method
which led to the discovery, 119.
Interpretation, symbolical, extensive

application of, ii, 237.
Iphigenia, first composed in prose, ii,

5; comparison of the prose with
the poetic version, 6; Schlegel's
error in calling it an echo of Greek
song, 8; not a Greek but a German
play, 10; not a drama but a dra-
matic poem, 11; analysis of, 12;

Miss Swanwick's translation of, 13.
Irony, principle of, ii, 189.
Italienische Reise, character of the

book, ii, 45.
Italy, first visit of Goethe under an

assumed name, ii, 44; Goethe's de-
light in the present and not in the
past, 46; effect of his residence in

Italy, 52; Goethe's second visit to, 140.
JACOBI, his acquaintance with Goethe,

i, 246, 247 ; his tone and opinions

old age, 357; his death, 365.
Karsten and his performing dogs, ii,

Käthchen. See Schönkopf.
Kestner, his description of Goethe at

Wetzlar, i, 148 ; betrothed to Char-
lotte Buff, 154; his account of Char-
lotte and Goethe, ib.; his marriage
with Charlotte, 176; Goethe's let-
ters, ib.; his account of Jerusalem's
suicide, 186; his indignation at

Werther, 199; forgives Goethe, 201.
Kieser, recognizes Goethe's discovery

respecting the Metamorphoses of
Plants, ii, 101.
Klettenberg, Fräulein von, her influ-
ence on Goethe, i, 37, 80, 84, 129,

attracted him towards the
Moravians, 249.
Klopstock, made skating illustrious, i,

131 ; the representative of German
idealism, 219; survey of his works,
ib.; his acquaintance with Goethe,

his letter of remonstrance


241 ;


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