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CHAPTER X.

THE POET AS A MAN OF SCIENCE.

Studies Kant.-Studies in art and science.-His treatise on the “Meta-

morphoses of Plants”.-Its cold reception.--Recognition of his la-
bours, by St. Hilaire.—General recognition of his discovery.-High
character of his botanical and anatomical studies.-Unfortunate stu-
dies in Optics.-Misunderstanding of Newton's theory.-Publication
of the “Beiträge zur Optik”,- Opposition to it.—Goethe's obstinacy
and irritability.-His “Theory of Colours".-Anecdote in illustration
of the blueness of darkness.-Goethe's explanation of the phenomena
of refraction.--Source of his mistake in his rejection of every ma-
thematical explanation.--Efforts to supply the place of experiment
and mathematics by observation and reason.--Native direction of his
mind towards the concrete phenomena, not towards abstractions.-
Nowhere attempts a refutation of Newton. His success in the or-
ganic sciences.-Not a metaphysician, but a thinker on the à priori
method.-Review of his discovery of the intermaxillary bone.-Em-
ployment of the comparative method.-The doctrine of morphology.
-The vertebral theory, and theory of plants. Metamorphosis.-
Subsequent limitation of the theory of metamorphosis by the cell-
theory.—Goethe's creation of a type.-Comparison of Goethe's dis-
covery with Wolff's.Goethe's hypothesis of elaborated sap opposed
to Wolff's hypothesis of deficient sap.-Law of vegetation and law
of reproduction clearly seen by Goethe.-Objection to the morpho-
logical theory.-The notion of metamorphosis replaced by the notion
of substitution.—Goethe's efforts to create the science of philosophic
anatomy.—The positive method.-Principle of development grasped
and applied by Goethe.-The Polyp.-Law of division of labour in
the animal organism clearly expressed in Goethe's formula.—Goethe's
“Introduction to Comparative Anatomy”. – Typical structure.-Ex-

CHAPTER V.

THE THEATRICAL MANAGER.

Court character of the Weimar stage.- National cooperation indispen-

sable to dramatic art.- Error of Goethe and Schiller in appealing
only to the cultivated few.-Necessity for the combination of amusement
with instruction in the drama.-Failure of Goethe's experiments in
the Weimar theatre, arising from his contempt of public opinion.-
Influence of the Jena students upon the Weimar theatre. Despotic
efforts of Goethe to control public criticism.-Managerial despotism
over the actors.-Reverence of the actors for Goethe.-Difficulties in
the management.-Effect of the connexion of Goethe and Schiller.-
Representation of “Wallenstein”.-Devrient's critical observations
on the Weimar school.-Difficulties of rhythm and pronunciation.-

CHAPTER VIII.

THE LYRICAL POEMS.

Goethe's fame lessened by his wealth.—Perfection of his poetry and oc-

casional feebleness of his prose. -Witchery of his lyrics.-Sincerity

of their style.-Simplicity and directness of the images.-Story of the

“Bride of Corinth".-"Gott und die Bajadere”.-The “Erl King" 297

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