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children had been attacked since October 31st, and all drank water from Vogel's well. The schoolhouse is on the side of the hill and all efforts to secure water in the schoolhouse grounds had failed, and for this reason water for the pupils is carried from what is termed “the Vogel well.” The Vogel well adjoins the house of Elliott, where the first case appeared, and Mrs. Vogel had also suffered from typhoid fever. The Vogel well is thirty feet from the vault and at the bottom of the hill. In Guilford, and within a radius of one and one-half miles, there have been forty-five cases since August 23d, and the day I visited the town there were thirtynine sick with the disease. The deaths numbered four.
Eight samples of water were collected from these wells, and I give herewith the results of analyses of said samples:
Sample No. 1. Well of Dr. W. A. Schooley; seven cases of typhoid, no
deaths. The chemical analysis of this sample shows it to contain polluting matter of animal origin. The bacteriological test shows it to contain intestinal bacteria. Typhoid bacilli not found. This water is
badly polluted and contains intestinal bacteria. Sample No. 2. Bottle broken; no analysis made. Jr. Dawson's well. Sample No. 3. Well of D. B. Leroy; four cases of typhoid, no deaths.
The chemical analysis shows this water to be polluted with organic matter of animal origin. The bacteriological test shows the presence of intestinal bacteria. Typhoid bacilli not found. This water is pol
luted and contains intestinal bacteria. Sample No. 4. Well of W. T. Ward; two cases of typhoid, no deaths.
The chemical analysis shows this water to be polluted with organic matter of animal origin. The bacteriological test shows that it con
tains intestinal bacteria. Typhoid bacilli not found. Sample No. 5. Well of William Fox; six cases of typhoid fever, one death.
The chemical analysis shows this water to contain more polluting matter of animal origin than any of the preceding samples. The chemical test also shows that it is in a high state of fermentation. The bacteriological test shows that it contains intestinal bacteria. Typhoid
bacilli not found. Sample No. 6. Well of L. Woling; one case of typhoid fever, no deaths.
The chemical analysis shows this water to be passable for drinking purposes. There is no evidence of fermentation. Bacteriological tests
show that it is free from intestinal bacteria. Typhoid bacilli not found. Sample No. 7. Well of S. A. Elliott; three cases of typhoid, no deaths.
The chemical analysis shows that this water is polluted with organic matter of animal origin. Fermentation absent. The bacteriological tests show the presence of intestinal bacteria. Typhoid bacilli not
found. Sample No. 8. Well of C. Vogel; one case of typhoid fever, no death.
The chemical analysis shows this water to be polluted with organic matter of animal origin. No fermentation present. Bacteriological tests show it to contain intestinal bacteria. Typhoid bacilli not found.
This was a most unfortunate outbreak of typhoid fever, and had. all precautions been taken against the spread of the infection it would not have been necessary to make a record of this unfortunate epidemic.
November 25th, Lebanon.-On November 25th I visited Lebanon on account of smallpox near that place. The health officer, Dr. Fitch, contended the disease was smallpox and two physicians insisted it was not. It was to settle this dispute that I was called. The case was unquestionably smallpox. Two other cases appeared subsequently, and were more severe. The usual precautions were taken to prevent the spread.
November 28th, Milltown.—On November 28th I went to Milltown in order to deliver a lecture to the County Teachers' Association. The lecture was illustrated with lantern slides, and dealt with the general subject of “Sanitation.” I was well received and resolutions of thanks and appreciation were passed. I feel confident these lectures produce good results, for I have had two letters from teachers since this Milltown visit in regard to sanitation. It certainly is encouraging to know that interest has been aroused in this important subject.
December 5th, New Orleans.—December 5th I left Indianapolis for New Orleans to attend the annual meeting of the American Public Health Association. This was in accordance with permission previously granted by the Board. The meeting was highly successful in every way. The attendance was about 300. It seems unnecessary here to give the titles of the papers which were read or review any of the discussions; all of that will appear in the annual report of the Society. I met there Surgeon-General Wyman, of the U. S. Public Health and Marine Hospital Service, and at his invitation we had a special conference. He wished me to carry his personal regard to the Indiana State Board of Health and deliver his thanks on account of the action of this Board and Indiana health officers in regard to the bubonic plague.
One feature of the meeting it seems to me should be mentioned in this report, and that was the yellow fever symposium. This took place on Thursday, December 11th. There were present Drs. Findley, Ross, Guiteras and Carter. These were the men that conducted the original experiments at Havana which proved conclusively that yellow fever is carried by mosquitoes and by no other
means. Dr. Ross read the first paper in the symposium, and was followed by Dr. Guiteras, and then the discussion was carried on by Drs. Carter, Findley and Souchon. It certainly was a notable occasion, and brought forth much enthusiasm, in addition to the profitable knowledge which was secured. The history of the experiments conducted by these gentlemen and all the subjects through which it was finally proven that yellow fever is carried by mosquitoes has become a matter of classical history.
During the quarter the Secretary has made, at his own expense, thirty-three water analyses, twelve sputum examinations and sixteen diphtheria examinations. Of the waters examined, twentyeight were condemned; four of the sputum examinations were negative and eight positive; eight of the diphtheria examinations were negative and eight positive.
The drafts of the laboratory and quarantine bills, as approved by this Board, have been handed, the first to Senator A. D. Ogborn and the second to Hon. A. H. Boulden, who have volunteered and promised to do all in their power to secure their enactment into law.
Communications from the U. S. Interior Department, giving information concerning a hygiene exhibit at Buenos Ayres, April, 1904, and a general exposition of hygienic milk supply to be held at Hamburg, May 2d-10th, 1903, were read and considered. In regard to the same, the Secretary was ordered to make acknowledginent of receipt of the communication, and to state the Indiana State Board of Health regretted it could not send delegates and exhibits.
An official notice from Surgeon-General Wyman that a conference of representatives from State Boards of Health and the Surgeon-General of the U. S. Public Health Hospital Service would be held in Washington, D. C., January 11th, 1903, was read and considered. It was ordered that Drs. Cook and Hurty should represent the State Board of Health.
The following petition was read:
To the State Board of Health, Indianapolis, Ind.:
Gentlemen-We, the undersigned voters and citizens of Edwardsport, Knox County, Indiana, respectfully present for your careful consideration the following facts relative to the sanitary condition and the prevalence of smallpox existing in this town at the present time.
In this, a town of over 700 population, smallpox has existed continuously for the past six months, and there are at present about thirty cases. There has been no local health officer here since May, 1902. There is no pretense of maintaining a quarantine, persons passing in and out of the infected houses at will. There are no peace officers in this place at the present time—not even a justice of the peace or constable. The schools are being conducted as usual and the children daily exposed to the contagion.
The County Health Board, though repeatedly informed of the situation here, are unwilling to give any relief.
In this situation, fearing the rapid spread of the pestilence and our lack of effective means of combating its increase, we appeal to you and pray for such immediate and proper relief as may appear best to you under the circumstances.
In witness whereof, we have hereunto affixed our signatures at Edwardsport, Knox County, Ind., on this 6th day of January, 1903.
J. H. CRIM, merchant.
L. RENE, physician.
Upon consideration of the above petition it was moved by Dr. Davis that the petition be submitted to the Attorney-General and he be requested to define the duties and powers of the State Board of Health under the circumstances, and that the Secretary should act according to the opinion received.
Greenwood, Ind., December 6, 1902. To the State Board of Health, Indianapolis, Ind.:
Gentlemen—The J. T. Polk Company, of Greenwood, Ind., by and through its President, James T. Polk, affiant herein, would most respectfully show and present to your honorable Board that it is now, and has been for a number of years last passed, operating a canning factory at the town of Greenwood, State of Indiana, and that the business of such factory is that of canning tomatoes, peas, corn and other vegetables; that as a result of such business there is an accumulation of waste water ånd refuse during the operation of the plant; that the company for a
number of years has been discharging into a stream of water near the establishment, known as Pleasant Run; that affiant does not believe that such waste water or refuse is dangerous to the public health or injurious to the public; that it contains no poisonous substance that affiant knows of, and is purely vegetable in its character.
Wherefore, the J. T. Polk Company, through affiant therein, would most respectfully ask permission of your honorable board that it be allowed to discharge such waste water and refuse into such stream at such time as this Board may see fit for it to do so.
J. T. POLK. Subscribed and sworn to before me the 6th day of December, 1902.
GEO. W. CARPENTER, Notary Public. My commission expires May 29, 1903.
After full consideration of the above petition, it was ordered that the Secretary should inspect the drainage of the Polk factory and report his findings and make recommendations.
PETITION OF TINPLATE COMPANY.
Elwood, Ind., November 22, 1902. To the State Board of Health, Indianapolis, Ind.:
Gentlemen-We hereby respectfully request that you renew our permits for emptying into streams waste waters, etc., from our several plants in this State. Yours very truly,
AMERICAN TINPLATE COMPANY. BERTHOLD GOLDSMITH, District Manager.
Moved by Dr. Wishard, That Dr. Forrest investigate the tinplate matter and report as to whether or not the permits shall be issued, and to issue the same if thought advisable.
The following letter from Senator Goodwine was read, also the answer made by the Secretary. The matter was approved and ordered spread of record.
Indianapolis, Ind., December 13, 1902. Dr. J. N. Hurty, Secretary State Board of Health:
Dear Sir-Below find an extract of the law of 1902 relating to the duties of the committee appointed by the Governor to visit, examine and report to the Legislature respecting State institutions, offices, boards and commissions:
"Section 2. It shall be the duty of this committee to visit and fully investigate the penal, benevolent, reformatory, educational and all other State institutions, 'boards, societies, commissions and offices to which any appropriation has been made by the Legislature at its last preceding ses