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and the supply became contaminated with river water, which contains sewage. Within fifteen hours after drinking this water the symptoms described above developed. This sudden appearance indicated that in all probability the diarrheal poisons were already formed by fermentation under the ice, and the effects produced were not the result of bacterial growth in the intestines. The public water supply had a pronounced taste and odor when the river water was accidentally introduced, as described above. Within two days after the discovery that a well tubing had become broken, the well in question was cut off. From the wells described, the water is delivered into a large reservoir, which consists of three well-cemented excavations in the earth, close by the waterworks. The physicians of the city immediately recognized the cause of the epidemic, the alarm was raised, and the people urged not to drink the water unless thoroughly boiled. This precaution stopped the epidemic forth with. Dr. Tucker, city health officer, called assistance from the State Board of Health because the Water Company had published that all danger was passed and he was fearful that the water authorities were mistaken, but he had been unable to convince them, and so, in the interest of public health, called assistance.
The Mayor called a meeting of the City Council, which was attended by many citizens and by the officials of the Water Company. The matter was discussed in every phase, and I recommended that the city authorities publish to the people that all water taken from the public supply should be boiled until analyses showed that danger was passed. I offered, at my own expense, to examine ten samples of water, one to be sent every other day. It was expected that in time all pollution would disappear and then the water would be safe. The first five samples examined were found to be polluted; each sample yielded colon bacilli in great numbers, and by chemical analysis showed the presence of a very great excess of ammonia, albuminoid ammonia and nitrites. The sixth sample was undoubtedly polluted, but showed improvement, and the eighth sample was entirely free from objection, and so also were the ninth and tenth. It was then declared the water was safe. It might be appropriately added that these outbreaks of winter cholera are not uncommon. Almost a like instance has
already been recorded in the reports of this board as having occurred at Michigan City.
Greensburg.—On March 24th I visited Greensburg on account of smallpox at that place. The county and city health officers were having trouble in trying to make certain physicians believe the disease they were handling was smallpox, and as the citizens generally did not want to have smallpox, they sided with those who said the eruptive disease was "Cuban itch." Upon arrival I visited five cases and found them all to be unquestioned smallpox, and so announced. I called upon the Mayor and he promised that every precaution and effort would be made to extinguish the disease. Senator Newhouse, who is State Senator from Decatur County, was lying sick with smallpox about eight miles distant, and I concluded to visit him. This visit was very profitable, for with the evidence gained there and facts secured from other sources it was discovered that Senator Jefferson Gibson, who died at the Circle Park Hotel, i udianapolis, Sunday night, March 8th, must surely have had smallpox. This matter will be fully and completely reported as "30n as the final testimony is received from Spencer County
Dillsboro.—On March 29th I visited Dillsboro on account of an eruptive disease prevailing at that point. The story is simply told, for it is like all of the others. Some doctors denied the eruptive disease was smallpox, but it was gradually gaining force and strength, and the people were becoming alarmed. My visit served to settle the matter and stirred the local authorities into action. They were very eager, indeed, to follow any directions which would be given, and the most active campaign was immediately inaugurated.
The following communication from the Governor was received, and there being no statistics or information of the kind asked for, it was impossible to comply with the request:
Indianapolis, Ind., April 1, 1903. Dr. J. H. Forrest, Marion, Ind.:
Dear Sir—The enclosed communication from H. W. Wiley is respectfully referred to you, by direction of the Governor, with the request that you give the subject matter thereof your consideration.
GEO. B. LOCKWOOD,
Secretary to the Governor.
3-Bd. of Health.
Washington, D. C., March 18, 1903. Gentlemen-We wish to publish in the Yearbook of this Department a tabulation of certain statistics relating to foods. To make this statement complete the information outlined on the inclosed form is needed. If your fiscal year begins July 1, data from July 1, 1901, to July 1, 1902, accompanied by a statement to that effect, will serve the purpose, though information for the calendar year of 1902 is preferred. It will be greatly appreciated if you will insert the desired data on the inclosed form and send it at once, by return mail if possible, as our report must be completed by April.
We shall also be glad to receive copies of all municipal regulations relating to the adulteration and deterioration of food, and if changes were made in the State laws by the Legislature during the past winter information regarding the fact will be appreciated.
For the files of the Food Laboratory we desire also to secure a complete list of the food chemists, and return cards for the names and addresses of the chemist and assistant chemists employed by you in that capacity are inclosed. Thanking you for a prompt reply, I am, respectfully,
H. W. WILEY, Chief.
Dr. Wishard moved that Dr. M. M. Haas, of Evansville, be appointed to serve on the Indiana State Board of Dental Examiners, to serve two years from June 28, 1903.
The following applications for permits by the American Strawboard Company were read:
To the State Board of Health, Indianapolis, Ind.:
The American Strawboard Company, a corporation organized under and pursuant to law, represents and shows to your honorable body that it now is and for some years last past has been engaged in the business of making strawboard, and in the operation of its factory for that purpose, at the city of Anderson, Indiana, situate upon the banks of White River, and that said White River is at this time at such stage of water that the waste water from said strawboard works may be safely discharged in said stream without injury to the public health. It atso represents and shows to the said board that it now has constructed settling ponds at its said works between the factory and said White River, through which all of said water must flow before it reaches White River, and that said water in flowing through said ponds and before its escape therefrom into the river will pass through more than two feet of gravel.
Wherefore, said company prays that this honorable board will gran it a permit to tiow said waste water into White River under such restrictions as the board may deem just and proper and in pursuance of the act of the General Assembly of the State of Indiana approved March 5, 1901.
And comes now Lee L. Wilson, and being duly sworn according to law, upon his oath says that he is an employe of the American Strawboard Company in the capacity of foreman in the city of Anderson, Indiana, and that the facts above stated are true to the best of his knowledge, information and belief; and further affiant saith not.
LEE L. WILSON.
State of Indiana, County of Madison, ss:
Subscribed and sworn to before the undersigned, a Notary Public within and for Madison County, Indiana, this 26th day of February, 1903.
ANNA E. MILLER, Notary Public. My commission expires February 9, 1904.
To the State Board of Health, Indianapolis, Ind.:
The American Strawboard Company, a corporation duly organized under law, represents and shows to your honorable body that it now is and for some years last past has been engaged in the business of making paper stock board, and in the operation of its factory for that purpose, at the city of Kokomo, Indiana, situated on the banks of Wildcat River, and that said river is at this time and at all times at such stage of water that the waste water from said works may be safely discharged into said stream, without injury to the public health.
The undersigned further represents and shows that no straw is used at such factory, and that strawboard is not manufactured therein, and that there is no deleterious refuse discharged from said factory, and that the said waste water and refuse from said works may at all times be safely discharged into said 'stream without injury to the public health.
Wherefore, said company prays that this honorable body will grant it a permit to throw such waste water and refuse into said Wildcat River, under and pursuant to the act of the General Assembly of the State of Indiana approved March 15, 1901.
AMERICAN STRAWBOARD CO. By FRANK C. REVOLT, Supt.
State of Indiana, County of Marion, ss:
Frank C. Revolt, being duly sworn upon oath according to law, upon oath says that he is Superintendent of the American Strawboard Company at Kokomo, Indiana, and that he is duly authorized to make this applica · tion and affidavit, and that the facts stated in the above and foregoing petition are true; and said affiant further says not.
FRANK C. REVOLT.
Subscribed and sworn to before me, this 10th day of March, 1903.
ELVA J. HOLDSON, Notary Public. My commission expires October 16, 1903.
After examination of the plans submitted for a filter plant at Anderson, and full discussion by the Board, Dr. Davis moved that permits be issued as follows:
Whereas, The American Strawboard Company, a corporation organized under the law and operating a paper-making plant at Kokomo, Howard County, Indiana, has heretofore filed with the Secretary of the State Board of Health its verified voucher and application in writing asking a permit to discharge into a stream in said State known as Wildcat Creek, certain waste waters from its plant, and showing in such application that said stream was, at the time of filing and making such application, at such stage as that said waste water might be safely discharged into said stream without injury to the public; and
Whereas, Said State Board of Health has duly inspected said stream at and below the point of such proposed point of discharge and has found and finds that said waste water is harmless and unpolluting and may for the period herein below fixed be safely discharged into said stream without injury as aforesaid;
Now, therefore, said State Board of Health hereby grants and issues this, its written permit, hereby granting permission to said American Strawboard Company at Kokomo, Howard County, Indiana, to flow and discharge said waste water from its plant into Wildcat Creek for a period extending from the date hereof to the 1st day of December, 1903.
This permit is given this day, April 3, 1903, by the State Board of Health.
Whereas, The American Strawboard Company, a corporation organized under the law and operating a plant at Anderson, Madison County, Indiana, has heretofore filed with the Secretary of the State Board of Health its verified voucher and application in writing asking a permit to discharge into a stream in said State known as White River certain waste liquors from its plant, and showing in such application that said stream was, at the time of its filing and making said application, at such stage as that said waste water might be safely discharged into said stream without injury to the public; and
Whereas, Said State Board of Health has duly inspected said stream at and below the point of such proposed point of discharge and has found and finds that said waste water may under the conditions named and for the period herein below fixed be safely discharged into said stream without injury as aforesaid:
Now, therefore, said State Board of Health hereby grants and issues this, its written permit, hereby granting permission to said American Strawboard Company at Anderson, Madison County, Indiana, to flow and discharge said waste water from its plant into White River for a period extending from the date hereof to the 1st day of December, 1903: Provided, That all waste waters from said plant shall first be passed through five settling basins and the liquors or overflow then filtered through sand and gravel, in trenches overlying porous tile, all as set forth in the plans filed in the office of the State Board of Health.
This permit is given this day, April 3, 1903, by the State Board of Health.