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And swell) round-wise, and long, yet long-wise more,
Lies treasur'd up, which, well prepar'd, it sends
By secret path that to th' arch-city bends ;
This city's *steward dwells in vaulted stone;
Aloft he fitly dwells in arched cave,
Which to describe I better time shall have,
Receivers of the customary rent ;
Straight other four break it in pieces small;
And at each hand twice five, which grinding all, Fit it for convoy and this city's arsenal.
Gustus, the taste, is the caterer, or steward to the stomach, which has its place in Cephal; that is the head. The surface of the tongue is filled with small Papillce, which are no other than fine ramifications of the gustatory nerve ; these are variously moved by che particies of meat and drink; and this motion being by that nerve transmitted to the brain, that perception arises which we style tasting.'
+ In each jaw, are sixteen teeth, four cutters, two dog-teeth or breakers, and ten grinders.
Delivers all unto near officers,
To see the victuals shipp'd at fittest tide;
Opens itself to all that entrance seek ;
But when the rent is slack, it rages rifef,
And mut'nies in itself with civil strife :
The island's common cook, Concoction;
Is quarter'd fit in just proportion ;
* The tongue with great agility delivers up the meat well chewed, to the instruments of swallowing, (eight serving to this purpose,) which instantly send the meat into the stomach.
+ The upper mouth of the stomach hath little veins, or circular strings, to shut in the meat, and keep it from returning.
* Rife, Frequently: so Spenser.
f A short vessel, which sending in a melaucholy humour, sharpens the appetite.
ll in the bottom of the stomach which is placed in the midst of the belly is concoction performed.
Whence never from his labour he retires;
No rest he asks, or better change requires : Both night and day he works, ne'er sleeps nor sleep desires.
Is nothing like to our hot parching fire,
Which sure some inborn neighbour to him lendeth;
And oft the bord'ring coast fit fuel sendeth,
Divided flames the iron sides entwining, Above is stopp'd with close lid covering, Exhaling fumes to narrow straits confining;
So doubling heat, his duty doubly speedeth :
Such is the fire concoction's vessel needeth,
In under offices and several place ;
Another garbage, which the kitchen cloys;
And divers filth, whose scent the place annoys, By divers secret ways in under sinks convoys,
* The concoction of meats in the stomach, is perfected as by an innate property and special virtue; as well as by the outward beat of ad joining parts.
To let out what unsavory remains;
By divers pipes with hundred turnings giring,
Lest that the food, too speedily retiring,
With hungry rage, ne'er fed, though ever feeding;
In vain his daughter hundred shapes assum'd:
A whole camp's meat he in his gorge inhum'd;
If those pipes' windings (passage quick delaying)
These Ipipes are seven-fold longer than the Isle,
Yet all are folded in a little pile, Whereof three noble are, and thin; three thick, and
* The lower orifice, or mouth of the stomach, is not placed at the very bottom, but at the side, and is called the Janitor (or porter) as sending out the food now concocted, through the entrails, which are knotty and full of windings, lest the meat too suddenly passing through the body, should make it too subject to appetite and greediness. + See Ovid. Metam. 8. Fab. 18,
The entrails when dried and blown, are seven times longer than the body,
Lest that his charge discharg'd, might back retire;
Through th' idle pipe, with piercing wateřs soaking,
His tender sides with sharpest stream provoking, Thrusts out the muddy parts, and rids the miry choking.
By mighty bord’rers oft his barns invading :
Purples his cheek : the Ithird for length exceeds,
And down his stream in hundred turnings leads : These three most noble are, adorn'd with silken threads.
And where his broad way in an isthmus ends,
And those who ought not ’scape, he backward sends :
* The first is straight without any winding, that the chyle might not return; and most narrow, that it might not find too hasty a passage. It takes in a little passage from the gall, which there purges the choler, to provoke the entrails (when they are slow) to cast out the excrements. This is called Duodenum (or twelve-finger) from its length.
+ The second, is called the lank or bungry gut, as being more empty than the rest ; for the liver being near, it draws out its juice or cream. It is known from the rest by its red colour.
# The third called llion, or winding, from bis many folds and turnings, is the longest of all.
$ The first of the baser sort, is called blind; at whose end is an appendant, where if any of the thinner chyle do chance to escape, it is stopped, and by the veins of the midriffe drawn out.