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The first and least, in hollow cavern breeding,
Topping the hill, breaks forth in fierce evasion,
And sheds abroad his Nile-like inundation ;
For others, as they longer, broader grow;
Much like a tree, which all his roots so guides,
That all his trunk in his full body hides ; Which straight, his stem to thousand branches subdivides.
With other liquors in the well abounding,
A hundred pipes unto that end employing ; Thence run to fitter place, their noisome load convoying.
* Hence rise the two great rivers of blood, of which all the rest are lesser streams.
+ The chyle, or juice of meats, concocted in the stomach, could not all be turned into sweet blood, by reason of the divers kinds of humours in it; therefore there are three kinds of excremental liquors drawn away by little vessels, and carried to their appointed places,
Of all the rest pleads most antiquity ;
But sure the Hepar was the elder bore;
For that small river call'd the nurse, of yore,
Rise with the native streams; the first like firet,
Which, wer't not surely held with strong retention,
Would stir domestic strife and fierce contention,
Choledochust, that drags this poison hence,
A needful fence, attended with a guard,
That watches in the straits, all closely barr'd, Lest some might back escape, and break the prison ward.
* Famous is the controversy between the peripateticks and physicians; one holding the heart, the other the liver to be first. That the liver is the first in time and making, is manifest ; because the nurse (the vein that feeds the infant yet in the womb) empties itself upon the liver.
+ The first excrement drawn from the liver to the gall, is choleric, bitter, like flame in colour; which, were it not removed, and kept in due place, would fill add the body with bitterness and gnawing.
Choledochus, the Gall, is of a membraneous substance, having but one, yet that a strong tunicle. It hąth two passages, one drawing the humour
All dreary, black, and frightful, hence convey'd
Built long and square : some say that laughter here
Keeps residence; but laughter fits not there,
To th' Hepar's streams turn back their muddy humours,
Fear hides him here, lock'd deep in earthy cell;
With too much strength his neighbours overbearing,
But when it pines, th’Isle thrives; its curse, his blessing:
So when a Ştyrant raves, his subjects pressing, His gaining is their loss, his treasure their distressing.
from the liver, another conveying the overplus into the first gut, and so emptying the gall; and this fence hath a double gate, to keep the liquor from returning.
* The second ill humour is earthy and heavy, which is drawn from the liver, by little vessels, unto the spleeu ; the native seat of melancholy.
+ If the spleen should fail in this office, the whole body would be filled with melanchuly fancies and vain terrors.
Where the spleen flourishes, all the body decays and withers; but where the spleen is kept down, the hody flourishes,
§ Trajan compared the spleen to his exchequer, because, as his coffers be. ing full, drained his subjects' purse; so the full spleen makes the body sapless
Is wheyish cold, which with good liquors ment,
The worst as through a little +pap distilling
To divers pipes, the pale cold humour swilling,
In form and manner like : the left is higher,
Yet into two obtuser angles bended,
Both strongly, with a double wall defended ;
With large stretch'd precincts and with compass wide
For though his arrows and his golden bow,
On other hills he frankly doth bestow,
Too easily led into the sea of death;
Which in their offspring newly flourisheth :
* The watery humour with some good blood (which is spent for the nan. ‘ishment of these parts) is drawn by the kidneys.
+ The Ureters receive the water separated from the blood, as distilled from little fleshy substances in the kidneys, like to teats.
The kidneys are both alike; the left somewhat higher.
He, therefore, made the fire of generation,
To burn in Venus' courts without cessation ;
(For what alone, can live or fruitful be?) Arren the first, the second Thelu nam'd ; Weaker the last, yet fairer much to see :
Alike in all the rest, here disagreeing,
Where Venus and her wanton have their being ;.
Their Maker's glory, and their justest shame;
Fly then those parts, which best are undescried ;
Forbear, my maiden song, to blazon wide,
Yet one extracted from the other's side,
Strange it may seem, such their condition,
That they are more dispread by union;
Another little Isle is soon proceeding; at first of unlike frame and matter being,
In' Venus' temple takes its form and breeding;