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tament against the Manichees: in his letter to Demetrias, he speaks . of the volumes of both the Testaments.

3. In his epistle to Demetrias, and in his Commentaries, he quotes many books of the Old and New Testament; particularly the Acts of the apostles, the epistle of James, both the epistles of Peter. I need not refer to the places, nor transcribe the words.

4. Whether Pelagius received the epistle to the Hebrews may be questioned: it is, indeed, several times mentioned in his Commentaries upon the thirteen epistles of Paul; but possibly some may suspect those passages to be interpolations : for, if he had received the epistle to the Hebrews as Paul's, he would have written a Commentary upon it, as well as upon the rest. However, it may not be amiss to recollect here, that in the chapter of Augustine it was observed, that · Julian, the Pelagian, freely quotes the epistle to the Hebrews as Paul's.

5. In his Commentaries,' he quotes the Revelation of John.

6. In his letter to Demetrius, Pelagius speaks highly to the advantage of the scriptures. He tells that lady, that from them only she can receive a full knowledge of the will of God; and recommends to her f the study of them: he there & speaks of the scriptures, as an epistle sent to us from the Divine Majesty; and he thinks it strange, that men do not receive them with joy.and veneration. Upon Coloss. iii. 16, he says, that laymen ought to be skilful in the word of God; and, indeed, 'Pelagius himself seems to have been always a layman, destitute of ecclesiastical honours: and upon 2 Tim. iii. 16, 17, he says, the * scriptures were designed for general use, that we might profit thereby.

7. I shall now observe a few other things, either various readings, or explications of texts.

8. He says, that 'in some things in the seventh chapter to the Romans, Paul does not speak of himself, now a Christian ; but of another, still under the law.

9. St. Paul says, 1 Cor. v. 9; “I have written to you in an epistle.”. Pelagius " understands the apostle to mean the epistle which he was then writing: which I take to be right.

10. Upon Galat. i. 19, he says, that " James was called the Lord's brother, because he was son of Mary, wife of Cleophas, his mother's sister.

11. I scarce need to observe, that he supposeth the epistle to the Ephesians to be written to the Christians at Ephesus.

12. Upon Philip. ii. 14, he says, that God works in us to will by persuasives, and setting • before us rewards : and he who perseveres to the end will be saved.'

13. Pelagius was ' an orthodox Homoüsian. And when Paul styles our Lord, Col. i. 15, “ the first-born of every creature," or of the whole creation,' he' supposeth him to intend Christ's human nature; and not that he was first in point of time, but in point of honour and dignity: as Israel is called God's “ first born,” or best beloved, and most favoured.

Plena sunt utriusque Testamenti volumina hujusmodi i Vid. Basnag. Ann. 412. n. 8. testimoniis. Ad Demetriad. p. 16. in cap. vii.-N. B. In k Ideo data est legis instructio, ut ejus consilio cuncta fa-quoting the epistle to Demetrias, the pages are those of St. cientes, juste justa faciamus. Ib. p. 1099. Jerom's fifth tome; and the number of chapters, or sections, Numquid non Paulus nondum erat Dei gratiâ liberatus ? refers to the edition of the same epistle, in the appendix to Unde probatur, quia ex alterius personâ hæc loquitur. . . Et the second tome of St. Augustine's works.

rursum in ersonâ ejus, qui sub legere erat, hæc loquitur. Sicut et ipse ad Hebræos perhibens docet. In Ep. ad In Rom. cap. 7. ver. 24, 25 p. 948. in. Vid. et ad ver. 18. Rom. cap. i. p. 928. Vid. et in Rom. cap. viii. p. 953. in 2 Cor. cap. iv. p. 1018. in Eph. c. v. p. 1058. in Coloss. Hoc ipsum in hac epistolà ita scripsi, non ut a gentibus, cap. i. p. 1070.

sed ab his qui peccant in ecclesiâ. separemini. Ad i Cor. v. į See before, p. 586.

p. 983. d Cum tradiderit regnum Deo et Patri.]

Regnum scilicet "Unde Jacobus secundum cognationem frater Domini: humani generis, secundum Petri epistolam, et Apocalypsim dicitur, quoniam de Marià Cleophæ, sorore matris Domini,, Joannis, Patri tradendum adserit esse per filium. In i Cor. xv. natus esse monstratur. In Gal. p. 1037. p. 1007.

o Qui sunt Ephesi, et fidelibus in Christo Jesu.'] Non • Scito itaque, in scripturis divinis, per quas solus potes omnibus Ephesiis, sed his qui credunt in Christo. In Eph. i. plenam Dei intelligere voluntatem, prohiberi quædam.... Ad Demetr. p. 17. in. cap. 9.

Velle operatur in nobis suadendo, et præmia promittendo. r Propter quod maxime sanctarum scripturarum studium Qui perseveraverit usque in finem, hic salvus erit. &c. Adi diligendum est; illuminanda divinis eloquiis anima: et, corus- Philip. p. 1094. caute Dei verbo, diaboli repellendæ sunt tenebræ. Ib. p. 27. 4 Credimus ... in verum Dei filium, non factum, aut adoptiinfr. m. cap. 26.

vum, sed genitum, et unius cum Patre substantiæ, quod Græci 6 Nobis vero Deus ipse, æterna illa majestas, ineffabilis dicunt (u.089109: atque ita per omnia æqualem Deo Patri, ut atque inæstimabilis potestas, sacras literas, et vere adorandos nec tempore, nec gradu, nec potestate, possit esse inferior. præceptorum suorum apices mittit. Et non statim cum gau- Symb. Explan. ad Damas. ap. Hieron. 1. v. p. 122. Conf. dio et veneratione suscipimus ? p. 21. cap. 10.

Pagi. Ann. 405. n. 4 His ostenditur, verbum Christi non sufficienter, sed Primogenitus secundum assumti hominis formam, non abundanter etiam laïcos habere debere; et docere se invicem, tempore, sed honore, juxta illud: Filius meus primogenitus, vel monere. Ap. Hieron. T. v. p. 1074.

Israël. In Col. cap. 1. p. 1070.

p. 947. M.

p. 1048.

14. I likewise put in the margin his explication of Col. i. 19, “ that · in him should all fulness dwell.”

15. In 1 Tim. iii. 16, he had not “ God,” but “which' “ was manifest in the flesh.” The same reading is in another Commentary upon St. Paul's thirteen epistles, ascribed to Hilary the deacon: of which an account was given formerly.

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* In aliis, hoc est, in apostolis, patriarchis, vel prophetis, manifestatum est in carne.'] Quod scire te cupio sacramengratia fuit ex parte. In Christo autem tota divinitas habitavit tum incarnationis Christi, per quem generi humano pietas corporaliter, quasi si dicas summaliter. Ibid. p. 1070. collata est. p. 1090.

5. Et manifeste magnum est pietatis sacramentum, quod

c See

p. 522.


T. Ben ley. Printer,
Bult Court, Filet micel, Luadon.

i. 187


Christianity, but in the event serviceable to the interest of Volusian's correspondence with Augustine A.D. 412 ; vol. iv.
truth, as has been observed by Origen, Augustine, and 483 to 489

Clement of Alexandria, ii. 236, 237; iv. 527 to 529 Vopiscus, (Fr.) one of the Augustan writers, his character,
Varus, (Quintilius) when he came president into Syria, and his account of a Letter of Aurelian to the senate, in

which the Christians are mentioned, iv. 207, 251
Vegelius, bis account of the military oath in his time, Vossius, (J.) his opinion concerning Hagiographial books, ii. 543
iv. 380

Vow of the Nazarite, i. 114 to 116
Venema, (H.) iii. 342

Uplon's, (J.) edition of Epictetus, quoted, iv. 49, notes
Vercelli, an ancient Latin version of the gospels there, Urbanus, Roman president in Palestine, his cruel treatment
ii. 448

of the Christians in Dioclesian's persecution, ii. 118
Verres, prælor of Sicily, steals images of the gods, i. 95; bis Usher's, (Jam.) judgment upon the book called the Doctrine
government unrighteous and infamous, 103

of the Apostles, ii. 386, 387; his character of the Com-
Versions of the Scripture, (Greek) of the Old Testament, i. piler of the Constitutions, 437 ; an observation of his upon
446 ; ii. 474; a Latin version of the New Testament in

them, 441
Tertullian's time, i. 434; the ancient Latin version, and
that made by Jerom, ii. 594 ; iii. 18, 60, 72 ; the scrip-
ture said by Augustine to have been translated into many
languages, 594; and by Chrysostom, 611; and Theo. Wagenseil, (J. C.) his accounts of the time of the Mishna,

doret, 14; See Latin translation of the Old Testament. and of Jehudah, the composer of it, iii. 547, 548, 552 ;
Vespasian, appointed general in the Jewish war by Nero, his remarks upon a passage in the Talmud, 555, 556;

iii. 503; proclaimed emperor in Judea and at Alexandria, upon the Toldosh Jeschu, 574 note c
511, 512; miracles ascribed to him, but not really such, Wake, (Alp. ) his opinion of the Responsiones ascribed to
512, 573 ; his treatment of Sabinus and Epponnina, with Polycarp, i. 327; his translation of a passage in Ignatius's
remarks, 513 ; his good character, 512, and see 508, epistles corrected, 320 note .
note b

Wall, (Dr. W.) bis opinion of Clement of Rome, i. 550; his
Vestal virgins, their number, office, and privileges, iv. 463 interpretation of Phil. ii. 6. 572 ; quoted, iii. 307, 382,
Vettius Epagathus, a martyr at Lyons, iv. 83

387, 416; V. 387, 406, 410, and elsewhere ; his observa-
Victor of Antioch, his Conimentary upon St. Mark's gospel, tions


John viii. at the beginning, iv. 140
ii. 625, 626

Iar condemned by Archelaus, ii. 138; and some think by
Victor of Capua, his time and character, i. 327; what lie the Manichees, 197
writes of Tatian's harmony, 354

War with the Romans, (Jewish) its time and duration, iii.
Victor, Bp of Rome, i. 445

496 ; events preceding it, and the siege of Jerusalem, 496
Victor Tununensis, his story, that the gospels were corrected to 501; the occasion of it, according to Josephus, 501 to
in the time of Anastasius, considered, iii. 67, 68

505; the history of it and the siege of Jerusalem from
Victorinus, (C. M.) his bistory, particularly his conversion Josephus, 505 to 528; from other histories of ir, besides

from heathenism to Christianity, the character of his that of Josephus, 531 to 533

writings, and his testimony to the scriptures, ii. 453, 454 Warburton, (Dr.) Bp of Gloucester, quoted, ii. 247.; iii. 542;
Vincentius Lirinensis, his character of Tertullian and Origen, iv. 108, 110, 326, 327, 331

i. 417; his works and time, and testimony to the scrip- Ward, (Dr. John) commended, i. 153 note a ; his observa-
tures, with remarks, iii. 23 10 29; and see the contents of tion concerning the Egyptian impostor, 227; a critical ob-
his chapter, 23

servation of his, ii. 3 27 notea; his advice to the author con-
Virtue recommended under the similitude of white raiment, cerning Libanius's oration for the temples, iv. 359 note a;
a sermon, V. 242

his remarks upon that oration, 360 note", 365 note 8 ;
Vitellius, president of Syria, displaceth Pilate and Caiaphas, Remarks upon Dr. Ward's DISSERTATIONs upon several

i. 49, 79, 202 ; his expedition to the Euphrates, 53, 203 ; passages of the sacred scriptures, v. 475 to 521
at the request of the Jews forbids his forces to pass through IVaterland, (Dr.) his opinion of the Constitutions, ii. 424
Judea, 53, 98, 202; puts the keeping of the high priest's Wesselingius, (P.) quoted, iii. 68
vestment into the hands of the Jews, and does divers other IVest, (Gilbert, Esq.) iii. 145 note *

things at Jerusalein, 202, 203 ; see likewise 50, 53, 100 Weston's Inquiry into the rejection of the Christian miracles,
Vitellius, a Donatist writer, with a remark to the advantage by the heathens, referred to, i. 250
of their authors, ii. 300

Welstein (J.J.) quoted, i. 505, 503, 512, 563 ; ii. 17, 18,
Vitringa (C.) quoted, iii. 444, 451, 452 ; iv. 532; bis judg- 123, 577 ; iii. 30, 33, 34, 62, 162, 165, 181, 191, 199,

ment concerning the passage in Josephus relating to Jesus 239, 246, 328, 338, 343, 347, 421, 451 ; an inaccurate
Christ, iii. 542

quotation of Isidore of Pelusium, in his Greek Testainent,
Vives, Ludovicus, his character of Jerom, ii. 539
Ulphilus, Bp of the Goths, bis eminence and usefulness to A DISSERTATION upon the two EPISTLES ascribed to
that people, ii. 321

Clement of Rome, lately published by Mr. Wetstein, v.
Ulpian, (D.) his time, iv. 179; his character, ibid.; his 432 to 446

description of the power of the presidents, and the power Wetstein, (J. Rodolph), quoted, i. 514
of the sword, i. 42; in his book of the Duty of a Procon- IV harton, (H.) his opinion concerning the author of the
sul he made a collection of Imperial edicts against the Testaments of the twelve patriarchs, i. 457; quoted
Christians, ii. 68, iv. 179; fragments of his work, in the again, 465
Pandects, 180

Whiston, (WV.) his supposition that the Jews were enrolled
Unitarians, Archelaus said to speak like one, ii. 138; Uni- at the request of Augustus, i. 145, 146; his solution of a

tarian Christians called Jews, i. 626; their sentiments de- difficulty concerning the assessment of Cyrenius, 163 to
fended from scripture by Praxeas, iv. 680. The Unitarian 165; his opinion, concerning the time of Pilate's removal,
doctrine of one God the Father, according to the New 204; concerning the time of Herod's death, considered,
Testament, v. 318 to 324

231; he defends the larger epistles of Ignatius, 314; bis
Unity of God asserted, v. 394, 423 to 425; how held by the opinion of the Sibylline oracles, 455; of the Testaments

Jews, 423, 425; acknowledged by all the ancient Here- of the twelve patriarchs, 456, 457, 458; of the author of
tics, iv. 519; but they are charged with believing that the Recognitions, 467; of the work itself, 468; a mistake
the world was not made by him, ibid.

of his, ibid.; his opinion of the Constitutions, ii. 425; bis

iii. 173




canon of the New Testament, 143 ; computes St. John to Lord's-day, Easter, and the anniversary of Mani's death,
have written his gospel, before the destruction of Jerusa- 207; their discipline, ibid. ; they met together for divine
lem, about the year 63, iii. 236, 239; quoted 491, 515, worship, though prohibited by the laws, 161
541, 546; v. 372, 468

Wotton, (Dr.) his observations upon the testimony of Jo-
Whitly, (Dr.) his interpretation of Luke ii. 1, 2. i. 142, 165; sephus to the destruction of Jerusalem, iii. 530; upon the

quoted, iii. 343, 351; his observations upon the testimony two Talmuds, 548 note
of Josephus and the Talmuds to the destruction of Jerusa- Writings of three sorts, genuine, mixed, and spurious, i, 554,
Jem, 530 ; quoled, v. 384 note; 391, 401, 410, 412, 555, 562. And see ii. 372 10 375

417, 431
Willes, (Dr.) liis remarks upon the prodigies preceding the
destruction of Jerusalem as related by Josephus, iii. 520

Wisdom, quoted as Solomon's by Methodius, ii. 103 ; not

reckoned a canonical book by Jerom, 540, 541; nor by Xiphilinus, (J.) bis account of Marcus Antoninus's deliver-
Rufinus, 573; nor by Chrysostom, 601 ; see likewise ance in Germany, iv. 101; his Epitome of Dion Cas-
69, 80

sius, 182
Wisdom attainable by those who seek it, a sermon, v. 89 Xistus, Bp of Rome, a martyr in the time of Valerian, iv. 198
Witsius, (H) commended, iii. 307, 308, 316, v. 410; his

observations upon Ulpian and the Pandects, iv. 179, 181
IVolfius, (J. C.) quoted and commended, i. 550, 645, 647;

ii. 18, 158, 227, 239, 466, 478, 492, 544; V. 416
Woman, (the) who anointed Jesus with precious ointment, a Zacagni, (L. d.) quoted, iii. 39; and elsewhere
sermon, v. 229

Zacharias, son of Baruch, put to death at Jerusalem, i. 45,
Woolston; A VINDICATION of THREE of our blessed Sa- 46, 217, 218; a difficulty concerning Zacharias son of

VIOUR'S MIPACLES, viz. The raising of Jairus's daughter, Barachias considered, 217 to 221
the widow of Nain's son, and Lazarus; in answer to the Zaccheus called a dwarf, i. 511
objections of Woolston, v. 333 to 370 ; objection the first, Zeul, private zeal, or zealotism, its nature and rules, i. 34,
p. 336; second, p. 345 ; Third, p. 346; fourth, p. 349 ; 35, 116 to 118
tisth, p: 351; sixth, p. 352; particular objections to the Zealots, how they killed Zacharias son of Baruch, i. 217, 218.
story of Lazarus, 355 to 358; his Jewish rabbi's letter Zenas, said to be a Jewish lawyer, and a Christian, ii.

answered, p. 358 to 362 ; observations on the relation of by Jerom he is called a doctor of the law, and an apostoli-
the three miracles, p. 363 to 370; Letter to Lord Bar-

Zenam vero, legis doctorem, de alio scripturæ
rington concerning the raising of Jairus's daughter, i. loco quis fuerit, non possumus dicere, nisi hoc tantum,.

quod et ipse apostolicus vir, id operis, quod Apollo exerce-
WORD, or Logos, its several acceptations, i. 584, 618; how bat, habuerit, Christi ecclesias extruendi. In Tit. T. 4.

used by St. John at the beginning of his gospel, iii. 239 to p. 439
241; iv. 678. A Letter concerning the question, whe- Zenobia, queen of the Palmyrenes, favoured Paul of Samosata,
ther the Locos supplied the place of a human soul in the i. 623 ; her character, 623, 624; some remarkable events.
person of Jesus CHRIST, v. 371. to 431

of her bistory, iv. 203
Good rvorks recommended, ii. 599, 622 ; iii. 21, 83.

Zosimus, his time and work, iv. 397, 398; extracts from it,
IVorship, that of the Manichees : its simplicity, ii. 205 ; they 398 to 416; general remarks upon those extracts, 415;

read and explained the scriptures in their assemblies, 206; Dr. Bentley's remarks upon his work, ibid.; bis false
they bad baptism, and the eucharist, ibid. ; observed the account of Constantine's conversion, ii. 333, iv. 399, 400

cal man.

p. xxxvii.


Bensley and Son,
Bolt Court, Fleet Street, London.

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