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composer, and asked in what way my pressing need I am ready to he would himself advise this sum barter my“ great expectations " for to be appropriated. “You want a something of present fruition. I statue,” said he, thoughtfully; "and might like a statue very much, as a you have, it seems, only got as far hero; but to the pride of that comas the pedestal.”

memoration of me in the next cen“ Yes, Illustrissimo, that is our tury, it is just possible I might pre

fer a suit of clothes now. Would not “ And you have twelve hundred Shakespeare himself rather have francs besides towards your ob- had one jolly evening's carouse with ject?

Ben Jonson, than to have been asThecommittee bowed their acqui- sured of that blessed exhibition of escence.

maudlin penny-a-liners and drama“ Give me the money then, and tists that we all witnessed a few I'll stand on the pedestal half an weeks ago ? hour next Tuesday. I must leave The Florentines have just anon Wednesday, or I'd repeat the nounced a commemoration of Dante. performance."

It is to take place next April, on I wish I could record that the the five hundredth anniversary of committee had been men of suffi- the poet's birth. That they will cient generosity to appreciate, and deal with the matter with more of taste to avail themselves of, this taste than ourselves is easy to beoffer. That unadorned pedestal lieve—that whatever of literary diswould have been a monument to tinction Italy possesses will aid and make their town illustrious for ages. assist the festival, we may feel asA neat inscription, too, could have sured. It is as much the revival of recorded the fact “that here, on Italian greatness which will be celesuch a day in May,” &c. &c. brated as the fame of the greatest

We go to visit battle-fields with of all Italians; and yet the difficulthe very vaguest information as to ties will be immense. What can the position of the contending hosts; they say for Dante that his works here, however, one small platform have not said immeasurably better? would hold us to the hard fact How proclaim the fame that alwhere the great Maestro had stood, ready fills the earth? and one-half the imagination we What man, when a sou’wester is deploy to people La Haye Sainte straining the canvass and making or Hougoumont would suffice to the foretopsail like a board, so that present Rossini before us, with his the craft cleaves the water like a roguish eye, his humorous mouth, fish, takes down the bellows by and that general look of self-satis way of increasing the wind ? Yet fied shrewdness that is the most this is precisely what your commarked characteristic of the great memorators are doing. They are composer.

running about with that wretched Now, I might ask, is there not bellows of theirs, to add to the gale something in this suggestion of that is only short of a hurricane; Rossini's well worth our considera- and so once more I say, Let me tion? Are there not men amongst have no commemoration. us who would like to sell their rever- When the Crimean war broke sion of future fame for a little pre- out, Mr Gladstone declared that he sent assistance ? That ten thousand would have no loan : the generaI am to have at my grandmother's tion who made the war should pay death, is to me a mere dissolving for it. So say I. I will not borview of affluence. I want it now. row what posterity may have to I won't go so far as to wish the old pay. I leave it, of course, to an lady in paradise, though why that intelligent public to understand in should be accounted a hardship is what way I prefer to take out my not so easy to understand. But in “immortality,"


Gracious and compassionate read- wouldn't know Dublin, how dear er, it is not often that I inflict you it has grown. Nobody thinks of any. with a personality ; nor, indeed, do thing better than a car; and the I remember such a transgression Viceroy, I'm told, puts the housesince the day on which I told you hold one day every week on cold about a certain friend of Gioberti. mutton, and makes Friday a black I am now, however, disposed to sin fast, which is very popular with our once more. The occasion is a let people. Whisky-negus is given at ter I have this morning received the Castle balls, and the aide-defrom Mrs O'D., and which, touch- camps are reduced to a pint of ing a little as it does on “Men Guinness at dinner; and no wonand Women, and other Things in der, mutton is ninepence, and as General," is not foreign to the much bone as meat. matter of these papers.

“ There's another reason too, A great contemporary-one of the Corny, why I want to leave this. very pleasantest fellows that ever Tom M'Grath says it's all bother talked at a dinner - table - Jules about your being a Commissioner Janin, once made a feuilleton on his or anything else under the Governown marriage. Now I am not fully ment; that you're just gallivanting certain I should like to have gone about the Continent for your own so far as this, but I see no objec- fun-dining out wherever you can, tion to quoting certain portions and making love wherever they'll of Mrs O'Dowd's correspondence, let you : a nice life of it, and very reserving to myself the right respectable to a man of your time which Ministers are wont to ex- of life, seeing that on your birthercise in blue-books, of omitting day last Tuesday you were * * *." all that is most piquant, and Here I avail myself of the ministerial consequently most interesting. asterisks, and proceed. “And that's With an abruptness worthy of De- not all ; but that you are abusing mosthenes she opens thus : “They the Church and the Cardinals, and are at it again, dear Corny, as bad everything that is holy and decent, as ever, and never was anything less not even sparing the country that provoked by our people. The Dub- gave you your birth and your wife lin demonstration was beautiful, -two blessings that you oughtn't and the coal-porters preserved the to forget, no matter, as Tom says, peace with their bludgeons in a however perverted foreign habits manner that made every one de- have made you. lighted; and the consequence is, that “You may think how pleasant the savages in the north, driven my situation is, that I never go frantic by the elegant success here, out to take tea that I don't hear came down on our poor suffering co- somebody say, “Write off that to religionists, as Doctor Cullen said, your husband, Mrs O'Dowd - it " like a wolf on the fold," and they will be as good as a box of cigars have half destroyed the town of to him ;' or, ‘There's a bit of gossip Belfast. The cry is now' Sauve qui for Corny ; that's what he lives on peut!' Lord Carlisle is gone already, just now.' and, with the help of the Virgin, I “And is this the place under the mean to be off by Saturday. When Government,''the roving commisthis reaches you, you will therefore sion to look after the state of Eulook out for a comfortable house in rope'? some pleasant city where there is “ It was only yesterday Mrs a nice social circle, with a good Brady said to me, “Mrs O'Dowd, climate and everything cheap. You you'll find yourself quite a celebrity

on the Continent. You'll be as ture. I cannot remember the day well known as Barney Williams or I have played the miser of my Mr Cobden !! Wasn't that a nice gifts, for I do not know when I speech to make to a respectable last dined at home. If Mrs O'D. married woman ?

should join me, what becomes of “Tom will take me as far as these rich outpourings of my pleasDover, and then go back; so that, if antry? How am I to give way to you want to write home or make the expansive richness of my fancy, any family inquiries, he will be for in describing my life in Ireland, the present your”-heaven forgive on my own estate, in my paternal Mrs O'Dowd her orthography!-an halls, surrounded by my attached additional “r” would have cost her peasants? Those hunting-parties ! so little ; and she need not have writ- -ah, those hunting-parties! how ten the word, “ Co-respondent !" Compiègne and Fontainebleau pale

It was a small thing to be vexed before them! That great countryabout, but I couldn't get over it; house, filled with distinguished and I walked about all day mutter- guests—how, I ask, am I to dash ing to myself, “My co-respondent, off one of these grand frescoes, Tom M'Grath !” My second reflec- when Mrs O'Dowd stands by with tions were these : Married life is a whitewash brush to "smudgelittle suited to the habits of the the whole picture and she would. Continent. It will do, perhaps, I know that woman well. Her own with the natives, because they wear sister told me that as a child she their chains gracefully, and occasion- never built a card-house herself, ally festoon them, as I have seen but went all round the table, certain jaunty galley-slaves do, in knocking down the others. picturesque loops all around them; That has been her mission but we Saxons or Celts take a more through life. The world is full of serious view of our sentence, and these stone - and - mortar people, accept the words “for life" with a who would rather take shelter in far graver significance. Then we a dungeon than under a silken have a regular glut of what are canopy. called the “delights of a home." What is to be done? The peril Our detestable climate and coal- is imminent. Shall I be jealous fires, our small houses and peculiar of Tom M'Grath, and order her notions of hospitality—all lead us to peremptorily to go reside with assemble in our own“ wigwams,” her mother? — a grand Russian and exchange the amenities of civil- sort of policy that! Being jealisation with our own Squaws. ous is, however, a great mistake

The foreigner is not driven to in connubial strategy. It is simply this. The nights are never too wet showing your wife a raw spot to go out to the café or the theatre; in your nature which she may nor, reciprocally, to prevent some irritate at will; and I shrewdly two or three intimates to drop in suspect Mrs O'D. would “hit the and chat with your wife. I have blot” at once. Besides this, "mockgrown to like this. I have lived ing is catching;” and even already I long enough to feel that to hoard am not over well pleased with my up one's genial pleasantry-one's friend Tom's attentions. What conversational stores-one's social business was it of his to dilate resources in many ways, for mere upon my life and habits? Why home consumption, is as arrant should he bring under my wife's avarice as to swear you will never notice those broadcast opinions I give sixpence away for anything am scattering, and which would be but for family expenses. I hold as cruelly spoiled by Mrs O'D.'s myself above that. Now my late supervision as ever was a French experiences in life have largely de- comedy by the Censor ? veloped these charities in my na- To telegraph to my wife that

the Continent was in a fearful of them? It is important to see state - "honeycombed," as Mr how many cubic feet they may be Disraeli says, with conspiracy, and able to accord me-in what secperfectly mined by Red Repub- tion I am to stand-how I am to licanism — would have defeated be illuminated when they show all my strategy. Genuine woman me by gaslight. as she is, she'd have been in ecstasies at the idea of such excite- “Mrs O'Dowd,” I telegraphed ment. She'd have preferred a bar- at once, “ tell the committee that I ricade to a new bonnet any day; agree. I am doing wonders for the and, womanlike, would have con- Exhibition here, and will be in fronted the worst perils of a mob Dublin by Tuesday - Friday at for the mere pleasure of one day farthest. Show this to Guinness. recounting them. Were I to say,

O'Dowd." therefore, The revolution may break out next week, it would only add If that was not enough to puzzle speed to her lest she should arrive ordinary brains, I'm a Belgian! I too late.

pictured to my mind Mrs O'Dowd's To assure her, as I now in all face of embarrassment as she asked truthfulness do you, my bland whether I was an“ object of inreader, that the cheapness of the dustry" or one of “the fine arts" ? Continent was all sham and delu- Such, intelligente publico, is my sion, would have provoked the less present condition. I make the logical than practical reply, “No explanation in all frankness, so that worse for me than for you, Mr if—which will be much more matter O'Dowd." I might be taken sud- of regret to me than to you--if, I denly ill and die-I mean, to have say, I should fail to make my apmy death reported to her. There pearance before you next month, was much to be said in favour of you will neither believe the stories this course, but Mrs O'Dowd was in circulation that I have been a woman of strong measures. She hanged in Poland or murdered in might remarry, and the complica- an English railway ; that I am untion become troublesome. I had der sentence of bigamy, convicted jast finished “Enoch Arden,' and of felony, or a major-general in had no ambition to appear in that the Federal army of America. I now popular part.

am simply preparing myself-as Torn with opposing conflicting certain English noblemen are said thoughts, I paced my room in a to do for their appearance as Irish state of almost frenzied perplexity, Viceroys — by a course of poses when the thought struck me, I plastiques, which being accomshall go back to Ireland—I am plished, I resume my O'Dowderies, wanted there suddenly. There is expecting the continuance of your to be a great Art Exhibition of Irish gracious and most gratifying approducts next May, and am I one proval.


We have here the Second Series ture obscured to the youthful mind of Lectures which Max Müller (for by a thousand difficulties,-even he all the world writes simply Max may at length be able to detect the Müller, without any prefix—a sign, most delicate shades of meaning in we take it, of general friendliness a Greek or Latin epithet, and yet and respect) has delivered before may never have dreamt of that the Royal Institution of Great Bri- laborious and ingenious study which tain on the science of language. the scientific etymologist is now No one could reasonably expect that engaged in. It has long been a it would equal in interest the first favourite theme of the speculative series, which naturally took posses- philosopher to describe what might sion of the salient topics and the have been the origin and progreswide theoretical views now connect- sive development of human speech. ed with the scientific study of lan- Well, the scientific etymologist guage. But though, on this account, undertakes, by collating all the necessarily inferior to their prede- languages of the earth, and all the cessors, these Lectures will, we are histories of those who speak or sure, be greedily seized upon by have spoken them, to solve the that omnivorous person, the Gene same problem. The psychologist, ral Reader, who is avid of instruc- arguing from the nature of human tion when conveyed in a clear and thought and the order of human intelligent manner. They are some knowledge, forms his theory, and what miscellaneous in their charac- it is well and necessary that he ter, and the observations they may should do so; but his theory resuggest to us will be of the same mains a mere speculation till it is miscellaneous description.

verified by the analysis and the hisThe study of languages by those tory of the actual languages which who wish to enjoy or fully to com- have been spoken by man. Do not prehend the various literatures of let the rapid speculator, content the world, ancient or modern, and with his, perhaps, too facile method the study of language itself, or ar- of deduction-his inferences from ticulate speech, as the pre-eminent broad psychological principles — gift or faculty of the human race, look with contempt upon the slow are two very different things. The labours of those who proceed by ordinary scholar who delights in the historic or etymological method; his Horace, and fights over again nor let these last, confident in what the battles of Homer, may be as seems to them the secure basis of ignorant of all that pertains to this fact, despise the bold generalisalatter study as the mere English tions of those who take their stand reader, left benighted, as it is gen- on the philosophy of mind : the erally supposed, or relegated to two classes of thinkers are necessuch limited culture as he can ex- sary to each other. The philolotract from the literature of one gist would never have given a usemodern language. Even our for- ful direction to his labours if he tunate scholar, our model student, had not been also in some measure educated after that manner which a psychologist ; and it is above all all Europe seems at present to ap- things gratifying to observe that prove, which presents words as the some of the most important conchief object of knowledge, and in- clusions arrived at by the speculaducts us into thinking by a litera- tive philosopher have been con

Lectures on the Science of Language, delivered at the Royal Institution of Great Britain.' By Max Müller, M. A. Second Series.

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