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them, but that they do not like to Charter-House is.* They may be fall under my censure or displea- made more generally available than sure.” Dr Hessey thinks that his they are, if some of the Commissystem is on the whole successful. sioners' recommendations be carried If his own account of it be a fair out. But unless it be in the excepone, it at least deserves to be : tional case of the Charter House, “When a boy goes to the sixth form,

o the sixth form. they will be wise to resist any scheme I call him to me, and say to him, You of removing them into the country. are now coming under me; I trust that The Report declares that “the eviyou will be honest, and a truth-teller. dence does not appear to confirm the I have no interest whatever except in view, that a school in London is your progress. Let us be on good and less healthy,” though this is a view honourable terms with each other:' and the boys perfectly understand me. ...

very popularly entertained. St

De Of course, there is a black sheep occasionally. A boy will tell a falsehood remain, as they now are, the great now and then ; but I had rather occa- day-schools of the metropolis, their sionally be deceived than lead the school cheap and excellent education spread to understand that I thought I had a over a larger area by judicious reset of deceivers about me."--Evid., 617. forms ; and though the objections

On the whole, the Londoners to the removal of Westminster are have sufficient good schools-sua si said to be mainly “sentimental,” bona norint. It may be doubted it is a sentiment with which we whether they appreciate them suffi- cordially sympathise: it would be ciently: people do not even know, “no longer," as one of the witnesses says Archdeacon Hale, where the says, “Westminster School.”

* Evidence, 1502.


TOWARDS the construction of a which was perpetually flowing from biography which is to repay the the late Archbishop, fired the soul trouble of reading, two incidents and stirred the ambition of Mr are absolutely necessary. First, William John Fitzpatrick. Was he there must be proper materials not conversant with not a few of with which to work; and next, the the reputed sayings and doings of biographer should be capable of the late Archbishop? Could he making use of these materials when not, by a little diligence in applyhe gets them. We are sorry to saying to his Grace's chaplains and that we can discover little trace of flatterers, make himself master of the presence of either incident in more? It was evident that the the volumes now before us. To do point of view in which the public him justice, Mr Fitzpatrick makes desired to look at Dr Whately no pretence of fitness in any re- was the comic point. Only let spect for the task which he has un him succeed in collecting jokes dertaken. “I cannot say,” he ob- enough, and he might certainly serves, in his preface, “that I was hope to describe a Merry-Andrew at the Archbishop's elbow through as well as anybody else. To work life." In point of fact, his ac- therefore he went, and the requaintance with the Archbishop sults are two volumes post octavo, was of the slightest kind. They made up of scraps and anecdotes; bowed when they passed each other the former evidently supplied by in the street, and perhaps shook ladies and gentlemen who had hands if by chance they happened taken the measure of their correto meet in a room. Access to Arch- spondent, the latter entirely his bishop Whately's unpublished cor- own. respondence he certainly had none; “The able men who possessed and, judging from the results, seems that great advantage," and who to have held little confidential com- “ placed at Mr Fitzpatrick's dismunication with persons in this posal much valuable memoranda respect more fortunate than him- and notes," had reasons of their self. To be sure we are told that own for keeping their names out “some able men who possessed that of sight. What these names may great advantage, but whose names have been we shall not stop to inour author is not at liberty to dis- quire; but this judgment at least close, have supplied that deficiency may safely be hazarded—they gave (what deficiency ?) by placing at his him no assistance in the compiladisposal much valuable memoranda tion of his introductory chapter. and notes.” And to get possession That is his own throughout; and of “much notes," whether they be we learn from it that “when really valuable or not, is a feat George IV. lay in his cradle, there worth achieving. But the true lived at Nonsuch Park a young spur to action on the present oc- cleric named Joseph Whately;" casion was neither knowledge of that “Nonsuch Park was begun the subject nor the much notes by Henry VIII, and finished by and memorandahere alluded to. Queen Elizabeth ;" that “Queen On the contrary, “A letter from Anne, and subsequently James I., Oxford,” in Notes and Queries,' occupied it;" that “in 1730 the requesting illustrations of the in- Duke of Grafton sold it to Joseph exhaustible fund of wit and humour Thompson, Esq. ;" that “by-and

Memoirs of Richard Whately, Archbishop of Dublin. With a Glance at his Contemporaries and Times.' By William John Fitzpatrick, J.P. London: Richard Bentley.

it to the Crown.” We admit the and-forty years ago." importance as well as the pecu- Is Joseph Whately dead ? and if liarity of this information ; but he be, what has become of him? what connection it has with the “Having assumed a new name, sat late Archbishop Whately is not in two parliaments, and died” — quite so evident. Richard Whately what next? As to William, he may was not born at Nonsuch Park, nor still be officiating, for aught we yet in the prebendal house at Bris- know to the contrary, as vicar or tol “ which is still pointed out.” rector- or what not—if not in BerkMoreover, his father was not a pre- shire, somewhere else. We ask for bend, but a prebendary. But this explanations on these heads, and is not all. “Richard," we are as- hope that when Mr Fitzpatrick sured, “ was the youngest of eight prepares a new edition of his work children, most of whom died un- he will supply them. sung.' thongh neither unwept nor It is not, however, solely on unhonoured.'” It is satisfactory to points like these that Mr Fitzknow that among the Whatelys the patrick is carried, by the power of good old custom still prevails of his own genius, out of the common singing dirges, or dragees, over the course of mundane affairs. We are coffins of such members of the informed, for example, that under family as die at home. The un- the care of a Mr Phillips, who kept fortunates to whom Mr Fitzpatrick a school in Bristol, and was always alludes so touchingly paid the debt referred to by Dr Whately as a of nature, we presume, far from the skilful and judicious teacher, Richpaternal roof. Had circumstances ard Whately received a comprehenbrought them back to die in their sive course of general instruction. own beds, their wakes would have This is at least curious. Neither been kept with all the fervour among men nor among horses were which marks similar proceedings we aware till now that it was possiin the Liberties of Dublin, or ble to receive a course either of inamong poteen - inspired mourners struction or running. The former of St Giles in London. However, were supposed to receive or acquire we are consoled by the informa- some amount of knowledge, greater tion that they were neither unwept or less, by going through a course nor unhonoured. But here a of instruction; the latter, to win or fresh trouble awaits us. We can- lose plates according as they were not quite see, from Mr Fitzpatrick's first or last in getting over the account of the matter, which of course. But Mr Fitzpatrick knows the eight Whatelys are really dead, better, and is, besides, singularly inand which still alive. Of the four structed, in his own way, respecting daughters he disposes satisfac- Oxford and its usages. Thus we torily enough. Only one, “ the learn from him not only that Richrelict of a physician," survives ; ard Whately was placed, at the age the other three sickened, died, of eighteen, in Oriel College, but were waked, and, we suppose, that Oriel was then the great school buried. But over the fates of the of speculative philosophy; that brothers a veil of mystery is Whately at once attracted attention spread.

because of his originality; “that

notwithstanding this originality, “The Rev. Thomas Whately, rector and the notoriety incident to it, his of Chetwynd, and the senior of the undergraduate course is said to have late Archbishop by fifteen years, is also been quiet:” that obtaining a double still alive. William Whately officiated for some time as a vicar in Berkshire;

second, he was still,“in the scholars' and Joseph, who, having assumed the

race, more than once tripped ;" and name of Hasley by royal sign-manual, that “from the time he entered Oxand represented St Albans in two par. ford, Whately was remarkable for a

certain amount of originality, both exercised for good or for evil no of thought and action, which some little influence over the minds of times amounted to rank eccentrici- the rising generation. ty.” In spite of all this, however- We began this paper by confessin spite of the eccentricity which ing that we could discover little caused his “undergraduate course to trace in Mr Fitzpatrick's pages of be quiet," and his frequent trips in either of the incidents, a happy the scholars' race, Wbately " at last combination of which is necessary made good his footing, and turned to the production of a readable biothe corner cleverly.” “In 1808 he graphy. No letters, no papers, no graduated, and in 1810 he won a journals of the man about whom he twenty-guinea prize.” In 1811, the proposed to write, appear to have highest honours which it was pos- been placed at Mr F.'s disposal. A sible to confer, unless the Provost's little gossip more or less trustworchair of Oriel, reached Whately in thy, with a few curt answers to questhe shape of a Fellowship; and in tions asked, appear to comprise the 1812, he became a Bachelor of Di. sum total of his stock in trade-if vinity. “In estimating the value we except newspaper articles, noof these triumphs," continues our tices in magazines or annual regisauthor, “it must be remembered ters, and here and there a county that Whately, even at this early history. But it is too evident that, period of life, was beset with ene- had the whole wealth of Whately's mies, who first reviled him as an private diaries been handed over impudent pretender, and at a later to Mr Fitzpatrick, and all who date stigmatised him as an object were deepest in Whately's confidof grave suspicion." A second-class ence stood at his elbow to prompt in classics and mathematics, and him, the reading public, so far election to a Fellowship of his Col- as this biography is concerned, lege, were, equally with the prize for would have gained little from the the English essay, legitimate grounds circumstances. Mr Fitzpatrick and of triumph to Whately; but they Archbishop Whately have nothing must have shrunk into nothing in in common. The former is not comparison with such a premature only incapable of understanding elevation to the dignity of Bachelor what the latter was, but he cannot of Divinity as is vouched for here. always express in intelligible EngWe are sorry to say, however, that lish the ideas, such as they are, we doubt the fact of the elevation which fill his own mind. What, We suspect that in 1812 Whately for example, does he mean to say in attained, as other men do, by length sentences like these : “ The choice of standing, the right to take his of a profession was now the quesMaster's degree, and that the tion. It is impossible to doubt, Bachelorship of Divinity came later from the deep thought evinced in Be this, however, as it may, Mr his able lecture ‘On the Influence Fitzpatrick, we are afraid, allows a of the Professions on the Character,' lively imagination to run away with that the adoption of the clerical him when he describes Oriel, in was other than the result of mature the days of Whately's freshmanship, consideration. We do not think as the great school of speculative that Whately was likely to have philosophy in Oxford. If Oriel been unduly dazzled by the many ever deserved to be so considered, brilliant minds which flung their in contradistinction to other col- light around him, and had already leges, it was after Newman, Keble, fired the ambition of numbers who and Whately himself had become soared merely to fall." fellows ; and their own tastes, as We are inclined to believe that well as the course of events else- our readers, like ourselves, have by where, led them into speculations this time had enough of Mr Fitzwhich,whether philosophical or not, patrick and his crudities. That worthy but misguided man writes exercise the halo of a poetic himself, we perceive, J.P. on his mind. Neither can it be said of title-page; and asks us to bear in him that he was popular with his mind that he is “author of 'Lady contemporaries. A tall gaunt figure, Morgan ; her Career, Literary and manners rude, sometimes bordering Personal,' and of. The Life, Times, upon boorishness, and an aptitude and Contemporaries of Lord Clon- in saying sharp things in season curry,' &c." The letters J.P. stand, and out of season, offended the we presume, here as elsewhere, for multitude, who seldom care to look Justice of the Peace. Let us ex- far into the characters of those press the hope that the Justice's who tread upon their corns. But law is better then his literature. beneath this rough exterior there As to 'Lady Morgan ; her career, were qualities which gradually Literary and Personal,' and 'The worked to the surface and did their Life, Times, and Contemporaries of owner yeoman's service. CoppleLord Cloncurry,' we confess that stone, in particular, found out ere we never saw one or other of them. long that his queer-mannered pupil But if to Lady Morgan and Lord was no common man ; and the Cloncurry Mr Fitzpatrick has meted pupil, not much accustomed in those out the same measure of injustice days to be treated kindly, opened which he has dispensed to Arch- his heart to the tutor, and they bebishop Whately, then he will have came fast friends. Certainly there contrived to render two very silly, were few points of resemblance beand, to the utmost extent of their tween the constitutions, moral and poor ability, very pestilent people, intellectual, of the two men. But even more ridiculous after death the attachment thus commenced than they made themselves in their remained unbroken to the last ; lifetime.

they shared each other's confidence Richard Whately, the hapless through life. victim of an Irish J.P.'s attempt We are not prepared to say that at authorship, was the youngest son Whately ever deserved to be reof the Rev. Joseph Whately, one of garded as a great man; but he was, the Prebandaries of Bristol. He throughout the whole of a career was born on the 1st of February which extended beyond the average 1786, in Cavendish Square, London, duration of human life, an able and during one of those temporary so- industrious man. As an undergrajourns in the capital with which his duate he lived a good deal alone, and family were acccustomed to refresh was never idle. Besides holding his themselves. After passing through own in classics and mathematics, a good private school, he was en- he studied French, German, and tered at Oriel College, Oxford, of Italian, and read a great deal of hiswhich Mr Copplestone, subsequent tory, annotating as he went along. ly Provost, and by-and-by Dean of Logic, metaphysics, and, above all, St Paul's and Bishop of Llandaff, political economy, likewise, attractwas then the classical tutor. Mred his attention, for his talents were Whately's career as an undergra as discursive as his capacity of duate was respectable, but by no labour was immense. His powers means brilliant. He maintained a of conversation, also, though very fair place in the lecture-room, and peculiar, were always great. In generally acquitted himself well at general he harangued somewhat collections, but he neither aston- after the fashion of Coleridge, ished his teachers, as the late Sir but controversy never came amiss William Hamilton did, by the ex- to him, and he was especially briltent and accuracy of his scholarship, liant when provoked to support a nor, like Keble, won both their fallacy or maintain a paradox. How admiration and affection by throw. far his possession of these qualities ing over the commonest College may have helped him to the Fellow

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