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all to the credit side of the Vice- whatever it is, if it be good for us ; roy's book. There are now and don't despoil us of the small modithen Celtic specimens of beauty in cum of gold we used once to be so the shape of austere mothers that proud of when we had gingerbread; might make his Excellency doubt and as you have deprived us of whether he had not better have re- Donybrook Fair, at least leave us mained in the Colonies ;” but he our St Patrick's Ball. must take these with the lot.

If, however, it be the intention This reminds me of what his of our rulers to abolish the office, Majesty George IV. said, as he saw what could have induced them to a twinkle of malice in a waiting- mark its approaching extinction by lord's eye, when a very old and ill- naming Lord Carlisle to the post ? favoured countess had just been Why accompany its decline and fall submitted to the royal embrace: by regrets all the more poignant? “Never mind," said the King, in a Why join to tbe loss of certain whisper, “I had my revenge; I material benefits the greater loss kissed her daughter twice yester- that attaches to the rupture of ties day.” I say, I'd do away with this, of affection and deep regard ? I and I'd give a compensation-say have never been in Ireland since two thousand a-year if the Viceroy his Viceroyalty; but I am told on was an old man, five if young; but all sides, and by men of all parties, in return I should insist on more such traits of his kindliness, his dinners. Lastly, I would suggest generosity, and his goodness, --I that one-half of the gentlemen-in- have heard of such instances of his waiting should be briefless barris- thoughtful benevolence, that I can ters, the pleasantest class in the feel what Ireland must have lost by country, and well worthy of some his departure—a sorrow all the sort of recognition.

deeper from the cause that proLeave us, therefore, leave us what duced it. the Prussian calls our“ Hegemony." If it be a policy to extinguish I trust I am employing a decent the Viceroyalty, Lord Carlisle should expression, but I am not quite clear never have been amongst the last to on the subject. Leave it to us, hold it.


Of all the salutations that ever height would justify, saw the danwere devised to express hearty ger, and would have prevented it. good - will and large substantial His keen eye detected the confriendship, recommend us to that spirator and assassin under the unof the Orientals—“May your sha- wholesome skin of the ascetic; but dow never be less !” Maceration, Antony, who was somewhat pudas a rule of life, is suitable only for ding-headed, and whom a liberal hermits, anchorites, and suchlike diet of quails and venison had recluses, who have faith in the lulled into a chronic habit of goodefficacy of parched pease, and whose nature, felt no suspicion, and even type of beatitude is the scarecrow. tried to vindicate the character of Orthodoxy is allied to plumpness, the leanest villain of the age. and a certain breadth of beam is We therefore, being anxious that most becoming to a high dignitary good men should abound, have a of the Church. In the man of kindly feeling for the corpulent. portly presence we expect to find — It is a notable fact in criminal and rarely indeed are we disap- statistics that no fat man was ever pointed in our expectations — a convicted of the crime of murder. warm heart, a kindly benevolent Stout people are not revengeful ; disposition, comprehensive charity, nor, as a general rule, are they and a conscience void of offence. agitated by gusts of passion. Few We feel that in such a man we can murderers weigh more than ten repose implicit trust—we can make stone. There are, however, excephim the depositary of our secrets tions, which justify us in assuming without fear of betrayal - we can eleven as the utmost limit of the depend upon his good offices when sliding-scale, but beyond that there we need the assistance of a friend. is no impulse towards homicide. Very different are our sensations Seldom has such a phenomenon as when we chance to encounter a a fat housebreaker been paraded gaunt herring-gutted individual of at a criminal bar. It is your the human species, who, like the lean, wiry fellow who works with evil kine seen by royal Pharaoh in the skeleton-keys, forces himself his dream, will not fatten upon the through closet-windows which seemfairest pasture. His sharp looks ingly would scarce suffice for and low-set hungry jaw instinctively the entrance of the necessary cat, beget distrust. He has the eye of steals with noiseless step along the a usurer, the yawn of an ogre, the lobby and up the stairs, glides into gripe of a bailiff ; and being utterly the chamber sacred for more than destitute of bowels, he yearns not half a century to the chaste repose for the calamities of his kind of the gentle Tabitha, and. with Shrewd was the observation of husky voice, and the exhibition of Cæsar,

an enormous carving-knife, com“Let me have men about me that are fat; manas silence on pain of ins Sleek-headed men, and such as sleep o' death, and delivery of her cash and night.

jewels. It is your attenuated thief Yon Cassius hath a lean and hungry look; who insinuates himself under beds, I like him not-such men are dangerous.”

skulks behind counters, dives into Julius, who was in perfect training, tills, or makes prey of articles of and did not weigh a single pound commerce arrayed at shop-doors for more than the standard of his the temptation of the credulous

‘Letter on Corpulence, addressed to the Public.' By William Banting.

passenger. A corpulent burglar is none of the exotic terms or techas much out of place and as little nical phrases with which medical to be feared as was Falstaff at men so commonly enwrap their Gadshill—and what policeman ever meaning as to render it utterly obyet gave chase to a depredator as scure, but writes in plain, homely bulky as a bullock ? Corpulence, English, without any scientific nowe maintain, is the outward sign menclature, he has found a ready not only of a good constitution, and numerous audience. In vain but of inward rectitude and virtue. do members of the Faculty not

There is, however, such a thing unjustifiably incensed by the accuas over-cultivation ; and we should sations levelled at their order by be sorry if any one, misled by these this intruder into their own pecaour preliminary remarks, should liar walk-insist that there is no think that we are attempting to novelty in the system, though its apelevate pinguitude to the rank of a plication may be of doubtful expecardinal virtue. Men are not pigs, diency. Mr Banting replies that to be estimated entirely by the for thirty years and upwards he has standard of weight; and though, been in search of a remedy against in a certain sense, the late Daniel increasing corpulence, and has reLambert was one of the greatest ceived no salutary counsel from any men that ever lived, we certainly physician save the last, who regudo not hold him forth as a suitable lated his diet. example for imitation. But we cannot give in to the theory that

“None of my family," he says, “on plumpness is a positive misfortune; the side of either parent, had any tenand we are decidedly opposed to a

dency to corpulence, and from my

earliest years I had an inexpressible system which proscribes as deleteri

dread of such a calamity; so, when I ous and unwholesome such articles was between thirty and forty years of of food as are the best known and age, finding a tendency to it creeping most universally accepted—which upon me, I consulted an eminent is essentially coarse and carnivor- surgeon, now long deceased-a kind ous, and though possibly well ad- personal friend-who recommended in

creased bodily exertion before my ordi. apted for the training of a brutal

nary daily labours began, and thought gladiator, is in every respect unfit

rowing an excellent plan. I had the ting for the nutriment of a reason command of a good heavy life-boat, able Christian,

lived near the river, and adopted it for Seldom has fame descended with a couple of hours in the early morning. such amazing rapidity upon the

It is true I gained muscular vigour, but shoulders of any man as upon those with it a prodigious appetite, which I of Mr William Banting, late of No. 27

was compelled to indulge, and conseSt James's Street, Piccadilly

quently increased in weight, until my

Lit kind oid friend advised me to forsake tle more than a year ago his name the exercise. He soon afterwards died ; was unknown beyond the limited and as the tendency to corpulence re. but respectable circle of his ac- mained, I consulted other high orthodox quaintance : now it has become a authorities (never any inferior adviser), household word, and the doctrines

but all in vain. I have tried sea air

and bathing in various localities, with which he has promulgated in his

much walking exercise; taken gallons pamphlet have been adopted by of physic and liquor potassæ advisedly thousands who acknowledge him and abundantly; riding on horseback; as their instructor and guide. the waters of Leamington many times, Though not professing to be the as well as those of Cheltenham and actual discoverer of a dietetic sys

Harrogate frequently; have lived upon tem which can cure or at least pre

sixpence a-day, so to speak, and earned

it, if bodily labour may be so construed ; vent many of the ills to which flesh

and have spared no trouble nor expense is heir, he claims to be its first in- in consultations with the best authotelligible exponent; and as he uses rities in the land, giving each and all a fair time for experiment, without any most men, but I have felt those difficulpermanent remedy, as the evil still ties, and therefore avoided such circumgradually increased."

scribed accommodation and notice, and This is no doubt a sweeping

by that means have been deprived of

sweeping many advantages to health and comcharge against the Faculty ; but fort." when we consider it minutely, it appears to us that Mr Banting is All that may be perfectly true, somewhat unreasonable in his com- but we cannot see how it justifies plaints. True, he was possessed his accusation of the doctors. Bewith a morbid horror for corpu- cause cabmen and street-boys make lence, and was vehemently desirous impertinent remarks about stature to get rid of some superfluous flesh -because querulous people in the which seemed to be rapidly accum- pit of the theatre object to having ulating : but we are nowhere told a human screen interposed between that his health had been impaired them and the spectacle— because an in the slightest degree-indeed, the elderly gentleman cannot contrive following passage leads us to the to squeeze himself with comfort into direct opposite conclusion :

an opera stall, or the narrow box of a “When," says he, "a corpulent man

chophouse,-is it the duty of a phyeats, drinks, and sleeps well, has no

sician to recommend such stringent pain to complain of, and no particular

measures as will make him a walking organic disease, the judgment of able skeleton ? It is the business of a men seems paralysed; for I have been doctor to cure disease, not to minisgenerally informed that corpulence is ter to personal vanity ; and if Mr one of the natural results of increasing

og Banting ate, drank, and slept well, years; indeed, one of the ablest autho

and was affected by no actual comrities as a physician in the land told me he had gained one pound in weight every

plaint, we really cannot understand year since he attained manhood, and why he should have been so pertiwas not surprised at my condition, but nacious in demanding medical asadvised more bodily exercise, vapour sistance. We are acquainted with baths, and shampooing, in addition to many estimable persons of both the medicine given. Yet the evil still

sexes, turning considerably more increased, and, like the parasite of barnacles on a ship, if it did not destroy

than fifteen stone in the scales—a the structure, it obstructed its fair com

heavier weight than Mr Banting has fortable progress in the path of life.”

ever attained-whose health is un

exceptionable, and who would laugh The "obstruction” to which Mr to scorn the idea of applying to a Banting alludes, seems to have been doctor for recipe or regimen which nothing more than an extreme dis- might have the effect of marring like to be twitted on the score of

their developed comeliness. What punchiness. He says, with unde- right, we ask, has Mr Banting to niable truth, that

brand Obesity as one of the most “Any one so afflicted is often subject “distressing parasites that affect to public remark; and though in con- humanity," while, by his own conscience he may care little about it, I fession, he has never reached that am confident no man labouring under

her point of corporeal bulk which is obesity can be quite insensible to the sneers and remarks of the cruel and in

generally regarded as seemly and judicious in public assemblies, public suitable to Bishops, Deans, Mayors, vehicles, or the ordinary street-traffic; Provosts, Aldermen, Bailies, and nor to the annoyance of finding no ade- even Dowagers of high degree? quate space in a public assembly, if he We deny that a man weighing but should seek amusement or need refresh- a trifle above fourteen stone is enment; and therefore he naturally keeps titled to coll himself obese It may away as much as possible from places where he is likely to be made the object

be that such a one is not qualified of the taunts and remarks of others. I to exhibit himself as a dancer on am as regardless of public remark as the tight rope, or to take flying

leaps in the character of Harlequin; tainly, under the circumstances, neither should we be inclined to there was no call upon them whatgive the odds in his favour if he ever to treat him as if he had been a were to enter himself as a competitor jockey under articles to ride a race at for the long race at a Highland meet- Newmarket, whose success or failing. But gentlemen in the position ure might depend upon the exact of Mr Banting, who, we believe, has number of pounds which he should retired into private life after a weigh when getting into the saddle. successful business career, are not Excessive corpulence, we freely expected to rival Leotard, or to pit admit, may have its inconveniences. themselves in athletic contests It is, as Mr Banting justly remarks, against hairy-houghed Donald of rather a serious state of matters the Isles. As a deer-stalker, it may when a man, by reason of fatness, be that he would not win distinction cannot stoop to tie his shoe, “nor

—for it is hard work even for light attend to the little offices which weights to scramble up corries, or humanity requires, without concrawl on their bellies through moss- siderable pain and difficulty." To hags and water-channels for hours, be "compelled to go down-stairs before they can get the glimpse of slowly backwards" is an acrobatic an antler—but many a country gen- feat which no one save an expectant tleman, compared with whom Mr Lord Chamberlain would care to Banting at his biggest would have practise; and it is not seemly, and been but as a fatted calf to a full- must be a disagreeable thing, “to grown bull, can take, with the puff and blow with every exertion," utmost ease, a long day's exercise like a porpoise in a gale of wind. through stubble and turnips, and But, as we gather from the pamphbring home his twenty brace of let, these distressing symptoms did partridges, with a due complement not exhibit themselves until very of hares, without a symptom of recently, whereas Mr Banting says bodily fatigue. Mr Banting seems to that he has been soliciting a remedy labour under the hallucination that from the Faculty any time during the he was at least as heavy as Falstaff Jast thirty years. He also makes -we, on the contrary, have a constant reference to his increasshrewd suspicion that Hamlet would ing obesity throughout that period; have beaten him in the scales. therefore we are entitled to con

It is, of course, in the option of clude that with advancing years he all who are dissatisfied with their acquired additional weight, and did present condition to essay to alter not arrive at the climax until 26th it. Lean men may wish to become August 1862, when, as he informs fatter, and fat men may wish to us, his weight was 202 lb., or fourbecome leaner ; but so long as their teen stone six. That is not, after health remains unimpaired, they are all, a very formidable weight for not fit subjects for the doctor. We an elderly gentleman of sedentary have no doubt that the eminent habits. Tom Johnson, the pugilist, professional gentlemen whom Mr weighed fourteen stone when he Banting consulted took that view of entered the ring against and conthe matter; and having ascertained quered Isaac Perrins of Birmingthat there was in reality no disease ham, supposed to be the most powerto be cured, gave him, by way of ful man in England, and weighing humouring a slight hypochondriac seventeen stone. Neat weighed affection, a few simple precepts for fourteen stone after training; and, the maintenance of a health which according to the best of our recol. in reality required no improvement, lection (for we have mislaid our Probably they opined that the bur- copy of 'Boxiana'), Josh Hudson den of his flesh was no greater than was considerably heavier. Tom he could bear with ease; and cer- Cribb, the champion of England,

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