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cine, which latter consideration is Failing exercise, their best means undoubtedly in favour of his sys- of maintaining health is to use fretem. Mr Banting indeed makes quent abstinence, and always to mention of a certain corrective cor- be strictly temperate. Meat break. dial which he calls the Balm of fasts, and continuous indulgence in Life, a spoonful of which, taken the flesh-pots of Egypt, are every before breakfast, he found remark- whit as dangerous as the copious ably salutary. The recipe for this imbibation of wine, or the condraught he declines to give, but we sumption of ardent spirits ; and have little doubt that it is of the they may be confident of this, that same nature as that recommended a gross gladiatorial diet will neither by Mons. Brillat-Savarin for the secure them immunity from disease, reduction of embonpoint — viz., a nor promote their chances of longteaspoonful of bark, to be taken evity. Man is an omnivorous aniin a glass of white wine, about two mal ; but nature, by limiting the hours before breakfast. But he number of his canine teeth, has does not seem to have used any distinctly indicated that animal medicines of a purgative nature, food ought to form the smallest such as trainers sometimes adminis- portion of his nutriment. Dr ter-a decided point in his favour; Cheyne, in his “Essay on Health, and altogether it is reasonable that gives the following calculation of he should hug himself on the suc- the quantity of food sufficient to cessful result of his experiment. keep a man of ordinary stature, But nostrums, if we may use such a following no laborious employment, term, are not infallible. Mr Bant- in due plight, health, and vigour. ing is to be commended for his He allows eight ounces of flesh prudence in not insisting too strong- meat, twelve of bread or vegetaly upon the universal applicability ble food, and about a pint of of his system, which may not, as he wine or other generous liquor, candidly admits, be suitable for in the twenty-four hours. But every constitution ; for great harm he adds that the valetudinary, might ensue if his suggestions were and those employed in sedentary to be implicitly adopted, and viol- professions or intellectual studies, ent changes made in their dietary must lessen this quantity, if they and mode of living by persons would wish to preserve their health whose bulk is not excessive. All and the freedom of their spirits sudden changes of diet are hazard- long. That may appear but spare ous; and more especially when the diet; and we freely grant that a change is made from what is usually foxhunter or other keen sportsman considered a light diet—that is, one might add to the allowance both in which vegetable substances pre- solid and liquid, without any risk dominate — to a heavier kind of of evil consequences. But no man nutriment. Excellent is the advice engaged in literary work will be given in the Regimen Sanitatis of able to accomplish anything worth Salerno.
sending to the printer, if he begins « Omnibus adsuetam jubeo servare dize the day with kidneys, bacon, and tam,
mutton-chops, indulges in four subQuod sic esse probo, ne sit mutare ne- stantial meals, and crams himself cesse."
with as much butcher-meat as would Unless much exercise is taken satisfy the maw of a hyena. Of there is great risk that such changes course his stomach would be equally will engender acute disease ; and clogged and his brain addled if he men of sedentary habits should be stuffed himself with buttered toast, very cautious of adopting what Mr muffins, beer, and pastry; but such Banting is pleased to denominate viands are more affected by ladies of a "luxurious and liberal dietary,” Mrs Gamp's profession than by men
of intellectual pursuits, who know his meals, abstained altogether from and feel that a clear head and a beer, and resolutely steeled his ligbt stomach are indispensable for heart against the manifold temptathe prosecution of their labours. tions of the pastry-cook. We ad
We rise from the perusal of Mr vise no one, whatever be his weight Banting's pamphlet with our belief or girth, to adopt implicitly the quite unshaken in the value of system recommended by Mr Bantbread and potatoes as ordinary and ing, at least until he has tried the universal articles of diet. We main effect of a temperate mixed diet (the tain the excellency and innocency vegetable element preponderating) of porridge and pease-pudding; and combined with early hours and a we see no reason for supposing that due amount of exercise. We have any one will become a Jeshurun no sympathy with the vegetarians because he uses milk with his tea, who decry the use of animal food, and sweetens it with a lump of and believe that Nebuchadnezzar's sugar. Starch and sugar are emin- hallucination in the way of pasturently nntritious, but they are not age was prompted by a natural intherefore unwholesome; on the stinct; but we are assured there is contrary, if used in moderation, no instance on record of death enthey will promote longevity, and suing from the use of farinaceous prevent many of those diseases food, whereas close behind the carwhich the copious consumption of nivorous gorger stalks the hideous flesh is exceedingly apt to engender. form of Apoplexy, ready to smite Mr Banting has certainly found a him down when his stomach is full, remedy for the complaint which and the veins of his forehead disweighed so heavily on his spirits; tended with indulgence in his but we feel assured that he would fleshly lusts. A mixed diet is the have found the same measure of best : and after all that has been relief had he simply exercised some said and written on the subject, control over his appetite, given his Temperance is the one thing needstomach more time to digest by ful to secure a man against the lessening the inordinate number of evils of inordinate obesity.
THE THREE-FOOT RULE.
A SONG ABOUT STANDARDS OF MEASURE, AND THE BATH MEETING
OF THE BRITISH ASSOCIATION.
We suppose that no Federal, attainment of their ends, and how whether a native of the North or far their failure was due to the an obsequious advocate of NorthFederal Government. After being ern interests in this country, can called upon at a desperate crisis to find any particular gratification in resume the command-in-chief of contemplating the group of men the Federal armies, he was again who have come to the surface by deprived of it, his conduct arraigned the revolutions of Time's whirligig before a commission of inquiry, in America. The popular idols and himself consigned to an inachave been manufactured generally tion which, if deserved, would have of the very coarsest and commonest been dishonouring, and during clay; and even when permitted to which he has occupied himself in remain on their pedestals, they are putting into form, and connecting objects at least as much of ridicule by a thread of narrative, the offias of admiration. We observe, in- cial documents and correspondence deed, that some English journals which he has deemed it necessary preserve, through all vicissitudes, for his own justification to publish. their fealty towards Mr Abraham The steps by which men destined Lincoln ; but we imagine that the to sudden eminence attain the point admiration they profess is not so from whence in great emergencies much for the individual as for some they at once stride into power, principle or other, certainly not de are frequently obscure and unmocratic, which he is supposed to noticed by the world. McClellan's embody. To the eye of Europe claims lay, not in his position or in general he presents a rather rank, for he was only a captain in melancholy spectacle, with nothing, 1861, but in the character he had except the honesty of purpose gene- established. He was distinguished rally ascribed to him, to distin in the academical course at West guish him from the swarm of poli- Point, and as an officer of known ticians and generals that have been intelligence he was one of the engendered by the corruption of commissioners selected to proceed the defunct Union. But there is on the part of the Federal Governone man who stands out in hon- ment to the Crimea, and to report ourable distinction from the other on the different armies in the field public men of the North, remark- before Sebastopol. So little proable alike for his consistency, his spect appeared, after his return, of moderation, his singleness of pur- promotion in the United States pose, his eminently respectable per- army, that he almost entirely relinsonal character, and his abstinence quished the service, and became from the practice of those low arts manager of a public company. to which men so commonly resort There had been nothing in his when they wish to gain the suffrages career to show the world that he was of a democracy: that man is General likely to achieve anything beyond McClellan. Whether, in addition to an honourable mediocrity. But he his high character as a man, he is had established a reputation among also, as his admirers assert, great as those who knew him as a man of a general, is a subject on which, great intelligence and of superior until lately, it was difficult to form endowments—an opinion shared, it an opinion. If success were the test is said, and proclaimed, by men of merit he must be pronounced a whose names now stand higher than failure. But we have now before his own, and on less doubtful founus, in his Report lately published, dations — such men as Jefferson the means of knowing whether his Davis and General Lee. plans were well adapted for the In the spring of 1861 he was selected to direct the operations in “Our foreign relations and financial a department including Illinois, credit also imperatively demand that Indiana, Ohio, and Western Vir
the military action of the Government
should be prompt and irresistible. ginia. In the affairs of Philippi,
“The rebels have chosen Virginia as Rich Mountain, and Carrick's Ford, their battle-field, and it seems proper he had acquired a reputation for for us to make the first great struggle skill and conduct which caused the there. But while thus directing our distracted Federal Government, at main efforts, it is necessary to diminish its wit's end for a general after the the resistance there offered us by movedisaster of Bull's Run, to grasp at
et ments on other points, both by land and
water. him as the hope of the Union. He " Without entering at present into was invited, in August 1861, to details, I would advise that a strong submit to the President his views movement be made on the Mississippi, of the military and political situ- and that the rebels be driven out of ation of affairs, and as the docu- Missouri.
“As soon as it becomes perfectly clear ment in which he conveyed them is
that Kentucky is cordially united with interesting, both in itself and as a
118, I would advise a movement through key to the mind of the writer, we that state into Eastern Tennessee, for give it almost at length :
the purpose of assisting the Union men
of that region, and of seizing the rail“On the 4th August 1861 I addressed
roads leading from Memphis to the east. to the President the following memo
"The possession of these roads by us randum at his request :
in connection with the movement on “MEMORANDUM.
the Mississippi, would go far towards “The object of the present war dif
determining the evacuation of Virginia fers from those in which nations are
by the rebels. In the mean time all
the passes into Western Virginia from usually engaged mainly in this : That
the east should be securely guarded ; the purpose of ordinary war is to con
but I would advise no movement quer a peace, and make a treaty on ad
from that quarter towards Richmond, vantageous terms. In this contest it
unless the political condition of Kenhas become necessary to crush a popu
tucky renders it impossible, or inexlation sufficiently numerous, intelligent, and warlike to constitute a nation. We
pedient for us to make the movement have not only to defeat their armed and
upon Eastern Tennessee through that
State. organised forces in the field, but to dis
Every effort should, however, play such an overwhelming strength as
be made to organise, equip, and arm as will convince all our antagonists, espe.
many troops as possible in Western cially those of the governing aristocratic
Virginia, in order to render the Ohio class, of the utter impossibility of re
and Indiana regiments available for sistance. Our late reverses make this
other operations. At as early a day as course imperative. Had we been suc
practicable, it would be well to protect cessful in the recent battle (Manassas),
and re-open the Baltimore and Ohio
railroad. it is possible that we might have been spared the labour and expense of a great
“Baltimore and Fort Monroe should effort; now we have no alternative.
be occupied by garrisons sufficient to Their success will enable the political
retain them in our possession. The imleaders of the rebels to convince the
portance of Harper's Ferry and the line mass of their people that we are inferior
of the Potomac, in the direction of Lees. to them in force and courage, and to
burg, will be very materially diminished command all their resources. The con
so soon as our force in this vicinity be. test began with a class ; now it is with
comes organised, strong, and efficient, a people. Our military success can
because no capable general will cross alone restore the former issue.
the river north of this city when we “By thoroughly defeating their armies,
have a strong army here ready to cut
off his retreat. .... taking their strong places, and pursuing a rigidly protective policy as to private
“For the main army of operations I property and unarmed persons, and a
urge the following composition :Tenient course as to private soldiers, we 250 regiments of infantry, say, 225,000 may well hope for a permanent restora. 100 field batteries, 60 guns, 15,000 tion of a peaceful Union. But in the 28 regiments cavalry, . 25,500 first instance, the authority of the Gov. 5 do. engineer troops, 7,500 ement must be supported by overphysical force.