A Table of Customary Weights and Measures. lbs. A Firkin of Butter is 56 42 Feet is a Ton of Shipping. A Barrel of Do.or 4 Firkins 224 40 Feet of rough, or 50 Feet of A Firkin of Soap 64 hewn Timber is a Load or Tơn A Barrel of Do, or 4 Firkins 256 A Dozen is 12; a long Dozen is 13. A Barrel of Pot-ashes 200 A Gross is 12 Dozen, or 14 A Barrel of Anchovies 30 | A Pace is 3 Feet or a Yard. A Barrel of Candles 120 Mathematicians conceive every A Stone of Butchers' Meat 8 Circle to be divided into 360 A Stone, Horsemen's weight, equal Parts, called Degrees, and or Butchers' Meat in the each Degree into 60 equal parts, Country. 14 called Seconds, and each Second A Stone of Glass, 5 lbs. and, a subdivided into 60 smaller parts, Seam of Do. or 24 Stones 120 called thirds, and so on. A Quire of Paper is 24 Sheets The Diameter of a Circle is a A Ream of paper is 20 Quires straight line drawn from one side A Bundle of paper is 2 Reams. to the other through the centre; A Cord or Stack of Wood is aud is one-third of the circumfe. 108 solid Feet rence. TABLES OF WEIGHTS AND MEASURES. TROY WEIGHT. Troy making one pound Avoirdupois, N.B. The Imperial Standard Troy Pound, and the proportion it bears to Troy established in 1758, containing 5760 Weight is as 7000 to 5760, the numGrains, became, May 1, 1825, the ONLY ber of grains in each pound respecgenuine standard weight from which all tively. The Pound Troy is equal to other weights are to be derived, comput 13 oz. 2 drms. Avoirdupois, and ed, and ascertained. (nearly) 11 Pounds Troy are equal to 24 Grains make 1 Pennyweight 9 Pounds Avoirdupois. 20 Pennyweights 1 Ounce 16 Drams make 1 Ounce 12 Ounces 1 Pound 1 Pound The proportion that Avoirdupois bears 28 Pounds 4of aCwt. to Troy Weight, from which it is Qrtrs. (112 lb.) i Cwt. derived, is as 7000, the number of Troy 20 Hundreds 1 Ton grains in a pound Avoirdupois, is to *** By this weight Broad, Butter, 5760, the grains in a pound Troy. Cheese, Meat, Grocery, Drugs, and The Pound Avoirdupois makes 14 oz. all coarse goods that have wasto, are 11 dwt. and 16 grains Troy; and 9 bought and sold. pounds Avoirdupois are equal to nearly 11 pounds Troy. APOTHECARTES' WEIGHT. By Troy weight Jewels, Gold, Silver, 20 Grains make 1 Scruple 3 Scruples 1 Dram 8 Drams 1 Ounce AVOIRDUPOIS WEIGHT. Apothecaries compound their meN.B. This weight is derived from the Im- dicines by this weight, but they buy perial Standard Troy Pound, 7000 graine and sell by Avoirdupois Weight. &c are weighed. In every BREAD. 63 Gallons i Hud of Wine lbs. oz. dwts. 84 Gallons 1 Puncheon A Peck Loaf weighs 17 6 2 108 Gal.(2 Hhds.) 1 Buttof Beer Half do. 8 11 1 126 Gal.C2 Hhds.) 1 PipeofWine Quartern do. 5 8 2 Pipes (4 Hhds.) 1 Tun Half Quartern do. 2 2 12 Note.-By a late act, Bakers in London THE NEW MEASURE FOR CORN, and within 10 miles thereof are to sell and all other dry goods ; (e.t. bread by the pound only, and are cept those measured by heap.) obliged to keep scales and weights in 2 Pints make 1 Quart their shops, at all times, and to 4 Quarts 1 Gallon weigh every loaf, in the presence of 2 Gallons 1 Peck the customer, before they deliver it, 8 Gal.(4 Pecks) 1 Bushiel whether requested so to do or not, 2 Bushels 1 Strike under severe penalties. 4 Bushels 1 Sack or Coomb other part of the kingdom bread is sold by weight, according to the 8 Bushel(2 Sacks) i Quarter above table. 5 Quarters i Load or Way By a former act, whatever is the price N.B. The Imperial Standard Gallon, conof the best wheat in shillings, so many taining 10 gallons of pure water, (the pence must be the price of the quar same as for liquids) is the basis of tern loaf, (with one penny more for this measure. baking.) And, when the best wheaten This is about a thirty-second part, or one bread is sold at 8d., the standard quart on a bushel, larger than the forshould be sold for 7d., and the house mer Winchester Measure; therefore a hold for 6d. Bushel of Oats, or any quantity of any thing, that is worth 2s. 8d. Winchester THE NEW Measure, is worth 2s. 9d. by this a MEASURES OF CAPACITY. Bushel of Barley, Rye, or other thing, that would cost 5s. 4d. Winchester WINE, SPIRITUOUS LIQUORS, ALB, Measure, will cost 5s. 6d. by the new ; Beer, and all sorts of Liquids, as well -and a Bushel of Wheat, Malt, &c. as CORN, and all kinds of Dry Goods, are worth 8s. by the Winchester Bushel is now bought and sold by one measure worth 8s. 3d. by the Imperial Bushel; only ; of which the basis is the GAL and so on at the rate of one farthing LON, containing ten pounds Avoir. upon every 8d. by the new measure dupois of distilled or rain water, and more than by the old measure. called the Imperial Standard Gallon. This new measure is larger than the for THE NEW HEAPED MEASURE. mer Wine Measure by about one-fifth; The Standard Measure of Capacity for therefore a gallon of Wine, or other COALS, COKE, CULM, LIME, Fish, article, that is worth 5s. by the old POTATOES, FRUIT, and all other Wine Measure, is worth 6s. by this Goods commonly sold by heaped mea. measure; and so on at the rate of 2 d. sure, is now the Imperial Standard more in every shilling: and the present Bushel, containing 80 pounds Avoir. new gallon being smaller than the for dupois, of pure water,-made round, mer BEER and ALE Gallon by one-six with a plain and even bottom, and betieth part, the difference will be id. ing 194 inches from outside to outupon 58. less than by the old measure; side, to be heaped up in the form of that is one farthing upon 15d. less, a cone, at least 6 inches above the whatever may be the amount. outer edge thereof, which is to be the 4 Gills make 1 Pint base of the said cone. 2 Pints 1 Quart 4 Pecks inake i Bushel 4 Quarts 1 Gallon 3 Bushels 1 Sack 9 Gallons 1 Firkin 3 Sacks, 1 Vat or Strike 10 Gallons 1 Anker 36 Bushels or 1 Chaldron 18 Gallons (2 Fir.) 1 Kilderkin 12 Sacks 36 Gall. (2 Kild.) 1 Barrel 21 Chaldrons A Score* 54 Gall. (3 Kild) 1 Hogshead * Coals bought in large quantities have 42 Gallons 1 Tierce an allowance of one Chaldron on 20 : } "} or half a Chaldron in 10; or 3 sacks breadth, or 4840 square Yards, make in 5 Chaldrons; which is called the an Aere. Ingrain. By this measure not only land, but all other superficies, such as paving, LONG MEASURE. flooring, plastering, roofing, tiling, N.B. The basis of this and of all other &c. are measured. measures of length or extension whatsoever, is the Standard Yard, estab CUBIC MEASURE. lished in 1760, which remains unal- 1728 Cubic Inches, that is, 12 tered, and is now called the Imperial long, 12 broad, and 12 thick, Standard Yard. make 1 Cubic Foot 4 Inches 1 Hand 27 Cubic Feet 1 Cubic Yard 9 Inches i Span N.B. This measure relates to length, 12 Inches 1 Foot breadth, and thickness, and remains 18 Inches 1 Cubit unaltered. 3 Feet the Standard Yard. 6 Feet or q Yards I Fathom CLOTH MEASURE. 5! Yards I Pole N.B. The basis of this measure is the 40 Poles, or 220 Yards 1 Furlong Imperial Standard Yard, establishod in 8 Furlougs or 1760 Yds. 1 Mile 1760;--and remains unaltered. 3 Miles i League 2 Inches make i Nail 20 Leagues, or 60 M. 1 Degree 4 Nails, or 9 In, i Qr. of a Yd. 694 Miles i Geographical Deg. 4 Quarters, or 1 Yard 360 Geographical Degrees, or 16 Nails about 25,000 miles, is the circum 5 Quarters 1 Ell English ference of the Earth. S Quarters 1 Ell Flemish 6 Quarters 1 Ell French In measuring length, if Gunter's Chain be used, HAY AND STRAW. 20 Chains make a # of a Mile 36 lbs. of Straw, make 1 Truse 40 Ditto Half a Mile 56 lbs. of Old Hay 1 Truss and 80 Ditto One Mile 60 lbs. of New Hay 1 Truss N.B. Long measure relates to length 36 Trusses Load only. 2 Trusses 1 Cwt. LAND OR SQUARE MEASURE. 20 Cwt. 1 Ton N.B. The basis of this and of all other WOOL WEIGIIT. measures of extension, is the Standard 7 Pounds make 1 Clove Yard, established in 1760,--which 2 Cloves (14 lbs.) 1 Stone remains unaltered. 2 Stones (28 lbs.) 1 Todd 144 Square Inches, that is, 12 61 Todds i Wey by 12, make 1 Square Foot 2 Weys 1 Sack 9 Square Feet i Yard 12 Sacks 1 Last 304 sq. Yards, or ? 1 Pole 2724 sq. Feet TIME. 40 Sq. Poles, or Perches 1 Rood 60 Seconds make 1 Minute 4 Square Roods, 60 Minutes 1 Hour 1 Acre or 160 sq. Rods. ) 24 Hours 1 Day 30 Acres 1 Yardd. of Land 7 Days 1 Week 100 Acres 1 Hide of Do. 4 Weeks or 28 Days 1 Month 640 Sq. Acres 1 Sq. M. of Land | 13 Months, or 12 Ca. 100 Sq. Feet i Sq. of flooring, &c. lendar Months, or 1 Year 2724 Sq. Feet i Rod of brick 365 Days and nearly 6 Hours And all the rest have Thirty-one. or 22 Yards, or 66 Feet in length; so *** In Leap Year, which happens every that 10 Chains in length and 1 in fourth Year, February hath 29 Days. } cut. grs. EQUAL PARTS OF A HUNDRED EQUAL PARTS OF A TON. WETGIIT. 84 lbs. 3 Qrs. of a Cwt. 10 0 half a Ton 56 lbs. 2 Qrs, or lialf a Cwt. 5 0 1-4th 28 1 Qc. 1-4th 1-5th 1-7th 1-8th 1-8th 1- Totta 1-14th 1 1-16tl. '1-16th 1 0 1-20th 1-32nd 16 * For the Forms of a RECEIPT, Notes, &c. See page 42. A TABLE Showing the number of days from any day in one monih to the same day in any other month, throughout the year. Το Jan. Feb. Mar. April May June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Froin Jan. 365 31 59 90 120 151 181 212) 243 273 304 334 153 184 212 243 273 304 334 365 31ị 61 92 129 Ang In Irap Year, when February intervenes, add one day to the calculation. ... ... ... : : : : Page. and characters in common use Appendix 41 274 190 29 326 357 213 17 Appendix 11 162 ibid 309 310 121 116 322 317 325 310 320 322 418 62 115 314 307 80 247 327 315 204 113 242 S16 316 102 ... |