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A Table of Customary Weights and Measures.
lbs. A Firkin of Butter is 56 42 Feet is a Ton of Shipping. A Barrel of Do.or 4 Firkins 224 40 Feet of rough, or 50 Feet of A Firkin of Soap
64 hewn Timber is a Load or Tơn A Barrel of Do, or 4 Firkins 256 A Dozen is 12; a long Dozen is 13. A Barrel of Pot-ashes 200 A Gross is 12 Dozen, or 14 A Barrel of Anchovies 30 | A Pace is 3 Feet or a Yard. A Barrel of Candles
120 Mathematicians conceive every A Stone of Butchers' Meat 8 Circle to be divided into 360 A Stone, Horsemen's weight, equal Parts, called Degrees, and
or Butchers' Meat in the each Degree into 60 equal parts, Country.
14 called Seconds, and each Second A Stone of Glass, 5 lbs. and, a
subdivided into 60 smaller parts, Seam of Do. or 24 Stones 120 called thirds, and so on. A Quire of Paper is 24 Sheets
The Diameter of a Circle is a A Ream of paper is 20 Quires straight line drawn from one side A Bundle of paper is 2 Reams. to the other through the centre; A Cord or Stack of Wood is aud is one-third of the circumfe. 108 solid Feet
TABLES OF WEIGHTS AND MEASURES.
Troy making one pound Avoirdupois, N.B. The Imperial Standard Troy Pound,
and the proportion it bears to Troy established in 1758, containing 5760
Weight is as 7000 to 5760, the numGrains, became, May 1, 1825, the ONLY
ber of grains in each pound respecgenuine standard weight from which all
tively. The Pound Troy is equal to other weights are to be derived, comput
13 oz. 2 drms. Avoirdupois, and ed, and ascertained.
(nearly) 11 Pounds Troy are equal to 24 Grains make 1 Pennyweight
9 Pounds Avoirdupois. 20 Pennyweights 1 Ounce
16 Drams make 1 Ounce 12 Ounces
1 Pound The proportion that Avoirdupois bears 28 Pounds 4of aCwt.
to Troy Weight, from which it is Qrtrs. (112 lb.) i Cwt. derived, is as 7000, the number of Troy 20 Hundreds 1 Ton grains in a pound Avoirdupois, is to *** By this weight Broad, Butter, 5760, the grains in a pound Troy. Cheese, Meat, Grocery, Drugs, and The Pound Avoirdupois makes 14 oz.
all coarse goods that have wasto, are 11 dwt. and 16 grains Troy; and 9
bought and sold. pounds Avoirdupois are equal to nearly 11 pounds Troy.
APOTHECARTES' WEIGHT. By Troy weight Jewels, Gold, Silver, 20 Grains make
1 Scruple 3 Scruples 1 Dram 8 Drams
1 Ounce AVOIRDUPOIS WEIGHT.
Apothecaries compound their meN.B. This weight is derived from the Im- dicines by this weight, but they buy
perial Standard Troy Pound, 7000 graine and sell by Avoirdupois Weight.
&c are weighed.
63 Gallons i Hud of Wine
lbs. oz. dwts. 84 Gallons 1 Puncheon A Peck Loaf weighs 17 6 2
108 Gal.(2 Hhds.) 1 Buttof Beer Half do.
8 11 1 126 Gal.C2 Hhds.) 1 PipeofWine Quartern do.
2 Pipes (4 Hhds.) 1 Tun Half Quartern do. 2 2 12 Note.-By a late act, Bakers in London
THE NEW MEASURE FOR CORN, and within 10 miles thereof are to sell
and all other dry goods ; (e.t. bread by the pound only, and are cept those measured by heap.) obliged to keep scales and weights in 2 Pints make 1 Quart their shops, at all times, and to 4 Quarts 1 Gallon weigh every loaf, in the presence of 2 Gallons 1 Peck the customer, before they deliver it,
8 Gal.(4 Pecks) 1 Bushiel whether requested so to do or not,
2 Bushels 1 Strike under severe penalties.
4 Bushels 1 Sack or Coomb other part of the kingdom bread is sold by weight, according to the
8 Bushel(2 Sacks) i Quarter above table.
5 Quarters i Load or Way By a former act, whatever is the price
N.B. The Imperial Standard Gallon, conof the best wheat in shillings, so many
taining 10 gallons of pure water, (the pence must be the price of the quar
same as for liquids) is the basis of tern loaf, (with one penny more for
this measure. baking.) And, when the best wheaten
This is about a thirty-second part, or one bread is sold at 8d., the standard quart on a bushel, larger than the forshould be sold for 7d., and the house
mer Winchester Measure; therefore a hold for 6d.
Bushel of Oats, or any quantity of any
thing, that is worth 2s. 8d. Winchester THE NEW
Measure, is worth 2s. 9d. by this a MEASURES OF CAPACITY.
Bushel of Barley, Rye, or other thing,
that would cost 5s. 4d. Winchester WINE, SPIRITUOUS LIQUORS, ALB,
Measure, will cost 5s. 6d. by the new ; Beer, and all sorts of Liquids, as well
-and a Bushel of Wheat, Malt, &c. as CORN, and all kinds of Dry Goods, are
worth 8s. by the Winchester Bushel is now bought and sold by one measure
worth 8s. 3d. by the Imperial Bushel; only ; of which the basis is the GAL
and so on at the rate of one farthing LON, containing ten pounds Avoir.
upon every 8d. by the new measure dupois of distilled or rain water, and
more than by the old measure. called the Imperial Standard Gallon. This new measure is larger than the for
THE NEW HEAPED MEASURE. mer Wine Measure by about one-fifth;
The Standard Measure of Capacity for therefore a gallon of Wine, or other
COALS, COKE, CULM, LIME, Fish, article, that is worth 5s. by the old
POTATOES, FRUIT, and all other Wine Measure, is worth 6s. by this
Goods commonly sold by heaped mea. measure; and so on at the rate of 2 d.
sure, is now the Imperial Standard more in every shilling: and the present
Bushel, containing 80 pounds Avoir. new gallon being smaller than the for
dupois, of pure water,-made round, mer BEER and ALE Gallon by one-six
with a plain and even bottom, and betieth part, the difference will be id.
ing 194 inches from outside to outupon 58. less than by the old measure;
side, to be heaped up in the form of that is one farthing upon 15d. less,
a cone, at least 6 inches above the whatever may be the amount.
outer edge thereof, which is to be the 4 Gills make 1 Pint
base of the said cone. 2 Pints 1 Quart
4 Pecks inake i Bushel 4 Quarts 1 Gallon
3 Bushels 1 Sack 9 Gallons 1 Firkin
3 Sacks, 1 Vat or Strike 10 Gallons
36 Bushels or
1 Chaldron 18 Gallons (2 Fir.) 1 Kilderkin 12 Sacks 36 Gall. (2 Kild.) 1 Barrel 21 Chaldrons A Score* 54 Gall. (3 Kild) 1 Hogshead * Coals bought in large quantities have 42 Gallons 1 Tierce
an allowance of one Chaldron on 20 :
or half a Chaldron in 10; or 3 sacks breadth, or 4840 square Yards, make in 5 Chaldrons; which is called the an Aere. Ingrain.
By this measure not only land, but all
other superficies, such as paving, LONG MEASURE.
flooring, plastering, roofing, tiling, N.B. The basis of this and of all other
&c. are measured. measures of length or extension whatsoever, is the Standard Yard, estab
CUBIC MEASURE. lished in 1760, which remains unal- 1728 Cubic Inches, that is, 12 tered, and is now called the Imperial
long, 12 broad, and 12 thick, Standard Yard.
1 Cubic Foot 4 Inches
27 Cubic Feet 1 Cubic Yard 9 Inches
N.B. This measure relates to length, 12 Inches
breadth, and thickness, and remains 18 Inches
unaltered. 3 Feet the Standard Yard. 6 Feet or q Yards I Fathom
CLOTH MEASURE. 5! Yards
N.B. The basis of this measure is the 40 Poles, or 220 Yards 1 Furlong
Imperial Standard Yard, establishod in 8 Furlougs or 1760 Yds. 1 Mile
1760;--and remains unaltered. 3 Miles
2 Inches make i Nail 20 Leagues, or 60 M. 1 Degree
4 Nails, or 9 In, i Qr. of a Yd. 694 Miles i Geographical Deg.
4 Quarters, or
1 Yard 360 Geographical Degrees, or
16 Nails about 25,000 miles, is the circum
5 Quarters 1 Ell English ference of the Earth.
S Quarters 1 Ell Flemish
6 Quarters 1 Ell French In measuring length, if Gunter's Chain be used,
HAY AND STRAW. 20 Chains make a # of a Mile 36 lbs. of Straw, make 1 Truse 40 Ditto Half a Mile 56 lbs. of Old Hay
1 Truss and 80
Ditto One Mile 60 lbs. of New Hay 1 Truss N.B. Long measure relates to length 36 Trusses
1 Cwt. LAND OR SQUARE MEASURE.
1 Ton N.B. The basis of this and of all other
WOOL WEIGIIT. measures of extension, is the Standard
7 Pounds make
1 Clove Yard, established in 1760,--which
2 Cloves (14 lbs.) 1 Stone remains unaltered.
2 Stones (28 lbs.) 1 Todd 144 Square Inches, that is, 12
i Wey by 12, make 1 Square Foot
1 Sack 9 Square Feet i Yard
1 Last 304 sq. Yards, or ?
1 Pole 2724 sq. Feet
TIME. 40 Sq. Poles, or Perches 1 Rood 60 Seconds make 1 Minute 4 Square Roods,
1 Hour 1 Acre or 160 sq. Rods. )
1 Day 30 Acres 1 Yardd. of Land 7 Days
1 Week 100 Acres
1 Hide of Do. 4 Weeks or 28 Days 1 Month 640 Sq. Acres 1 Sq. M. of Land | 13 Months, or 12 Ca. 100 Sq. Feet i Sq. of flooring, &c.
lendar Months, or
1 Year 2724 Sq. Feet
i Rod of brick 365 Days and
nearly 6 Hours
And all the rest have Thirty-one. or 22 Yards, or 66 Feet in length; so *** In Leap Year, which happens every that 10 Chains in length and 1 in fourth Year, February hath 29 Days.
EQUAL PARTS OF A HUNDRED EQUAL PARTS OF A TON.
WETGIIT. 84 lbs. 3 Qrs. of a Cwt. 10 0
half a Ton 56 lbs. 2 Qrs, or lialf a Cwt. 5 0
1-4th 28 1 Qc.
1- Totta 1-14th 1
1-16tl. '1-16th 1 0
* For the Forms of a RECEIPT, Notes, &c. See page 42.
A TABLE Showing the number of days from any day in one monih to the same
day in any other month, throughout the year.
Jan. Feb. Mar. April May June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec.
Jan. 365 31 59 90 120 151 181 212) 243 273 304 334
153 184 212 243 273 304 334 365 31ị 61 92 129
In Irap Year, when February intervenes, add one day to the calculation.
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and characters in common use Appendix 41