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A Table of Customary Weights and Measures.

lbs. A Firkin of Butter is 56 42 Feet is a Ton of Shipping. A Barrel of Do.or 4 Firkins 224 40 Feet of rough, or 50 Feet of A Firkin of Soap

64 hewn Timber is a Load or Tơn A Barrel of Do, or 4 Firkins 256 A Dozen is 12; a long Dozen is 13. A Barrel of Pot-ashes 200 A Gross is 12 Dozen, or 14 A Barrel of Anchovies 30 | A Pace is 3 Feet or a Yard. A Barrel of Candles

120 Mathematicians conceive every A Stone of Butchers' Meat 8 Circle to be divided into 360 A Stone, Horsemen's weight, equal Parts, called Degrees, and

or Butchers' Meat in the each Degree into 60 equal parts, Country.

14 called Seconds, and each Second A Stone of Glass, 5 lbs. and, a

subdivided into 60 smaller parts, Seam of Do. or 24 Stones 120 called thirds, and so on. A Quire of Paper is 24 Sheets

The Diameter of a Circle is a A Ream of paper is 20 Quires straight line drawn from one side A Bundle of paper is 2 Reams. to the other through the centre; A Cord or Stack of Wood is aud is one-third of the circumfe. 108 solid Feet

rence.

TABLES OF WEIGHTS AND MEASURES.

TROY WEIGHT.

Troy making one pound Avoirdupois, N.B. The Imperial Standard Troy Pound,

and the proportion it bears to Troy established in 1758, containing 5760

Weight is as 7000 to 5760, the numGrains, became, May 1, 1825, the ONLY

ber of grains in each pound respecgenuine standard weight from which all

tively. The Pound Troy is equal to other weights are to be derived, comput

13 oz. 2 drms. Avoirdupois, and ed, and ascertained.

(nearly) 11 Pounds Troy are equal to 24 Grains make 1 Pennyweight

9 Pounds Avoirdupois. 20 Pennyweights 1 Ounce

16 Drams make 1 Ounce 12 Ounces

1 Pound
16 Ounces

1 Pound The proportion that Avoirdupois bears 28 Pounds 4of aCwt.

to Troy Weight, from which it is Qrtrs. (112 lb.) i Cwt. derived, is as 7000, the number of Troy 20 Hundreds 1 Ton grains in a pound Avoirdupois, is to *** By this weight Broad, Butter, 5760, the grains in a pound Troy. Cheese, Meat, Grocery, Drugs, and The Pound Avoirdupois makes 14 oz.

all coarse goods that have wasto, are 11 dwt. and 16 grains Troy; and 9

bought and sold. pounds Avoirdupois are equal to nearly 11 pounds Troy.

APOTHECARTES' WEIGHT. By Troy weight Jewels, Gold, Silver, 20 Grains make

1 Scruple 3 Scruples 1 Dram 8 Drams

1 Ounce AVOIRDUPOIS WEIGHT.

Apothecaries compound their meN.B. This weight is derived from the Im- dicines by this weight, but they buy

perial Standard Troy Pound, 7000 graine and sell by Avoirdupois Weight.

&c are weighed.

In every

BREAD.

63 Gallons i Hud of Wine

lbs. oz. dwts. 84 Gallons 1 Puncheon A Peck Loaf weighs 17 6 2

108 Gal.(2 Hhds.) 1 Buttof Beer Half do.

8 11 1 126 Gal.C2 Hhds.) 1 PipeofWine Quartern do.

5 8

2 Pipes (4 Hhds.) 1 Tun Half Quartern do. 2 2 12 Note.-By a late act, Bakers in London

THE NEW MEASURE FOR CORN, and within 10 miles thereof are to sell

and all other dry goods ; (e.t. bread by the pound only, and are cept those measured by heap.) obliged to keep scales and weights in 2 Pints make 1 Quart their shops, at all times, and to 4 Quarts 1 Gallon weigh every loaf, in the presence of 2 Gallons 1 Peck the customer, before they deliver it,

8 Gal.(4 Pecks) 1 Bushiel whether requested so to do or not,

2 Bushels 1 Strike under severe penalties.

4 Bushels 1 Sack or Coomb other part of the kingdom bread is sold by weight, according to the

8 Bushel(2 Sacks) i Quarter above table.

5 Quarters i Load or Way By a former act, whatever is the price

N.B. The Imperial Standard Gallon, conof the best wheat in shillings, so many

taining 10 gallons of pure water, (the pence must be the price of the quar

same as for liquids) is the basis of tern loaf, (with one penny more for

this measure. baking.) And, when the best wheaten

This is about a thirty-second part, or one bread is sold at 8d., the standard quart on a bushel, larger than the forshould be sold for 7d., and the house

mer Winchester Measure; therefore a hold for 6d.

Bushel of Oats, or any quantity of any

thing, that is worth 2s. 8d. Winchester THE NEW

Measure, is worth 2s. 9d. by this a MEASURES OF CAPACITY.

Bushel of Barley, Rye, or other thing,

that would cost 5s. 4d. Winchester WINE, SPIRITUOUS LIQUORS, ALB,

Measure, will cost 5s. 6d. by the new ; Beer, and all sorts of Liquids, as well

-and a Bushel of Wheat, Malt, &c. as CORN, and all kinds of Dry Goods, are

worth 8s. by the Winchester Bushel is now bought and sold by one measure

worth 8s. 3d. by the Imperial Bushel; only ; of which the basis is the GAL

and so on at the rate of one farthing LON, containing ten pounds Avoir.

upon every 8d. by the new measure dupois of distilled or rain water, and

more than by the old measure. called the Imperial Standard Gallon. This new measure is larger than the for

THE NEW HEAPED MEASURE. mer Wine Measure by about one-fifth;

The Standard Measure of Capacity for therefore a gallon of Wine, or other

COALS, COKE, CULM, LIME, Fish, article, that is worth 5s. by the old

POTATOES, FRUIT, and all other Wine Measure, is worth 6s. by this

Goods commonly sold by heaped mea. measure; and so on at the rate of 2 d.

sure, is now the Imperial Standard more in every shilling: and the present

Bushel, containing 80 pounds Avoir. new gallon being smaller than the for

dupois, of pure water,-made round, mer BEER and ALE Gallon by one-six

with a plain and even bottom, and betieth part, the difference will be id.

ing 194 inches from outside to outupon 58. less than by the old measure;

side, to be heaped up in the form of that is one farthing upon 15d. less,

a cone, at least 6 inches above the whatever may be the amount.

outer edge thereof, which is to be the 4 Gills make 1 Pint

base of the said cone. 2 Pints 1 Quart

4 Pecks inake i Bushel 4 Quarts 1 Gallon

3 Bushels 1 Sack 9 Gallons 1 Firkin

3 Sacks, 1 Vat or Strike 10 Gallons

1 Anker

36 Bushels or

1 Chaldron 18 Gallons (2 Fir.) 1 Kilderkin 12 Sacks 36 Gall. (2 Kild.) 1 Barrel 21 Chaldrons A Score* 54 Gall. (3 Kild) 1 Hogshead * Coals bought in large quantities have 42 Gallons 1 Tierce

an allowance of one Chaldron on 20 :

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or half a Chaldron in 10; or 3 sacks breadth, or 4840 square Yards, make in 5 Chaldrons; which is called the an Aere. Ingrain.

By this measure not only land, but all

other superficies, such as paving, LONG MEASURE.

flooring, plastering, roofing, tiling, N.B. The basis of this and of all other

&c. are measured. measures of length or extension whatsoever, is the Standard Yard, estab

CUBIC MEASURE. lished in 1760, which remains unal- 1728 Cubic Inches, that is, 12 tered, and is now called the Imperial

long, 12 broad, and 12 thick, Standard Yard.

make

1 Cubic Foot 4 Inches

1 Hand

27 Cubic Feet 1 Cubic Yard 9 Inches

i Span

N.B. This measure relates to length, 12 Inches

1 Foot

breadth, and thickness, and remains 18 Inches

1 Cubit

unaltered. 3 Feet the Standard Yard. 6 Feet or q Yards I Fathom

CLOTH MEASURE. 5! Yards

I Pole

N.B. The basis of this measure is the 40 Poles, or 220 Yards 1 Furlong

Imperial Standard Yard, establishod in 8 Furlougs or 1760 Yds. 1 Mile

1760;--and remains unaltered. 3 Miles

i League

2 Inches make i Nail 20 Leagues, or 60 M. 1 Degree

4 Nails, or 9 In, i Qr. of a Yd. 694 Miles i Geographical Deg.

4 Quarters, or

1 Yard 360 Geographical Degrees, or

16 Nails about 25,000 miles, is the circum

5 Quarters 1 Ell English ference of the Earth.

S Quarters 1 Ell Flemish

6 Quarters 1 Ell French In measuring length, if Gunter's Chain be used,

HAY AND STRAW. 20 Chains make a # of a Mile 36 lbs. of Straw, make 1 Truse 40 Ditto Half a Mile 56 lbs. of Old Hay

1 Truss and 80

Ditto One Mile 60 lbs. of New Hay 1 Truss N.B. Long measure relates to length 36 Trusses

Load only.

2 Trusses

1 Cwt. LAND OR SQUARE MEASURE.

20 Cwt.

1 Ton N.B. The basis of this and of all other

WOOL WEIGIIT. measures of extension, is the Standard

7 Pounds make

1 Clove Yard, established in 1760,--which

2 Cloves (14 lbs.) 1 Stone remains unaltered.

2 Stones (28 lbs.) 1 Todd 144 Square Inches, that is, 12

61 Todds

i Wey by 12, make 1 Square Foot

2 Weys

1 Sack 9 Square Feet i Yard

12 Sacks

1 Last 304 sq. Yards, or ?

1 Pole 2724 sq. Feet

TIME. 40 Sq. Poles, or Perches 1 Rood 60 Seconds make 1 Minute 4 Square Roods,

60 Minutes

1 Hour 1 Acre or 160 sq. Rods. )

24 Hours

1 Day 30 Acres 1 Yardd. of Land 7 Days

1 Week 100 Acres

1 Hide of Do. 4 Weeks or 28 Days 1 Month 640 Sq. Acres 1 Sq. M. of Land | 13 Months, or 12 Ca. 100 Sq. Feet i Sq. of flooring, &c.

lendar Months, or

1 Year 2724 Sq. Feet

i Rod of brick 365 Days and
work.

nearly 6 Hours
Land is measured by Gunter's NB. Thirty days hath September,
Chain, which is divided into 100 links, April, June, and November ;
each link 6 inches and 6-10ths long, February Twenty-eight alone,
and the whole Chain being 4 Rods,

And all the rest have Thirty-one. or 22 Yards, or 66 Feet in length; so *** In Leap Year, which happens every that 10 Chains in length and 1 in fourth Year, February hath 29 Days.

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EQUAL PARTS OF A HUNDRED EQUAL PARTS OF A TON.

WETGIIT. 84 lbs. 3 Qrs. of a Cwt. 10 0

half a Ton 56 lbs. 2 Qrs, or lialf a Cwt. 5 0

1-4th 28 1 Qc.

1-4th
0

1-5th 1-7th

1-8th 1-8th

1- Totta 1-14th 1

1-16tl. '1-16th 1 0

1-20th 1-32nd

16

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* For the Forms of a RECEIPT, Notes, &c. See page 42.

A TABLE Showing the number of days from any day in one monih to the same

day in any other month, throughout the year.

Το

Jan. Feb. Mar. April May June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec.

Froin

Jan. 365 31 59 90 120 151 181 212) 243 273 304 334
Feb. 334 365 28 59 89 120 150 181 212) 249 273, S03
Mar. 306 337 365 31 61 99 122 153 184 214 245 275
April 275 306 334 365 30 61 91 122 153 183 214 2441
May 245 276 304 335 365) 31 61 92 123 153 184 214
June 214 245 273) 304 334, 365 3061 92 122 153 183
July 184 215 243 273 304 335 365 31 62 92 123 155

153 184 212 243 273 304 334 365 31ị 61 92 129
Sept. 122 153 181 212 242 273 303 334 365 30 61
Oct. 92 123 151 182 212 243 273 304 335 365 31 61
Nov. 61 92 120 121 181) 212 242 273 304 334 365 SO
Dec. 31 6:21 901 121 151 182 212 243 274 304, 335, 365

Ang

In Irap Year, when February intervenes, add one day to the calculation.

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Page.
ABBREVIATIons in writing and printing. Appendix 38

and characters in common use Appendix 41
Accomplishments, Educational

274
Acetous Acid, to make

190
Acquaintances, caution in forming

29
Adder, for the poison of the

326
Address, modes of, in writing and speaking Appendix 36
Adulteration of Wine, detection of

357
Adulterated Provisions,

213
Advice to Servants in General,

17
Agreement of Servants

Appendix 11
Almond Bloom, to make,

162
Paste,

ibid
Milk,

309
Aloetic Pills, to make

310
Anchovies, to imitate

121
Angelica, to candy

116
Animation, to restore Suspended

322
Aniseed, Compound Spirit of

317
Ankle, for a sprained

325
Antibilious Pills, to make

310
Aperient Draught

320
Apoplectic Fit, to relieve an

322
Apprentices, directions to

418
Apples, to store

62
Apricots, to preserve

115
Aromatic Tincture

314
Asses’ Milk, Substitute for

307
Bacon, to choose

80
Bad Breath, remedy for

247
Bailiff, see Land Steward

327
Balsam of Honey

315
Baking, articles and joints for

204
Barberries, to preserve

113
Bardolph Pimple, to remove

242
Bark, Tincture of Peruvian

S16
Huxham's Tincture of

316
Barley Sugar, to make

102
D

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