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ously that tone of superior dignity which marks the bearing of at least the more advanced clases in educational institutions in which the student body constitute a permanent community, and which leads them to look with a kind of mild disdain upon acts of childish and unmeaning disorder. And little can be done by the authorities to promote the growth of this feeling, since, during the few hours of the daily attendance of the students at the college, they are constantly engaged in the exercises of the class-room.”
The University of the City of New York is not so wealthy as Columbia. It has, indeed, no wealth except that of intellect and knowledge. When its present venerable and energetic chancellor was elected, some twelve years since, it was deeply in debt, but we are glad to know that there are no longer any claims against it, and that it was never in a more prosperous condition, in all its departments, than it is at the present moment. No institution in America can boast abler professors; no institution anywhere perfoms its duties more faithfully, or in a more cosmopolitan spirit.
Speaking of wealthy colleges reminds us that Yale seems destined to surpass all other literary institutions in this country, not excepting old Columbia, in the extent of its pecuniary resources. The amount of its donations since 1860, is enormous. In a pamphlet now before us, entitled “Yale in 1868," there is a long list of “benefactors," although no one has the honor of appearing in it who has not contributed $5,000, or more. Joseph Battell has contributed $36,000; Wm. A. Buckingham, $25,000; Simeon B. Chittenden, $30,000; Henry Farnham, $36,264 72; George Peabody, $150,000; Joseph E. Sheffield, $161,000, &c.
Yale is undoubtedly a very respectable institution, and we wish it success, but it is certainly nothing better, either in its scholarship, its system of teaching, or its morals, than many other colleges in the United States that have not received as much as one of these donations during the whole period. In our opinion, it may thank its luck much more than its merit. Man is an imitative animal; men who have a superabundance of money are quite as much so as others. One gives a donation to a college, for perhaps no better reason than that his son or grandson once got into a fight in it, and broke somebody's nose or his head. As a matter of course, he is landed to the skies as a friend of education, a benefactor of mankind, &c. Others think how pleasant it would be to be talked of in the same way, and accordingly they vie with each other in writing large checks, and long letters to accompany them.
It may be all different in the present case; but, be this as it may, there are several colleges in New England and elsewhere in this country whose diploma we would rather have for our son, or our ward, than that of Yale, although we hold that there is not a State in the Union more enterprising, spirited, and intelligent, in proportion to its extent and population, than that to which the latter institution belongs. Thus, for example, we would certainly have more confidence in the diploma of Harvard, or of the University of New York; we would expect higher culture from it, and much more gentlemanly manners. That money has a tendency to soften, if not refine, the manners, or brighten the intellect, far be it from us to deny; and, if it produce this effect on Yale,—as we hope it may,-none will be more ready than we to congratulate the institution on the plethoric state of its coffers.
We had intended to allude to about a dozen other catalognes; but we find on examination that they contain nothing claiming any particular notice. If we spoke of them at all, such is their character, notwithstanding the very small amount of matter which they contain, that we should criti. cise them; and were we even in a critical mood, while the mercury is above eighty, Fahrenheit, beside onr desk, want of space would preclude us from indulging it.
We must not close, however, withont an observation or two on our ladies' seminaries and colleges. We must confine ourselves to two or three, but these are of the representative class. The first female catalogue we happen to open is that of Vassar College. This is a highly respectable institution; certainly its liberal and munificent founder deserves to have his memory honorably preserved. Thus far, how. ever, we cannot say much for the manner in which his very laudable wishes have been carried out. The catalogue be
fore us is got up in fine style-evidently “regardless of expense.” The paper is faultless in its grain, nicely perfumed, yet rather yellow in its tinge to be emblematic of the fair maidens whose names adorn it. But we are bound to remember that the illustrations might not have appeared to so much advantage on white paper; besides it is possible that the brochure may have encountered some smoke on its way to us, and this would sufficiently account for the yellow hue.
The “pictures," however, are very handsome. That of the “ College Edifice,” which serves as a frontispiece, is sufficient by itself to induce many a fond mother to send her daughter to Poughkeepsie. But as a map of the world is generally given on the first page of an atlas, the maps of particular countries being given in the following pages, so in the catalogue of Vassar we have separate cuts of the different parts of the college, down even to the gateway and porter's lodge. Thus, under the head of “Extra Collegiate, or Art Studies," printed in capitals, we have a cut which purports to be that of an “ Art Gallery"; under the head of “Health and Physical Training” we have a cut of the “ Calisthenium,” &c. All is described in the letter press in a style at once minute and elevated; in short, of nothing does the whole affair remind us so forcibly as of a certain “Paradise” described by the poet—that,
'Tis the wish to look wise,—not knowing horo.” The success of Vassar College would afford us sincere pleasure, but ostentation and pompousness are not the best means of accomplishing success in any enterprise. We had much respect for Dr. John H. Raymond as the head of a boys' school or institute, at Brooklyn. We thought him fully qualified for his position, but we confess we had some misgivings when we learned that he turned his attention from boys to girls. We should not, however, have made the least objection to him as one of the professors in a female school. or even college; but it occurred to us that one who had experience in teaching girls or young ladies, would be better
name of commal W. Lyman. Lehent and Instre
qualified to preside at a female college. Need we say that what would be very passable taste in a boy's school might be execrable in a girl's school ? Surely more refinement and delicacy are expected from young ladies than from boys or even young gentlemen; but must not the former as well as the latter take a part, at least, of their tone from the bead of the institution in which they are educated.
Far be it from us to insinuate that Dr. Raymond would intentionally teach the young ladies under his charge any bad habits; all we allege is that he is liable, under the circumstances, to commit some awkward blunders while meaning to be very courteous and respectful. He has committed some, even in his catalogue, which are rather amusing. Thus, in the list of “Officers of Government and Instruction," he gives, “ Hannah W. Lyman, Lady Principal.” Now, in the name of common sense, does not any one know that Hannah is not the name of a gentleman? But assuming it to bo necessary and proper to put "Lady" after Hannah, why is it not equally so to put it after Maria and Alida? Why not say, “ Maria Mitchell, Lady Professor of Astronomy, and Lady Director of the Observatory," and, “Alida C. Avery, M. D., Lady Professor of Physiology and Hygiene and Lady Resident Physician?” Or why not say, per contra, “John H. Raymond, LL. D., Gentleman Principal," or Gentleman President ?” This would at least be consistent.
With the same regard to propriety and chasteness, every word supposed to mean anything important has its initial letter a capital, such as, “ Department,” “ Course," " Reg. ular Course," “ Theory," “ Art, “Musical Theory," “ Choral Class," “ Music," " History,” “ Professor," "Library,” etc. All these occur in the text in less than a page and a half (pp. 22, 23), without either beginning a sentence or forming a heading. As for “ Lady Principal,” “ President,” “ Department,” « College,” “Professor," “ Teacher," etc., they occur in almost every page, sometimes most of them in every sentence (Vide pp. 24, 25).
Some two or three years since we criticised certain of of our male colleges for this sort of vulgarity, but they were sensible enough to take it in good part, admit their error
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and avoid it in future ; so that now they do not use one capital for every twenty they were wont to use.*
We hope the editor of the Vassar catalogue will become somewhat less inflated also in this respect, if only to suggest to the students that it is not dress or loud emphatic talk that constitutes a lady, but rather modesty and a somewhat subdued tone.
It is somewhat curious that in the same list of “ Officers ” Dr. Alida Avery and Maria Mitchell appear as “ Professors," while Elizabeth L. Geigher and Jessie Usher appear as “ Teachers," one of the Greek language, the other of the Latin language. Another lady appears in the same list as “ Instructor;" and, between two “ Teachers," as if she required to get occasional lessons, appears another who is styled “Assistant to the Lady Principal,” whatever that may mean!
As for the curriculum of Vassar, it might satisfy the most learned of the German universities ; for our own part we can remember no branch of human knowledge which it does not include. When a young lady of sixteen can translate and write Greek and Latin, speak French, German, and Italian, calculate the orbits of comets and the occultations of Jupiter's satellites, &c., we think she is fairly entitled to a diploma. Yet it would seem that such a phenomenon would not be entirely new. Juvenal speaks of a lady who was so learned that she was able, singly, to relieve the moon when suffering an eclipse !
Una laboranti poterit succurrere lune. As for her logic, he says it was such that the grammarians yielded to her at once; the rhetoricians were confuted, the whole company silenced ; neither lawyer nor crier could put in a word, &c.t But as Dr. Raymond is not only president of Vassar College, but also “ Professor of Mental and
* Vide Nat. Qr. Rev. Nos. XVIII and XXII; Arts. “ Commencements of Col. leges," etc.
| Cedunt grammatici, vincuntur rhetores, omnis
Turba tacet; nec causidicus, nec præco loquatur,