The Vegetation of Egypt

الغلاف الأمامي
Springer Science & Business Media, 23‏/11‏/2008 - 437 من الصفحات
1 مراجعة
This book is an attempt to compile and integrate the information documented by many botanists, both Egyptians and others, about the vegetation of Egypt. The ? rst treatise on the ? ora of Egypt, by Petrus Forsskal, was published in 1775. Records of the Egyptian ? ora made during the Napoleonic expedition to Egypt (1778–1801) were provided by A. R. Delile from 1809 to 1812 (Kassas, 1981). The early beginning of ecological studies of the vegetation of Egypt extended to the mid-nineteenth century. Two traditions may be recognized. The ? rst was general exploration and survey, for which one name is symbolic: Georges-Auguste Schweinfurth (1836–1925), a German scientist and explorer who lived in Egypt from 1863 to 1914. The second tradition was ecophysiological to explain the plant life in the dry desert. The work of G. Volkens (1887) remains a classic on xeroph- ism. These two traditions were maintained and expanded in further phases of e- logical development associated with the establishment of the Egyptian University in 1925 (now the University of Cairo). The ? rst professor of botany was the Swedish Gunnar Tackholm (1925–1929). He died young, and his wife Vivi Tackholm devoted her life to studying the ? ora of Egypt and gave leadership and inspiration to plant taxonomists and plant ecologists in Egypt for some 50 years. She died in 1978. The second professor of botany in Egypt was F. W.
 

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الصفحات المحددة

المحتويات

The Nile Region
251
62 Climate
255
The History of the Vegetation Its Salient Features and Future Study
304
72 Future Study of Phytosociology and Plant Ecology
315
Synopsis
317
Remote Sensing and Vegetation Map of Egypt
319
82 Case Studies
321
Sustainable Development of Egypts Deserts
335

34 Gebel Uweinat
94
35 The Gilf Kebir
99
The Eastern Desert
101
42 Ecological Characteristics
102
The Sinai Peninsula
212
52 Climate
218
53 Water Resources
220
54 The Vegetation
221
92 Religious Attitudes
336
93 Ecological Considerations
337
94 Renewable Natural Resources
339
Photographs Covering Western Desert Eastern Desert Sinai Peninsula Nile Region
375
References
409
List of Species
427
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