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to expect, if their superiors in education promise them an elysium of high wages and little work, as the result of pillaging other classes of the community, that they should be keen-sighted enough to see through the delusion and refuse the tempting bait.

We must therefore, at all events, expect to meet the doctrines of the Internationale in the arena of political discussion. It may well be that an effort will be made to procure for some of them

—such, for instance, as the proposals of Mr. Odger and Mr. Mill—an admission into the programme of the Liberal party. That the mass of the present Liberals have no wish or intention of the kind, we are perfectly aware; but the tactics by which a small fraction of a party im poses its doctrines on the remainder are well known, and have been perfected by frequent practice. They are founded upon the established rule of political arithmetic, that one variable is worth more than a score of constants. When an election is nearly balanced, the important people—the voters who occupy every agent's thoughts, engross every civility, and can ensure the most respectful attention to every fancy they may entertain-are not the five hundred on each side whose votes are certain, but the twenty who have refused to promise. In the close party divisions of Lord Palmerston's time, the men upon whom every resource of Ministerial blandishment was expended, were not the respectable phalanx behind the Minister, whose votes were as certain as that of the Minister himself, but the waifs and strays of politics—the advanced theorists—the men of a single idea—the apostles of a crotchet. They had their price when a party vote was wanted, and that price was an onward step in the direction of their own ideas. And thus the statesmen of the Liberal party were reluctantly pushed on, and the minority imposed its views upon the majority. The same tactics have been practised more than once with success upon the Ministers that followed. Those who are ready, if thwarted, to vote against their party leader will have more command over him, and will be better able to force him into their views, than those who vote for him steadily, whatever happens. The men who are fanatical for their cause win an easy victory over those who are guided by party allegiance, or feelings of personal regard. It is a terrible advantage which our party arrangements give to extreme and desperate politicians.

But of course this power of an extravagant minority depends wholly on the long-suffering of the majority. The time may come when the middle classes, who are the real support of Liberal Governments, will awake to the dangers into which they are being hurried by their revolutionary allies. However necessary it may be, from a party point of view, that the school of politicians represented by Mr. Odger and Mr. Mill should be

conciliated,

overnme by their revopoint of view Mr. Mill

conciliated, they must at last recognise that party victories may be bought too dear, and that there are interests compared to which the welfare of a Ministry is trivial. Their mistake in recent times has been, that they have accepted their political connexions and antagonisms too much from tradition, without. noticing how much the world has moved. They have gone on belabouring their old adversaries, the squire and the parson, with all the enthusiasm of their fathers half a century ago and have not discerned the vast, overshadowing power that is growing up behind them. Their old enemies are maimed and shrunken: the force with which they now have to count is that of the auxiliaries by whose aid their former victories were won. New questions are before the world: new issues are to be fought out, which in importance dwarf the old.". The calamities of France are useful to us in this, that they warn the classes who are threatened here of the dangers of entering upon a new political era hampered with the enmities and the friendships which belonged to a period that has gone by. We have seen what has been the fate of a bourgeoisie who, in 1848, to obtain a miserable party triumph, accepted a Socialist alliance. There is good hope that no such folly, will be committed here. During the past Session, the Government showed an inclination on more than one occasion to purchase, by seini-socialist proposals, support of the same kind. But, however obsequious their party had hithértó been, they were unable to carry it, with them in these attempts. Much of the future peace and strength of this country depends upon the promptitude with which similar efforts in coming Sessions are restrained. If the Liberal landowners, and the mass of the commercial middle class resolutely repel the doctrines of this new school, it will pass away in due time Kármlesslŷ, as other fanaticisms have done. But they may take another course. They may, tempted by the momentary party strength it may offer, tamper with it, pacify it with fair but hollow promises, lend to it a popularity among political adventurers, and so admit it to a standing among English political parties. They will not by, so doing assure, its success, for the destruction of its opponents is not success; but they will challenge a class conflict' which, whatever its issue, will incu. rably shatter the prosperity, the strength, the unity of England.

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INDEX

TO THE

HUNDRED AND THIRTY-FIRST VOLUME OF THE

QUARTERLY REVIEW.

ABOUT (M. Edmond) on Labour and

Wages, 231-on co-operation amongst

workmen, 254.
Abraham and the Fire-worshipper,

apologue of, illustrative of the widest

possible tolerance, 131.
Ants, their complex political organi-

sation, 77.
Army reorganisation, 524-long cata-

logue of shortcomings, negligences,
and ignorances, 527-doubt whether
the English soldier is equal to his
victorious predecessors, 529-Lord
Sandhurst's warning to the Govern-
ment that they were organising
defeat,' 530 — General Adye's ac-
knowledgment that our forces are a
disjointed structure of armed men
without cohesion or efficiency, 531-
orapid changes of the art of destruc-
tion, 535-invasion of England, 536—
opinion of the Defence Committee
of 1859, ib.-German view of the
facility of a descent on England, ib.

-deficiency of our resources, 538–
accurate knowledge by foreign states-
men of our minutest resources, ib.

- tremendous consequences of an
enemy's landing, 539-effect of our
foreign policy the dislike and con-
tempt of foreign nations, 540--our
military helplessness, ib.--chasm be-
tween the England of to-day and of
former times, 541-- melancholy his-
tory of the so-called Army Bill, 542
-change in the warlike character
of the English race, 543—effect of
abolishing the purchase system, 544
-ghastly story of the earlier part of

the Crimean war, 547.
Ascidian ancestry of the vertebrate

sub-kingdom, 67.
Austria, regeneration of, 90 — political

transformation, 91 — its wretched
condition in the winter of 1866, 92
-the Austrian Empire converted
Vol. 131.–No. 262.

into the Austro-Hungarian monarchy,
93-additions made to the political
machinery, ib.-growth of political
freedom, 95—three most important
measures, 96.-liberation of the in-
ferior priests, 97--laws affecting mar-
riage and education, 98–fundamental
State-laws to constitute the Magna
Charta of the Austrian citizen, ib.
twenty-one parliaments, 101-Aus-
tria composed of a number of small
nations, 102—abrogation of the Con-
cordat, 105—statistics of the Austrian
provinces, ib.-policy of the Poles
in Austria, 106—the Czechs, ib.-
question of a central administration
for each nationality, 108—dissensions
of the contending nationalities, 111-
Vienna and Berlin contrasted, 112.

B.
Baboons, anecdotes respecting, 72,
Beauty, the Hellenic ideal the highest

type of human, 63.
Barley, peculiarity of its growth, 396.
Bass (Mr., M.P.), the largest brewer in

the world, 393.
Beer and the liquor trades, statistics of
money invested and their gains, 395

- the process of malting, 396—the
method of brewing, 399—hops, Eng-
lish and foreign, 400—distilling and
rectifying, 472-unjust effect of a
licence duty varying with the value
of the premises, 405-evils attending
the division of public-houses into two
classes, 406—demoralising effect of
beer-houses, 407—Mr. Bruce's Intoxi.
cating Liquor Bill, 408—offensiveness
of its title, 410—violent opposition to
the Bill, 411-its injustice aud cruelty,
413-proof that the paucity of public-
houses does not imply sobriety, 414
- the black-white name of Permis.
sive Prohibition the English form of

the Maine Liquor Law, 416.
Belgium, agricultural regimen of, 255
- Belgian farming, 257.

2 Q

575.

Berlin contrasted with Vienna, 112.

- skilfal appeal to the peasantry on
Bernard's (Charles de) fascinating novel the principles of the Commune, 552
Gerfault,' 218.

- extension of the International
Braid's inducing artificial somnam Association in foreign countries, 556
bulism, 302,

-its principles on the relation of
Browning's(Mr.) obscurity of style, 364. capitalists and labourers, 557-pro-
Brutes, no evidence of advance in their posed abolition of the right of in-
mental power, 76.

heritance, 558-the Socialist Alliance
Burbage's company at the Globe theatre of Geneva declares itself atheist, 559
in Shakspeare's time, 22.

--the French socialist makes war
Business man (the), as described by upon marriage, property, and religion,
Mr. Fawcett, 237.

563—the Commune the Helot in the
Byron (Lord), Continental opinion of political education of France, 565–

him as the greatest English poetical strikes no evidence of Socialist ideas
genius since Shakspeare and Milton, 1 of English workmen, 568—distinc-
354—the morning after the publica- ! tion between scientific and political
tion of the 1st and 2nd Cantos of progress, 570 — Socialist sentiments

Don Juan' awakes and finds him of Messrs. Mill, Harrison, and Odger,
self famous, 358-rapt interest ex:
cited by his poetical tales, 361–the Copernicus, a new Phäethon driving
“Giaour, 362—the Corsair,' 364 the earth about the sun, 14.
irrational and indefensible reaction Conciliation, Boards of, between em-
against him, 367—his stanzas on the ployers and workmen, 235.
Ocean, 370— Don Juan' the 'cope Constitution (English), retrospect of its
stone of his fame, 373—his mode of changes during this century, 573,
composition contrasted with Tenny Cowper-Temple clause in the Ele-
son's, 375—his sudden inspiration Į mentary Education Act, 282
eagerly worked out, ib.--compared Cox's (Mr. Serjeant) patronage of
himself to the tiger when the first Spiritualism, 343.
spring fails, ib.-foreign critics on Crooke's (Mr., F.R.S.) experimental
the prejudice against him, 311.

investigation of a new force, 37-bis
position in science, 342-detection of

the new metal thallium, 343.

Curwen's (Rev. J.) tonic sol-fa sys-
Canning, plagiarism of, 194.

tem, 169.
Carpenter's (Dr.) ideo-motor principle

of action, 310.
Cats, tortoise-shell, the females alone
so coloured, 54.

Darwin's (Charles, M.A., F.R.S.) De
Cebus Azaræ, diseases of the monkey scent of Man, and Selection in Rela-
so-called, 63.

tion to Sex,' 47-false facts more
Chambord's (Comte de) manifesto on injurious than false views, i.-his

the ills of the working classes, 261. present opinions subversive of his
Channel Islands, prosperity produced original views, 48—his modifications

by small culture there, 258 - two of the principle of natural selection,
principal causes of their prosperity, 51-distrust arising from his unre-

served admissions of error, 52–
Childers's (Mr.) defence of his conduct sexual selection the corner-stone of

respecting the loss of the • Captain,' his theory, ib.-two distinct pro-
441.

cesses of sexual selection, ib.- stal-
Church's (Protestant) ascendency an lions and mares, 57-peafowl, 58-
pulled, 523.

display by male birds, 60—his inac-
Church and State, relation of, three curacies in tracing man's origin, 65

stages through which it has passed, -over-hasty conclusions, 66-traces
285.

man's genealogy back to a form of
Coles's (Capt.) and Messrs. Laird's de animal life like an existing larval
sign for the Captain,' 442.

Ascidian, ib. Ascidian ancestry of
Commune (French), and Internationale, the vertebrate sub-kingdom, 67—six

549—the end of the Commune move kinds of action to which the nervous
ment a social revolation in the sup system ministers, ib.-distinction be
posed interest of the workmen, 5511 tween the instinctive and intellectual

260.

parts of man's nature, 68-anec- | accepted drama, 214-interview with
dotes narrated by the author in Mademoiselle Mars, ib.-interview
support of the rationality of brutes, with Louis Philippe, 215-Dumas
71-fundamental difference between unknown the evening before, the talk
the mental powers of man and brutes, of all Paris on the morrow, 216–
75no advance of mental power on interview between Louis Philippe
the part of brutes, 76--even the moral and Charles X., ib. in the drama
sense a mere result of the development of 'Antony' sets all notions of
of brutal instincts, 79-essence of an morality' at defiance, 218-analysis
instinct, 80-genesis of remorse, 82 of the plot, ib.—its profound immo-
—the law of honour, 83-dogmatism rality, 219— La Tour de Nesle,' a
affirming the very things which have dramatic monstrosity, 223—' Les
to be proved, 85-sexual selection Trois Mousquetaires, Vingt ans
the selection by the females of the après,' and Monte Christo,' 224 —
more beautiful males, ib.—the au letter to Napoleon III, on the pro-
thor's panegyrics on the advocates of hibition by the Censorship of Les
his own views exclusively, 86—his Mohicans de Paris,' 227—-connection
power of reasoning in an inverse ratio with Garibaldi, 228.
to his powers of observation, 87–
implies that man is no more than an
animal, 88—his false metaphysical
system, 89-sets at naught the first!

Education of the People. Our present
principles of both philosophy and

educational prospects, 265 — three
religion, 90,

points of interest to be investigated,
Dalling's (Lord [Sir H. Bulwer])

ib.-1. the relation of the new state
• France,' 213.

of things to the previous system, 266
Dibdin's (Rev. R. W.) table-turning,

- question of making the payment
320-his lecture and experience on

of school-pence a part of out-door
that subject, ib.-his reply to Pro-

relief, 271-schools of religious tone
fessor Faraday, 322.

and secular schools, 272-voluntary
Disraeli's (Mr.) appropriation of a cha-

and rate-supported schools, 274-
racter in Lóthair,' 194—more than

secularism of schools in the United
a third of his eulogium on Welling States, 276–II. How will religion
ton taken from Thiers, without the

fare under the new system, 278—
change of a word, ib.

great majority of petitions for reli-
Dorking' (the Battle of), character gious education above those for
of the book, 533.

secular, 281-probable effects of the
Dumas (Alexander), Memoirs of, 189

Cowper-Temple clause, 282—impos-
-unprecedented fertility and ver-

sibility of drawing out an unde-
satility, 190 — computation of the

nominational creed, 287 — III. Pro-
average number of pages per day spects of pushing on National Edu-
during forty years, ib.-his mode of cation in quality and quantity, 289-
life, ib.—autobiography, 195—his material points in the New Code of
name of Davy de la Pailleterie, 196 Regulations reversing the Revised
-his father's relinquishment of that

Code, 290—programme of the course
name, 197—anecdotes of the strength

of education contemplated, ib.-exer-
and prowess of General Dumas, his

cise and drill in the schools, 292–
father, b.-description of Dumas's want of more training colleges,
first visit to Paris, 201-interviews 294-compulsory powers to make the
with Talma, 202, 206 - Dumas's children attend, 296—the compul-
theory of success in life, 204-in sory system in America, ib.
terview with a fat and fair English-

Erle (sir W.), on the law relating to
man, 207-interview with Sebastiani,

Trades' Unions, 234.
208—favourably received by General
Foy, ib.--answers to the General's
interrogation as to his qualifications, Faraday's (Professor) explanation of
209-received into the establishment table-turning, 311—his indicator for
of the Duke of Orleans, afterwards detecting the delusion, ib.
King of the French, 210—his first Fawcett (Mr., M.P.) on pauperism,
publication a novel of which four 237 — his extreme democratic opi-
copies only were sold, 212-his first nions, 242.

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