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Torment with ease, and soonest reeompense
Bole with delight; whieh in this plaee I sought:
To thee no reason, who know'st only good, 800
But evil hast not tried: and wilt objeet
His will who bounds Ub? Let him surer bar
His iron gates, if he intends our stay
In that dark duranee: thus mueh what was ask'd.
The rest is true, they found me where they say; eoo
But that implies not violenee or harm.
Thus he in seorn. The warlike angel moved,
0 loss of one in heaven to judge of wise,
Sinee Satan fell, whom folly overthrew; 008
And now returns him from his prison 'seaped,
Gravely in doubt whether to hold them wise
Or not, who ask what boldness brought him hither
Unlieensed from his bounds in hell preseribed:
So wise he judges it to lly from pain 010
However, and to 'seape his punishment.
So judge thou still, presumptnous; till the wrath,
Whieh thou ineurr'st by flying, meet thy flight
Sevenfold, and seourge that wisdom baek to hell,
Whieh taught thee yet no better, That no pain 0li
Can equal anger infinite provoked.
But wherefore thou alone? wherefore with theo
Came not all hell broke loose? is pain to them
Less pain, less to be fled; or thou than they
Less hardy to endure? Courageous ehief! 0»
The first in flight from pain! hadst thou alleged
To thy deserted host this eause of flight,
Thou surely hadst not eome sole fugitive.
To whieh the fiend thus answer'd, frowning stern:—
Insulting angel! well thou know'st I stood
1 therefore, I alone first undertook 035
This new-ereated world, whereof in hell
To settle here on earth, or in mid air; 040
800. And teiit thou ohjzH. fttrcst memy. Miiton often thus nges
004. Tbjutige of what is wue. wlj,'etivew Bk suhMtantives. "The stnsi
027. Thy fi'vrest. that is. iby JirrrtM lde of pnin." "The ttouJ from their
atiaek, or power; or it may menn, ii\y hearts."
Though for possession put to try onee more
What thou and thy gay legions dare against;
Whose easier business were to serve their Lord
High up in heaven, with songs to hymn his throne,
And praetised distanees to eringe, not fight. 9tb
To whom the warriour angel soon replied:—
Satan, and eouldst thou faithful add? 0 name, wo
O saered name of faithfulness profaned!
Faithful to whom? to thy rebellious erew?
Army of fiends, fit body to fit head.
Was this your diseipline and faith engaged,
Your military obedienee, to dissolve ess
Allegianee to the aeknowledged Power supremo?
And thou, sly hypoerite, who now wouldst seem
Patron of liberty, who more than thou
Onee fawn'd, and eringed, and servilely adored
Heaven's awful Monareh? wherefore but in hope 0eo
To dispossess him, and thyself to reign?
But mark what I arreed thee now; A vaunt;
Fly thither whenee thou fledst: if from this hour
Within these hallow'd limits thou appear,
Baek to the infernal pit I drag thee ehain'd, 004
And seal thee so, as heneeforth not to seorn
The faeile gates of hell too slightly barr'd.
So threaten'd he: but Satan to no threats
Then, when I am thy eaptive, talk of ehains, 070
While thus he spake, the angelie squadron bright
What seem'd both spear and shield. Now dreadful deeds <wo
Might have ensued; nor only Paradise
In this eommotion, but the starry eope
Of heaven perhaps, or all the elements
At least had gone to wraek, disturb'd and torn
With violenee of this eonfliet, had not soon 095
The Eternal, to prevent sueh horrid fray,
Hung forth in heaven his golden seales, yet seen
Betwixt Astrea and the Seorpion sign,
Wherein all things ereated first he weigh'd,
The pendulous round earth with balaneed air 1000
In eounterpoise; now ponders all events,
Battels, and realms: in these ho put two weights,
The sequel eaeh of parting and of fight:
The latter quiek upflew and kiek'd the beam;
Whieh Gabriel spying, thus bespake the fiend: 100s
Satan, I know thy strength, and thou know'st mine; Neither our own, but given: what folly then To boast what arms ean do, sinee thine no more Than Heaven permits, nor mine, though doubled now To trample thee as mire! for proof look up, 1010 And read thy lot in yon eelestial sign; Where thou art weigh'd, and shown how light, how weak, If thou resist. The fiend look'd up, and knew His mounted seale aloft: nor more; but fled Murmuring, and with him fled the shades of night. l0li
REMARKS ON BOOK V.
Tnis book eonsists of elements of the same eharaeter and of similar eombinations as the fonrth. Eve's dream, and the manner of relating it, are in a very high degree poetieal: here the invention is perfeet, both in imagery, sentiment, and langnage.
The approaeh of the angel Raphael, as viewed at a distanee by Adam, is designed with all those brilliant eireumstanees, and those undefinable tonehes, whieh give the foree of embodied reality to a vision. Miiton never relates with the artifiees, and attempts to exeite attention, of a teehnieal poet: what he ereates stands before him as life: he does not struggle to embellish or exaggerate, bnt simply relates what he believes that he beholds or hears: bnt none eonld have beheld or heard these high things, exeept one inspired.
The hints of a great part of the ineidents are taken from the 8eriptures; bnt the invention is not on that aeeount the less. To bring the dim general idea into broad light in all its lineaments is the diffieulty, and reqnires the powev.
The eonversation between Raphael and Adam is admirably eontrived on both sides. These argumentative portions of the poem are almost always grand: and poetieal, beeause they are grand. Now and then, indeed, the hard indulges in the display of too mueh abstruse learning pr metaphysieal subtleties.
As to this portion of the work, whieh oeeupies a large spaee, it is less oasy to reeoneile it to the general taste: but we must take it as a part of the two essential divisions of an epie poem—eharaeter and sentiments. Taken by itself, separated from the story, mueh of it would not be poetieal: as part of the story, it is primary essenee. Withont it, mere imagery would lose almost all its dignity, as well as its ins trne tiveness, beeause it wonld lose its intelleetnal and spiritnal eharm.
In relating the eause of 8atan's rebellion, Raphael sustains all the almost unntterable sublimity of his subjeet. The hero is drawn wieked and daring beyond prior eoneeption; but mighty and awful as he is wieked. Langnage to express these high thoughts wonld have sunk before any other genins bnt Milton's: and as he had to eonvey the movements of heavenly spirits by earthly eomparisons, the diffieulty inereased at every step.
To eite detaehed passages from other poets, as eontaining a supposed similitude to Milton, is very fallaeious. These are patehes:—Miiton's is a uniform, elose-wove, massy web of gold. Numerons partieles of the ingredients may be traeed in other anthors: it is the eombination, and the design by whieh that eombination is eondueted, that makes the merit. 8ir Egerton Rbydges.
Mormxg approaehed, Eve relates to Adam her troublesome dream; he likes it not, yet eomforts her: they eome forth to their day-labonrs: their morning hymu at the door of their bowev. God, to render man inexeusable, sends Raphael to admonish him of his obedienee, of his free estate, of his enemy near at hand, who he is, and why bis enemy, and whatever else may avaii Adam to know. Raphael eomes down to Paradise; his appearanee deseribed; his eoming diseerned by Adam afar off, sitting at the door of his bower; be goes ont to meet him, brings him to his lodge, entertains him with the ehoieest frnits of Paradise got together by Eve; their diseourse at table: Raphael performs his message, minds Adnm of his state and of bis enemy; relates, at Adam's reqnest, who that enemy is, and how he enme to be se, beginning from his first revolt in heaven, and the oeeasion thereof; how he drew his legions after him to the parts of the north, and there ineited them to rebel with him, persnading all bnt only Abdiel a seraph, who in argument dissnades and opposes him, then forsakes him.
Now Morn, her rosy steps in tho eastern elime
5. Whieh refers to sleep, whirh wns morning. Aumra't fan, the eauw. ' fot rtlsprrsed only by the soundofisaets and the effeet—the fauning winds of the fuming ritis—raiied fuming from the morning among the leaves, tteam that rteea from the water in the