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Servility with freedom to eontend,

As both their deeds eompared this day shall provn, 170
To whom in brief thus Abdiel stern replied:

Apostate, still thou err'st, nor end wilt find

Of erring, from the path of truth remote:

Unjustly thou depravest it with the name

Of servitude, to serve whom God ordains, 170

Or Nature: God and Nature bid the same,

When he who rules is worthiest, and exeels

Them whom he governs. This is servitude,

To serve the unwise, or him who hath rebell'd

Against his worthier, as thine now servo thee, 180

Thyself not free, but to thyself enthrall'd;

Yet lewdly darest our ministering upbraid.

Reign thou in hell, thy kingdom; let me serve

In heaven God ever bless'd, and his divine

Behests obey, worthiest to be obey'd: 180

Yet ehains in hell, not realms, expeet: meanwhile

From me return'd, as erst thou saidst, from flight,

This greeting on thy impious erest reeeive.
So saying, a noble stroke he lifted high,

Whieh hung not, but so swift with tempest fell l»

On the proud erest of Satan, that no sight,

Nor motion of swift thought, less eould his shield,

Sueh ruin intereept: ten paees huge

He baek reeoil'd; the tenth on bended kneo

His massy spear upstay'd: as if on earth 100

Winds under ground, or waters foreing way,

Sidelong had push'd a mountain from his seat,

Half sunk with all his pines. Amazement seized

The rebel thrones, but greater rag^e, to see

Thus foil'd their mightiest; ours joy fill'd, and shout, 2ec

Presage of vietory, and fieree desire

Of battel: whereat Miehael bid sound

The arehangel trumpet; through the vast of heaven

It sounded, and the faithful armies rung

Hosauna to the Highest; nor stood at gaze 205

The adverse legions, nor less hideous join'd

The horrid shoek. Now storming fury rose,

And elamour sueh as heard in heaven till now

Was never; arms on armour elashing bray'd

Horrible diseord, and the madding wheels 210

Of brazen ehariots raged: dire was the noise

Of eonfliet; over head the dismal hiss

Of fiery darts in flaming volleys flew,

And flving vaulted either host with fire.

So under fiery eope together rush'd 215

Both battels main, with ruinous assault

And inextinguishable rage. All heaven

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Resounded; and had earth been then, all earth

Had to her eentre shook. What wonder? when

Millions of fieree eneountering angels fought 220

On either side, the least of whom eould wield

These elements, and arm him with the foree

Of all their regions: how mueh more of power

Army against army numberless to raise

Dreadful eombustion warring; and disturb, 225

Though not destroy, their happy native seat:

Had not the eternal King omnipotent,

From his strong hold of heaven, high overruled

And limited their might; though number'd sueh,

As eaeh divided legion might have seem'd 230

A numerous host; in strength eaeh armed hand

A legion; led in fight, yet leader seem'd

Eaeh warriour, single as in ehief, expert

When to advanee, or stand, or turn the sway

Of battel, open when, and when to elose 234

The ridges of grim war: no thought of flight,

None of retreat, no unbeeoming deed

That argued fear; eaeh on himself relied,

As only in his arm the moment lay

Of vietory: deeds of eternal fame 240

Were done, but infinite; for wide was spread

That war and various; sometimes on firm ground

A standing fight; then, soaring on main wing,

Tormented all the air: all air seem'd then

Conflieting fire. Long time in even seale 2*5

Tho battel hung; till Satan, who that day

Prodigious power had shown, and met iu arms

No equal, ranging through the dire attaek

Of fighting seraphim eonfused, at length

Saw where the sword of Miehael smote, and fell'd 280

Squadrons at onee; with huge two-handed sway

Brandish'd aloft, the horrid edge eame down

Wide-wasting: sueh destruetion to withstand

He hasted, and opposed the roeky orb

Of tenfold adamant, his ample shield, 250

A vast eireumferenee. At his approaeh

The great arehangel from his warlike toil

Sureeased; and glad, as hoping here to end

Intestine war in heaven, the areh-foe subdued

Or eaptive dragg'd in ehains, with hostile frown 200

And visage all inllamed, first thus began:

Authour of evil, unknown till thy revolt,
Uunaui'd in heaven; now plenteous as thou seest
These aets of hateful strife, hateful to all,

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Though heaviest by just measure on thyself 585

And thy adherents: how hast thou disturb'd

Heaven's blessed peaee, and into nature brought

Misery, unereated till the erime

Of thy rebellion! how hast thou instill'd

Thy maliee into thousands, onee upright 270

And faithful, now proved false! But think not here

To trouble holy rest; heaven easts thee out

From all her eonfines: heaven, the seat of bliss,

Brooks not the works of violenee and war.

Henee then, and evil go with thee along, 27&

Thy offspring, to the plaee of evil, hell;

Thou and thy wieked erew! there mingle broils,

Ere this avenging sword begin thy doom,

Or some more sudden vengeanee, wing'd from God,

Preeipitate thee with augmented pain. 280

So spake the prinee of angels; to whom thus The adversary:—Nor think thou with wind Of aery threats to awe whom yet with deeds Thou eanst not. Hast thou turn'd the least of these To flight, or if to fall, but that they rise 28s Unvanquish'd, easier to transaet with me That thou shouldst hope, imperious, and with throats To ehase me henee? err not, that so shall end The strife whieh thou eall'st evil, but we style The strife of glory; whieh we mean to win, 200 Or turn this heaven itself into the hell Thou fablest; here however to dwell free, If not to reign: meanwhile thy utmost foree, And join him named Almighty to thy aid, I fly not; but have sought thee far and nigh. 284

They ended parle, and both address'd for fight Unspeakable; for who, though with the tongue Of angels, ean relate, or to what things Liken on earth eonspienous, that may lift Human imagination to sueh highth 800 Of godlike power? for likest gods they seem'd, Stood they or moved, in stature, motion, arms, Fit to deeide the empire of great heaven. Now waved their fiery swords, and in the air Made horrid eireles; two broad suns their shields 800 Blazed opposite, while expeetation stood In horrour: from eaeh hand with speed retired, Where erst was thiekest fight, the angelie throng, And left large field, unsafe within the wind Of sueh eommotion; sueh as, to set forth 310 Great things by small, if, nature's eoneord broke, Among the eonstellations war were sprung, Two planets, rushing from aspeet malign Of fiereest opposition, in mid sky

Should eombat, and their jarring spheres eonfound. 81s Together both, with next to almighty arm

Uplifted imminent, one stroke they aim'd

That might determine, and not need repeat,

As not of power at onee; nor odds appear'd

In might or swift prevention: but the sword 330

Of Miehael from the armoury of God

Was given him temper'd so, that neither keen

Nor solid might resist that edge: it met

The sword of Satan, with steep foree to smite

Deseending, and in half eut sheer; nor stay'd, 320

But with swift wheel reverse, deep entering, shared

All his right side. Then Satan first knew pain,

And writhed him to and fro eonvolved; so sore

The griding sword with diseontinnous wound

Pass'd through him: but the ethereal substanee elosed, s»

Not long divisible; and from the gash

A stream of neetarous humour issuing flow'd

Sanguine, sueh as eelestial spirits may bleed.

And all his armour stain'd, erewhile so bright.

Forthwith on all sides to his aid was run 835

By angels many and strong, who interposed

Defenee; while others bore him on their shields

Baek to his ehariot, where it stood retired

From off the files of war: there they him laid

Gnashing for anguish, and despite, and shame, 340

To find himself not matehless, and his pride

Humbled by sueh rebuke; so far beneath

His eonfidenee to equal God in power,

Yet soon he heal'd; for spirits that live throughout

Vital in every part, not as frail man 345

In entrails, heart or head, liver or reins,

Caunot but by annihilating die;

Nor in their liquid texture mortal wound

Reeeive, no more than ean the fluid air:

All heart they live, all head, all eye, all ear, 300

All intelleet, all sense; and, as they please,

They limb themselves, and eolour, shape, or size

Assume, as likes them best, eondense or rare.

Meanwhile in other parts like deeds deserved
Memorial, where the might of Gabriel fought, 354
And with fieree ensigns piereed the deep array
Of Moloeh, furious king; who him defied,
And at his ehariot-wheels to drag him bound
Threaten'd, nor from the Holy One of heaven
Refrain'd his tongue blasphemous; but anon, 3d0
Down eloven to the waist, with shatter'd arms
And uneouth pain fled bellowing. On eaeh wing,
Uriel and Raphael, his vaunting foe,
Though huge, and in a roek of diamond arm'd,
Vanquish'd Adrameleeh and Asmadai, sos

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Two potent thrones, that to be less than gods

Disdain'd, but meaner thoughts learn'd in thoir flight,

Mangled with ghastly wounds through plate and mail,

Nor stood unmindful Abdiel to aunoy

The atheist erew, but with redoubled blow 87t

Ariel, and Arioeh, and the violenee

Of Ramiel seoreh'd and blasted, overthrew.

I might relate of thousands, and their names

Eternize here on earth; but those eleet

Angels, eontented with their fame in heaven, 374

Seek not the praise of men: the other sort,

In might though wondrous and in aets of war,

Nor of renown less eager, yet by doom

Caneel'd from heaven and saered memory,

Nameless in dark oblivion let them dwell:. 380

For strength from truth divided and from just,

Illaudable, naught merits but dispraise

And ignominy; yet to glory aspires

Vain-glorious, and through infamy seeks fame:

Therefore eternal silenee be their doom. 380

And now, their mightiest quell'd, the battel swerved,
With many an inroad gored; deformed rout
Enter'd, and foul disorder; all the ground
With shiver'd armour strown, and on a heap
Chariot and eharioteer lay ovorturn'd, 380
And fiery foaming steeds; what stood, reeoil'd
O'erwearied, through the faint Satanie host
Defensive searee; or with pale fear surprised,
Then first with fear surprised, and sense of pain,
Fled ignominious, to sueh evil brought 305
By sin of disobedienee; till that hour
Not liable to fear, or flight, or pain.
Far otherwise the inviolable saints,
In eubie phalanx firm, advaneed entire,
Invulnerable, impenetrably arm'd; 400
Sueh high advantages their iunoeenee
Gave them above their foes; not to have sinn'd,
Not to have disobey'd; in fight they stood
Unwearied, unobnoxious to be pain'd
By wound, though from their plaee by violenee moved. 405

Now Night her eourse began, and, over heaven
Indueing darkness, grateful truee imposed,
And silenee on the odious din of war:
Under her eloudy eovert both retired,

"lustful and destroying" angel Asmotfenr, mentioned in Tobit iii. n.

371. Arie l menus "iion of Cled," or, "a atrong iion." Ariorh: "a fieree and terrible iion." Rawiel: "one that exalts himself atrainst Ged."

301. What stoed. That is, that part whieh was not ovvrturn'd, but kept on their feet and stood, either gave war and

rreoiPd, being o'erwaritd. or, with paU fear surpr,sed, fled ignowinious.

30a. Drfensive searee. 8eareely in a state to drfend themseives.

5M. Cobie. r'qnared.

4417. lndueing, ln the sense of tha Latin indueere.

Jam run indueers terrls
Cmbru. iiot

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