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Being as I am, why didst not thou, the head, 11&5
Command me absolutely not to go,
Going into sueh danger, as thou said'st?
Too faeile then, thou didst not mueh gainsay;
Nay, didst permit, approve, and fair dismiss.
Hadst thou been firm and fix'd in thy dissent, "lioj
Neither had I transgress'd, nor thou with me.
To whom, then first ineensed, Adam replied:
Thus they in mutual aeeusation spent
REMARKS ON BOOK X.
Cervainly Milton has in this book shown to an amasing extent all the variety of his powers in striking eontrast with eaeh other: the subiimity of the eelestial persons; the gigantie wiekedness of the infernal; the mingled exeellenee and human infirmities of Adam and Eve; and the shadowy and terrifie beings of 8in and Death. Of any other poet, the imagination would have been exhausted in the preeeding books: in Miiton, it stiil gathers strength, and grows bolder and bolder, and darts with more expanded wings. When 8in and Death deserted the gates of hell, and made their way to earth, the eoneeption and expression of all the eireumstanees is of a supernatural foree.
It may be admitted that it requires a rieh mind duly to enjoy and appreeiate these grand and spiritnal ageneies; they therefore who have eold eoneeptions eagerly eateh hold of any eensures to justify their own insensibiiity: they eon understand iilustrations drawn from objeets daily in solid forms before their eyes. Rnt it is not only in the deseription of forms and aetions that the hard has a strength and briiiianee so wonderful: ho is eqnally happy in the sentiments he attributes to eaeh personage: all speak in their own distinet eharaeters, with a justness and individnality whieh meet instant reeognition, and waken an indeserihable assent and pleasure. Thus Adam and Eve, when they know the displeasure of the Almighty, and are overwhelmed with fear and remorse, eaeh express themselves aeeording to their so para to easta of mind, disposition, and eireumstanees: their moans are deeply affeeting. To my taste, this book is mueh more lofty, and mueh more pathetif, than the ninth: as the subjeet was mueh more diffieult, so it is exeented with mueh more miraeulous vigour and originality.
The representation of the mauner in whieh God's judgment upon earth was exeeuted by ehanging the seasons, putting the elements into eontest, and deteriorating all nature, fills the imagination with wonder, and brings ont new tonehes of poetry with a magieal effeet.
In others the poetieal langnage seems a sort of eover,—a gilding; in Milton it is a part and essenee of the thought. The primary image is poetieal; the poetry does not depend upon the illustration; though sometimes there is a union, and it is thus to be found in both: but if the seeondary has it, the first never wants it. t
The eharaeters of Miiton are all eompound and refleetive; they are not merely intnitive, like 8hakspeare's: they have therefore more of that invention whieh is eomprehensive, and requires study to appreeiate. The whole of "Paradise Lost" from begiuning to end is part of one inseparable web; and however beantiful detaehed parts may appear, not half their genins or wisdom ean be felt or understood exeept in eouneetion with the whole. There are eongrnities and allusions in every word, whieh are lost, unless we attend to their essential relation to the whole seheme.
It is this intensity and inseparabiiity of the web whieh is among the miraeles of Milton's exeention. Graee, strength, splendour, depth, all depend upon its unity. As no texture was ever before produeed ont of partieles drawn from sueh an extent of spaee, and sueh a variety of saints; so the amalgamation of all into one perfeet whole is the more astonishing.
8neh is the erudition applied to this most wonderful work, that nothing less than the eonjoined attempts of a whole body of learned men for a eentury has been able to explain its inexhaustible allusions; and even yet the task is not eompleted. 8ir Egerton Bin Dges.
Man's transgression known, the gnardian-angels forsake Paradise, and return up to heaven to approve their vigilanee, and are approved; God deelaring that the entranee of 8atan eonld not be by them prevented. He sends his 8ou to judge the transgressors; who deseends and gives sentenee aeeordingly; then in pity elothes them both, and reaseends. 8in and Death, sitting till then at the gates of hell, by wondrons sympathy feeling the sueeess of 8atan in this new world, and the sin by man there eommitted, resolve to sit no longer eonfined in hell, but to follow 8atan their sire up to the plaee of man: to make the way easier from hell to this world to and fre, they pave a broad, highway or bridge over Chaos, aeeording to the traek that 8atan first made; then, preparing for earth, they meet him, proud of bis sueeess, returning to hell; their mutnal gratulation. 8atan arrives at Panda> moninm; in full assembly relates with boasting his sueeess against man; instead of applause is entertained with a general hiss by all his audienee, transformed with himself also suddenly into serpents aeeording to his doom given in Paradise; then, deluded with a show of the forbidden tree springing np before them, they, greedily reaehing to take of the frnit, ehew dust and bitter ashes. The proeeedings of 8in and Death; God foretels the final vietory of his 8on over them, and .the renewing of all things; bnt for the present eommands his angels to make several alterations in the heavens and elements. Adam, more and more pereeiving his fallen eondition, heavily bewaiis, rejeets the eondolement of Eve; she persists, and at length appeases him: then, to evade the eurse likely to fall on their offspring, proposes to Adam violent ways, whieh he approves not; bnt, eoneeiving better hope, puts her in mind of the late promise made them, that her seed should be revenged on the serpent; and exhorts her with him to seek peaee of the offended Deity by repentanee and supplieation.
Meanwuile the heinous and despiteful aet
12. They: Man eolleetively is the ante-1 man in onr image, and let them have, eed eat of they. "Ged said, Let us make | Ae. Gen. i. 20.
Whoever tempted: whieh they not obeying,
Ineurr' d (what eould they less?) the penalty; It
And, manifold in sin, deserved to fall,
Up into heaven from Paradise in haste
The angelie guards aseended, mute and sad
For man; for of his state by this they knew,
Mueh wondering how the subtle fiend had stolen 20
Entranee unseen. Soon as the unweleome news
From earth arrived at heaven-gate, displeased
All were who heard; dim sadness did not spare
That time eelestial visages, yet, mix'd
With pity, violated not their bliss. 20
About the new arrived in multitudes
The ethereal people ran, to hear and know
How ail befell: they towards the throne supreme,
Aeeountable, made haste, to make appear,
With righteous plea, their utmost vigilanee, 30
And easily approved; when the Most High
Eternal Father, from his seeret eloud,
Amidst in thunder utter'd thus his voiee:
Assembled angels, and ye powers return'd
Or toueh with lightest moment of impfilse 40
His free-will, to her own inelining lolt
In even seale. But fallen he is; and now
What rests, but that the mortal sentenee pass
On his transgression, death denouneed that day?
Whieh he presumes already vain and void, 00
Beeause not yet inflieted, as he fear'd,
By some immediate stroke; but soon shall find
Forbearanee no aequittanee, ere day end.
Justiee shall not return as bounty seorn'd.
But whom send I to judge them? whom but thee, 00
Vieegerent Son? To thee I have transferr'd
All judgment, whether in heaven, or earth, or hell,
Easy it may be seen that I intend
Merey eolleague with justiee, sending thee,
Man's friend, his Mediator, his design'd 00
Both ransom and Redeemer voluntary,
And destined man himself to judge man fallen.
So spake the Father; and, unfolding bright
Father Eternal, thine is to deeree;
Thus saying, from his radiant seat he rose 85
Where art thou, Adam, wont with joy to meet
He eame; and with him Evo, more loth, though first