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Whom they trinmph'd onee laps'd. Thus were they

And worn with famine long, and eeaseless hiss,
Till their lost shape, permitted, they resumed;
Yearly enjoin'd, some say, to undergo 070
This aunual humbling eertain number'd days,
To dash their pride and joy for man sedueed.
However, some tradition they dispersed
Among the heathen of their purehase got;
And fabled how the serpent, whom they eall'd 0so
Ophion, with Eurynome, the wide-
Eneroaehing Eve perhaps, had first the rule
Of high Olympus; thenee by Saturn driven
And Ops, ere yet DieUean Jove was born.

Meanwhile in Paradise the hellish pair 080
Too soon arrived; Sin, there in power before,
Onee aetual; now in body, and to dwell
Habitual habitant; behind her Death,
Close following, paee for paee, not mounted yet
On his pale horse; to whom Sin thus began: 000

Seeond of Satan sprung, all-eonquering Death!
What think'st thou of our empire now, though earn'd
With travail diffieult? not better far,
Than still at hell's dark threshold to have sat wateh,
Uunamed, undreaded, and thyself half-starved? 005

Whom thus the sin-born monster answer'd soon:
To me, who with eternal famine pine,
Alike is hell, or Paradise, or heaven;
There best, where most with ravine I may meet:
Whieh here, though plenteous, all too little seems 0W)
To stuff this maw, this vast un-hidebound eorpse.

To whom the ineestnous mother thus replied:
Thou therefore on these herbs, and fruits, and flowers,
Feed first; on eaeh beast next, and fish, and fowl;
No homely morsels: and whatever thing co0
The seythe of Time mows down, devour unspared;
Till I, in man residing, through the raee,
His thoughts, his looks, words, aetions, all infeet;
And season him thy last and sweetest prey.

This said, they both betook them several ways, 010
Both to destroy, or unimmortal mako
All kinds, and for destruetion to mature

884. Dirtmtn: From Diete, a mountain in Crete, where Jupiter was etlurat^i.

580. 8in, there, Ae. The sense is, that before the foli. 8in was in power, or po

573. Worn: That la, worn out. II is better tn hare the eomma after long,

570. Among the heothen. Miiton here is showing the tradition among the heathen, of the great power 8atan had ob- tentially in Pavadfce: that ,mee, unm, tained over mankind. Ophion: The upon the foll, it ws.< aetnally th,'re, tireekfor "serpent." Eurynome: ''Wide- thongh not lmdiiy, but that now it waa ruiing,'1 but, perhapt, miuht l,e ealled there in t.edy, and dwelt as a eonataut wide-tneToaehing, as extending her rule inhabitant.—Ps.arek. and dominion further than she "hon'd: M)3. Nott,etter: ls R not better? wauiing to be superior to her hushand, 001. Un-hidebound: Not iigl:t la-und, to be a geddess, ke— Nswvo.n. :as when ereatures are awullen and fuli.

Sooner or later; whieh the Almighty seeing,

From his transeendent seat the saints among,

To those bright orders utter'd thus his voiee: 01S

See, with what heat these dogs of hell advanee
To waste and havoe yonder world, whieh I
So fair and good ereated; and had still
Kept in that state, had not the folly of man
Let in these wasteful furies, who impute 020
Folly to me; so doth the prinee of hell
And his adherents, that with so mueh ease
I suffer them to enter and possess
A plaee so heavenly; and, eouniving, seem
To gratily my seornful enemies, 020
That laugh, as if, transported with some fit
Of passion, I to them had quitted all,
At random yielded up to their misrule;
And know not that I eall'd, and drew them thither,
My hell-hounds, to liek up the draff and filth 030
Whieh man's polluting sin with taint hath sheds
On what was pure; till, eramm'd and gorged, nigh burst
With suek'd and glutted offal, at one sling
Of thy vietorious arm, well-pleasing Son,
Both Sin, and Death, and yawning grave, at last, 00S
Through Chaos hurl'd, obstruet the mouth of hell
For ever, and seal up his ravenous jaws.
Then heaven and earth renew'd shall be made pure
To sanetity, that shall reeeive no stain:
Till then, the eurse pronouneed on both preeedes. 040

He ended, and the heavenly audienee loud
Sung halleluiah, as the sound of seas,
Through multitude that sung: Just are thy ways,
Righteous are thy deerees on all thy works:
Who ean extenuate thee? Next, to the Son, 04$
Destined Restorer of mankind, by whom
New heaven and earth shall to the ages rise,
Or down from heaven deseend. Sueh was their song;
While the Creator, ealling forth by name
His mighty angels, gave them several eharge, tea
As sorted best with present things. The sun
Had first his preeept so to move, so shine,
As might affeet the earth with eold and heat
Searee tolerable, and from the north to eall

010. Doge of hell, Ae . Newton thinks seme of the expressions in this deseription too eoarse: but it may l,e sni.i. in vindieation of tin m. that ra my of the expressions whieh eharm terize the ebuliition of ht,nt,u, passion are, by the Ob1Testa,nent writers, put into the mouth of the Deity. iiut, ns Sir R. Brydges remarks, the diineulty of assigning to the divine displeasure terms of langnage aeeording with his purity as well as anger, is hardly surmountable.

03S. Heaven and eartb is the Jewish

pbrase, tu express our world.

040. Preeedes: That is, thu eurse pronouneed shall go before those ravageTM Sin and Death, and shall direet and lead them on. But Dv. Bentley would read proeeed, meaning that the eurse shall go on and eontinne, tiil the eonsummation of all things, and heaven and earU, shall be restored.

043. 8ee Rev. xv. 3, and xvi. 7.

047. 8ee Rev. xxi. 2.

Deerepit winter; from the south to bring 055

Solstitial summer's heat. To the blane moon

Her offiee they preseribed: to the other five

Their planetary motions, and aspeets,

In sextile, square, and trine, and opposite,

Of noxious effieaey, and when to join eeo

In synod unbenign; and taught the nx'd

Their influenee malignant when to shower,

Whieh of them rising with the sun, or falling,

Should prove tempestnous: to the winds they set

Their eorners, when with bluster to eonfound 005

Sea, air, and shore; the thunder when to roll

With terrour through the dark aereal hall,

Some say, he bid his angels turn askanee

The poles of earth, twiee ten degrees and more,

From the sun's axie; they with labour push'd 070

Oblique the eentrie globe: some say, the sun

Was bid turn reins from the equinoetial road

Like-distant breadth to Taurus with the seven

Atlantie Sisters, and the Spartan Twins,

Up to the tropie Grab: thenee down amain 075

By Leo, and the Virgin, and the Seales,

As deep as Caprieorn; to bring in ehange

Of seasons to eaeh elime; else had the spring

Perpetual smiled on earth with vernant flowers,

Equal in days and nights, exeept to those 080

Beyond the polar eireles; to them day

Had unbenighted shone; while the low sun,

To reeompense his distanee, in their sight

Had rounded still the horizon, and not known

Or east or west; whieh had forbid the snow 085

From eold Estotiland, and south as far

Beneath Magellan. At that tasted fruit,

008. Arperts: Their appearanee eaeh Irom the othev. When a planet is distant from another by one sixth of the Zediae, or 80o, its asptet is ealled textiie; if by a fourth, or 183o, tquart; if by a third, or 12*.o, trinnr; if by one-balf, or 180°, opposite' whieh is mid to be of noxious effieaey, beeause when so opposed they are thonght to strive to overeome eaeh othev.

000. To join in synod".' That is, to be in eonjunetion. F.xed, that is, fixed stars.

008. He tad his angels. II was eternal 8pring before the Fali. liv. 208) and he is now aeeounting for the ehange of seamu after the Fall, and mentious the 'wo famous hypotheses.—Newton.

071. Centrie globe, being in the eentre of the universe aeeording to the system of Ptolemy. Taurus, the eonstellation so ealled with the seven stars in his neek. CVao. the tropie of Caneer, the sun's Iarthest range northward: the 8parbm beuu, so ealled from Castor and Pellux,

the sons of Tyndtrus, king of 8parts.

074. Atlantie 8itters, the Pleiades.

081i. Estoliiund. ln the old Ge,-graphieal Dietionary of Edmund Bohun, of 1005,1 f,nd the following: "Rstotiiandla, a great Traet of Land in the North of Ameriea, towards the Aretie eirele and Hndson's Ray, having new Franee on the 8outh and James's Bay on the West, the first of Ameriean shores diseovered, being found by some FrJesland Fishers that were driven hither by a Tempest almost two hundred years before Columbus."

087. Magellan: The straits so ealled frem th,MiiM)ingnished Pertngnese navigator who diseovered them ln l;VJu.

R87. At that tasted fratt. Miiton means to say that the sun turned away from the tasting of the forbidden frnit of Adam and Eve, as he is fabled u, have done when Atrens served up to his brother Thyestea his own ehiidren, for a feast. See Thyestes and Atreus, in 8ndth's or Anthon's elassieal dietionary. The sun, as from Thyestean banquet, turn'd

His eourse intended; else, how had the world

Inhabited, though sinless, more than now, 000

Avoided pinehing eold and seorehing heat?

These ehanges in the heavens, though slow, produeed

Like ehange on sea and land; sideral blast,

Vapour, and mist, and exhalation hot,

Corrupt and pestilent: now, from tho north )ts

Of Norumbega, and the Samoed shore,

Bursting their brazen dungeon, arm'd with iee,

And snow, and hail, and stormy gust and flaw,

Boreas, and Cseeias, and Argestes loud,

And Thraeias, rend tho woods, and seas upturn; 7C0

With adverse blast upturns them from the south

Notus, and Afer blaek with thunderous elouds

From Serraliona: thwart of these, as fieree,

Forth rush the Levant and the Ponent winds,

Eurus and Zephyr, with their lateral noise, "05

Siroeeo and Libeeehio. Thus began

Outrage from lifeless things; but Diseord first,

Daughter of Sin, among the irrational

Death introdueed, through fieree antipathy:

Beast now with beast 'gan war, and fowl with fowl, 710

And fish with fish: to graze the herb all leaving,

Devour'd eaeh other; nor stood mueh in awe

Of man, but fled him; or, with eountenanee grim,

Glared on him passing. These were from without

The growing miseries, whieh Adam saw 71s

Already in part, though hid in gloomiest shade,

To sorrow abandon'd, but worse felt within;

And, in a troubled sea of passion tost,

Thus to disburden sought with sad eomplaint:

0 miserable of happy! is this the end 720
Of this new glorious world, and me so late
The glory of that glory, who now beeome
Aeeursed, of blessed? hide me from the faee
Of God, whom to behold was then my highth
Of happiness! Yet well, if here would end 72s
The misery; I deserved it, and would bear
My own deservings; but this will not serve:
All that I eat or drink, or shall beget,
Is propagated eurse. 0 voiee, onee heard
Delightfully, Inerease and multiply; 730
Now death to hear! for what ean I inerease

00fi. Nnrumbegs. There is no plaee now known by this name: in Miiton's time the seienee of llrography wks in lts infaney. Hume merely zays, without any anthority, that it was " a provinee of northern Ameries." 8amaz,t. the 8amoides. a people in the north of RuMds.

000. Boreas, the north wind: Qreias, north-west; Argestes, north-east; 7ttra

Ews, blowing from Tbraee, northward of Greeee; Notus, south wind; Afcr, south-west from Afriea. 8erralums. or Liou Monntains, south.west of Afriea, in the vieinity of Capo Verd. The Leeant and the Ptmtnt lthe Eurus and Zephyr: nre the east and west winds. Their lateral noue. 8iroeeo and Libeethie. are the south-east and south w..'<t winds.

Or multiply, but eurses on my head?

Who of all ages to sueeeed, but, feeling

The evil on him brought by me, will eurse

My head? Ill fare our aneestor impure! 735

For this we may thank Adam! but nis thanks

Shall be the exeeration: so, besides

Mine own that bide upon me, all from me

Shall with a fieree reflux on me rebound;

On me, as on their natural eentre, light 740

Heavy, though in their plaee. 0 fleeting joys

Of Paradise, dear-bought with lasting woes I

Did I request thee, Maker, from my elay

To mould me man? Did I solieit thee

From darkness to promote me, or here plaee 745

In this delieious garden? As my will

Coneurr' d not to my being, it were but right

And equal to reduee me to my dust;

Desirous to resign and render baek

All I reeeived; unable to perform 700

Thy terms too hard, by whieh I was to hold

The good I sought not. To the loss of that,

Suffieient penalty, why hast thou added

The sense of endless woes? Inexplieable

Thy justiee seems: yet, to say truth, too late 755

I thus eontest; then should have been refused

Those terms, whatever, when they were proposed:

Thou didst aeeept them; wilt thou enjoy the good,

Then eavil the eonditions? and, though God

Made thee without thy leave, what if thy son 7co

Prove disobedient, and, reproved, retort,

Wherefore didst thou beget me? I sought it not:

Wouldst thou admit for his eontempt of thee

That proud exeuse? yet him not thy eleetion,

But natural neeessity begot. 705

God made thee of ehoiee his own, and of his own

To serve him; thy reward was of his graee;

Thy punishment then justly is at his will,

Be it so, for I submit; his doom is fair,

That dust I am, and shall to dust return: 770

O weleome hour whenever! Why delays

His hand to exeeute what his deeree

Fix'd on this day? Why do I overlive?

Why am I moek'd with death, and lengthen'd out

To deathless pain? How gladly would\I meet 775

Mortatity my sentenee, and be earth

741. Though in tbrir plaen. II wu a eommon notion among the PeripateGes that elementary bedies dki not have any gravity, or in other words, weighed nothing in their natural plaees: thus that air weighed nothing in nir, water in water, Ae.: no Adam exelaims, "That eontrary to the eourae of nature, bio

afflietions wiil weigh heavy on him thongh they are in their proper plaee."

758. T5ou didst. The ehange of persons, sometimes speaking of himself in the first, and sometimes to himself in the seeond, is very remarkable in lhll plaee.

1ta. l?ee lsaiah Xiv. 10.

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