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Whom they trinmph'd onee laps'd. Thus were they
And worn with famine long, and eeaseless hiss,
Meanwhile in Paradise the hellish pair 080
Seeond of Satan sprung, all-eonquering Death!
Whom thus the sin-born monster answer'd soon:
To whom the ineestnous mother thus replied:
This said, they both betook them several ways, 010
884. Dirtmtn: From Diete, a mountain in Crete, where Jupiter was etlurat^i.
580. 8in, there, Ae. The sense is, that before the foli. 8in was in power, or po
573. Worn: That la, worn out. II is better tn hare the eomma after long,
570. Among the heothen. Miiton here is showing the tradition among the heathen, of the great power 8atan had ob- tentially in Pavadfce: that ,mee, unm, tained over mankind. Ophion: The upon the foll, it ws.< aetnally th,'re, tireekfor "serpent." Eurynome: ''Wide- thongh not lmdiiy, but that now it waa ruiing,'1 but, perhapt, miuht l,e ealled there in t.edy, and dwelt as a eonataut wide-tneToaehing, as extending her rule inhabitant.—Ps.arek. and dominion further than she "hon'd: M)3. Nott,etter: ls R not better? wauiing to be superior to her hushand, 001. Un-hidebound: Not iigl:t la-und, to be a geddess, ke— Nswvo.n. :as when ereatures are awullen and fuli.
Sooner or later; whieh the Almighty seeing,
From his transeendent seat the saints among,
To those bright orders utter'd thus his voiee: 01S
See, with what heat these dogs of hell advanee
He ended, and the heavenly audienee loud
010. Doge of hell, Ae . Newton thinks seme of the expressions in this deseription too eoarse: but it may l,e sni.i. in vindieation of tin m. that ra my of the expressions whieh eharm terize the ebuliition of ht,nt,u, passion are, by the Ob1Testa,nent writers, put into the mouth of the Deity. iiut, ns Sir R. Brydges remarks, the diineulty of assigning to the divine displeasure terms of langnage aeeording with his purity as well as anger, is hardly surmountable.
03S. Heaven and eartb is the Jewish
pbrase, tu express our world.
040. Preeedes: That is, thu eurse pronouneed shall go before those ravageTM Sin and Death, and shall direet and lead them on. But Dv. Bentley would read proeeed, meaning that the eurse shall go on and eontinne, tiil the eonsummation of all things, and heaven and earU, shall be restored.
043. 8ee Rev. xv. 3, and xvi. 7.
047. 8ee Rev. xxi. 2.
Deerepit winter; from the south to bring 055
Solstitial summer's heat. To the blane moon
Her offiee they preseribed: to the other five
Their planetary motions, and aspeets,
In sextile, square, and trine, and opposite,
Of noxious effieaey, and when to join eeo
In synod unbenign; and taught the nx'd
Their influenee malignant when to shower,
Whieh of them rising with the sun, or falling,
Should prove tempestnous: to the winds they set
Their eorners, when with bluster to eonfound 005
Sea, air, and shore; the thunder when to roll
With terrour through the dark aereal hall,
Some say, he bid his angels turn askanee
The poles of earth, twiee ten degrees and more,
From the sun's axie; they with labour push'd 070
Oblique the eentrie globe: some say, the sun
Was bid turn reins from the equinoetial road
Like-distant breadth to Taurus with the seven
Atlantie Sisters, and the Spartan Twins,
Up to the tropie Grab: thenee down amain 075
By Leo, and the Virgin, and the Seales,
As deep as Caprieorn; to bring in ehange
Of seasons to eaeh elime; else had the spring
Perpetual smiled on earth with vernant flowers,
Equal in days and nights, exeept to those 080
Beyond the polar eireles; to them day
Had unbenighted shone; while the low sun,
To reeompense his distanee, in their sight
Had rounded still the horizon, and not known
Or east or west; whieh had forbid the snow 085
From eold Estotiland, and south as far
Beneath Magellan. At that tasted fruit,
008. Arperts: Their appearanee eaeh Irom the othev. When a planet is distant from another by one sixth of the Zediae, or 80o, its asptet is ealled textiie; if by a fourth, or 183o, tquart; if by a third, or 12*.o, trinnr; if by one-balf, or 180°, opposite' whieh is mid to be of noxious effieaey, beeause when so opposed they are thonght to strive to overeome eaeh othev.
000. To join in synod".' That is, to be in eonjunetion. F.xed, that is, fixed stars.
008. He tad his angels. II was eternal 8pring before the Fali. liv. 208) and he is now aeeounting for the ehange of seamu after the Fall, and mentious the 'wo famous hypotheses.—Newton.
071. Centrie globe, being in the eentre of the universe aeeording to the system of Ptolemy. Taurus, the eonstellation so ealled with the seven stars in his neek. CVao. the tropie of Caneer, the sun's Iarthest range northward: the 8parbm beuu, so ealled from Castor and Pellux,
the sons of Tyndtrus, king of 8parts.
074. Atlantie 8itters, the Pleiades.
081i. Estoliiund. ln the old Ge,-graphieal Dietionary of Edmund Bohun, of 1005,1 f,nd the following: "Rstotiiandla, a great Traet of Land in the North of Ameriea, towards the Aretie eirele and Hndson's Ray, having new Franee on the 8outh and James's Bay on the West, the first of Ameriean shores diseovered, being found by some FrJesland Fishers that were driven hither by a Tempest almost two hundred years before Columbus."
087. Magellan: The straits so ealled frem th,MiiM)ingnished Pertngnese navigator who diseovered them ln l;VJu.
R87. At that tasted fratt. Miiton means to say that the sun turned away from the tasting of the forbidden frnit of Adam and Eve, as he is fabled u, have done when Atrens served up to his brother Thyestea his own ehiidren, for a feast. See Thyestes and Atreus, in 8ndth's or Anthon's elassieal dietionary. The sun, as from Thyestean banquet, turn'd
His eourse intended; else, how had the world
Inhabited, though sinless, more than now, 000
Avoided pinehing eold and seorehing heat?
These ehanges in the heavens, though slow, produeed
Like ehange on sea and land; sideral blast,
Vapour, and mist, and exhalation hot,
Corrupt and pestilent: now, from tho north )ts
Of Norumbega, and the Samoed shore,
Bursting their brazen dungeon, arm'd with iee,
And snow, and hail, and stormy gust and flaw,
Boreas, and Cseeias, and Argestes loud,
And Thraeias, rend tho woods, and seas upturn; 7C0
With adverse blast upturns them from the south
Notus, and Afer blaek with thunderous elouds
From Serraliona: thwart of these, as fieree,
Forth rush the Levant and the Ponent winds,
Eurus and Zephyr, with their lateral noise, "05
Siroeeo and Libeeehio. Thus began
Outrage from lifeless things; but Diseord first,
Daughter of Sin, among the irrational
Death introdueed, through fieree antipathy:
Beast now with beast 'gan war, and fowl with fowl, 710
And fish with fish: to graze the herb all leaving,
Devour'd eaeh other; nor stood mueh in awe
Of man, but fled him; or, with eountenanee grim,
Glared on him passing. These were from without
The growing miseries, whieh Adam saw 71s
Already in part, though hid in gloomiest shade,
To sorrow abandon'd, but worse felt within;
And, in a troubled sea of passion tost,
Thus to disburden sought with sad eomplaint:
0 miserable of happy! is this the end 720
00fi. Nnrumbegs. There is no plaee now known by this name: in Miiton's time the seienee of llrography wks in lts infaney. Hume merely zays, without any anthority, that it was " a provinee of northern Ameries." 8amaz,t. the 8amoides. a people in the north of RuMds.
000. Boreas, the north wind: Qreias, north-west; Argestes, north-east; 7ttra
Ews, blowing from Tbraee, northward of Greeee; Notus, south wind; Afcr, south-west from Afriea. 8erralums. or Liou Monntains, south.west of Afriea, in the vieinity of Capo Verd. The Leeant and the Ptmtnt lthe Eurus and Zephyr: nre the east and west winds. Their lateral noue. 8iroeeo and Libeethie. are the south-east and south w..'<t winds.
Or multiply, but eurses on my head?
Who of all ages to sueeeed, but, feeling
The evil on him brought by me, will eurse
My head? Ill fare our aneestor impure! 735
For this we may thank Adam! but nis thanks
Shall be the exeeration: so, besides
Mine own that bide upon me, all from me
Shall with a fieree reflux on me rebound;
On me, as on their natural eentre, light 740
Heavy, though in their plaee. 0 fleeting joys
Of Paradise, dear-bought with lasting woes I
Did I request thee, Maker, from my elay
To mould me man? Did I solieit thee
From darkness to promote me, or here plaee 745
In this delieious garden? As my will
Coneurr' d not to my being, it were but right
And equal to reduee me to my dust;
Desirous to resign and render baek
All I reeeived; unable to perform 700
Thy terms too hard, by whieh I was to hold
The good I sought not. To the loss of that,
Suffieient penalty, why hast thou added
The sense of endless woes? Inexplieable
Thy justiee seems: yet, to say truth, too late 755
I thus eontest; then should have been refused
Those terms, whatever, when they were proposed:
Thou didst aeeept them; wilt thou enjoy the good,
Then eavil the eonditions? and, though God
Made thee without thy leave, what if thy son 7co
Prove disobedient, and, reproved, retort,
Wherefore didst thou beget me? I sought it not:
Wouldst thou admit for his eontempt of thee
That proud exeuse? yet him not thy eleetion,
But natural neeessity begot. 705
God made thee of ehoiee his own, and of his own
To serve him; thy reward was of his graee;
Thy punishment then justly is at his will,
Be it so, for I submit; his doom is fair,
That dust I am, and shall to dust return: 770
O weleome hour whenever! Why delays
His hand to exeeute what his deeree
Fix'd on this day? Why do I overlive?
Why am I moek'd with death, and lengthen'd out
To deathless pain? How gladly would\I meet 775
Mortatity my sentenee, and be earth
741. Though in tbrir plaen. II wu a eommon notion among the PeripateGes that elementary bedies dki not have any gravity, or in other words, weighed nothing in their natural plaees: thus that air weighed nothing in nir, water in water, Ae.: no Adam exelaims, "That eontrary to the eourae of nature, bio
afflietions wiil weigh heavy on him thongh they are in their proper plaee."
758. T5ou didst. The ehange of persons, sometimes speaking of himself in the first, and sometimes to himself in the seeond, is very remarkable in lhll plaee.
1ta. l?ee lsaiah Xiv. 10.