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Raise out of friendship hostile decds in peace.
798. Shall, with their freedom lost, all 830. Paradise was doubtless destroyed rirtue lose. Milton everywhere shows by the flood, and hence all the attempts his love of liberty; and here he observes to give it a locality on the earth as it very rightly, that the loss of liberty is now is, have proved so vain. The foot! is 80on followed by the loss of all virtue called horned, as, before it was univer:al, and religion. There are such sentiments the waters pushed their way along, like in several parts of his Prose Works, as vast rivers: and when any thing ob well as in Aristotle, and other masters structed their passage, they divided of politics.-NEWTON. This remark of themselves, and became hooned, as it Dr. Newton's migbt be extended infi- were, and hence the ancients have com. Ditely further, for what English poet pared them to bulls. can be found. from old John Barbour to 835, Orcs, a fpecies of whale. William Wordsworth, who has not do- 808. One man: Noah, literally, but the lighted to sing in praise of freedom.
passage faithfully describes Milton himself.
To teach thee that God attributes to place
He look’d, and saw the ark hull on the flood,
O thou, who future things canst represent
To whom the archangel: Dextrously thou aim'st;
866. Listed, that is striped. By the colors, red, yellow, and blue, of which three colors are meant the three principal | the others are compounded.
So willingly doth God remit his ire,
REMARKS ON BOOK XII.
The present twelfth book being only one-half of the original and then concluding tenth, the revelations of the archangel Michael were to be continued from the flood, at which the eleventh book closes: and indeed it was a fortunate circumstance, that Milton, previously to the division, had changed the medium of impression from vision to narration ; because it bestows a feature of novelty and distinction upon his concluding book.
It is therefore with some surprise that we meet with any objection to this arrangement of the poet, and the wish that he had imparted all bis disclosures in the way of picture and vision, in which they commenced: but Mr. Dunster goes at once to the heart of the mystery," and inquires, Whether all the coming subjects were equally suited to the specular mount? The plagues of Egypt, as he observes, so represented, must have been tedious. How was the delivery of the law to have been represented, under all its sublime circumstances, in vision? How could the great miracle (related with concise sublimity) of the heavenly bodies standing still at the command of Joshua, be exhibited in vision? Could the nativity, the life and death of our blessed Lord, or his resurrection (each related in a few lines of exquisite beauty) have been so clearly or adequately displayed in picture? or could his ascension, and resumption of bis beavenly seat, and his coming again to judge the world, have been adequately exhibited at all ?
There is another topic of remark which the concluding book of Mil. ton's divine poem suggests; it is his comparative affluence of invention. The sentence upon Adam might have been attended by immediate expulsion : but how gracious is the divine condescension, to allow some interval of reflection; and, previously to ejectment, to fortify the minds of the repentant pair with anticipated knowledge and distant consolation ! Thus the interest of the poem is kept alive with the reader to the last line. The whole of the twelfth book closely relates to Adam and his posterity; and so delightfully are these soothing hopes of happiness ad. ministered by the archangel, that we, equally with Adam, forget that we are to quit Paradise; and are, like him, heart-struck by the sudden warning, that “the hour is come, the very minute of it;" and attend the “hastening angel" to the gates of exclusion, with all the sad and lingering acquiescence of our first parents.
SIR EGERTON BRYDGES.
The angel Michael continues, from the flood, to relate what shall suc.
ceed: then, in the mention of Abraham, comes by degrees to explain who that seed of the woman shall be, which was promised Adam and Eve in the Fall; his incarnation, death, resurrection, and ascension; the state of the church till his second coming. Adam, greatly satis. fied and recomforted by these relations and promises, descends the hill with Michael; wakens Eve, who all this while had slept, but with gentle dreams composed to quietness of mind and submission. Michael in either hand leads them out of Paradise, the fiery sword waving behind them, and the cherubim taking their stations to guard the place.
As one who in his journey bates at noon,
Thus thou hast seen one world begin, and end;
This second source of men, while yet but few,
24. Till me shall rise. It is generally therefore, (who was no friend to kivuly agreed that the first governments of the government at the best) represents him earth were patriarchal, by families and in a very bad light, as a most wicked and tribes; and that Nimrod was the first insolent tyrant; but he has great authe. who laid the foundations of kingly go rities, both Jewish and Christian, to jus. Vernment among mankind. Milton, tify him for so doing.