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Of teleseope, were eurious to inquire:)
And now the tempter thus his silenee broke:—
The eity, whieh thou seest, no other deem
Impregnable; and there Mount Palatine, M
The imperial palaee, eompass huge, and high
The strueture, skill of noblest arehiteets,
With gilded battlements eonspienous far,
Turrets, and terraees, and glittering spires:
Many a fair edifiee besides, more like to
Houses of gods, lso well I have disposed
My aery mwroseope,) thou may at behold,
Outside and inside both, pillars and roofs,
Carved work, the hand of famed artifieers,
In eedar, marble, ivory, or gold. CO
Thenee to the gates east round thine eye, and see
What eonflux issuing forth, or entering in;
Praetors, proeonsuls to their provinees
Hasting, or on return, in robes of state,
Lietors and rods, the ensigns of their power, 00
Legions and eohorts, turms of horse and wings:
Or embassies from regions far remote,
In various habits, on the Appian road,
Or on the Emilian: some from farthest south,
Syene, and where the shadow both way falls, 70
Meroe, Nilotiek isle; and, more to west,
The realm of Boeehus to the Blaek-moor sea;
From the Asian kings, and Parthian among these;
From India and the golden Chersonese,
And utmost Indian isle Taprobane, 7S
Dusk faees with white silken turbans wreathed;
From Gallia, Oades, and the British west;
Germans, and Seythians, and Sarmatians, north
Beyond Danubius to the Tauriek pool,
All nations now to Rome obedienee pay; 80
To Rome's great emperour, whose wide domain,
In ample territory, wealth, and power,
Civility of mauners, arts, and arms,
00. Turmt: Troops, from the Latin turms.
08. The Appian read led towards the south, to Brundusinm, whenee travellers emharked for Greeee. The ,Emiiian led towards the north.
08. Fuvtbrti mmtb, Soene, the iindt of tile Roman empire, sonth. Meroe was an island with a eity of the same name, in Ethiopia, south of the tropie of Caneer, and of eourse at the summer solstiee bad lts shadow taii to the south.
72. Realm of Roeehus. Boeehus was king of Gffituiia, a provinee of Afriea, south of Nunddis. By BLaek-mntrr tea, Miiton prohably means that part of the Mediterranean along the eoast of Mauritania, the eountry of the blaek or dark Moors.
74. Gfatdrn Chersonese: Malaees. Taprohane: CVylon.
77. Ga,kt: Cadiz. Tauriek pool: tivt Pal us Mantis, or 8ea of Azof.
And long renown, thou justly raayst prefer
Before the Parthian. These two thrones exeept, 85
The rest are barbarous, and searee worth the sight,
Shared among petty kings too far removed.
These having shown thee, I have shown thee all
The kingdoms of the world, and all their glory.
This emperour hath no son, and now is old, oo
Old and laseivious, and from Rome retired
To Caprese, an island sma 1, but strong,
On the Campanian shore; with purpose there
His horrid lusts in private to enjoy;
Committing to a wieked favourite 05
All publiek eares, and yet of him suspieious;
Hated of all, and hating. With what ease,
Endued with regal virtues, as thou art,
Appearing, and begiuning noble deeds,
Mightst thou expel this monster from his throne, 100
Now made a stye; and, in his plaee aseending,
A vietor people free from servile yoke!
And with my help thou mayst: to me the power
Is given, and by that right I give it thee.
Aim therefore at no less than all the world; 105
Aim at the highest: without the highest attain'd,
Will be for thee no sitting, or not long,
On David's throne, be prophesied what will,
To whom the Son of God, unmoved, replied:—
00. This emperor: Tiberins. }Weked favourite: 8ejanus.
115. Cstnm lobles. Ae. This eitron woed, whieh grew upon Mount Atlas in Maurttania, was held by the Romans eqnally valnable with gold. Atlantkk, therefore, must have a referenee to this eitron woed, for R does not appear that the Romana
ever used marble for tables. II was probsbly raiied Atlantiek stone, from its marble-like appearanee, beiug veined and spotted.—D0Nsty.R.
117. Their wines. Ae. The first three mentioned were the most famous Campanian wines of the Romans, of whieh the Falernian was eonaidered the best.
Expel a devil who first made him sueh?
Let his tormentor eonseienee find him out; 130
For him I was not sent, nor yet to free
That people, vietor onee, now vile and base;
Deservedly made vassal; who, onee just,
Frugal, and mild, and temperate, eonquer' d well;
But govern ill the nations under yoke, 13?
Peeling their provinees, exhausted all
By lust and rapine; first ambitious grown
Of trinmph, that insulting vanity;
Then eruel, by their sports to blood inured
Of fighting beasts, and men to beasts exposed; 140
Luxurious by their wealth, and greedier still;
And from the daily seene effeminate.
What wise and valiant man would seek to free
These, thus degenerate, by themselves enslaved?
Or eould of inward slaves make outward free? MS
Know, therefore, when my season eomes to sit
On David's throne, it shall be like a tree
Spreading and overshadowing all the earth;
Or as a stone, that shall to pieees dash
All monarehies besides throughout the world; 150
And of my kingdom there shall be no end:
Means there shall be to this; but what the means,
Is not for thee to know, nor me to tell,
To whom the tempter, impudent, replied:
Whom thus our Saviour answer'd with disdain: 170
132. That people, Ae. This deseription 140. Not only men to beasts erposeil, bnt
of the eorruption and deeiine of the iio- men to men. as the gladiators. ln tho
nun empire, eontained in this and the gladiatoral sehool at Capus. 40,000 men
following ten iinos, is at onee eoneisely were regularly trained to kiil eaeh other
fine and aeeurately just.—Punster. —or, as Byron has it—
130. The eouneetion of luxury, eroelty, 8uteBev'd, to make a Roman holiday,
and effeminaey, has been often remarked 147. Tree, Ae. 8ee Mntt. xiii. 32; Dan.
in all age*. Lv. l1, and ll. 44; Luke L 88.
But I endure the time, till whieh expired
Thou hast permission on me. It is written, I78
The first of all eommandments, Thou shalt worship
The Lord thy God, and only him shalt serve;
And darest thou to the Son of God propound
To worship thee aeeursed? now more aeeursed
For this attempt, bolder than that on Eve, 180
And more blasphemous; whieh expeet to rue.
The kingdoms of the world to thee were given T
Permitted rather, and by thee usurp'd;
Other donation none thou eanst produee.
If given, by whom but by the King of kings, 185
God over all supreme? If given to thee,
By thee how fairly is the Giver now
Repaid? But gratitude in thee is lost
Long sinee. Wert thou so void of fear or shame,
As offer them to me, the Son of God? 100
To mo my own, on sueh abhorred paet,
That I fall down and worship thee as God?
Get thee behind me; plain thou now appear'st
That evil one, Satan for ever damn'd.
To whom the fiend, with fear abash'd, replied: 100
By wisdom; as thy empire must extend,
So let extend thy mind o'er all the world
In knowledge, all things in it eomprehend.
All knowledge is not eoueh'd in Moses' law, 220
The Pentateneh, or what the prophets wrote:
The Gentiles also know, and write, and teaeh
To admiration, led by Nature's light.
And with the Gentiles mueh thou must eonverse,
Ruling them by persuasion, as thou mean'st; 230
Without their learning, how wilt thou with them,
Or they with thee, hold eonversation meet?
How wilt thou reason with them, how refute
Their idolisms, traditions, paradoxes?
Krrour by his own arms is best evineed. 230
Look onee more, ere we leave this speeular mount,
Westward, mueh nearer by south-west, behold;
Where on the iEgean shore a eity stands,
Built nobly; pure the air, and light the soil;
Athens, the eye of Greeee, mother of arts 2*0
And eloquenee, native to famous wits
Or hospitable, in her sweet reeess,
City or suburban, studious walks and shades.
See there the olive grove of Aeademe,
Plato's retirement, where the Attiuk bird 240
Trills her thiek-warbled notes the summer long;
There flowery hill Hymettus, with the sound
Of bees' industrious murmur, oft invites
To studious musing; there Ilissus rolls
His whispering stream: within the walls then view 200
The sehools of aneient sages; his, who bred
Great Alexander to subdue the world,
Lyeenm there, and painted Stoa next:
There shalt thou hear and learn the seeret power
Of harmony, in tones and numbers hit 25i
By voiee or hand; and various-measured verse,
yEolian eharms and Dorian lyriek odes,
a verse more expressive of the harmony" lmeledy?l uof the nightingale, than
251. Who bred great Alexandev. When Alexander was born, his father Phiiip wrote to Aristotle that he thanked the geds not so mueh for the birth of a eon, as that he was born at a time when he eould reeeive the benefit of his instruetion.
252. Painted 8tas. The Sim or Portieo was the sehool of Zeno, whose diseiples were therefore raiied 8tMels. The buiid ing was adorned with verious paintings, and henee the appropriate epithet, painted, by our port, whnso epithets are always not only exeeedingly beautiful, bat eritieally eorreet.
207. Aftiu,n eharms, referring to the poets Aeeeos and 8appho, who were both
240. The eye of Grvree. Athens and 8parta were ealled the two eyes of Greeee; but the metaphor is infinitely more proper as appiied to the former eity, so distingnished for its learning and wisdom, whiie the latter is known only for its brnte foree, and miiitary skiil and valor.
242. Hovpitable: That is. hospitable to wits of other eonntries, by adndtting all perrons, whatever, to the benefit of the lnstruetions eommunieated by her phi
. Aeademe. Dv. Newton has justly observed that PlatoV Aeademy was never nore beautifully detrrlted.
245. Attiek bird. Phiiomela, whe, aeeording to the fable, was ehanged into a 'e, was the danghter of Pan; of Athens. Of iine 240, Dv. I that 11 there never was